From “Dumb” To “Smart” Ingrediënts for a Smart City
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From “Dumb” To “Smart” Ingrediënts for a Smart City

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More and more cities in the world want to become a SMART city. But what is actually a smart city? How do I transform a city in a smart city? And what is the relationship between the smart city concept ...

More and more cities in the world want to become a SMART city. But what is actually a smart city? How do I transform a city in a smart city? And what is the relationship between the smart city concept and other concepts like Internet of Things and Big Data? Erik van der Zee tries to answer these questions during this session. He also pays attention to the Geonovum pilot Making Sense for Society. This pilot started on 3rd April 2014 and comprises subjects like sensors, actuators, standards, real-time data, privacy, governance and applications related to smart cities.

Presentation at the Government and ICT fair on 9th April 2014.

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From “Dumb” To “Smart” Ingrediënts for a Smart City Presentation Transcript

  • 1. From “Dumb” To “Smart” Ingrediënts for a Smart City Government and ICT Fair 9 april 2014 Erik van der Zee (Geonovum/Geodan/VU)
  • 2.  Drs. Erik van der Zee  Physical Geographer and Business Economist  Senior Consultant at Geodan (www.geodan.nl)  PhD Candidate “Added value of location in the Internet of Things and Smart Cities”  Subject matter expert in the Geonovum pilot Making Sense for Society (#labms4s)  E-mail Erik.van.der.Zee@geodan.nl  Twitter @erikvanderzee Brief introduction…
  • 3.  Dumb Cities  Smart Cities  What is a Smart City?  How do I make a City Smart? – Ingrediënts!  Examples of Smartness  Sensor Pilot Geonovum  Questions What is it about today?
  • 4. There we go!
  • 5. Dumb = “showing a lack of intelligence” Or “not having the capability to process data” (Merriam-Webster Dictionary) What is Dumb… Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 6. The Evolution of Dumbness … Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 7. Transition to Smartness… Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 8.  “A city that makes extensive use of information and communications technologies, including mobile networks, to improve the quality of life of its citizens in a sustainable way. A Smart City combines and shares disparate data sets captured by intelligently- connected infrastructure, people and things, to generate new insights and provide ubiquitous services that enable citizens to move around easily, improve the efficiency of city operations, enhance security, fuel economic activity and increase resilience to natural disasters” (GSMA, 2013)” What is a smart city? Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 9. How does a smart city operate? (sense–analyse–predict–actuate) Sensing Analysis Act(uat)ing Predicting raw events raw events future events meaningful events • Data creation • Controlling / alerting / notification / routing of objects and people • Data usage Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 10.  Almost everything can be made SMART…  So in principe boundless possibilities Ingredient 1. Use Cases (ideas) and Business Cases Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 11.  Dumb thing  +Micro computer (Arduino / Raspberry Pi / MEMS)  + Sensors and Actuators  + Internet connection  + Digital identity (avatar)  = Smart Thing Ingrediënt 2. Smart Things + + + + + Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 12.  Measuring is Knowing…  “Quantified City”  Sensors  (BIG) Data  Transparancy (“open unless” policy)  Linked Open Data gives maximum possibilities for development of Smart Cities (combining data sets)  No transparancy can lead to initiatives where citizens start to monitor on their own (Geluidsnet, Fukushima)  Smart Cities create BIG Data  Smart use of BIG Data Ingrediënt 3. Open Data Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 13.  Front End applications (Apps for users)  Back End applications (CEP engines, ESBs) Ingrediënt 4. Apps! Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 14.  Multi disciplinairy teams with smart thinkers, builders, makers, tinkerers, developers, database experts, designers and other specialists that can realize smartness  Smart users (using the smartness)  Learn people how to use new technology  Create awareness on what is available  Provide hardware at low cost for Citizen Science (e.g. iSPEX, Smart Citizen Kit, Air Quality Egg) Ingrediënt 5. Smart People Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 15. Creative working spaces and test locations  Fab Labs (building smart objects and small scale testing)  Living Labs (testing concepts indoor + outdoor) Ingredient 6. Smart Places (werkplaatsen) Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 16.  Financing and sponsoring of  A Smart City framework (basic infrastructure)  Ideas and initiatives (fab labs, living labs, open data initiatives, hackathlons, etc.)  Sponsoring of Hardware (e.g. smart citizen kits)  Support governance of promising results Ingredient 7. Sponsors Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 17.  Create awareness (stimulate participation)  Publicity for smart city initiatives in town  Compete in smart city awards Ingredient 8. Publicity Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 18.  Think about possible consequences…  Security, Privacy, Intellectual property, Liability Ingredient 9. Smart Issues Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 19.  Create a Vision on how the future of the city has to look like Ingredient 10. Smart Future Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 20. The ingredients all together 1. Ideas, Use Cases, Business Cases 2. Smart Things (Technology) 3. Linked Open Data 4. Apps! 5. Smart People en (multi disciplinairy) Teams (golden triangle) 6. Smart Place(s) (“workrooms”) 7. Sponsors (governance, finance) 8. Publicity (initiatives, awards, create awareness) 9. Smart Issues (liability, privacy, …) 10. Smart Future (vision) How do I make my city smart? Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 21. The ingrediënts visually + 0011010 1101001 0001110 ++ Ideas Use Cases Business Cases Smart Things Linked Open Data + ++ + Smart People Sponsors Smart Issues Smart Vision Publicity + Smart Places Apps! Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 22.  Location and Time (xyzt) are connection factors in Smart Cities Role of Location in Smart Cities Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 23. A few Smart City Initiatives and ideas Smart Grid (Groningen Living Lab) Smart Street (Eindhoven living Lab) Smart Traffic (NDW) Smart Politics (Geluidsnet) Smart Parking Smart Bins … Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 24.  xxx Smart Grid (Groningen “powermatching city”) Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 25.  xxx Smart Street (Eindhoven “Stratumseind 2.0”) Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 26.  xxx Smart Traffic (Rijkswaterstaat NDW) Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 27.  xxx Smart Parking Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 28. Smart Bins Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 29. Smart Protest (geluidsnet) Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 30. Making Sense for Society Geonovum Living Lab for the Internet of Everything Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 31. Subjects Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 32. Sponsors Ministerie van Economische Zaken Ministerie van Infrastructuur en Milieu Rijkswaterstaat Rijksinstituut voor Volksgezondheid en Milieu Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 33. Golden triangle Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions Research and Education Companies Government
  • 34.  Visit the 6 public gatherings, free of charge. Participate in a working group and experience and discuss the use of sensor web technology and the internet of things  Subscribe on the Geonovum web site (www.geonovum.nl) Participate! Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions
  • 35. Any questions? info@geonovum.nl | www.geonovum.nl | @geonovum Dumb Cities > Smart Cities > Sensor Pilot Geonovum > Questions