• Oil on Canvas during Italian Renaissance• A Roman myth relating to Venus, the goddess of love, which is equivalent to Aphrodite of Greek myth• The artist wanted to portray divine love through the painting. By making Venus the central point of image, it conveys the idea of importance. Unlike the that of High Renaissance, this painting of the Italian Renaissance adopted the concept of Humanism and Botticelli implemented human like figure of Venus into this painting. All together, it tells a story of Venus born from divine shell all while she creates serenity, unity, and perfection in her surrounding.
Bibliography• "Birth of Venus." Artble: The Home of Passionate Art Lovers. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.artble.com/ artists/sandro_botticelli/paintings/ birth_of_venus>.• "Botticelli, Sandro." WebMuseum:. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http:// www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/botticelli/ >.
The Myth• The Greek tragic story of Orpheus and Eurydice
How it’s retold• The painting depicts two scenes from the myth. On the left, a serpent, shown as a dragon, bites Eurydice. On the right, the scene where Orpheus makes a mistake of looking back at Eurydice as they exit the inferno of Hades is illustrated.
CitationVecellio, Tiziano. Orpheus and Eurydice. 1508.Oil on wood. The Metropolitan Museum ofArt, New York, New York.
Helen of TroyEvelyn de Morgan1898The IlliadInstead of weapons and battles, De Morgandecides to paint Helena wearing a beautifulpink robe and paint her beautiful face usingthe artistic elements. This paintingillustrates her overwhelming beauty, whichrelates to how she was very attractive tomen.Morgan, Evelyn De. Helen of Troy. Digitalimage. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/ wiki/File:Helen_Of_Troy.jpg>
MedusaCaravaggio1597The IlliadIn Greek mythology, Medusa isdepicted as a monster who has a uglyface of a female attached with livingvenomous snakes. Thus, this paintinglucidly illustrates the portrayal ofMedusa.Caravaggio. Medusa. Digitalimage. Web.<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Medusa.jpg>
Oedipus and the Sphinx Jessica Cho Ms. Hogshead World Lit A3 October 18, 2012
The Myth• Oedipus guessed the Sphinx’s riddle and saved the city of Thebes• Oedipus’ wife turned out to be his mother• Oedipus killed a man who later turned out to be his father• Oedipus blinded himself as a repentance• The painting depicts Oedipus confidently solving Sphinx’s riddle.
Pygmalion and Galatea Jean-Léon Gérôme Rachel Han
Greek Mythology: Pygmalion and Galatea• This painting is based on the story of Pygmalion and Galatea. Pygmalion was a famous sculptor who fell in love with Galatea, a beautiful female figurine that he had sculpted. Unable to resist his love, Pygmalion prayed to Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love, on the day of her celebration. Deeply moved by his devotion and the beauty of his sculpture, Aphrodite granted his wish and blew life into Galatea, who later on married Pygmalion and lived with him until the end of their days.• In this painting, the artist depicted the scene in which Galatea slowly becomes alive. Her upper body has become completely human, expressing her admiration and love for her creator, Pygmalion, while her legs are still at its cold, ivory state. On the top right corner, Eros, Aphrodite’s son and messenger of love, shoots his arrow to represent Pygmalion and Galatea’s love and Aphrodite’s approval of their love.
Works Cited:• "Greece Myths: Pygmalion and Galatea." Greece Myths: Pygmalion and Galatea. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.greeka.com/greece- myths/pygmalion-galatea.htm>.• "HarvestHeart – Jean Gerome, Pygmalion and Galatea, Oil On..." HarvestHeart. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://harvestheart.tumblr.com/post/321034 3930>.
The myth• The beautiful Nereid Galatea falls in love with the peasant shepherd Acis.• Her consort, Polyphemus (one-eyed giant), throws an enormous pillar and kills Acis.
How is the myth retold through the painting?• No main events of the story• The scene of the nymphs apotheosis• Galatea appears surrounded by other sea creatures whose forms are inspired by Michelangelo• The bright colors and decoration are inspired by ancient Roman paintings.• At the left, a sturdy Triton (partly man and fish) abducts a sea nymph and another Triton uses a shell as a trumpet• Galatea rides a shell-coach drawn by two dolphins• Galatea not only resembles one human but also represents the ideal beauty
Works CitedKrén, Emil, and Daniel Marx. "Web Gallery of Art, ImageCollection, Virtual Museum, Searchable Database ofEuropean Fine Arts (1000-1850)." Web Gallery of Art,Image Collection, Virtual Museum, SearchableDatabase of European Fine Arts (1000-1850). N.p.,n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/r/raphael/5roma/1/05farne.html>.
The Myth• Rubens tells the story of Paris’ judgment of which of the three goddesses (Venus, Juno or Minerva) was the most beautiful.• Paris chose Venus and awarded her the golden apple• The jealousy and fury of the goddesses were one of the reasons that led to the Trojan War.
How it’s retold through the painting• Alterations show that Rubens first painted an earlier moment when Mercury told the goddesses to undress; the final stage shows Paris awarding the apple to Venus, who stands between Minerva and Juno; Mercury stands behind Paris and above is the Fury, Alecto.• Paris was rescued by shepherds when he was young because he was prophesized that he would ruin the city so he was abandoned (his shepherd’s staff is clearly seen in the painting).
Works Cited• Rubens, Peter Paul. Judgement of Paris. 1632-5. The National Gallery, Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN. The National Gallery. The National Gallery. Web. 18 Oct. 2012.
Psyche Welcomed to theUnderworld by Pluto and Proserpine Jane Jun-P3(B)
Psyche Welcomed to theUnderworld by Pluto and Proserpine By Charles-Joseph Natoire Collection of Louvre Museum
The myth of Eros and psyche– -alludes to the Greek Myth of Eros and Psyche– -This scene shows how Psyche receiving the bottle with a drop of Proserpines beauty.– -After Psyche falls in love with Eros but does not follow what he says, she is offered by Aphrodite to do certain things in order to meet Eros again. As one of the impossible tasks, Aphrodite demanded Psyche to go to the underworld to get Propserpine’sbeatuy.
Works Cited• Natoire, Charles-Joseph. Psyche Welcomed to the Underworld by Pluto and Proserpine. 1734-35. The Louvre, Paris.
Birth of Venus - Title: “Birth of Venus”- Artist: SandroBetticelli- Myth: In myth, Venus-Aphrodite was born of sea-foam. Roman theology presents Venus as the yielding, watery female principle, essential to the generation and balance of life. Her male counterparts in the Roman pantheon, Vulcan and Mars, are active and fiery. Venus absorbs and tempers the male essence, uniting the opposite of male and female in mutual affection. She is essentially assimilative and benign, and embraces several otherwise quite disparate functions.
Birth of venus• In Botticelli’s “Birth of Venus”, the goddess Venus emerges from the sea upon a shell in accordance with the myth that explains her birth. Her shell is pushed to the shore from the winds produced by the Zephyr wind-gods amid a shower of roses. As the goddess is about to step on the shore, one of the Nymphs reaches out to cover her with a purple cloak.
The Birth of Venus by Sandro BotticelliThe painting depicts the scene in which Venus, the goddess of beauty and love, is born as shearises from the foam of the sea water. After Saturn castrated his father Caelus, he threw Caelus’sgenital into the sea water. The mixture of Caelus’s blood and sea water created Venus andprompted this miraculous birth.In the painting, Venus is located in the center, with a nymph reaching her to cover her with acloak. The Zephyr win pushes her towards the shore. The painting depicts the exact moment inwhich Venus comes to life, coming out of a shell. The painting serves to emphasize the eleganceand beauty of Venus.Works CitedFinnan, Vincent. “The Birth of Venus.” Italian Renaissance. 2012. Web. 18 Oct. 2012.Reynolds, Joshua. “Venus.” New World Encyclopedia. 2 Apr. 2008. Web. 18 Oct. 2012
JAMIE PARK and Andrew Oh’s Classwork YEAHHHHHHH
“Aphrodite and Eros• Title: “Aphrodite and Eros”• Lucas Cranach Sr.• “The Tale of Eros and Psyche”• Aphrodite is hiding Eros from Psyche.• St. Petersburg Museum
Works cited• “Greek Mythology Paintings.” iGreekmythology.• 2009. Web. 18 October 2012.
Art Hunt• Title: The Choice of Hercules• Artist: Annibale Carracci• The painting: Oil on Canvas• The Myth it relates to: Relates to the myth of the great hero, Hercules.
• How this myth is retold through the paining: The moment when Hercules had to choose his destiny. Hard journey to success or easy journey to no success. Left woman represents hard destiny and other represents easier destiny.• Work cited: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Choice_of_ Hercules
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