Agriculture helps meet our needs and the needs of millions of people in other countries. International Trade is buying and selling commodities by two or more nations.
Discuss lesson content. Summarize the content on the white board.
Agriculture provides jobs for more people than any other industry in the United States Approximately 16 out of every 100 people work in agriculture.
Advancements in fertilizers, crops and technology have resulted in the production of more food. Today, one American farmer feeds over 130 people. Consumers have a year round wide selection of agricultural products at the local grocery store. Even with all of the nutritious food available, however, most consumers do not make the right choices. Americans consume foods that are high in fat, salt and sugar. MyPlate is a tool to help people make healthy food choices.
Also, Nutritional Fact Labels must be present on all food products except raw single-ingredient products. Nutritional fact labels were created by our government to help consumers follow a well-balanced diet
Healthy eating choices depend on factors other than food: Read text concerning Food Pyramid.
Most citrus is sold as fresh fruit, and the rest is processed for juices.
As well as a thriving domestic market, the USA exports apples to many different markets around the world, including Europe, Taiwan, Mexico, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Thailand. By far the biggest variety is Red Delicious, and Macintosh and Empire are also key varieties. Other varieties grown include Golden, Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith and Pink Lady.
Each year in the United States 430,000 tons of nuts are produced. There are four major types of nuts of commercial importance. They are: almonds, pecans, walnuts and filberts. Nuts are removed from a tree by a machine that gently shakes the tree. The nuts are then picked up from the ground by a nut sweeper. List the items you’ve eaten in the previous day. What categories do they belong to?
Cotton is picked by large machines that use rotating fingerlike projections on rotating drums to remove the lint from the bolls. The lint is taken to a gin to remove the seeds. The seeds can be pressed and used for cooking oils. The cotton is cleaned and the lint is pressed into 500 pound bales. It is then graded and stored or sent to the mill.
Flax grows to a height of about 3 feet. Linen comes from the fibers, called bast fibers that make up the phloem of the plant. These fibers are removed by soaking the stems in warm water. When the phloem fibers are removed, they are rolled and later combed to be spun into yarn. The seeds of the Flax plant are pressed for linseed oil. This oil is used in making paints and varnishes.
Are two animal fibers used in making clothing. Rabbit and mink are two common sources of furs used in clothing. Sheep and goat fleece are sheared, cleaned, dyed and woven into thread. Angora goat fleece is woven into mohair. It is used to make soft blankets and clothing. Fur, from rabbits, mink and other animals, is used to make coats, hats, and other clothing.
Much of the cloth produced today is manufactured from petroleum. This process was developed in the first half of the 20th century. Petroleum is processed into long fibers that are used to make cloth such as rayon, nylon and polyester.
Blended clothing is a combination of artificial, or synthetic, and natural fibers. Blended cloth is durable, yet has the comfort of natural fibers. This also makes us less dependent on imported petroleum.
Forestry is the science of planting, caring for, and harvesting trees. In the United States, there are 736.7 million acres of forest land. Forestry products are made into many kinds of lumber, plywood, particle board, veneer and paper. These products are used in many ways – shelter being the most important.
At a saw mill, logs are cut into boards and graded for quality. Most logs are cut into lumber while still green – containing water. Lumber must then be seasoned, or dried.
Smaller trees are used to make paper. Paper is made by breaking wood into smaller pieces and cooking the pieces in a chemical bath. These smaller pieces are called pulp. The steps in making paper are:
The Importance of Agriculture
Importance of Agriculture
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Terms to Know, Cont’d.
Quality of Life
What is Quality of Life?
• Quality of Life includes adequate
supplies of basic needs like food, clothing
• Agriculture provides each of these things.
• Americans spend only about 11% of their
total income on food, leaving more money
than many others for clothing, housing
• International Trade is buying and
selling commodities by two or more
nations. Commodities are either imported
• Goods sold to or in another country are
• Agriculture exports include corn, rice,
soybeans, wheat, poultry and cotton.
• Imports are products bought from
another nation. Imports include bananas,
cocoa, vanilla, shrimp and coffee.
Agriculture’s role in
• MyPlate was developed by the United
States Department of Agriculture. It is
made up of nutritional groups, which are
the main types of food recommended for
Factors affecting healthy food
Agricultural Products for
• Grain - grains are grown throughout the
U.S., with the greatest production region
in the mid-west.
• Grains are used for bread, pasta, rice,
cereal and many other food products.
• Wheat and rye are two important grains.
• Citrus - grown in
Mexico and South
• Citrus includes:
lemons and limes.
• Blueberries are
grown in Michigan.
• Cranberries are
widely grown in New
• Apples are grown in
Washington, New York,
Michigan and California.
• About half of the apples
produced are marketed
fresh and the rest are
processed into juice,
jellies, pies and other
• Cool weather crops, such as lettuce and
broccoli, are grown in northern states in
the summer and southern states during
• Most warm weather vegetables are grown
in California and Florida.
• Many vegetables consumed in the U.S.
are imported from South America and
Dairy Foods are made from milk.
Most milk comes from cattle on dairy farms.
Another source of milk is from goats
Leading milk production states are
California and Wisconsin.
Meat - Poultry
• Poultry includes any
raised for food.
• The most popular
poultry are chickens
followed by turkey.
• Chickens also
produce most of the
eggs in this country.
Meat - Beef
• Beef is meat from
cattle. It is prepared
into popular dishes
like steak and
Meat - Pork
• Pork is the meat of
• Swine is the plural
term used to define
hogs and pigs.
• Pork chops, ham and
bacon are three
popular forms of pork.
Meat - Aquaculture
• Aquaculture is the
production of aquatic
plants and animals for
• Fish are being farmed in
oceans, streams, lakes,
ponds and raceways.
• Fish are harvested,
processed, and prepared
for the fresh or frozen
Meat - Lamb
• Lamb refers to meat from
a sheep that is less than
a year old.
• Mutton refers to meat that
is from a sheep that is
over a year old.
• Compared to beef,
chicken and pork,
Americans consume little
lamb and mutton.
Agricultural products used to
• Clothing is made from natural and
• A natural fiber is from a plant or
• A synthetic fiber is made from
petroleum and other substances.
• A shrublike plant,
cultivated as an
• Requires long
• Leading production
Arizona and the lower
• Produces fibers used
in making a high
quality cloth, called
• Flax plants require
climates with plenty of
rain, and moderate
• Most of today’s flax is
grown in Europe and
• Kenaf is a relatively
new crop used to
make cloth and
• From Africa.
• Grows quickly; 12’-14’
in as little as 4-5
What is Forestry?
• Forestry is the
science of planting,
caring for and
• In the USA, there are
736.7 million acres of
• Are grouped by the types of trees
• Two major types of trees are hardwood,
• Hardwood trees are deciduous – they
shed their leaves during the winter.
• Softwood trees are conifers – evergreen
trees, usually bearing cones and needles.
• Is made from sawing logs into boards.
Logs are the large stems of trees that
require many years to grow.
• Trees are felled (cut down) and cut into
log lengths – usually 12 – 20 feet in length.
• Are cut, while green, into boards, for
seasoning – the natural or artificial
drying of lumber.
1. Pulp is screened and
2. The mixture of pulp and
water is spread over a
mesh wire to drain.
3. The remaining mat of
fibers is then rolled and
4. The fibers bond together
during the drying
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