Postmodernism

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Postmodernism

  1. 1. The rejection of the idea of modernism and encouraging the use ofelements from historical and literature formats while playing withthe realms of reality Postmodernism is set apart from modernism by the reaction to the rational, scientific, and historical aspects of the modern age The writing is self-conscious, experimental, and ironic Is concerned with imprecision and unreliability of language and epistemology Began in the post-World War II era, roughly the 1950s, gained popularity the 1960s in the social and political unrest in the world
  2. 2. 1. premodernism: traditional, following authority2. modernism: rejection of tradition and authority in favor of reason and natural scienceFocuses on the individual’s quest for truth3. postmodernism: rejection of the individual with an emphasis upon the collective Collage and intertwining of diversity, Focuses on the merging of subject and object, self and other
  3. 3.  Modernist movement: Tries to explain the chaos in society (like war, drugs, etc…)Tries to create empathy with the reader about the chaos Postmodernism: cheerful chaos It’s about not having the answers and being content and still having fun Postmodern Themes: Illustrating societies’ mania Being weird for the sake of being weird Chaos with hysterical laughter The desire to play with the rules of reality To talk forever about absolutely nothing
  4. 4.  Relies heavily on fragmentation and paradox It makes the narrator unreliable and at times distant
  5. 5.  A quest to show the normality of chaos Metafiction ( device that addresses the elements of fiction )This undermines the authority of the author, for unexpected narrative shifts, to advance a story in a unique way, for emotional distance, or to comment on the act of storytelling. Pastiche: the combination of subjects and genres not previously deemed fit for literature
  6. 6.  intertextuality: the relationship between one text and another, commonly manifests as a references to fairy tales Different perspectives Irony, playfulness, dark comedy
  7. 7.  the individual is not an isolated creation the sense of paranoia: the belief that theres an ordering system behind the chaos of the Search for the absurd
  8. 8.  “People who can comfort the dead can also chase after them to hurt them further-a reverse ancestor worship…” Maxine Hong Kingston, The Woman Warrior Whenever she had to warn us about life, my mother told stories that ran like this one, a story to grow up on. She tested our strength to establish realities.- Maxine Hong Kingston, The Woman Warrior

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