Sensor Web en Internet of Things
Presentation for the Geonovum Steering
Committee on Pilot Sensorweb and IoT
17th Februari...
Contents

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Introduction Sensorweb en Internet of Things
(SWIoT)
Role of Geography in SW & IoT
Crow...
1. Introduction
Sensorweb and Internet
of Things
History
– Sensor networks exist already for a
long time
• Process industry (oil refineries, chemical
plants)
• Logistics
•...
Internet of Things (Gartner Hype Cycle)

www.geodan.nl
Internet connected smart objects

www.geodan.nl
Increasing numbers of smart objects…

www.geodan.nl
Smart Objects…
>

Smart objects are physical or virtual devices with physical or virtual
sensors c.q. actuators (e.g. a se...
Static and Dynamic Sensing
Remote Sensing

Static Positions

Dynamic Positions

In-Situ Sensing

www.geodan.nl
Static and Dynamic Act(uat)ing
Remote Acting

Static Positions

Dynamic Positions

In-Situ Acting

www.geodan.nl
Sensing  Big Data (event streams)

www.geodan.nl
Sensing – Analysing – Acting (1)

>
>

Continuous loop of sensing, analyzing and acting
 Optimization of processes in Sma...
Sensing – Analysing – Acting (2)

> Event Stream Processing (ESP)

www.geodan.nl
2. Role of
Geography
in Sensorweb and
IoT
Role van Geography

Geo
IT

Geography
(xyzt)

Location
Awareness in
The IoT

Information
Technology

Geo-IT
in the
IoT
Inf...
Role van Geography

>

Location is a connecting principle (or “glue”) in the IoT

www.geodan.nl
Smart devices on the map…

www.geodan.nl
Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (1)

> Smart waste management

www.geodan.nl
Route optimalization
100%
50%

70%
55%
100%
90%
40%
www.geodan.nl
Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (2)

> Smart Parking

www.geodan.nl
Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (3)

> Emergency Response

www.geodan.nl
Examples sense-analyze-act en GEO (4)

> Smart Things and Social Media – Social web
of things “facebook of things”
> Alert...
IoT Playing Field

www.geodan.nl
50+ Use Cases

www.geodan.nl
3. Crowd Sourced
Sensing
Fukushima

> http://japan.failedrobot.com/

www.geodan.nl
Real-time data brokers
>
>
>
>

Real-time data broker for networked objects and environments
Example https://xively.com/ (...
Geluidsnet

> Measurement noise pollution around Schiphol

www.geodan.nl
Air Quality Egg

> http://airqualityegg.com/

www.geodan.nl
4. Standards
OGC SWE Standaarden
> SWE standards overview

>

http://www.opengeospatial.org/og
c/markets-technologies/swe
OWS Demonstra...
W3C

> Semantic Sensor Network (SSN)
> http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/ssn/wiki/Se
mantic_Sensor_Net_Ontology
> Relation ...
5. Security
Security

> Hacking scenarios (manipulation of sensors, actuators and event
streams)

www.geodan.nl
6. Privacy
Privacy (NRC Saturday 15th February 2014)

www.geodan.nl
Statements…

www.geodan.nl
Privacy

> The feeling of being spied upon by the Government (control state)

www.geodan.nl
7. Possible subjects
for SW & IoT Pilot…
…
Mogelijke onderwerpen voor de Pilot

> Related to Pilot Use Cases or broader…
– Standaardization (technical + semantic)
• ...
8. Final remarks…
Final Remarks…

> 3D Pilot + LOD Pilot + SWIoT Pilot = SimCity

www.geodan.nl
The End
Time for questions and discussions
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Sensor Web and IoT and the role of Geography (English translation)

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On request of GEOSPATIAL WORLD (@geoworldmedia) an English translation of my presentation on Sensor Web and IoT and the role of Geography

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Sensor Web and IoT and the role of Geography (English translation)

  1. 1. Sensor Web en Internet of Things Presentation for the Geonovum Steering Committee on Pilot Sensorweb and IoT 17th Februari 2014 Erik van der Zee (Geodan/VU)
  2. 2. Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Introduction Sensorweb en Internet of Things (SWIoT) Role of Geography in SW & IoT Crowd Sourced Sensing SW & IoT Standaarden (OGC/W3C) SW & IoT and Security SW & IoT and Privacy SW & IoT Possible topics for the Pilot Final remarks www.geodan.nl
  3. 3. 1. Introduction Sensorweb and Internet of Things
  4. 4. History – Sensor networks exist already for a long time • Process industry (oil refineries, chemical plants) • Logistics • Surveillance (CCTV) • … – Properties • Closed networks • Closed data sources • No open standards (vendor specific protocols) – Technological developments… • Hardware becomes smaller (=energy efficient + cheap) and (internet) connectivity is improving (bandwidth, stability, coverage) and cheaper • Standaards for interoperability are becoming available (e.g. SWE, SSN, ONVIF) www.geodan.nl
  5. 5. Internet of Things (Gartner Hype Cycle) www.geodan.nl
  6. 6. Internet connected smart objects www.geodan.nl
  7. 7. Increasing numbers of smart objects… www.geodan.nl
  8. 8. Smart Objects… > Smart objects are physical or virtual devices with physical or virtual sensors c.q. actuators (e.g. a security camera) Hardware Software > Virtual sensors = sensors that measure some virtual event and based on this send alerts or notifications, e.g. a digital calendar alert or an alert when someone enters your virtual house in Second Life (www.secondlife.com)(the alert is send through the Second Life API to e.g. your smart phone) www.geodan.nl
  9. 9. Static and Dynamic Sensing Remote Sensing Static Positions Dynamic Positions In-Situ Sensing www.geodan.nl
  10. 10. Static and Dynamic Act(uat)ing Remote Acting Static Positions Dynamic Positions In-Situ Acting www.geodan.nl
  11. 11. Sensing  Big Data (event streams) www.geodan.nl
  12. 12. Sensing – Analysing – Acting (1) > > Continuous loop of sensing, analyzing and acting  Optimization of processes in Smart Environments raw events Sensing Analysis meaningful events Act(uat)ing future events raw events Predicting www.geodan.nl
  13. 13. Sensing – Analysing – Acting (2) > Event Stream Processing (ESP) www.geodan.nl
  14. 14. 2. Role of Geography in Sensorweb and IoT
  15. 15. Role van Geography Geo IT Geography (xyzt) Location Awareness in The IoT Information Technology Geo-IT in the IoT Information Technology in the IoT Smart Devices www.geodan.nl
  16. 16. Role van Geography > Location is a connecting principle (or “glue”) in the IoT www.geodan.nl
  17. 17. Smart devices on the map… www.geodan.nl
  18. 18. Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (1) > Smart waste management www.geodan.nl
  19. 19. Route optimalization 100% 50% 70% 55% 100% 90% 40% www.geodan.nl
  20. 20. Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (2) > Smart Parking www.geodan.nl
  21. 21. Examples sense-analyze-act and GEO (3) > Emergency Response www.geodan.nl
  22. 22. Examples sense-analyze-act en GEO (4) > Smart Things and Social Media – Social web of things “facebook of things” > Alert when recycling bin is almost full, or when it has been emptied www.geodan.nl
  23. 23. IoT Playing Field www.geodan.nl
  24. 24. 50+ Use Cases www.geodan.nl
  25. 25. 3. Crowd Sourced Sensing
  26. 26. Fukushima > http://japan.failedrobot.com/ www.geodan.nl
  27. 27. Real-time data brokers > > > > Real-time data broker for networked objects and environments Example https://xively.com/ (formely known as “Pachube”) Collects and distributes data streams of sensors Can send alerts, notifications and steer processes (actuating) www.geodan.nl
  28. 28. Geluidsnet > Measurement noise pollution around Schiphol www.geodan.nl
  29. 29. Air Quality Egg > http://airqualityegg.com/ www.geodan.nl
  30. 30. 4. Standards
  31. 31. OGC SWE Standaarden > SWE standards overview > http://www.opengeospatial.org/og c/markets-technologies/swe OWS Demonstrations (use of SWE standards) http://www.opengeospatial.org/pr ojects/initiatives/ows-5 www.geodan.nl
  32. 32. W3C > Semantic Sensor Network (SSN) > http://www.w3.org/2005/Incubator/ssn/wiki/Se mantic_Sensor_Net_Ontology > Relation with Geonovum Linked Open Data Pilot (“PiLOD”)! www.geodan.nl
  33. 33. 5. Security
  34. 34. Security > Hacking scenarios (manipulation of sensors, actuators and event streams) www.geodan.nl
  35. 35. 6. Privacy
  36. 36. Privacy (NRC Saturday 15th February 2014) www.geodan.nl
  37. 37. Statements… www.geodan.nl
  38. 38. Privacy > The feeling of being spied upon by the Government (control state) www.geodan.nl
  39. 39. 7. Possible subjects for SW & IoT Pilot… …
  40. 40. Mogelijke onderwerpen voor de Pilot > Related to Pilot Use Cases or broader… – Standaardization (technical + semantic) • E.g. NL Profile for SOS and SPS • Praktical use of OGC and W3C standards – – – – – Sensor Catalog (meta data, findability) Open Sensor Data Semantic Sensor Web Education and Research Exchange of user experiences • In the areas of hardware (power supply, battery life) • Internet connectivity (bvb in remote areas) • … www.geodan.nl
  41. 41. 8. Final remarks…
  42. 42. Final Remarks… > 3D Pilot + LOD Pilot + SWIoT Pilot = SimCity www.geodan.nl
  43. 43. The End Time for questions and discussions
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