The Presentation…

> The Role of Location in Incident and
Disaster Management
Erik van der Zee
Geodan Amsterdam

Multi-POS...
The Dream Team…

> T2.4 Location integration in crisis management lifecycle

Erik van der Zee
PhD Researcher (part time)
M...
About Geodan
>
>
>
>
>
>

Geo-IT specialist for more than 25 years
Independent system integrator in GIS and Geo-ICT
Founde...
> Topics for today
The Topics…

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.
8.

Overview of Disaster Types
Spatial aspects of Disasters
Positioning people and obje...
>

Disaster types
Traffic and Transport

1. Aviation accident

2. Accident on water
Traffic and Transport

3. Traffic accidents on land
Dangerous substances

4. Accidents with
inflamable or explosive
substances

5. Accidents with
poisonous gasses
Dangerous substances

6. Nuclear accidents (Tsjernobyl, Fukushima)
Public Health

7. Threat of
public health

8. Contaminating
disease wave
Infrastructure

9. Accidents in tunnels

10. Fire in large
building
Infrastructure

11. Collapse of
large building

12. Failure of critical
infrastructure (electricity,
gas, water, communica...
Population

13. Panic in crowds

14. Large scale
disruptions of order
Natural Disasters

15. Flooding

16. Forest Fires
Natural Disasters

17. Extreme weather
(cold/warm/wet/dry)
e.g. heavy storm, extreme
(ice) rain or snow or a heat
or cold ...
> Spatial aspects of Disasters
From Indicent… to Disaster…
> Relation between scale (extent/severity) and involved parties
Where are the risks…
> Risk Map of The Netherlands…
• Location of Risk generators (dangerous objects or areas)
• Risk dist...
Source Area vs Effect Area

> “Gasmal” and “Sector mal” (danger zones)
> Positioning people and objects
during Disasters…
Where the !#%^&@#
is …………….. ?!
Lelystad Detention Centre
The Challenge…

> Can a position be determined? Indoor and Outdoor
for different disaster types?
> Which positional accura...
Positioning

> Indoor incidents and disasters (buildings,
tunnels)

> Outdoor incidents and disasters
Mobile Modem
> MOMO (used by fire departments and
police)(www.eal.nl)

> GPS lokalisation I/O (inputs / outputs)
• Netwerk...
> Disaster Management
The Safety and Security Chain
Mono- versus Multi-disciplinary

> Mono-disciplinary incidents

> Multi-disciplinary disasters
ICT in a Disaster situation
Satellite communication

GSM/3G communication
Ad hoc WIFI network

Ad hoc WIFI network

X

X

...
Field control center (COPI)
Regional Crisis Center (RCC)
Control Center situation
Devices in the control center
Network Infrastructure
> Common Operational Picture and
Situational Awareness 
Information Sharing
Information demand and supply
Information Sharing Architecture

Municipalities
Justice

Domain
experts
Control Rool domain

Ambulance

Citizen and Compa...
Data and Functionality…
Geo OOV Architectuur Gelderland Midden
Gebruikers

Brandweer

Politie

GHOR

Meldkamer

Gemeente

...
COP-SA-NCW

> COP: Common Operational Picture
> SA: Situational Awareness
> NCW: Net-Centric Working
Common Operational Picture (COP)
Common Operation Picture (detail)
Common Operational Picture
> Technology behind a Common
Operational Picture
Central Architecture Model
Distributed Architecture model (p2p)
Geodan Concurrent Online WebGIS (COW)
COW Connectors
Web sockets
Programming API

JS API

C# API

Java API

User
Interface

Service

API

API
-

Fire propagatio...
COW works cross domain

User
Interface
COW client

Service

API

Intranet

API

User
Interface
COW client

Service

API

A...
Demo COW

DEMO COW Luis + Erik
(or be a crisis manager yourself ...
http://research.geodan.nl/sites/foss4g)

(COW on GitHu...
Map UI on COW infrastructure
Concurrent Online WebGIS (COW)
Phoenix Touchtable
> Disaster Management in
smart(er) environments (by use
of ICT)
E-Call example
Location Based Services

> Use of Geofences for notification and alerting
Conclusions…

> The Conclusions
Conclusions
> Disaster happen everywhere, indoor AND outdoor
positioning scenarios
> …And under difficult conditions, spec...
The end
The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management
The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management
The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management
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The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management

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Presentation at Multi-POS Winter School, Ruka (Finland) Tuesday 11th Februari 2014 16:30-17:45

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Transcript of "The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management"

  1. 1. The Presentation… > The Role of Location in Incident and Disaster Management Erik van der Zee Geodan Amsterdam Multi-POS Winter School Tuesday 11th Februari 2014 16:30-17:45
  2. 2. The Dream Team… > T2.4 Location integration in crisis management lifecycle Erik van der Zee PhD Researcher (part time) Multi-POS Supervisor Geodan / VU Amsterdam e2.vander.zee@vu.nl Luis Bausá López PhD Researcher (full time) VU Amsterdam luis.bausalopez@vu.nl
  3. 3. About Geodan > > > > > > Geo-IT specialist for more than 25 years Independent system integrator in GIS and Geo-ICT Founded by Prof. Dr. Henk Scholten and Dr. Evert Meijer Highly innovative (large R&D dep.) 130 employees Offices in • Amsterdam • Den Bosch • Madrid > OGC member > Associated partner in Multi-POS > Website www.geodan.nl
  4. 4. > Topics for today
  5. 5. The Topics… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Overview of Disaster Types Spatial aspects of Disasters Positioning people and objects during Disasters Disaster Management • Key players (in the field and in the crisis center) • ICT Challenges (internet connections) Common Operational Picture and Situational Awareness Technology behind a Common Operational Picture Disaster Management in smart(er) environments Conclusions
  6. 6. > Disaster types
  7. 7. Traffic and Transport 1. Aviation accident 2. Accident on water
  8. 8. Traffic and Transport 3. Traffic accidents on land
  9. 9. Dangerous substances 4. Accidents with inflamable or explosive substances 5. Accidents with poisonous gasses
  10. 10. Dangerous substances 6. Nuclear accidents (Tsjernobyl, Fukushima)
  11. 11. Public Health 7. Threat of public health 8. Contaminating disease wave
  12. 12. Infrastructure 9. Accidents in tunnels 10. Fire in large building
  13. 13. Infrastructure 11. Collapse of large building 12. Failure of critical infrastructure (electricity, gas, water, communication)
  14. 14. Population 13. Panic in crowds 14. Large scale disruptions of order
  15. 15. Natural Disasters 15. Flooding 16. Forest Fires
  16. 16. Natural Disasters 17. Extreme weather (cold/warm/wet/dry) e.g. heavy storm, extreme (ice) rain or snow or a heat or cold wave 18. Disasters at distance (in neighboring countries which have an effect on our country, e.g. nuclear, floods, forest fire, etc.)
  17. 17. > Spatial aspects of Disasters
  18. 18. From Indicent… to Disaster… > Relation between scale (extent/severity) and involved parties
  19. 19. Where are the risks… > Risk Map of The Netherlands… • Location of Risk generators (dangerous objects or areas) • Risk distance zones (10^-6) • Effect distance zones (m) Lethality • Locations of Risk receivers (vulnerable objects or areas) > www.risicokaart.nl
  20. 20. Source Area vs Effect Area > “Gasmal” and “Sector mal” (danger zones)
  21. 21. > Positioning people and objects during Disasters…
  22. 22. Where the !#%^&@# is …………….. ?!
  23. 23. Lelystad Detention Centre
  24. 24. The Challenge… > Can a position be determined? Indoor and Outdoor for different disaster types? > Which positional accuracy is needed and what can be delivered technically (demand and supply)? • Sometimes a rough indication of position is enough, sometimes not (e.g. Prison LBS Use Case… in or out the geofence, Room A is GO area Room B nextdoor is NOGO area) • It really depends on the situation (type of disaster and use case scenario) and the technology used
  25. 25. Positioning > Indoor incidents and disasters (buildings, tunnels) > Outdoor incidents and disasters
  26. 26. Mobile Modem > MOMO (used by fire departments and police)(www.eal.nl) > GPS lokalisation I/O (inputs / outputs) • Netwerk connectie • GPRS / UMTS communicatie of RAM Mobitex communicatie • WIFI • Bluetooth • Dual carrier functionality
  27. 27. > Disaster Management
  28. 28. The Safety and Security Chain
  29. 29. Mono- versus Multi-disciplinary > Mono-disciplinary incidents > Multi-disciplinary disasters
  30. 30. ICT in a Disaster situation Satellite communication GSM/3G communication Ad hoc WIFI network Ad hoc WIFI network X X X X Ad hoc WIFI network X X
  31. 31. Field control center (COPI)
  32. 32. Regional Crisis Center (RCC)
  33. 33. Control Center situation
  34. 34. Devices in the control center
  35. 35. Network Infrastructure
  36. 36. > Common Operational Picture and Situational Awareness  Information Sharing
  37. 37. Information demand and supply
  38. 38. Information Sharing Architecture Municipalities Justice Domain experts Control Rool domain Ambulance Citizen and Companies Disaster coordination GHOR Fire Department Security regions Defence Police COMMON DOMAIN
  39. 39. Data and Functionality… Geo OOV Architectuur Gelderland Midden Gebruikers Brandweer Politie GHOR Meldkamer Gemeente ArcGIS Server Client Presentatie en Visualisatie CCS desktop applicaties Gebruikersfunctionaliteit Gasmal en Sectormal Meetopdracht en meetbericht Actueel en verwacht weerbeeld (KNMI) Verkeers situatie (VCNL) Functionele en data ontsluitings webservices Delen ROT beeld Locatie zoeken Gevaarlijke Stof fen Scheepvaart IVS 90 (RWS) (LIOGS/LMIP/ CRP) Berichten (tekst, audio) GBKN Top kaarten Kadaster Luchtf otos ACN AHN Location Based Services Risicokaart Bestuurlijke Grenzen WMS services Arnhem Cyclomedia en BridGIS Commerciële Services NWB CBS Buurt & Wijk OOV Basisregistraties Overige GIS Functionaliteit ArcGIS Alarmering & Attendering (LBS) Provinciale services GDI Services Touch Table Print en Rapportage Hoogwater HIS (RWS) WMS Service o.a. Luchtf otos Locatie Server VTS NCC/DCC/LOCC Expirimentele visualisatie Overige services (toekomst) WMS Services Haagse Ring Communicatie netwerk/ Beveiliging Virtual Earth CCS web applicaties CCS Mobiel Impact Analyse Sherpa/GMS Koppeling Service OOV Basis registraties en Kernregistraties Gelderland Midden Provincie Falk Geostreets Cyclo media Service HGM en Gemeente Arnhem Sirenes Rampen bestrijdings plannen BridGIS Commerciële basisregistraties Webservice Bereikbaar heidsplannen Aanvals plannen Bereikbaar heids plannen Kernregistraties HGM Peer-to-Peer secure communicatie en bestandsuitwisseling Mobiel Koper en Glasvezel (C2000, GPRS, UMTS) (Intranet, OOVnet, Haagse Ring) Waterschap NUTS Overige Gegevens
  40. 40. COP-SA-NCW > COP: Common Operational Picture > SA: Situational Awareness > NCW: Net-Centric Working
  41. 41. Common Operational Picture (COP)
  42. 42. Common Operation Picture (detail)
  43. 43. Common Operational Picture
  44. 44. > Technology behind a Common Operational Picture
  45. 45. Central Architecture Model
  46. 46. Distributed Architecture model (p2p)
  47. 47. Geodan Concurrent Online WebGIS (COW)
  48. 48. COW Connectors Web sockets Programming API JS API C# API Java API User Interface Service API API - Fire propagation model Flood model - COW client
  49. 49. COW works cross domain User Interface COW client Service API Intranet API User Interface COW client Service API API User Interface COW client Service API Internet API User Interface COW client Service API API
  50. 50. Demo COW DEMO COW Luis + Erik (or be a crisis manager yourself ... http://research.geodan.nl/sites/foss4g) (COW on GitHub http://github.com/Geodan/cow)
  51. 51. Map UI on COW infrastructure
  52. 52. Concurrent Online WebGIS (COW)
  53. 53. Phoenix Touchtable
  54. 54. > Disaster Management in smart(er) environments (by use of ICT)
  55. 55. E-Call example
  56. 56. Location Based Services > Use of Geofences for notification and alerting
  57. 57. Conclusions… > The Conclusions
  58. 58. Conclusions > Disaster happen everywhere, indoor AND outdoor positioning scenarios > …And under difficult conditions, special demands on equipment > Communication lines and connections can be severely disturbed in DM situations, alternatives needed (plan B…) or local caching > There are mono- and multi-disciplinary disasters > A Common Operation Picture improves the Situational Awareness, especially in multi-disciplinary situations > There are 2 types of IT architectures to create a COP, the central model and the distributed (P2P) model
  59. 59. The end
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