• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
The printing press
 

The printing press

on

  • 294 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
294
Views on SlideShare
251
Embed Views
43

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0

3 Embeds 43

http://inventingthequestionmark.blogspot.com 40
http://www.blogger.com 2
http://www.inventingthequestionmark.blogspot.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    The printing press The printing press Presentation Transcript

    • The Media Revolution Erik Bergholm
    • Life Before Gutenberg • Books could be found only in monasteries, places of education, and in the homes of the very wealthy • As copying was a laborious process, only texts that held wide appeal were reproduced • Not surprisingly, the Bible was the primary text
    • • Scribes were responsible for copying manuscripts, while “illuminators” created the illustrations • Illuminators added stylized fonts, gold trimming, and beautiful color to the tomes • Worked in special rooms called scriptoriums • Scribes and similar trades formed guilds, similar to today’s unions
    • Early Process • Parchment was made from animal skin • Bought, brought to the monastery, and rubbed smooth by an assistant, before the copying could begin • Lines had to be spaced exactly, marked by knife incisions
    • Gutenberg • Trained as a metallurgist and goldsmith • Hailed from Mainz, Germany. Born around 1399 • Used his skills in metalworking to aid in the construction of his most important invention • First mass-marketed book he produced was the Gutenberg Bible
    • The Printing Press • Inspired by the wine press, which uses a similar technique • Constructed mainly of wood • Letters were carved onto movable “keys”. These were coated with ink
    • Demonstration http://youtu.be/ksLaBnZVRnM
    • Its Influence • Allowed books to be mass produced • Naturally, knowledge would be available to many more people • Learning something—be it a trade, language, etc—once required the assistance of a mentor. Now all one had to do was learn to read
    • • Created an intellectual revolution in all areas of thought—philosophy, science, and religion • Since the layperson could buy a Bible now, it was open to individual interpretation • The Copernican Revolution would not have been possible without the printing press • Culture moved from oral to literate
    • Food for Thought • The invention, and subsequent massproduction, of books allowed humanity to store its collective knowledge • No longer do we have to rely on heredity and oral tradition • Books are the new DNA. Humanity has transcended physical evolution • Echoes what famous astronomer said (was it Sagan or Hawking?)
    • Superstition and the Written Word • A demon known as Tutivillus was said to haunt scribes • Legend continued even after the printing press • Demon would cause errors and lack of concentration (typos and writer’s block) • According to some tales, monks would be punished in afterlife for too many spelling errors
    • Sources • "A Gallimaufry." 'a Gallimaufry' N.p., 14 Mar. 2011. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. • "End of Europe's Middle Ages - The Impact of the Printing Press." End of Europe's Middle Ages - The Impact of the Printing Press. University of Calgary, 6 Nov. 2001. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. • "Harry Ransom Center the University of Texas at Austin." Harry Ransom Center RSS. University of Texas at Austin, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. • "Inventor of the Week: Archive." Inventor of the Week: Archive. Lemelson MIT, Aug. 2004. Web. 11 Nov. 2013.