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Xeriscaping: the Complete How to Guide - Albuquerque, New Mexico
 

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Xeriscaping: the Complete How to Guide - Albuquerque, New Mexico

Xeriscaping: the Complete How to Guide - Albuquerque, New Mexico

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    Xeriscaping: the Complete How to Guide - Albuquerque, New Mexico Xeriscaping: the Complete How to Guide - Albuquerque, New Mexico Document Transcript

    • XeriscapingThe Complete How-To GuideInside:• Water-wise Southwestern landscapes• Planning and planting tips• Best trees and shrubs for your area• Comprehensive plant list• Rebate information for Water Authority customers n o i ti d lE e th onaby i ou R egt to y w u gh Ne bro l- Al
    • Xeriscaping Basics...........................1-7 Tips on Drip......................................... 5 8 Steps to a Healthy Xeric Plant..... 6-7 Rainwater harvesting...................8-9 TREeS.................................................10-14 Vines.................................................14-15 SHRUBS..............................................16-19 FLOWERING PLANTS........................20-27 Desert Accents.............................28-31 GROUNDCOVER.................................32-34 GRASSES............................................35-37 PLANT LISTINGS...............................38-47 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS........................... 48IntroductionThe Complete How-To Guide to Xeriscaping is published by the Albuquerque Bernalillo County WaterUtility Authority and provided by agencies in our region to help people make smart, water-efficient landscapedecisions and choose plants that are appropriate to our arid climate.A comprehensive list of plants that grow well in the region is provided at back of the book. This list providesbasic information about each plant, and the plant’s rebate allowance, where applicable. Photos and moredetailed descriptions of featured plants from the list are provided in the front and middle portion of the book,along with tips on layout and design, planting, soil preparation, mulching, drip irrigation and more. If you are a customer of the Water Authority, you may qualify for a rebate by replacing turf with xeriscape. All plans must be preapproved, so call 768-3655 for more information and an application before you get started on your xeriscape project.
    • Xeriscaping BasicsWhy Xeriscape?It’s Beautiful and Saves Water and MoneyIn hot dry climates like ours, gardening is an extreme sport and xeriscape is the game-changer. Not only does itsave water and money, but a well-designed xeriscape is easier to maintain because it works within a frameworkthat is consistent with local ecology. So how does someone go from the scraped earth of new construction orthe bluegrass of less water-savvy times, to a garden that is fragrant and colorful, with shaded, wind-bufferedliving spaces that use less water as well? There are a number of things to keep in mind:Have a PlanBefore you move a shovelful of dirt or plant a singleflower, have an overall plan for your xeriscape. As thatgreat gardener Yogi Berra once noted, “If you don’tknow where you’re going, you might end up some-place else.” Look at your site from a perspective ofwhat it has to offer and what you want it to provide. Areas already shaded by the walls of the building or C  onsider the mature size of plants when you existing trees might become additional patio space include them in your garden. Well-adapted to take advantage of existing cool spots, or you plants will reach their maximum size fairly quickly. may want to plant trees or vines to shade existing Over-planting wastes water and money. patios where summer sun makes them less usable because of the heat. I  f you have limited time or energy to invest in gardening, the places where you spend the most Do you need a small lawn as a play space for young time or that you can see through your windows children, or is your water budget better invested in may be the focal points for color and accent, while vegetable or flower gardening? the rest of the landscape is planned for very low maintenance. Rainwater from the roof and large paved surfaces can be collected and/or diverted for plants to use. Whether you’re an avid do-it-yourselfer and want to This important source of “free” water may also help design and plant your own garden, or you use the determine the placement of large shade trees. services of a landscape design professional, the more you consider how you want to use space, how you Plant large shrubs with views, privacy screening want the space to look and feel, the more likely you’ll and wind protection in mind. develop a well-designed xeriscape that meets your needs and provides beautiful, water-wise outdoor living space for you and your family. www.abcwua.org • 1
    • Xeriscaping Basics is a cool season grass that requires a minimum of 40 inches of rainfall a year to stay lush and green. Many cities in New Mexico average 8 inches or less precipi- tation annually. That’s why we have to water bluegrass so much here in the high desert. If we’re going to be serious about saving water, we have to rethink our lawns. The greatest value of cool season turf is its resilience as a play surface. Com- munities maintain public parks and playing fields with taxpayer dollars, and these cool amenities serve the citizens well. Homeowners generally don’t need a soccer field of turf in their backyards, and no one needs a huge expanse of water-guzzling turf in their front yard where its main use is outdoor carpeting. There are hundreds of plants recommended for their medium and low water use in this guide including na-Digging the Dirt tive grasses that can create a lush-looking green cover or gorgeous tapestry of color with less than half theIf you’re planting a lawn, a vegetable garden or fruit water it takes to maintain a lawn.trees, you may need to add generous amounts ofcompost to your soil before you plant so that the soilabsorbs and holds water more efficiently. If you’relandscaping with native and xeric plants, you prob-ably don’t need to add any organic matter to the soilas these plants prefer lean soils. For arid-adaptedplants, usually all you’ll need to do is loosen the soilwell before you plant, and water deeply enough toencourage them to root extensively. Low-Water-Use Plants Choose native and low-water-use plants whenever possible. From the low desert of southern New Mex- ico to the foothills of the northern mountains, there is an amazing diversity of water-wise plants that we can use in our gardens. Whether you want to haveRethinking Our Lawns year-round green, blazing flowers or a subtle blend of texture and color that changes through the seasons,New Mexico is the land of enchantment. The blue- there are well-adapted plants that can fill the spacegrass state is Kentucky. People love our sunny skies on a modest water budget. Grouping plants of likeand low humidity; bluegrass does not. How much requirements also makes zoning irrigation easier andthirsty lawn is appropriate here? Kentucky bluegrass more efficient.2 • www.abcwua.org
    • Xeriscaping BasicsWater IntelligentlyEfficient irrigation saves water. When plants aregrouped by their water needs, plants that needwater more often in summer, such as vegetablegardens, fruit trees or turf, can be accommodatedwhile desert natives with the lowest water needscan be watered less often or not at all once they arewell-rooted. Choose lawn sprinklers that spray droplets, not high-pressure mist. They should have a low spray angle and be operated at the coolest, least windy times of day to minimize evaporative loss. Most other plants should be watered with low-flow or drip irrigation equipment, applying water only where plant roots can access it, and only as often and as deeply as the plants require. Such careful application of water has the added advantage of extra water in spring may leaf out or flower earlier, minimizing weeds and preventing pest problems. making them more vulnerable to late spring frosts. Likewise, watering too much in autumn can keep P  lants use the least amount of water when they plants soft going into cold weather and make them are dormant during the coldest winter months and more vulnerable to frost damage. the most water when they are actively growing, blooming and producing fruit in summer. In spring A  n automatic irrigation controller is only as as temperatures rise and in autumn as temperatures efficient as the program that runs it – and the fall, watering times should be adjusted to keep programmer who sets the run times – so program plants healthy without waste. Plants pushed with for wise water use, and water only as much as the landscape needs. R  emember, too, that even the best-designed irrigation system must be main- tained to retain its optimum efficiency. Fix leaks and make sure water lines are clean and unobstructed for peak performance. www.abcwua.org • 3
    • Xeriscaping Basics Fibrous mulches such as pecan shells, shredded bark and composted cotton burrs are commonly used in planting beds, especially where plants prefer organic matter. Stone mulches such as crusher fines and gravel of various sizes and colors, can be used as pathways, lining rainwa- ter catchment, streambeds and basins, and to add texture to planting areas where desert plants prefer improved drainage. Never use impervious plastic sheetingMulching under mulches as it blocks air movement needed for healthy root growth andMulches are blankets of loose material that cover the soil to results in shallowly rooted plants moreminimize evaporation, keep roots cool in summer, suppress vulnerable to wind throw. Many types ofweed growth and slow erosion. Mulches can also provide pervious landscape fabrics are availablevisual interest and make the landscape more cohesive until where such material is needed for weedyoung plants mature to fill the space. suppression or erosion control.“Low Maintenance” isNot “No Maintenance”Xeriscapes can be designed to requirevery little maintenance, to be healthy andattractive with seasonal cleanup and pruningrather than weekly mowing, but no gardenis completely maintenance-free. To ensurethat your landscape looks its best and stayswater-wise, you may need to: •  emove fallen leaves r •  rim off old flower stems t •  ull a few weeds p •  bserve insect activity and decide when o While this may seem like a long list of tasks, in real • intervention is warranted and what the least time most of these may amount to a few hours every • invasive and most effective approach might be, two or three months. The preventative pest patrol and irrigation check can be done in the evening •  onitor watering m every week or two with a cool drink in your hand – •  ertilize plants that need supplementing f a relaxing reminder to stop and smell the roses.4 • www.abcwua.org
    • Xeriscaping Basics Tips on Drip: The Basics of Drip Irrigation1 Filter keeps sand and silt from Drip irrigation systems can play an important water-saving clogging small drip lines. role in the xeric landscape. When properly designed, installed and managed, drip irrigation efficiently maintains the optimal range of moisture in the soil because it applies water in precise quantities on a set schedule. Other drip irrigation advantages2 Pressure Regulator lowers the water pressure to the ideal setting include: • Easy installation and modification for a drip system (approximately • Relatively low cost 20-30 pounds per square inch [psi]). • Reduced weed growth • Minimal runoff Backflow Preventer/Anti-3 siphon Valve keeps irrigation Professional landscapers and irrigation companies can design and install drip systems customized for your yard, or you can do it system water from being siphoned yourself with kits available at hardware and home improvement back into your drinking water. stores. Backflow preventers are required by city ordinances. When hiring a landscape or irrigation company, always choose Multi-emitter Hydrant delivers one that’s licensed and insured. Furthermore, consider hiring4 water from a single riser pipe to one who has participated in the Water Authority’s Agua Savio program. Agua Savio participants have received special training multiple locations. Each outlet’s flow rate can be individually and education in irrigation efficiency and the special needs of controlled by using emitters that desert landscapes. deliver different amounts of water. Landscapers who have5 completed the training are designated as official Trained in Irrigation Efficiency Microtubing delivers the water from a multi-emitter hydrant to program participants and the location of individual plants. are allowed to display the Agua Savio logo on their documents, bids, web sites and in their places of business. For a list of program participants, visit the Water Authority’s web site at www.abcwua.org.6 Drip emitters connect to microtubing and deliver water to specific plants at a slow, consistent If you’re interested in installing your own drip irrigation system, rate. Flow rates are measured in the Water Authority offers free classes nearly every spring and gallons per hour (GPH). summer. Check our web site for a class schedule. Trained in Irrigation Efficiency On the left are the basic components of most drip irrigation7 Bubbler emitters deliver water to targeted locations, usually at systems. a higher GPH than a drip emitter. Bubblers are commonly used to water trees, shrubs and densely planted flower beds. www.abcwua.org • 5
    • Xeriscaping Basics 8 Steps 1 2 SELECT THE RIGHT PLANT DIG THE RIGHT SIZE HOLE FOR THE RIGHT SPOT AND LOOSEN THE SOILSun-loving plants should go into sunny spaces. Shade-loving plants The “right size” for trees and shrubs is about three times wider and justshould be placed under trees or beside walls where they’ll be protected a few inches deeper than the depth of the root ball. For annuals andfrom our harsh New Mexico sun. Also make sure the area is big enough perennials, the soil should also be loosened up three to five times the to accommodate the plant when it’s reached its full mature size. diameter of the container you’re planting from. If you dig a hole that’s(Remember, too, to place plants with similar water needs together.) just big enough for the plant’s root ball, you greatly limit how far the roots can easily grow and spread. 5 6 GIVE THE PLANT A GOOD SOAKING MULCH IT!Even water-thrifty xeric plants need a healthy drenching when A thick layer of mulch (2-4” deep depending on the size of the plant) willtransplanted. Make sure you soak the plant’s entire root zone. (Keep in minimize evaporation, cool the soil and reduce weed growth. Crushedmind, too, that your new plants will need more frequent waterings during 3/8” or 3/4” gravel, pecan shells, coarse textured compost and bark aretheir first year than during subsequent years.) four commonly used mulches.6 • www.abcwua.org
    • Xeriscaping Basicsto a Healthy Xeric Plant 3 4 CAREFULLY REMOVE PLANT PLACE PLANT AND FROM CONTAINER AND BACKFILL THE HOLE SEPARATE MATTED ROOTS Place the plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the root ball isTurn small plants upside down, supporting the soil with your hands. about level with the surrounding soil. Shovel the soil around the plant’sTap the pot to loosen the soil from the sides of the pot, then lift the roots to fill the hole and tamp gently to remove any large air pockets.pot off the root ball. Pulling annuals and perennials out by the stems When plants will be watered by hand or will be supplemented withand leaves can damage the plant. rainwater, they should be planted in broad, shallow basins (at leastUse a knife or sharp trowel to cut four vertical slits, one on each side of 4” deep and as wide as possible) to hold water so it soaks in deeply.the root ball. Make several similar cuts on bottom of root ball. Use yourfingers to “rough out” matted roots on sides and bottom. 7 8 USE EFFICIENT IRRIGATION MAINTAIN YOUR XERISCAPEThe majority of xeric plants suitable for New Mexico landscapes can be Even a low-maintenance xeriscape requires some maintenance.most efficiently watered using drip irrigation. Drip emitters save water Periodically check your irrigation system for leaks or clogs. Clean filterbecause they deliver a slow, steady dose of water directly to a plant’s root and check drip emitters to prevent plugging. For trees and large shrubs,zone, significantly reducing water lost to evaporation. you may need to move emitters outward and add extra emitters as plants grow so the water soaks the entire root zone. www.abcwua.org • 7
    • RAINWATER HARVESTINGMaking a planfor rainwaterharvestingRainwater is a gift. Arid-climate gardensshould be designed to capture and retain asmuch rain and snow as possible. A smoothroof surface on a 3,000-square-foot homecan shed more than 12,000 gallons of waterper year and a system of attractive-when-drystreambeds, large rain barrels or a cisterncan distribute it to the plants, the first steptoward a truly water-efficient garden.Contouring the soil so runoff flows awayfrom walls and paving into planting areas isthe simplest way to use every drop of rain.A system of shallow streambeds and basins(A) distributes water from downspouts orcanales and from paved surfaces (B) directlyto the plants nearby. The streambeds needto be lined with stone heavy enough to stayin place when flooded. The plants noted asLow RW on the plant list can thrive in or nearwater catchments without additional irriga-tion once they are well rooted.Rain barrels (C) are the next step up in waterharvesting, but are only effective if they arelarge enough to hold most of the output fromthe drainpipe or canale (gutters) they serve.A thousand square feet of roof can shed morethan 500 gallons of water per inch of rain, soon a 2,400-square-foot home, if there are 8downspouts of equal output, each rain barrelneeds to hold at least 200 gallons of water,and should have an overflow draining intoa shallow streambed that carries any excessdirectly into nearby planting basins.Cisterns (D) are the most sophisticated levelof water harvesting. Again the capacity of thetank should be large enough to contain the to design into new construction than they are to retrofit.output of the roof surface it serves with an Capacious cisterns can supply all the water disbursed via dripoverflow outlet into a shallow streambed to irrigation that a diverse garden will use throughout the year.carry any excess directly into nearby planting Lawns are the only landscape features that require so muchbasins. Because an 1,100-gallon cistern may water that even a good cistern is not sufficient. To learnbe 5 feet in diameter and 6 feet tall and, when more about the mechanics of water harvesting go tofull, can weigh several tons, cisterns are easier www.ose.state.nm.us/wucp_RoofReliantLandscaping.html.8 • www.abcwua.org
    • RAINWATER HARVESTINGPlanting sustained byrainwater harvestingUsing precipitation effectively involves keeping as muchsurface area permeable as possible, and collecting anddistributing runoff from the roof and other hard surfaceswhere it can be absorbed by a network of plant roots. Notonly does this prevent storm damage, but the hard surfacesthen supply moisture to grow trees and other plants thatkeep the surrounding spaces cooler in summer.Because rain in the high desert is feast or famine, often aninch or more at a time and sometimes months betweendownpours, combining passive collection with activestorage that can be meted out during dry periods allowsyou to grow a much broader selection of plants.First allocate spaces for the activities you’d like to accommo-date. Define the areas that need to be hard-paved such as the driveway, patios and high traffic walkways (1) and grade them to drain into planting areas. Then define areas such as secondary paths, storage and utility spaces (2) that can be paved with fine crushed gravel or other pervious material. The paved spaces and the spaces planted with the most arid-adapted plants are the driest zones in the garden. Note the places where trees or vines are needed for shade (3), where large shrubs are needed for screening (4), and where vegetable beds (5) will be: these will be the places you will want to divert the most water consis- tently via drip irrigation and can also keep the spaces fed by overflow streambeds and basins adjacent to rain barrels or cisterns. The rest of the landscape can be planted with Low and Low+ plants (6) that may need supplemental water monthly or less once established. The location of cisterns is a compromise between where there is enough space, where the water is easiest to collect from the roof and where it is most needed in the landscape. Whether building a new home or remodeling an existing one, when cisterns are part of the roof and window plan of the house, it’s easier to site them in the best locations. www.abcwua.org • 9
    • L E G E N D Plant Water UseRainwater OnlyThese plants qualify for the rainwater harvesting rebate.No supplemental water is needed once the plant isestablished as indicated for low-water plants. They arethe most arid-adapted and can grow well on rainfall aloneespecially if planted in rainwater catchments.Low WaterNo supplemental water is needed once the plant isestablished. Fast-growing plants may become well-established in a single growing season, but most plantswill need some supplemental watering through three orfour summers before they have rooted extensively enoughto stop watering. During prolonged periods with no rain—six months or longer—even these drought lovers mayneed quarterly or monthly drip irrigation to look their bestas garden plants.Low+ WaterLittle or no supplemental water is needed once the plantis established— most low+ plants will need somesupplemental watering through three or four summersbefore they have rooted extensively enough to stopwatering but they will look better if they are wateredmonthly during the summer. L E G E N DMedium WaterSome supplemental water is needed throughout the life of Plant Sunlightthe plant. Water at least monthly during the peak summermonths after the plant is well established; if planted inrunoff swales and basins, summer watering may be Requirementsskipped after a heavy rain. Full SunMedium+ Water These plants need strong sunlight to thrive and flowerMedium+ plants may need water twice monthly well. They are often the most xeric plants as theyduring the peak summer months after the plant is well are also adapted to the heat and low humidity thatestablished; if planted in runoff swales and basins, summer accompany intense high desert sun.watering may be skipped after a heavy rain. Full Sun, Part ShadeHigh Water These are the most adaptable plants; they will growRegular application of water is needed throughout the life and bloom well in either blazing sun or filtered light,of the plant, at least once a week during peak summer but are not suited to deep shade. These plants maymonths, twice monthly in spring and autumn and monthly take more water when grown in full sun than they doin winter. Planting in streambeds and basins that capture with some shade.rainwater helps supplement the plants and is especiallyhelpful in maintaining trees. Full Shade These plants prefer cooler, moister conditions more easily provided in shaded spaces. The leaves of some shade-lovers will burn if the light or heat is too intense; others many endure stronger light but will need much more water to thrive.10 • www.abcwua.org
    • TREES Trees Well-adapted and well-placed trees can be an excellent landscape investment. One strategically placed tree can transform a scorching hot section of your yard into a cool oasis, or help reduce air-conditioning costs by shading your home from the sun. When deciding which trees to plant, consider the typical mature size of the specimens as noted in the following plant list, and make sure you provide enough room for future growth. Don’t plant in areas where branches will grow into power lines or block solar panels. Planting new trees Watering for• Find the root collar on the tree where healthy growth the stem flares out into the roots, and prepare the planting hole to the same • Drip emitters should be placed depth as the roots, so the root flare will where the soil of the rootball be visible when the backfill is added. meets the backfill so that the existing roots and the soil they• The planting hole should be three times will soon extend into are kept moist. wider and just a few inches deeper than the rootball. When planting over a hardpan, • The roots that absorb moisture drill drainage holes through are at the edge and beyond the impermeable layer with the branch canopy of a mature an augur. tree, so as a tree grows and becomes established it will need• Place the tree in the hole; remove water farther and farther from the rope, wire, burlap and any other wrapping that could obstruct new roots. trunk and the original drip emitters.• Backfill with the loosened native soil that was dug out of the planting hole • Plan for healthy growth and development by including an emitter wetting and water thoroughly. pattern as shown in the drawing when the tree is planted. To discourage weeds• Only stake the tree if it seems unstable; use 2 or 3 opposing stakes with and keep the area around the developing tree cooler, plant a groundcover to flexible fabric straps. Do not use wire ties as they will cut into tender stems share water with the tree. The number of emitters and choice of groundcover and avoid rigid staking as trees need to flex in the wind to develop a will depend on whether the tree is a low or moderate water user. trunk taper that supports the leaf canopy. • Water should penetrate the soil 6 inches or deeper than the depth of the• Add a 3- to 4-inch layer of mulch over the disturbed soil, keeping mulch rootball at planting time. As the tree begins to root, gradually water more a few inches away from the trunk. deeply and less frequently until the water is penetrating to a depth of 30 inches for fruit trees and 36 inches for other trees. www.abcwua.org • 11
    • DECIDUOuS TREESCeltis reticulata Prosopis VELUTINANetleaf Hackberry Velvet Mesquite Full Sun Low+ Water Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 25’ X 25’ Mature Size: 15-30’ X 10-25’ Blooming Season: May-June A young Flower Color: Yellow Netleaf Hack- berry passes The various through species of a rather Forestiera neomexicana mesquite are ungainly ado- trees syn- lescence, but New Mexico Olive onymous with with a little Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water the desert pruning, like a Southwest. butterfly from Mature Size: 12-18’ X 10-15’ All are slow a chrysalis, it Blooming Season: Early Spring to leaf out in emerges as Flower Color: Yellow-Green the spring, but a sculptural Depending upon your landscape needs they make upsmall shade tree that provides habitat and preferences, this native species can for their tardiness with fragrant yellowfor butterflies and songbirds as well as be pruned upward to form an attractive flowers. Small, blue-green leaflets givecooling our patios and decks on a very small tree or left in its natural, rounded Velvet Mesquite a soft, lacy appearance.modest water budget. Deep roots allow shrub-like shape. The bark of its multiple Flat, narrow bean pods hang from theits use close to walls and paving without trunks is a smooth pale gray, and its tree throughout the summer. Its limitedrisk. branches fork at odd, interesting angles. cold-hardiness makes it a good choice Clusters of small yellowish green flow- where average annual minimum tem- ers appear early in spring; female plants peratures stay above 5 degrees F; other produce small fruits that attract song- mesquites found in the Plant List are birds. Tolerates drought, but does best about 5 degrees F more cold hardy. when roots receive a deep soaking once or twice a month. Koelreuteria paniculata Golden Raintree Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 25’ X 25’ Blooming Season: Early summer Quercus spp.Chilopsis linearis Flower Color: YellowDesert Willow Oak The dappled Full Sun Rainwater Only sunlight filter- Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 8-20’ X 10-15’ ing through Mature Size: 25-60’ X 15-60’Blooming Season: May-July the canopy of Golden Raintree Many species of oak grow well through-Flower Color: Pale pink to rosy purple is dense enough out most of New Mexico. Gambel OakA sturdy, heat-loving tree that’s native to substantially (Quercus gambelii) is a moderate-sizedto warm deserts, especially in arroyos. cool the air in tree that’s native from Southern ColoradoGrows well in New Mexico’s lowlands, but summer, but through the canyons and foothills of Newmay not be suited to elevations above bright enough Mexico and Arizona. It grows slowly to5,500 or where its cold hardiness is chal- to allow a wide 30 feet tall, sometimes taller when waterlenged. Compact and shrubby in appear- range of ground- is available. Most other oaks grow taller,ance, its leaves are long and thin and its covers to share including Valley Oak (Quercus lobata),profusion of pink trumpet-shaped flowers space and water which can reach 40 feet, and Shumardputs on quite a show. Long, pencil-like below. Rust-colored paper lantern seed Oak (Quercus shumardii), which can reachpods give the tree year-round character. husks add contrast to the yellow gold fall 60 feet with a 60-foot spread. Most oaksFast growing as a young tree, its growth foliage. This is a great tree for shading a have lobed leaves that turn from darkslows as it matures. driveway or streetside parking. green to yellow-orange in the fall.12 • www.abcwua.org
    • DECIDUOuS TREESPistacia chinensisChinese Pistache Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 40’ X 30’Blooming Season: Mid- to Late-SpringFlower Color: Reddish A wonderful shade tree when mature, the Vitex agnus-castus Chinese Pistache Ulmus parviflora Vitex or Chaste Tree can handle hot, Lacebark Elm Full Sun Medium Water dry desert con- ditions because Full sun Medium water Mature Size: 15-25’ X 10-15’ it roots deeply. Mature Size: 40’ X 40’ Blooming Season: July-August Its glossy dark Flower Color: Blue-lavender. leaves put So called because of the patchy mosaicon a delightful fall show turning bright bark on their trunks as they mature, Multibranched, spreading, large shrub orgold, orange or crimson. (Wait to se- Lacebark Elms are moderate in size and small tree that features distinctive darklect your tree in autumn if red foliage growth rate with a majestic form that green palmate leaves. Its low, open formis important.) The pea-sized red fruit of offers plenty of cool shade. With elm can be pruned to grow more treelike tofemale trees add color in fall. Young trees beetle-resistant leaves and no tendency create a small and lovely shade tree. Inmay have a slightly awkward form when to form a forest of weedy seedlings, this mid-summer a profusion of 7-inch-longyoung, but the canopy fills out gracefully elm is a long-lived asset best planted blue flower spikes creates a sweet aromaas trees mature. Tolerant of virtually all in broad, shallow basins that capture that attracts bumblebees. Does best insoil conditions except soggy clay. rainwater. hot areas. EVERGREEN TREES Pinus aristata Bristlecone Pine Full sun Medium water Mature Size: 30’ X 20’ This is one of the oldest known trees onJuniperus earth, and this resilience and adaptabil-(female cultivars only) ity might explain how a tree normally Pinus edulisFemale Juniper Trees found in the high mountains of the West Pinon Pine grows so well thousands of feet lower Full sun Medium water in elevation and many degrees hotter in Full Sun Medium Water temperature.Mature Size: 25-60’ X 10-40’ depending on variety Mature Size: 30’ X 20’ Short-Blooming Season: Spring Blooming Season: Early Spring needledFruit: All female varieties have blue- or copper-colored and slow- Pinon Pines are one of New Mexico’s mostberries growing, recognizable native trees. HorizontalAlthough some may argue that there are the resinous branches make for a bushy, domed shapealready enough Junipers in New Mexico aroma of when mature. Its needles, which growgardens, it is important to note that these Bristlecone in pairs, are short, stiff and dark green.adaptable conifers are the survivors of Pine fits Its spherical cones produce seeds (alsothe transition from water-soaked land- smaller gar- known as Pinon Nuts) that are prized byscapes to more sustainable ones. We are den spaces wildlife—and humans as well. Pinons arelucky to have many new xeric options, with grace often used as accent plants, and speci-but the pollenless female forms of Juni- and limited mens with gnarled trunks are especiallyper provide food and cover for songbirds water. prized. It grows best in foothill elevations,as well as interesting foliage color and but can stand up to the heat and cold oftexture. most New Mexico locations. www.abcwua.org • 13
    • EVERGREEN TREES VINESPinus eldarica Pinus pineaAfghan Pine Stone Pine Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 40’ X 18” Mature Size: 60’ X 50’Pine trees provide visual interest in a This majestic round-crowned conifer islandscape and much-needed greenery in found growing along the Mediterraneanthe coldest, most barren months. Afghan coast in hot, dry places subject to saltyPine is one of the best desert pines. It sea breezes. Ponderosa Pines, native tothrives in heat, wind, poor soil — and it the mountains of the Southwest, areis relatively drought tolerant. However, moving higher upslope as bark beetlesit cannot tolerate temperatures below 0 cull those too stressed to thrive in in-degrees F. Its evergreen leaves (needles) creasingly hot environments, but Stonegrow in pairs and reach 5-6 inches long. Pines seem perfectly content as theThis relatively fast-growing tree is great urban temperatures creep to new highs.for windbreaks and for creating a “visualscreen” between properties.Quercus fusiformisEscarpment Live Oak Full Sun, Part Shade Medium WaterMature Size: 25’ X 30’While the deciduous oaks offer seasonal Akebia quinataleaf color in addition to their shade, theevergreen oaks provide year-round visual Chocolate Vinescreening and wind protection. There are Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Waterseveral Western Live Oaks with similarattributes including Gray Oak and Emory Mature size: Climbing X 15’Oak. They grow somewhat larger than Blooming season: SummerEscarpment Live Oak, while Shrub Live Flower color: RedOak stays slightly smaller, so there is a What’s not to love about a plantLive Oak just right for a wide range of named for one of the major foodgarden spaces. groups? Alas, the common name refers to the brownish red flower color rather than the flavor of its tasty (but not even remotely chocolate) purple-brown fruits. This graceful vine with slender stems and finely divided leaves is semi-evergreen in warm microclimates, and an asset where a light shade canopy or tracery of foliage against a north or east facing wall are needed.14 • www.abcwua.org
    • VINES Vines The Wisteria shown here (see the plant list When you don’t have the time or space needed to grow shade trees but you can’t live comfortably outdoors in the blistering sun, building an arbor and planting a vine to provide a cool leafy canopy may be the solution. Many vines grow quickly and become quite large, so don’t plant four vines where on page 47) is one of one will serve better over time. Be sure to build the largest vines; a single plant is capable the shade cover large enough to shelter the space of shading a large needed and high enough, typically 9 feet above arbor, and though it the patio floor, so that as the vine drapes there’s still takes ample water to plenty of headroom underneath. establish, once it roots deeply it can be quite drought tolerant. Vines wrapped around a trellis against a wall can fit spaces too narrow for shrubs of the same height. Just remember to check the mature sizes so that you don’t plant a Great Dane where you needed a Chihuahua.Campsis radicans Lonicera sempervirens Rosa banksiaeTrumpet Vine Coral Honeysuckle Lady Banks Rose Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ Water Mature Size: Climbing X 40’ Mature Size: Climbing X 8’ Mature Size: Climbing X 40’Blooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Spring into summer Blooming Season: SpringFlower Color: Orange Flower Color: Coral orange Flower Color: Pale yellow or whiteTrumpet Vine is a hummingbird’s delight If the sweet scent and rampant growth Rarely do you find a plant that is fastwith brilliantly colored, luscious nectar- of honeysuckle are too much of a good growing, evergreen and long-lived.rich flowers produced over a long season. thing in your opinion, Coral Honeysuckle Lady Banks Rose is all those things andFrom a human point of view the caveat is may be the vine for you. It is unscented it produces a beautiful if brief show ofto provide a strong enough support and and one of the least aggressive members flowers in spring using surprisingly littleenough space for this vigorous rambler. of the family, yet its brilliant flowers pro- water. This plant grows large and, unlikeThis is one of the Great Danes alluded to vide plenty of nectar for hummingbirds. most roses, blooms on old wood. Itin the introduction. If you’d like a smaller sized but fragrant produces the best flower show when vine, try the hybrid Lonicera x heckrottii, pruned sparingly, removing a few of Goldflame Honeysuckle, which differs the oldest canes every few years. in having clusters of scented gold and coral-pink blossoms. www.abcwua.org • 15
    • SHRUBS Shrubs Shrubs are a mainstay of xeric gardens. Rooting deeply, they often require less water per square foot of the space they cover than other plants. They shade the soil, and some have colorful flowers, foliage and fruit. Native shrubs also provide layers of cover as well as nectar and seeds that make habitat for birds and butterflies. Shrubs can become the walls of the garden, creating smaller outdoor rooms within the larger landscape, screening utility areas that you need but would rather not look at most of the time. They provide wind protection and many shrubs have aromatic leaves and scented flowers that perfume the air around them. The many shrubs in the plant list marked as Rainwater Only, Low+ and Low under the water heading should be watered weekly the first summer after they are planted, every two weeks in autumn and spring, and monthly or less in winter. As you water less often, water more deeply so that the moisture penetrates three feet into the soil. After a year or two, water twice a month in summer as well as in spring and autumn, and after three or more years you may be able to water once a month year-round.16 • www.abcwua.org14
    • DECIDUOUS SHRUBS Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush Rhus trilobata Three-Leaf Sumac Full Sun Low WaterCaryopteris clandonensis Mature Size: 4-6’ X 5’ Full Sun, Part Shade Low WaterBlue Mist Spirea Blooming Season: Mid-Summer Mature Size: 3-6’ X 3-6’ Flower Color: White Blooming Season: April Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Flower Color: Yellowish-green Fernbush is an unusual native rose that’sMature Size: 2’ X 3’ great used as a single specimen or clus- An ornamental native shrub that is wellBlooming Season: July-August tered in groups or rows for visual screen- adapted to a wide range of soils fromFlower Color: Blue-purple ing and hedges. The showy flower spikes sandy to rock to heavy clay. Three-LeafA very popular, low-care shrub that’s resemble those of white lilacs and attract Sumac is a moderate to fast grower,perfect for landscape or flower beds. It butterflies all summer. Its aromatic olive depending on how much water itneeds only average garden soil to thrive. green foliage is soft and fern-like and its receives. The unremarkable tiny flowersHundreds of purple-blue flower spikes upright stems with their peeling bronze are followed by tart, red berries that arecover the mature plant in late summer. bark create a pleasant, rounded silhou- much sought after by wild birds. A goodCut back 1/3 of its previous year’s height ette without shearing. This hardy plant choice for screening and wind breaks, itsin spring to encourage heaviest flower- loves south- and west-facing exposures leaves turn glorious shades of red anding. Butterflies love this shrub! and well-drained soil. orange in the fall. Salvia greggii Autumn Sage Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ Water Mature Size: 24” X 36” Blooming Season: May-September Flower Color: Red Autumn Sage (sometimes called Cherry Sage for its cherry-red blossoms) is a valued xeric plant for its twiggy mound- Fendlera rupicola ed form and Cliff Fendlerbush its profusionCaesalpinia gilliesii of flowers that Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ WaterYellow Bird of Paradise begin in early Mature Size: 6’ X 4’ summer. Cultur- Full Sun Rainwater Only Blooming Season: Spring ally undemand- Flower Color: WhiteMature Size: 10’ X 10’ ing, AutumnBlooming Season: Summer Sage tolerates Cliff Fendlerbush grows wild in rockFlower Color: Yellow with thread-like red stamens a wide range of outcrops where it is a pleasantly compact soils — as long shrub with small pale green leaves. PlantYellow Bird of Paradise is a favorite of as they are it near a window or patio where youhummingbirds and provides months of quick draining. can observe its pink buds as they opencolor with a miserly amount of water. Just a bit of to pure white flowers. It is an elegantPlant it where it receives extra runoff from extra water dur- complement to summer flowering plants.a canale or gutter downspout, and within ing dry spells Some plants shout out their presence, buta few growing seasons, you can put away encourages Cliff Fendlerbush whispers that it’s finallythe hose and enjoy the show. more flowers. spring. www.abcwua.org • 17
    • EVERGREEN SHRUBSCercocarpus ledifolius Ephedra speciesCurlleaf Mountain Mahogany Joint-fir Full Sun Low Water Cotoneaster buxifolius Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 10’ X 6’ Grayleaf Cotoneaster Mature Size: 2-6’ X 3-5’Blooming Season: Early Spring Blooming Season: Spring Full Sun, Part Shade Medium WaterFlower Color: Yellowish Flower Color: Yellow Mature Size: 2’ X 4-6’A shrub-like tree that’s native to dry Joint-firs are grown for the color of their Blooming Season: Spring-Summermountain slopes between 4,000 and broomy evergreen stems which, depend- Flower Color: Pink9,000 feet in elevation. Because it is very ing upon the species, may be pale blueslow growing, it can make an excellent Grayleaf Cotoneaster, like most species (Ephedra equisetina), blue-gray (Ephedrahedge or small character tree. Small flow- of Cotoneaster, is a low-spreading shrub nevadensis) or bright green (Ephedraers appear briefly in spring, then yield that is sometimes used as an informal viridis). All add year-round color andto seeds with 2- to 3-inch-long plumes. groundcover. Can be pruned back to interesting texture to gardens and requireThe bark is light gray, almost white, and create a more formal hedge shape. The minimal water once established.the small leathery leaves are dark green small pink flowers become red berries Joint-firs native to the Southwest haveabove and fuzzy white below. Water to that persist throughout fall. Its small gray brown papery seed-cones while the Asianestablish, then the tree can go unirrigated leaves clothe 3- to 6-foot arching stems species have pea-sized red fruits that areexcept in the hottest, driest weather. year-round. Grows well in moderately quite showy. fertile soil. PURSHIA SYN COWANIA Cliffrose Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 8’ X 6’ Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: YellowFallugia paradoxa Cliffrose makesApache Plume Mahonia fremontii an excellent com- panion for peren- Blue Algerita Full Sun Low Water nials because its Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ water open-branchedMature Size: 4-5’ X 4-5’ form casts lightBlooming Season: April Mature Size: 5’ X 7’ shade. Its irregu-Flower Color: White Blooming Season: Spring lar shape lends Flower Color: YellowThis is one of the showiest of our native a native touchshrubs. In spring it’s covered with tiny The masses of fragrant yellow flow- to landscapes—white, five-petaled flowers that look like ers that grace this native barberry are which is appropriate since this plant isminiature white roses. (Apache Plume is enough to earn it a place in the garden, a New Mexico native. Fragrant flowersin the rose family.) But this shrub really but by midsummer its bright red fruits cover the branches in early summer, a fewstands out when the pink, silky-plumed attract the attention of songbirds for of which remain virtually all summer long.seed heads cover the tips of its branches another season of interest. Although Feathery plumes form in mid-summerfrom late summer through fall. Plant it the stems aren’t thorny, the beautiful and persist into winter (consequently,in well-drained soil in any hot, sunny but prickly blue holly-like leaves of this Cliffrose is often mistaken for Apachelocation. Needs virtually no supplemental Algerita offer feeding birds a safe haven Plume). It can handle the hottest south–water once established. from predators. and west-facing garden locations.18 • www.abcwua.org
    • Rosmarinus officinalis “ARP”“ARP” Upright Rosemary Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 6’ X 6’Blooming Season: SummerFlower Color: Light BlueKnown primarily asan evergreen shrub,Rosemary is a bushyplant featuring stiffupright stems andsoft blue flowers insummer. Rosemaryofficinalis “Arp” has Creating Habitats that Attract Wildlifeproven itself to be acold hardy selection,extending its useinto New Mexico’shigher elevations. A There are several garden amenities that both wildlifegreat choice for hot walls and corners and other areas and people find especially important:that get intense reflected heat. Plant in combinationwith other heat-loving plants like Zauschneria califor- Layers of planting from tall tree canopies to low-nica (Hummingbird Plant), Lavandula and Calylophus growing groundcovers.(Sundrops). The protection of dense vegetation in some areas and open spaces in others: groups of shrubs, flowers and grasses of different heights clustered along theVauquelinia californica edges of open space.Arizona Rosewood A diverse community of plants with colorful, Full Sun Low+ Water fragrant, nectar-rich flowers, edible fruits and seeds.Mature Size: 12’ X 10’ The cooling presence of water — a small waterBlooming Season: Summer feature, especially one located in a shady spotFlower Color: White that trickles water into a covered reservoir so evaporation is minimized, will attract wildlife andArizona Rosewoodis a handsome large people without wasting water.shrub at its best in Gardens that serve wildlife are maintained a bitopen windy spaces differently:where evergreenwind protection is Bird seed and nectar feeders should be refilled andespecially welcome. cleaned regularly.Extreme exposuresseem to increase its Nectar and seed-producing plants providedensity and, unlike sustenance with a modest amount of water andmost broadleaf seasonal pruning/dead-heading after the birds haveevergreens, its foli- taken all the food.age stays crisp and Learn to manage with little or no pesticide use,attractive throughheat and cold. which is good for your health and your pets as wellLacy umbels of as that of your wild guests.small white flowers Occasionally wash away bird droppings (freecrown Rosewood in fertilizer—think of it as their way of saying thanks).summer, turning adeep cocoa brown Weed out some plants that germinate tooand persisting well into winter. This is a useful native successfully after being processed by ourrose with no off season. feathered friends. www.abcwua.org • 19
    • FLOWERING PLANTS Flowering Plants Color is one of the great benefits of xeriscape. In the plant list you’ll find more than 200 flowering perennials, bulbs, annuals and groundcovers that can brighten and perfume your garden whether it’s sunny or shady, add flavor to your table and attract humming- birds and butterflies with their nectar. With so many options to choose from, use the mature size, light exposure, water use and region-adapted information in the plant list to narrow down the combinations of flowers best suited to your planting spaces. While many of these flowering plants are nearly as long-lived as shrubs and take up nearly as much space, others are smaller in stature and have a two- to ten-year lifespan that allows you to change the look of some spaces without a big investment in time or money. Xeric flowering plants are also ideal for planting in pots to dress up your patio or front entrance when that uncontrollable urge to play in the dirt strikes. Most xeric wildflowers can be watered deeply and infrequently like the shrubs once they are well-rooted, but some flowers, especially those listed as Medium or Medium+ in water use will need irrigation every week or 10 days through summer with the water penetrating the soil to a depth of two feet.20 • www.abcwua.org
    • FLOWERING PLANTS Agastache cana Giant Hyssop Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 24” X 24” Blooming Season: July-September Flower Color: Rose-Pink Tubular, raspber-ACHILLEA AGERATIFOLIA ry-pink flowersGreek Yarrow make Giant Hys- sop a favorite of Full Sun, Part Shade Low Water Agastache rupestris New Mexico’sMature Size: 6” X 12” gardeners and Licorice Mint HyssopBlooming Season: Late Spring hummingbirds. Full Sun Medium WaterFlower Color: White The flowers are prolific and con- Mature Size: 24” X 24”This slow-growing little plant is equally tinue through Blooming Season: July-Septemberat home in the rock garden or perennial the fall. Native Flower Color: Orangeborder when used as a groundcover or to the moun-edging plant. Greek Yarrow is a reliably This Southwestern native originates from tainous areas ofheavy bloomer, covering itself with the mountainous regions of southern southern Newbright white clusters of tiny flowers for Arizona and northern Chihuahua, Mexico. Mexico andmany weeks in late spring. The dense It blooms from mid-summer through the western Texas, Agastache cana does wellgray-green foliage is tidy and evergreen fall with numerous spikes of gorgeous or- in average garden conditions, mixing(particularly in milder climates), which ange flowers. The thread-like, gray-green well with other late-blooming perennials.gives the plant season-long interest. leaves give the entire plant a very soft, It’s cold hardy to -20˚ F and also remark- wispy look. The fragrance of this plant is ably heat tolerant as long as it gets also wonderful, so place it where you will adequate water. brush against it when you walk by. Loves well-drained soil with plenty of summer Aquilegia chrysantha heat. It’s also a must for hummingbird Golden Columbine gardens! Full Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 2’ X 2’ Blooming Season: SpringArmeria maritima Flower Color: YellowThrift Golden Full Sun Medium Water Columbine is the mostMature Size: 12” X 12” Artemisia versicolor heat toler-Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Pink ant of any Seafoam Artemisia high moun-This plant is a rock garden favorite with its tain Col- Sun or Shade Low+ Watertidy mound of grassy foliage and profu- umbines Mature Size: 8” X 18”sion of rose-pink spherical flowers. Kept allowing it“deadheaded,” flowering will continue to bloom The fine-textured swirling silver greenthroughout much of the summer. Well longer in foliage of Seafoam Artemisia suggestsdrained sandy or loamy soil is best for the season. cool water running through a dry desertArmeria maritima. It appreciates regular Even after garden. Although it has no showy the last blossoms of its own, it mixes well withwatering during the heat of summer, Salvias, Penstemons and other brightlyalthough drier conditions are fine for flowers colored flowers and with ornamentalcooler times of the year. Armeria is per- fade, its lacy blue-green leaves are pleas- grasses such as Little Bluestem forfect for interplanting with blue flowering ant company for summer flowers. In a a subtle blend of textures. SeafoamVeronica and white Greek Yarrow, among shaded runoff basin, Golden Columbine Artemisia holds up well in winter andothers, for outstanding rock garden color will self-sow, making a casual ground- needs less trimming than its sprawlingcombinations. cover. cousin, Powis Castle Artemisia. www.abcwua.org • 21
    • FLOWERING PLANTSBerlandiera lyrata Callirhoe involucrata Calylophus speciesChocolate Flower Poppy Mallow, Winecups Sundrops Full Sun Low Water Full Sun Low+ Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 16” X 16” Mature Size: 24” X 24” Mature Size: 18” X 18”Blooming Season: Early Spring-Summer Blooming Season: Late Spring-Summer Blooming Season: Spring-SummerFlower Color: Yellow Flower Color: Red-Pink Flower Color: YellowStep out into your garden on a clear The five-petaled flowers of Poppy Mallow This spectacular native wildflower is ever-summer morning and delight to the scent (also known as Winecups) are a rich pink- blooming with a profusion of large, brightof chocolate that perfumes the air. This ish-red color with a white eye, and cover yellow, four-petaled flowers. The narrownative wildflower blooms profusely all the plant all summer. The low-spreading gray-green foliage gives the plant a lacyseason with cheery light yellow daisies; stems make this plant useful on slopes or look in the garden. Calylophus thrives inthe sweetly fragrant blossoms really do cascading over retaining walls. A valuable the heat, and grows well in a wide rangesmell just like chocolate! Easily grown in a plant for hot south- or west-facing beds. of soils, as long as they’re well drained.variety of soil types, this drought-tolerant Grows well in a wide range of soil types This tough plant is the star of any drylandspecies readily reseeds itself, making it including clay. Gently reseeds itself and rock garden or xeriscape. A good shear-a desirable addition to any wildflower will slowly spread if you let it. Recom- ing before the growing season starts inmeadow or informal garden area. Sur- mended companion plants are Berlandi- late spring will keep it looking tidy andround Chocolate Flower with Callirhoe era lyrata (Chocolate Flower), Nepeta x loaded with flowers.(Poppy Mallow) for a bright summer-long faassenii (Catmint) and Gray Santolina.show of color. Dianthus Coreopsis verticillata gratianopolitanus Threadleaf Coreopsis Garden PinksCentranthus ruber Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun, Part Shade Medium WaterRed Valerian Mature Size: 24” X 24” Mature Size: 1’ X 2’ Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Blooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Late springMature Size: 36” X 36” Flower Color: Yellow Flower Color: Light pink to bright rose pinkBlooming Season: Late Spring-Summer Coreopsis is a carefree perennial with Garden Pinks have single flowers onFlower Color: Red fine, thread-like foliage and pale, 2-inch- short slender stems with a light cloveRed Valerian is a versatile plant, being wide yellow flowers that cover the plant scent. They form dense cushions of paleequally at home in both the xeric garden all summer. Performs best in compost- blue-gray leaves that make attractiveand traditional perennial border. Not enriched soil. Add soil sulphur to keep groundcovers even when the plants arefussy about its growing conditions, the the foliage nicely green. It is relatively not in bloom. The named varieties such asshowy rose-red flowers are continuous late to awaken from its winter dormancy, ‘Firewitch’ have darker flower colors andfrom late spring through summer. A will- so be patient! The “Moonbeam” cultivar bloom longer than other species, and alling reseeder under favorable conditions, is one of the most drought-tolerant are beautiful growing along paths, spill-Centranthus ruber prefers well-drained varieties and bears flowers that are pale ing around boulders and in large pots ongarden soil— not clay. yellow. the patio.22 • www.abcwua.org
    • FLOWERING PLANTSEriogonum species Gaura lindheimeriWild Buckwheat Gaillardia grandiflora Gaura Indian Blanketflower Full Sun Rainwater Only Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 1’ X 18” Mature Size: 48” X 48”Blooming Season: Spring into summer Mature Size: 24” X 24” Blooming Season: June-SeptemberFlower Color: White, pale pink or yellow Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: White or Pink Flower Color: Yellow/Orange/RedNo matter where you live in the arid A native to the Southwest, Gaura givesSouthwest, there is probably a Wild Buck- Blanketflower is one of the most depend- the garden a wonderful informalitywheat native nearby. All have nectar-rich able perennial bloomers. It’s easy to grow with its long, wispy stems of spider-likeflowers that attract butterflies, and their and tough enough to handle hot micro- flowers. It responds with a profusion ofnectar also supports the tiny parasitic climates. The flowers sport red centers; flowers when watered regularly duringinsects that help rid our gardens of pests the petals are orange with yellow tips. the summer. Most varieties of Gaurasuch as aphids and thrips. After bloom- The flowers keep coming all summer feature white flowers, but a new varietying, they develop seed heads of rust — just remove the spent blooms and called Siskiyou Pink features pink blooms.brown or deep red that provide color well another crop of flowers will appear in a Other native perennials that enjoy similarinto autumn. Luckily several species are couple of weeks. Although fairly drought- garden conditions and combine welloffered as garden plants at nurseries that tolerant, regular watering produces the with Gaura include Echinacea (Purplespecialize in native plants. most prolific blooms. Coneflower) and Agastache cana (Giant Hyssop).Helianthus maximilianiiMaximilian Sunflower Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: Up to 120” X 120”Blooming Season: September-OctoberFlower Color: YellowMaximilian Sunflowerproduces one of the TETRANEURIS SYNmost spectacular HYMENOXYSISlate-season bursts of Perky Sue Kniphofia uvariacolor. The tall flowering Red Hot Pokerspikes, up to 20 or 30 Full Sun Low Waterin a mature clump, are Full Sun Low+ Watercovered with up to 30 Mature Size: 12” X 12” Blooming Season: April-August Mature Size: 36” X 36”or more yellow, closely Flower Color: Yellow Blooming Season: Summerspaced daisies. Place Flower Color: OrangeHelianthus against A wonderful everblooming yellow daisywalls or fences or make a hedge with that is both heat-loving and drought- A sturdy South African native known forit, but don’t put it in the middle of your tolerant. The narrow, silver-green foliage its tough, easy-to-grow nature. It hasmost fertile flower beds, as it will crowd is evergreen and supports short stems of long grasslike foliage and unusual bicolorout weaker neighbors. The more water it yellow daisies starting in spring. A vigor- flower spikes in shades of orange andreceives, the taller it gets. (Growing Tip: ous reseeder, it quickly colonizes harsh yellow. A substantial plant that looksput it in a tomato cage early in the season areas of the garden. Use it to interplant great alone or in long beds lining drive-and let the tall stems grow up through it with cold hardy cacti. Provide lean, well- ways or entrances where dryness andso they don’t flop over with the weight of drained soil. Once established H. scaposa alkaline soils might defeat even a daylily.their flowers later in the fall.) is very xeric and needs little extra water. Particularly attractive with Yarrow. www.abcwua.org • 23
    • Flower Fitness Many flowers will bloom longer or bloom again after a short rest if the spent flower stems are removed once the blossoms fade. Wildflowers such as Penstemon may be longer-lived if the spent flower stems are removed before the plants put energy into producing seeds. Unwanted self-sowing can also be prevented by cutting back plants after they bloom but before they form seeds. Flowers in habitat gardens may be allowed to set seeds to provide food for wildlife and cut back after the banquet is over. An extra deep watering or two may keep plants in bloom longer, especially if the weather has been hot and windy with little rain.Lavandula angustifolia Nepeta X fassenii Oenothera macrocarpa synEnglish Lavender Catmint Missouriensis Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Yellow Evening PrimroseMature Size: 36” X 36” Mature Size: 8” X 24” Full Sun, Part Shade Medium WaterBlooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: May-August Mature Size: 1’ X 2’Flower Color: Lavender Flower Color: Blue Blooming Season: Late springAn old favorite, Lavender is a dependable Catmint has become a cornerstone in Flower Color: Yellowperformer blooming with pleasing purple many xeriscapes because of its hardi- Yellow Evening Primrose is a prairie wild-flower spikes. In fact, this is the kind of ness and long period of bloom. The flower that looks anything but wild. Its 4plant that quickly becomes a favorite first flush of blue flowers comes in late inch-wide clear yellow flowers are nestledof everyone who grows it. Its compact spring. When deadheaded promptly, a among shiny green leaves growing in asilver-green leaves and gorgeous flowers second flush blooms in late summer. Out compact cultivated-looking mound. Incombine well with many xeric and hardy of flower, the neat mound of gray-green addition to the species, there are inter-garden perennials. A superb plant for foliage has a pleasing fragrance and tex- esting varieties including Comancheedging walks and paths and wherever ture. Adaptable to any well-drained soil, Campfire with silver leaves and red stemsthe aromatic flowers and foliage can be Catmint can handle a range of light from for added contrast. Deeply rooted andenjoyed. full sun to light shade. Trim back in late long-lived, Yellow Evening Primrose pairs winter for prolific blooms the following nicely with Leadplant or Lavender. spring.24 • www.abcwua.org
    • FLOWERING PLANTSSummer Blooming LavenderThe genus Lavandula is a favorite group of ornamental herbs native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean.These are sun-loving plants that thrive in hot weather and grow well in the West in a wide range of soils, evencompost-enriched garden loams, as long as they are well drained. Heavy, poorly drained clay soils can be fatalto lavenders.In spring, before the plants begin to show signs of new growth, cut back the old stems by one-third tore-invigorate the plant and encourage a good show of summer flowers. Lavender plants require two to threegrowing seasons to reach mature size.The two major groups of Lavenders include the English Lavenders (L. angustifolia varieties) and the Lavandins(L. x intermedia varieties), which are hybrids between English lavender and another species, Lavandula latifolia.Generally speaking, the English lavenders have the deepest flower color, while the Lavandins are taller plantswith larger flowers and longer flower stems.The English lavenders are often preferred as a source of dried flowers while the Lavandins are typically used foroil production, potpourris and lavender wands.Penstemon strictus Penstemon pinifolius PenstemonRocky Mountain Penstemon Pineleaf Penstemon pseudospectabilis Full Sun Low+ Water Full Sun Low+ Water Desert BeardtongueMature Size: 24” X 24” Mature Size: 12” X 20” Full Sun Low WaterBlooming Season: May-June Blooming Season: June-July Mature Size: 3’ X 3’Flower Color: Purple Flower Color: Orange Blooming Season: Spring into summerA native Penstemon of the foothills Pineleaf Penstemon is an outstand- Flower Color: Rose pinkand mountains of the southern Rockies ing but often overlooked species from Penstemon species exhibit a wide range(sometimes known as Beardtongue), southern New Mexico and Arizona. of flower and leaf colors, but most sharethis plant grows well in central New Blooming for 6-8 weeks in mid-summer, a strong preference for lean, well-drainedMexico. It grows well in full sun, yet can the tubular orange flowers are profuse, soils and modest amounts of water. Des-tolerate some shade. Its tall, showy spikes attracting hummingbirds from miles ert Beardtongue is valuable for its deepof purple flowers last for over a month in around. P. pinifolius is long-lived and rose pink flowers that can bring hum-the late spring. Spreading steadily via sto- grows easily in both xeric and traditional mingbirds to dine near your patio and forlons to form large clumps of dense green perennial gardens. As the plant matures, its persistent silver or blue-green leavesfoliage, Rocky Mountain Penstemon is the stems become woody, forming an that add garden interest long after theone of the longest lived and most easily attractive evergreen shrublet with bright flowers have faded for the year.grown of the Penstemons. green needle-like foliage. www.abcwua.org • 25
    • FLOWERING PLANTSRatibida columniferaPrairie Coneflower,Mexican Hat Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 32” X 32”Blooming Season: June-SeptemberFlower Color: Yellow-OrangeThe roadsidesof northeasternNew Mexicolight up with Salvia officinalis Santolinacolor in mid- Garden Sage chamaecyparissussummer when Full Sun Medium Water Gray Santolinalarge stands ofPrairie cone- Mature Size: 24” X 24” Full Sun Low Waterflower come Blooming Season: August-October Mature Size: 18” X 36”into bloom. Flower Color: Violet-Blue Blooming Season: JuneThis drought- Yes, Garden Sage is an aromatic herb. Flower Color: Yellowtolerant plant iseasy to estab- Its leaves can be used to flavor meats A terrific evergreen perennial knownlish, and it naturalizes readily so you can such as pork, goose and sausage. Equally for its button-like yellow flowers and itsgrow your own stand of wildflowers. impressive is its beauty in the garden. unique aromatic silver-green foliage thatPrairie Coneflower (a.k.a. Mexican Hat) The fuzzy leaves of Garden Sage are a de- looks great all year long. Its woody stemsis a heavy bloomer, with a mature plant lightful gray-green. Two-foot-tall spikes are densely covered with fine, whitishproducing hundreds of flowers with covered with violet-blue flowers appear gray leaves (which is why it’s sometimesdistinctive mahogany-red petals edged in in late summer and last until fall. Handles known as Lavender Cotton). Can be usedyellow. Cold hardy and able to handle hot drought well once established. as a groundcover or as a foregroundsummers as long as it gets deep watering planting in a bed of perennials or shrubs.twice a month when flowering. With a little extra shearing to remove faded flowers and tighten up the shape in early spring, it gives a garden the look of age and maturity. Very cold hardy and heat tolerant. Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert GlobemallowSaponaria oxymoides Full sun Rainwater OnlySoapwort Sedum telephium Mature Size: 2’ X 2’ Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Autumn Joy Sedum Blooming Season: Spring and late summer Flower Color: Pink, lavender and coralMature Size: 9” X 24” Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ WaterBlooming Season: Summer There are at least a dozen species ofFlower Color: Pink Mature Size: 24” X 24” Globemallow native in the arid West, and Blooming Season: Summer Desert Globemallow is one of the finestSoapwort’s bright pink flowers make it a Flower Color: Red as it produces a strong show of color-terrific border plant in a flower garden as ful flowers against the backdrop of palewell as a beautiful flowering ground cov- Once you have gone through the fall green leaves. It is one of the earliest ander. A vigorous grower, it readily reseeds with Autumn Joy in your garden, you’ll longest blooming in spring and after aitself and will spread rapidly in a favorable wonder how you ever lived without rest may bloom again with late summersituation. (Be sure the neighboring plants it. Not what you typically think of as a rains. It will self-sow in gravelly or sandyare large, robust growers so they don’t Sedum, this tall upright variety blooms soil.get smothered!) Prompt shearing as the with large flower heads that start pinkflowers fade keeps it tidy and prevents and age gracefully to a rich bronze. Nicereseeding. as a dried everlasting flower.26 • www.abcwua.org
    • FLOWERING PLANTS Wyethia scabra EPILoBIUM SYN Zauschneria Desert Mule’s Ears Hummingbird Plant Full Sun Rainwater Only Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 2’ X 3’ Mature Size: 24” X 36” Blooming Season: Spring into summer Blooming Season: Late Summer-Early Fall Flower Color: Yellow Flower Color: Red Tanacetum densum-amani The rather odd name of this dryland pe- Along the front range in Colorado, gar- Partridge Feather rennial sunflower refers to its sandpapery deners have come to associate fall and Full Sun, Part Shade Low Water stiff leaves held upright on slender white the buzz of busy hummingbirds with the stems; this eye-catching long-lived sun- blazing scarlet Zauschnerias. Humming- Mature Size: 12” X 12” flower has vanilla-scented showy yellow bird Plant puts on an extravagant display Blooming Season: Early Summer flowers and large dark brown seed heads of red-orange flowers. It thrives planted in Flower Color: Yellow with seeds sought after by songbirds. front of hot south- and west-facing walls Partridge Feather’s incredible silver-white Desert Mule’s Ears prefer lean, unamend- and walks, in areas that might fry less leaves attract the attention of everyone; ed soil at planting time and very little heat-loving plants. Plant in well-drained you can’t help but pet the soft foliage. water once they are well rooted. soil; not too much clay. Hummingbird The plant forms a dense carpet of foliage Plant appreciates regular watering the topped with clusters of yellow button first year or two, particularly during dry flowers in early summer. It thrives in the winters, to help get it established. sunniest, hottest spot you can find. Needs well-drained soil. Xeric flowering plants offer a host of opportunities for combining colors, textures, shapes and fragrances in garden beds and borders. This early summertime trio includes top to bottom: Gaura lindheimeri, Penstemon pinifolius and Lavandula angustifolia.Sphaeralcea ambiguaDesert Globemallow www.abcwua.org • 27
    • Cacti and succulents are among the most xeric plants on earth. Those noted in the plant list are either native to the high desert Southwest or arid areas of South Africa. Luckily for local gardeners they are among the easiest plants to grow and the larger specimens are among the boldest in architecture. Desert Agaves, called Century Plants because it can take decades for them to flower, are prime examples of the sculptural qualities of these desert accents. When it rains, watch the wide Agave leaves funnel rainwater toward its roots. It’s an elegant water-harvesting device. The unexpected bonus of these rugged survivors is the brilliant show of flowers they produce. From tree-sized to tiny, with flowers from screaming scarlet to hot magenta to soft pink and lemon yellow, there are cacti and succulents for every hot dry spot in the garden.28 • www.abcwua.org
    • DESERT ACCENTSAGAVE PARRYI CORYPHANTHA VIVIPARA ECHINOCEREUS coccineusParry’s Century Plant Clustering Pin Cushions Spiny Hedgehog Full Sun Rainwater Only Full Sun Rainwater Only Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 30” X 30” Mature Size: 4” X 6” Mature Size: 5” X 15”Blooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Late Spring Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Yellow Flower Color: Pink Flower Color: RedAn impressive species from western Coryphantha is a very adaptable Spiny Hedgehog is often found nestledNew Mexico and eastern Arizona, Parry’s species, making it a fine choice if you’ve in rocky ledges under the shade of pinesCentury Plant is one of the most cold never grown winter-hardy cacti before. throughout its habitat in New Mexicohardy of the Agave family. Forming large, Its dense gray-white spines obscure the and southern Colorado. The spines areheavily toothed rosettes, the sword-like stem and show off the large rose-pink needle-sharp and caution should be usedleaves are blue-green. When the plant flowers, which cover the plant in late in planting this showy hedgehog out ofdecides to bloom (after many years of spring. Clustering Pin Cushions is equally harm’s way. Being a mountain dweller,slow growth), it sends up a huge 12- at home in the rock garden or in a xeric Spiny Hedgehog doesn’t mind beingto15-foot flowering spike that will attract landscape planted with Penstemons, under snow for much of the winter.hummingbirds from miles around. Aga- Zinnia grandiflora (Prairie Zinnia) orves need a long period of hot summer Calylophus (Sundrops).weather to regrow their fleshy rootsafter transplanting.Accents DASYLIRION WHEELERI Sotol Full Sun Rainwater Only Mature Size: 60” X 48” Blooming Season: Late Spring Flower Color: White Sotol is a very handsome, rather slow-growing succulent with large rosettes of long, flexible half- inch-wide blue-green leaves edged with white teeth. With age, the plant develops a woody trunk (up to 4 feet high) and eventually blooms producing narrow 10-foot-tall white-flowered spikes. An invaluable xeric ornamental for use all across the Southwest. www.abcwua.org • 29
    • DESERT ACCENTS ECHINOCEREUSECHINOCEREUS REICHENBACHII triglochidiatusOklahoma Hedgehog Claret Cup Hedgehog Full Sun Rainwater Only Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 4” X 6”Blooming Season: Late Spring Mature Size: 6” X 18”Flower Color: Pink Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: RedNative to a limited area in the mountainsof southwestern Oklahoma, this is one of Claret Cup Hedgehog is a substantialthe most beautiful of the Echinocereus FOUQUIERIA SPLENDENS plant that forms large clusters of thick-species. The albispinus variety, shown Ocotillo spined stems. The glowing red-orangehere, features long, pure white spines cupped flowers come in early summer,and large, soft pink flowers. At maturity, it Full Sun Rainwater Only making Claret Cup the star of the gardenforms tight clusters of numerous stems. Mature Size: 96” X 60” when it blooms. It thrives in hot, sunny Blooming Season: Late Spring locations in well-drained, rocky soil. Flower Color: Red Ocotillo’s slender, whip-like green stems provide an excellent accent in a xeric landscape. After spring or summer rains, the thorny stems sprout fleshy green leaves and scarlet flowers. Ocotillo is a slow grower, usually growing a foot or less each year. It requires well-drained soils and will thrive in hot, sunny micro- climates.ECHINOCEREUS viridiflorus Planting tipS: ESCOBARIA ORCUTTIIGreen-Flowered Hedgehog Planting desert accents Clustering Snowball Full Sun Rainwater Only in raised beds gives them Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 5” X 5” the good drainage they Mature Size: 5” X 8”Blooming Season: Late Spring prefer and also allows Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Green Flower Color: Pink leaf litter from nearbyThis small hedgehog forms small clusters Clustering Snowball has glistening plants to collect at theof two or three stems. Bright red and white-spined stems that ring themselveswhite spines contrast nicely with the base of the bed instead with pink- or salmon-colored flowers.bright green flowers that ring the stem of between the prickly Native to southwestern New Mexico, itin late spring. Flowers are fragrant, often thrives in baking heat but has remark-with a hint of citrus. These plants thrive leaves and stems. able cold tolerance. Quick-draining soil isthroughout central New Mexico. a must for this plant.30 • www.abcwua.org
    • DESERT ACCENTS Opuntia engelmannii Engelmann Prickly Pear Full Sun Rainwater Only Mature Size: 5’ X 8’ Blooming Season: Late spring Flower Color: Yellow or orange In high desert gardens, Engelmann Prickly Pear is one of the largest reliably cold-hardy cacti. Its dinner plate-sized pads stand perpendicular to the sun in summer, one of the ways it minimizes Yucca glauca its water needs by avoiding the direct Soapweed Yucca rays of the sun. Its flowers can be either Full Sun Rainwater Only yellow or a spectacular red-orange, andHESPERALOE PARVIFLORA the same plant may have one color or the Mature Size: 3’ X 3’ other in different years, but luscious redTexas Red Yucca fruits always follow. Blooming Season: Early summer Flower Color: White tinged pink Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ Water There are many species of Yucca thatMature Size: 36” X 36” Phemeranthus syn Talinum are native in the Southwest. They vary inBlooming Season: May-June height, leaf width and color but they areFlower Color: Reddish-Orange calycinum all reliably heat- and drought-resistant.Hesperaloe is Flameflower Soapweed is one of the toughest; it is one of the smaller, narrow-leafed species thata very showy Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ Water given enough time develops short stemsplant native to Mature Size: 8” X 8” and several clustered heads. Its bell-southern Texas Blooming Season: Summer shaped, waxy white, fragrant flowers areand northeastern Flower Color: Bright pink borne on short candelabra-like stems, theMexico. Not only buds sometimes tinged rose-pink.does it thrive in This perennial relative of moss rose growshot, dry sum- neat tufts of narrow succulent leavesmers, it is also topped with a continuous show of roseremarkably toler- pink flowers every afternoonant to sub-zero throughout the hot summerwinter tempera- months. The flowers floattures. Evergreen clumps of narrow, dark above the leaves on wiry goldbluish-green leaves make a great accent stems giving them a deli-of year-round texture. In early summer it cate appearance completelysends up 3- to 4-foot stalks covered with at odds with their resilientreddish flowers. A great-looking, low- nature. They reseed easily inmaintenance plant that attracts hum- gravelly or sandy soil with-mingbirds. out becoming weedy. With Flameflower you can’t have too much of a good thing. www.abcwua.org • 31
    • Groundcovers A groundcover can be any plant or group of plants that is low-growing and ag- gressive enough to compete strongly with nearby plants. They can be carpet-like, growing only a few inches high and a few feet wide, or they can be large shrubs that grow only knee-high but spread several feet wide. There are groundcovers that prefer deep shade and others that grow best in full sun, and many that grow in dappled shade. Grasses grown as lawns are the groundcover most resistant to foot traffic, but even lawns wear thin in soil compacted from frequent heavy use. Lawns are also a very high-water-use groundcover compared with the plants described in the plant list as even the Medium+ groundcovers can be drip irrigated. The aggres- sive nature of the plants themselves, as well as the strategy of limiting watering to points at soil level where the roots can make good use of it, and mulching deeply to further reduce evaporation has the net result of minimizing weed invasion and reducing maintenance time. For best results match the spread indicated in the plant list with the size of space you want to cover. The smallest mat-forming plants work well between stepping stones where the paving buffers foot traffic and collects extra moisture for the groundcover. Shade-loving groundcovers are perfect for replacing lawns under mature trees and shrubby groundcovers with the greatest spread are a great way to reduce watering and eliminate mowing in large open areas.32 • www.abcwua.org
    • GROUNDCOVERSAnemopsis californica CERATOSTIGMA DELOSPERMA cooperiYerba Mansa PLUMBAGINOIDES Hardy Purple Iceplant Full Sun, Part Shade Medium water Hardy Plumbago Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 1’ X 3’+ Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 6” X 18”Blooming Season: Summer Mature Size: 12” X 24” Blooming Season: SummerFlower Color: White Blooming Season: Early Fall Flower Color: Purple-PinkWidely regarded as a medicinal plant, and Flower Color: Blue Purple Iceplant is another fine Southoften found in the bosque as the wild An outstanding, long-lived groundcover African introduction, valued for its shim-groundcover under Cottonwoods, the that slowly weaves itself into the garden, mering fuchsia-purple daisies that keeplandscape value of Yerba Mansa is finally creating large drifts of fall color. The deep coming all summer. A vigorous spreader,being recognized. Its white coneflowers blue flowers, which begin as the weather it forms a dense mat of succulent, linearstand a foot above a dense carpet of large begins to cool and days grow shorter, green leaves in any well-drained soil. Stopthick leaves that are deep green during are numerous and long lasting. As the watering in mid-fall to harden for winter.the growing season, turning red and then plant’s flowering finishes, its leaves begin This plant has become a staple in xerica rich rusty brown through winter. a month-long change to a vivid mahog- gardens. Right at home where planted to any-red color. Plumbago is extremely spread on top of gravel mulch; it helps to adaptable, growing equally well in sun cool down these hot areas. or shade, and thriving in a wide range of soil types.Mahonia repensCreeping Mahonia Marrubium rotundifolium Mirabilis multiflora Roundleaf Horehound Giant or Wild Four O’clock Full Shade Medium Water Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ Water Full Sun, Part Shade Low+ WaterMature Size: 1’ X 2’Blooming Season: Spring Mature Size: 10” X 24” Mature Size: 2’ X 5’Flower Color: Yellow Blooming Season: Spring Blooming Season: Spring to autumn Flower Color: White Flower Color: Rose pinkThe shade of a tree or large shrub alongthe north side of a courtyard wall with Its soft silver-green foliage and its As soon as the soil warms up in spring,the runoff from a nearby downspout is preference for dry shade earn Roundleaf the strong new shoots of Giant Fourthe ideal setting for this high elevation Horehound a special place in the garden. O’clock emerge and, within a few weeks’evergreen groundcover. Given the right Not as aggressive as its weedy cousin, time, the first magenta blooms appear.spot, your reward will be year-round Common Horehound, or the much-used Like clockwork, every afternoon a newcolor— yellow flowers among the bright Wooly Lamb’s Ears, it is much more flush of flowers open from May untilgreen leaves in spring, deep blue-green attractive in winter and fills an important October, making this a colorful compan-leaf color turning red-purple in cold niche as living mulch under trees and ion for evergreens and small trees such asweather. In larger spaces where a bit large shrubs and as contrast for spring Vitex. After frost, the stems detach frommore height is needed, the closely related bulbs and shade-loving ornamental the starchy roots making cleanup quickCompact Mahonia is another option. grasses. and easy. www.abcwua.org • 33
    • GROUNDCOVERSPrunus besseyi Rhus trilobata VERBENA PERUVIANAPawnee Buttes® Sand Cherry ‘Autumn Amber’ Prostrate Verbena Full Sun Medium Water Sumac Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 2’ X 6’ Full Sun Low+ Water Mature Size: 9” X 18”Blooming Season: Spring Mature Size: 2’ X 6’+ Blooming Season: SummerFlower Color: White Blooming Season: Early spring Flower Color: Lavender to RedThis low spreading form of Sand Cherry Flower Color: Yellow Verbena is a vigorous spreading ground-is as rugged as it is handsome. Sprays ‘Autumn Amber’ is a low-spreading form cover. Extensive trials across the U. S. haveof fragrant white flowers in spring, of Threeleaf Sumac with a similarly clean proven its value as a heat-loving, profuse-succulent fruit for wildlife and glossy appearance and equally tough disposi- blooming favorite. The large bright laven-green leaves that turn deep mahogany tion. Covered with tiny honey-scented der-purple flower clusters keep comingred before they drop in autumn give flowers in spring, crisp green leaves all summer. Let it go dry as fall comes toPawnee Buttes® appeal year-round with turning rusty gold in autumn and smooth a close to harden off for winter. Makesonly deep monthly watering once plants purplish stems in winter, a few plants can a colorful foundation for taller growingare well-established. replace a front lawn using a fraction of perennials like Achillea “Moonshine” and the water and none of the mowing time. Coreopsis “Sunray.”VERONICA PECTINATA ZINNIA GRANDIFLORAWooly Speedwell Prairie Zinnia Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Full Sun Rainwater OnlyMature Size: 3” X 18” Mature Size: 4” X 6”Blooming Season: Early Spring Blooming Season: SummerFlower Color: Blue Flower Color: YellowThis is another great groundcover- This diminutive wildflower thrivesing Speedwell, unique because of its in some of the most inhospitabledense-growing wooly terrain imaginable. This plant can begray-green foliage. The a challenge to get established, but4-inch-tall spikes of deep it will delight you with its bright yel-blue flowers with a white low flowers in late summer. Prairieeye appear in early spring Zinnia is long lived and spreads— usually a few weeks slowly by rhizomes. This plant has interesting needle-like foliagebefore Veronica liwanen- on trailing stems. It won’t green up until early summer arrives, sosis. A good rebloomer in be patient. Once it starts to bloom it’s colorful through summerlate summer when given and early autumn.encouragement with abit of extra water. A veryvigorous, long bloomerwhen planted into goodgarden soils enrichedwith compost.34 • www.abcwua.org
    • GrassesTurf OrnamentalNon-native turf grasses such as Kentucky Bluegrass, fescuesand even Bermuda Grass require tremendous amounts of water Grassesto thrive—as much as 40 inches of water per growing season, Ornamental grasses, unlike lawns, servein the case of Bluegrass. The Water Authority’s xeriscape rebate as horticultural exclamation points andis based on the square footage of turf removed. Albuquerque’s can add interest in areas that need a bit ofannual rainfall is eight inches or less; clearly, Kentucky Bluegrass sprucing up.is not well-suited to our environment. In fact, homes built since1995 in Albuquerque are allowed no more than 20% turf. Summer through early winter is the prime time for the soft textures and colors ofLower-water alternatives include Buffalo Grass (Bouteloua ornamental grasses. They should be cutdactyloides) and Blue Grama Grass (Bouteloua gracilis). These down as close to the ground as possiblecan be augmented with ornamental grasses, but regardless of each spring so the new blades can emergethe types of grasses you plant, remember to maximize watering unencumbered by the previous year’sefficiency: dead leaves. Because this leaves gaps in the planting for several weeks, place the Prepare the soil before planting by tilling as deeply as possible. larger grasses as you would shrubs of the same size, mixing in some evergreens Add copious amounts of compost to improve the ability of the or grassy succulents such as Yucca or soil to hold moisture. Beargrass to create interest while the grasses regrow. Water during the coolest part of the day, when winds are calm, to minimize evaporation and overspray. www.abcwua.org • 35
    • GRASSES, TurfTurf BOUTELOUA GRACILIS Blue Grama Grass Full Sun Low+ Water Mature Size: 4-12” Blue Grama is another warm-season grass that thrives in New Mexico. Its thin pale- green blades give a Blue Grama lawn a pleasing, fine texture. Its distinctive seed heads, which appear in mid to late sum- mer, resemble tiny purplish eyelashes. Blue Grama thrives in hot microclimates, and it’s tough enough to survive sub- zero winter weather. It establishes most quickly in well-drained soil. A dense lawn of Blue Grama will need watering only about once a week during the hottest summer months. Blue Grama establishes itself faster than Buffalo Grass, so the two species are often combined to quickly form a thick, drought-tolerant lawn.BOUTELOUA syn BUCHLOEDACTYLOIDESBuffalo Grass Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 3- 8”This native prairie grass is an excellent replace-ment for water-thirsty Kentucky Bluegrass.Buffalo Grass doesn’t tolerate a lot of shade,but when grown in a sunny location it formsa durable turf able to withstand moderatefoot traffic, pests and diseases. It is a robust,sod-forming species that spreads quickly withvigorous runners, creating an inviting softblue-green lawn. When dormant in late fallthrough spring it turns a soft beige color.Buffalo Grass requires minimal mowing and Many lawns actually receive too much supplemental water!fertilizing once in spring. It’s a warm-seasongrower perfectly adapted to central New Mexico. Collectively, we tend to pour more water on our lawns than isTo stay green in the hot summer months, this necessary for healthy growth and maintenance. (The same isgrass needs only two inches of water per month! true for many trees, shrubs and flowering plants.)Buffalo Grass grows quickly. It can be planted Some studies show that typical lawn sprinklers apply waterusing seed or “plugs” of starter plants. Seedshould be sown in the spring or early summer; at the rate of about 1 1/2” per hour. Unfortunately, the typicalplugs can be planted in spring or in the fall, four lawn can only handle about 1/2” per hour before becomingto eight weeks before the first expected frost saturated. So, leaving your sprinklers running longer usuallydate. Once established, you’ll enjoy a beautiful, doesn’t help your lawn a bit , and usually increases runoff waste.low-maintenance lawn with drastically lowerwater bills for years to come. If runoff is a problem in your landscape, try two short wateringsBuffalo Grass grows best on heavier soils. Use of 10 minutes or less each spaced at least 30 minutes apart. ThisBlue Grama on sandy soils or mix Buffalo Grass method gives the first dose of water a chance to soak in. Theand Blue Grama. second watering pushes the first dose deeper into the soil.36 • www.abcwua.org
    • GRASSES, OrnamentalOrnamental Grasses Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Full Sun, Part Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 4’ X 3’ Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: Hazy pink-purple Schizachyrium scoparium There are many named cultivars of Little Bluestem Switchgrass, all variations on the theme of tall upright leaf blades crowned in late Full Sun Low+ Water summer with a haze of lacy seed heads.Nassella syn STIPA The leaves may be green or blue-green Mature Size: 2’ X 2’ Blooming Season: Falltenuissima in summer, changing to a range of pinks Color: Pink to redSilky Threadgrass and reds as temperatures cool and the days get shorter Little bluestem is a key component of Full Sun Low Water at the end of the much of the prairie grassland throughout growing season. the West, where it goes unnoticed untilMature Size: 24” X 24” Switchgrass can late in the year when its strong color con-Plant this ornamental grass where a be grouped be- trast of scarlet or pink leaves among thegentle breeze will sway it as the late af- tween evergreens blond seed heads of other native grassesternoon sun shines through from behind. or stand alone as gives it the impact of a wash of wildflow-Stipa grows well in all kinds of soils and is an accent. Song- ers long after the growing season hasvery water thrifty once established. Good birds will love you ended. Easily grown from seed or plants,in wildflower gardens, this plant will read- for adding it to the slender upright clumps sway in theily reseed itself among its neighbors. your garden. breeze.Calamagrostis arundinacea HELICTOTRICHON sempervirens‘Karl Foerster’ Feather Reedgrass Blue Avena Grass Full Sun, Part Shade Medium water Full Sun, Part Shade Medium WaterMature Size: 30” X 2’ Mature Size: 24” X 24”Blooming Season: Spring This evergreenSeed Head Color: Pale tan plant adds textureSurprisingly heat- and and color over thedrought-tolerant for a entire growingcool season grass, the season. The stiffdark green color of ‘Karl gray-blue leavesFoerster’ leaves topped are very strikingwith its pale straw-colored and provide theseed heads is a large part foundation forof the appeal of this the ornamentalcool season bunchgrass. 4-foot-tall flowerIts vertical form adds spikes that shootexclamation points in the up and ripen tomidst of cool, low-slung a soft brown byflowers such as Catmint mid-summer. Cutand Winecups, or ampli- back in April tofies the upright lines of encourage vigor-Penstemons and Salvias. ous new growth. www.abcwua.org • 37
    • PLANT LISTHow to Use L E G E N Dthe Plant List Region DescriptionThe Albuquerque Plant List includes hundreds of plants suited tocentral New Mexico, but many are adaptable elsewhere in the state. UA is URBAN ALBUQUERQUE, the most heavily paved and thereforeWe strongly recommend that you consult additional references warmest area; soils vary greatly.for more detailed information, and check your neighborhood’slandscape covenants, before you design your landscape. WM&RR is the WEST MESA & RIO RANCHO, also highly residentialThe City of Albuquerque has a pollen control ordinance that and nearly as consistently warm as UA; soils vary from sand to clayprohibits the planting of cypress, mulberry and elm trees. Juniper is loam and may be shallow abovelimited to female plants only, and Populus varieties are prohibited underlying volcanic rock.(except for Rio Grande cottonwood, lanceleaf cottonwood andquaking aspen). CV is the CENTRAL VALLEY, where the low-lying topography often results in colder winter temperatures; the soils are oftenWater Authority clay loam which holds moisture well.Xeriscape Rebates AF is the ALBUQUERQUE FOOTHILLS. Cooler than the urban center and west side, butWater Authority customers may qualify for rebates for the not as cold as the valley or eastreplacement of high-water-use landscaping with xeriscaping. A side of the mountains, the soil here is decomposed granite, whichWater Authority inspector must approve your rebate application is well-drained but holds moisture.and your landscape plan ahead of time and the project itself aftercompletion. Xeriscapes employing drip irrigation can qualify for EM is the EAST MOUNTAINS anda $.75-per-square-foot rebate; rainwater harvesting xeriscapes Estancia Valley. The coldest areas,can qualify for $1.50 per square foot. Participants in the xeriscape they potentially receive the most rain and snow; the soils vary butrebate program can also earn a 25-percent rebate (up to $100) unless mostly rock, hold moisturefor compost, and a 25-percent rebate (up to $50) for rental of sod well.removal equipment.The rebate area of your new xeriscape musthave 50 percent coverage (at maturity) of Rebatequalifying low- to medium-water-use plants,and the soil between and beneath all plants Allowancemust be covered with at least two inches This refers to the mature plantof mulch (gravel, decorative bark, etc.). square footage, used for calculating Water Authority xeriscape rebates.Ready to get started on your xeriscapeproject? Rebate application forms andinstructions are available online atwww.abcwua.org/waterconservationor call 768-3655.38 • www.abcwua.org
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionDESERT ACCENTS Agave americana Century Plant 6’ x 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 UA / WM&RRAgave chrysantha Golden-Flowered Agave 3’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 UA / WM&RRAgave havardiana Harvard Agave 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All except EMAgave lechuguilla Lechuguilla 1’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 30 All except EMAgave palmeri Palmer’s Agave 3’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All areasAgave Parryi/ neomexicana Parry’s / Mescal Agave 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 15 All areasAgave parviflora Dwarf Agave 6” X 8” Evergreen Sun RW 10 All except EMAgave scabra Rough Agave 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 UA / WM&RRAgave utahensis Utah Agave 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasAgave victoria-reginae Queen Victoria Agave 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 10 UA / WM&RRCoryphantha vivipara Clustering Pin Cushions 4” X 6” Evergreen Full Sun RW 10 All areasCylindropuntia imbricata Walkingstick Cholla 8’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All areasCylindropuntia kleiniae Candle Cholla 8’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 25 All areasCylindropuntia leptocaulis Desert / Christmas / Pencil Cholla 4’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All areasCylindropuntia spinosior Cane Cholla 8’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All areasDasylirion leiophyllum Green Sotol 5’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All except EMDasylirion texanum Texas Sotol 5’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 20 All areasDasylirion wheeleri Blue Sotol / Desert Spoon 5’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 20 All except EMEchinocereus coccineus Spiny Hedgehog Cactus 10” X 15” Evergreen Full Sun RW 10 All areasEchinocereus fendleri Strawberry Hedgehog 10” X 12” Evergreen Full Sun RW 10 All areasEchinocereus reichenbachii Oklahoma or Lace Hedgehog 4” X 6” Evergreen Full Sun RW 5 All areasEchinocereus triglochidiatus Claret Cup 12”+ X 18” Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasEchinocereus viridiflorus Green-Flowered Hedgehog 5” X 5” Evergreen Full Sun RW 5 All areasEscobaria orcuttii Clustering Snowball 5” X 8” Evergreen Full Sun RW 10 All areasFouquieria splendens Ocotillo 15’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMGrusonia syn Cylindropuntia clavata Club / Dagger-Spine Cholla 3” X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasHesperaloe capanulata Bell-flowered Hesperaloe 4’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 25 All except EMHesperaloe funifera Giant / Coahuilian Hesperaloe 6’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 25 All except EMHesperaloe parviflora Red/Yellow-Flowering Yucca 3’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 20 All areasNolina lindheimeriana Dwarf Beargrass / Ribbongrass 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 15 All except EMNolina microcarpa Beargrass 5’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 35 All areasNolina nelsoni Blue Nolina 15’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 35 All except EMNolina texana Beargrass 4’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun/Shade RW 30 All areasOpuntia ellisiana / cacanapa Spineless Prickly Pear 4’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 30 UA / WM&RROpuntia engelmannii Desert or Engelmann Prickly Pear 5’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 40 All areasOpuntia macrocentra Purple Prickly Pear 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasOpuntia violacea Santa Rita Prickly Pear 3’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 UA / WM&RROpuntia phaecantha Brownsprine Prickly Pear 3’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 30 All areasOpuntia hystricina Porcupine Prickly Pear 1’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasOpuntia polycantha Starvation Prickly Pear 1’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasYucca aloifolia Spanish Dagger 6’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 UA / WM&RRYucca baccata Datil / Banana Yucca 4’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 30 All areasYucca baileyi Bailey Yucca 3’X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 UA / WM&RRYucca brevifolia Joshua Tree 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 45 UA / WM&RRYucca elata Soaptree Yucca 20’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All areasYucca faxoniana / carnerosana Palm Yucca 15’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 40 All except EMYucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Yucca 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasYucca glauca Soapweed 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasYucca harrimaniae Harriman Yucca 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasYucca neomexicana New Mexico Yucca 2’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All areasYucca pendula syn recurvifolia Soft-Leaf Yucca 5’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 20 All areasYucca rigida Blue Yucca 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All except EMYucca rostrata Beaked Yucca 15’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All except EMYucca schidigera Mojave Yucca 5’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All except EMYucca schotti Mountain Yucca 5’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 20 All areasYucca thomsoniana Thompson Yucca 8’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 40 All areasYucca torreyi Torrey Yucca 15’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 30 All except EM FLOWERING BULBS Allium sp. Ornamental Onions 6”-36” X 12”-24” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasBelamcanda chinensis Blackberry Lily 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 5 All areasCanna Canna Lily 4’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All except EMColchicum autumnali Autumn Crocus 6” X 6” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 3 All areasCrocus spp. Crocus 6” X 6” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 3 All areasHyacinthus orientalis Hyacinth 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasIris (rhizome-type) Bearded Iris 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasIris spp. (bulb-type) Bulb Irises 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 5 All areasMuscari armeniacum Grape Hyacinths 10” X 10” Winter Foliage Sun/Shade Low+ 10 All areasLycoris squamigera Pink Amaryliis 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasNarcissus spp. Daffodil 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasTulipa spp. Tulips 1’ X 8’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasZephyranthes sp. Rain Lily 6” X 6” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 3 All except EM www.abcwua.org • 39
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionFLOWERING PLANTS Abronia sp. Sand Verbena 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasAcantholimon sp Prickly Dianthus 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 15 All areasAchillea ageratifolia Greek Yarrow 6” X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low 10 All areasAchillea taygetea Moonshine Yarrow 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasAethionema sp Persian Rockcress 6” X 1’ Evergreen Full sun Low 10 All areasAgastache cana Giant Hyssop 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasAgastache rupestris Sunset Hyssop 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasAlcea rosea Hollyhock 5’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasAloinopsis spathulata Hardy Living Stones 1” X 6” Evergreen Full Sun RW 5 All areasAlyssum montanum Basket of Gold 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasAmsonia species Sand Stars 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasAnacyclus depressus Mat Daisy 6” X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 10 All areasAntennaria rosea Pussytoes 6” X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low 10 All areasAntirrhinum hispanicum ssp roseum Spanish Snapdragon 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 AF / EMAnthemis tinctoria Golden Marguerite 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 5 All areasAquilegia chrysantha Golden Columbine 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium 10 All areasAquilegia sp Columbine Species 1’+ X 1’+ Deciduous Shade Medium 5 EMArgemone sp Prickly Poppy 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasArmeria maritima Thrift 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 5 All areasArtemisia abrotanum Southernwood 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasArtemisia X Powis Castle Powis Castle Artemisia 2’ X 4’ Semi-Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 20 All areasArtemisia stellariana Beach Wormwood 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasArtemisia versicolor Seafoam Artemisia 8” X 18” Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasAsclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasAsparagus officinalis Culinary Asparagus 4’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 All areasAster novae-angliae Aster 4’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasBerlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasCallirhoe involucrata Winecups 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasCalylophus species Sundrops 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 All areasCampanula carpatica Carpathian Harebells 8” X 2’ Deciduous Shade High 0 CV / AF / EMCampanula rotundifolia Harebells 18” X 2’ Deciduous Shade High 0 CV / AF / EMCastilleja spp. Indian Paintbrush 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasCentaurea cineraria Dusty Miller 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasCentaurea dealbata Persian Cornflower 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasCenttranthus ruber Red Valerian 18” X 30” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasCerastium tomentosum Snow-In-Summer 8” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasChasmatophyllum masculinum Hardy Tiger Jaws 2” X 6” Evergreen Full Sun Low 5 All areasChrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy 4’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 CV /EMChrysanthemum x morifolium Chrysanthemum 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasConvolvulus cnoreum Silver Bush Morning Glory 1’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All except EMConsolida ambigua Larkspur, Annual 2’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasCoreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasCoreopsis verticillata Threadleaf Coreopsis 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasConvallaria majalis Lily of the Valley 4” X 6” Deciduous Shade High 0 CV / EMCynara species Cardoon & Artichoke 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 15 All except EMDalea purpurea Purple Prairieclover 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasDatura wrightii Sacred Datura 2’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 30 All areasDelosperma congestum & nubigenum Yellow Iceplant 3” X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasDelosperma cooperi Purple Iceplant 6” X 18” Evergreen Full sun Low+ 15 All areasDelosperma floribundum Tufted Iceplant 6” X 12” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 10 All areasDelosperma sphalmanthoides Dwarf Tufted Iceplant 1” X 8” Evergreen Full Sun Low 10 All areasDianthus barbatus Sweet William, Biennial 20” X 20” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasDianthus deltoides Maiden Pink 6” X 8” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasDianthus gratianopolitanus Cheddar Pink 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasDicentra spectabilis Bleeding Heart 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 CV / EMDictamnus spp. Gas Plant 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasDimorphotheca sinuata African Daisy, Annual 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasDuchesnea indica Mock Strawberry 8” X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 5 CV / EMEchinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 UA / CV / AF / EMEchinops species Globe Thistle 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 All areasEpilobium syn Zauschneria sp Hummingbird Plant 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasErigeron spp. Fleabane Daisy 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 3 All areasEriogonum herbaceous species Wild Buckwheat 1’ X 18” Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasErysimum hieraciifolium Siberian Wallflower 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasErysimum linifolium Wallflower Bowles’ Mauve 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 10 All areasEuphorbia antisyphilitica Candelilla 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 UA / WM&RREuphorbia myrsinites Blue Spurge 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low 8 All areasEuphorbia rigida Gopher Plant 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low 20 All except EMGaillardia x grandiflora Gaillardia 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6 All areasGaura lindheimeri Gaura 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 All areasGeum ciliatum Prairie Smoke 18” X 1’ Evergreen Full Sun High 0 CV / EMGeranium macrorrhizium Bigroot Geranium 4” X 18” Deciduous Shade Medium+ 0 All areasGlaucium flavum Horned Poppy 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasGypsophila paniculata Baby’s Breath 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasGypsophila repens Creeping Baby’s Breath 4” X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasHelianthemum spp. Sunrose 6” X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 10 All areasHelianthus annuus Sunflower varies Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areas40 • www.abcwua.org
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionHelianthus maximilianii Maximilian Sunflower 6’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 All areasHelianthus tuberosus Jerusalem Artichoke 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasHemerocallis hybrids Daylilies 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 UA / CV / AF / EMHeterotheca syn Chrysopsis villosa Golden Aster 18” X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasHeuchera sanguinea Coral Bells 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 CV / AF / EMHosta spp. Plantain Lily 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 5 UA /CV / AF / EMHypericum calycinum St. Johnswort 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Shade Medium 5 UA /CV / AF / EMIberis sempervirens Candytuft 1’ X 18” Evergreen Shade Medium 5 All areasIpomoea leptophylla Bush Morning Glory 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 20 All areasKniphofia uvaria Red Hot Poker 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasLamium maculatum Spotted Nettle 6” X 6” Deciduous Shade High 0 All areasLiatris punctata Gayfeather 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasLiatris scariosa Tall Gayfeather 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasLinaria spp. Butter and Eggs/Baby Snapdragon 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 CV / EMLinum perenne Blue Flax 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasLobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Shade High 0 UA /CV / EMLobelia laxiflora Mexican Lobelia 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 12 All except EMLupinus argenteus Silverstem Lupine 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 All areasLupinus hybrids Lupine 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasLupinus texensis Texas Bluebonnet, Annual 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasLychnis sp Rose Campion, Maltese Cross 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasManfreda maculosa Texas Tuberose 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasMelampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy 1’ X 16” Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasMirabilis jalapa Garden Four O’Clock 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 All areasMonarda spp. Beebalm / Lemon Mint varies Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasNepeta X faasseni Catmint 8” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasNierembergia hippomanica ‘Violacea’ Cup Flower 10’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All except EMOenothera berlandieri Mexican Evening Primrose 1’ X 3’ Semi-Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasOenothera caespitosa White Evening Primrose 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasOenothera hookerii Hooker Primrose, Biennial 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 All areasOenothera macrocarpa syn missouriensis Yellow Evening Primrose 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasOenothera organensis Organ Mountain Evening Primrose 2’ X 5’+ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasOenothera pallida Pale Evening Primrose 18” X 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasOriganum sp Ornamental Oregano 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasOsteospermum barberiae Hardy African Daisy 4” X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasPaeonia sp Peony 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 10 All areasPapaver nuducale Iceland Poppy 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasPapaver orientale Oriental Poppy 18” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasPenstemon ambiguus Bush Penstemon 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasPenstemon angustifolius Narrowleaf Penstemon 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 10 All areasPenstemon barbatus Scarlet Bugler Penstemon 3’ X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasPenstemon cardinalis Cardinal Penstemon 3’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasPenstemon clutei Sunset Penstemon 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 15 All areasPenstemon jamesii Penstemon, James 10” X 10” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 10 All areasPenstemon palmeri Palmer Penstemon 4’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasPenstemon pinifolius Pineleaf Penstemon 1” X 20” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasPenstemon pseudospectabilis Desert Beardtongue 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low 20 All areasPenstemon secundifloris Sidebells 1’ X 8” Deciduous Full Sun Low 10 All areasPenstemon strictus Rocky Mountain Penstemon 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasPerovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 All areasPhemeranthus syn Talinum calycinum Flameflower 8” X 8” Deciduous Sun/Shade Low 10 All areasPhlomis sp Jerusalem Sage, Kashmir Sage 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 All areasPhlox paniculata Summer Phlox 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasPhlox subulata Creeping Phlox 6” X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 3 All areasPhyla nodiflora Creeping Lippia 3” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasPhysalis lobata Purple Groundcherry 4” X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasPlatycodon sp Balloon Flower 2’ X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasPotentilla neumanniana syn tabernaemontani syn verna Spring Cinquefoil 4” X 6” Deciduous Shade Medium+ 0 UA / CV / AF / EMPsilostrophe tagetina Paperflower 16” X 16” Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasRanunculus repens Creeping Buttercup 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasRatibida columnifera Coneflower, Mexican Hat 32” X 32” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasRheum sp Rhubarb 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Shade High 0 UA / CV / EMRudbeckia fulgida Goldsturm Rudbeckia 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 UA / CV / AF / EMRuellia humilis Wild Petunia 6” X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasRuta graveolens Rue 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 10 All areasSalvia azurea grandiflora Pitcher Sage 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasSalvia darcyi Texas Red Sage 30” X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All except EMSalvia nemerosa X sylvestris Many named varieities 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasSaponaria ocymoides Soapwort 9” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasScabiosa columbaria Pincushion Flower 18” X 18” Deciduous Sun Medium 10 All areasScutellaria resinosa & wrightii Plains Skullcap 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 10 All areasSedum spectabile Stonecrop 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasSedum telephium Autumn Joy Sedum 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasSempervivum tectorum Hen and Chicks 6” X 6” Evergreen Shade Low+ 5 All areasSenecio flaccidus syn longilobus Silver Groundsel 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasSolidago dwarf sp Dwarf Goldenrod 18” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasSolidago hybrids Goldenrod 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 10 All areas www.abcwua.org • 41
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionSphaeralcea spp. Globemallow 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasStachys byzantina Woolly Lamb’s Ear 1’ X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasStachys coccinea Scarlet Nettle 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 5 All areasStanleya pinnata Prince’s Plume 3’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 All areasTagetes erecta African Marigold, Annual 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasTagetes lucida Mexican Marigold 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All except EMTagetes patula French Marigold, Annual 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasTanacetum densum-amani Partridge Feather 8” X 18” Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasTanacetum vulgare Tansy 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasTetraneuris syn Hymenoxys sp Angelita Daisy/Perky Sue 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 10 All areasTeucrium chamaedrys Wall Germander 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasTeucrium chamaedrys ‘Prostratum’ Creeping Germander 6” X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasTeucrium majoricum syn cosonii syn aroanium Greek Germander 6” X 18” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 10 All areasThelesperma ambigua Rayed or Threadleaf Cota 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasThymophila syn Dyssodia acerosa Wild Marigold 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 10 All areasThymus pseudolanuginosus Wooly and Dwarf and minus Creeping Thyme 3” X 1’ Evergreen Shade Medium 5 All areasThymus serphyllum Creeping Thyme 3” X 1’ Evergreen Shade High 0 UA / CV / AF / EMThymus vulgaris Culinary Thyme 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 10 All areasTradescantia occidentalis Western Spiderwort 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasVerbena spp. Verbena varies Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 10 All areasVerbena bipinnatifida Fern Verbena 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 10 All areasVerbena rigida Sandpaper Verbena 1’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 20 All except EMVerbena wrightii Western Vervain 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasVerbena x hybrida Garden Verbena, Mostly Annuals 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasVeronica incana Silver Speedwell 18” X 18” Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasVeronica liwanensis Turkish Speedwell 3” X 2’ Evergreen Shade Medium 10 All areasVeronica pectinata Woolly Speedwell 3” X 18” Evergreen Shade Medium 10 All areasVeronica spicata Veronica 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Shade High 0 All areasViola cornuta Tufted Violet/Johnny Jump Up 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Shade High 0 All areasViola corsica Corsican Violet 4” X 6” Deciduous Shade Medium 3 All areasViola odorata Sweet Violet 8” X 8” Evergreen Shade High 0 All areasViola x wittrockiana Pansy, Annual 9” X 9” Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasWyethia scabra Desert Mule’s Ear 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 20 All areasZinnia acerosa White Desert Zinnia 6” X 10” Deciduous Full Sun RW 10 All areasZinnia grandiflora Desert Zinnia 8” X 16” Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasGRASSES, TURF Turf grasses are sprinkler-irrigated and do not qualify for any rebate. Agrostis spp. Bentgrass Mowed Evergreen Full Sun High 0 Golf CoursesBouteloua gracilis Blue Grama Varies Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 0 All areasBouteloua syn. Buchloe dactyloides Bufflalo Grass Mowed Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 All areasCynodon dactylon hybrids Hybrid Bermudagrass Mowed Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 All except EMFestuca elatoir and all Festuca Turf Tall Fescue Mowed Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasFestuca ovina ‘Covar’ Covar Sheep Fescue Unmowed Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 0 EMFestuca ovina except Glauca Sheep’s Fescue Mowed Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasLolium perenne and all Lolium Ryegrass, Perennial Mowed Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasPoa pratensis and all Poa Kentucky Bluegrass Mowed Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasZoysia spp. Zoysia Grass Mowed Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 All except EMGRASSES, ORNAMENTAL Achnatherum syn Oryzopsis hymenoides Indian Ricegrass 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun RW 10 All areasAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem 5’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 5 All areasAndropogon hallii Sand Bluestem 4’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasAristida purpurea Purple Threeawn 1’ X 1’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 10 All areasArundo donax Carrizo Cane 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 CVBlepharneuron tricolepsis Pine Dropseed/Mountain Mist 18” X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 10 All areasBothriochloa barbinodis Cane Beardgrass 24” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasBouteloua curtipendula Sideoats Gramma 30” X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasCalamagrostis arundinacea ‘Karl Foester’ Feather Reed Grass 30” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasCortaderia selloana Pampas Grass 12’ X 9’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasEragrostis tricodes Sand Lovegrass 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasErianthus ravennae Ravenna Grass 12’ X 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasFestuca idahoensis ‘Joseph’ & ‘Siskiyou’ Blue Idaho Fescue 2’ X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasFestuca ovina glauca Blue Fescue 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasHelictotrichon sempervirens Blue Avena Grass 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All except WM&RRKoeleria macrantha Junegrass 18” X 18” Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 18 All areasLeymus cinereus Great Basin Wildrye 4’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasMiscanthus spp. Maiden Grass 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 15 CVMuhlenbergia capillaris Gulf Muhly 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 All except EMMuhlenbergia emersleyi Bull Muhly 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All except EMMuhlenbergia lindheimerii Lindheimer Muhly 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 All areasMuhlenbergia porteri Bush Muhly 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasMuhlenbergia rigens Deer Grass 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 20 All areas42 • www.abcwua.org
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionMuhlenbergia rigida Purple Muhly 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasNassella syn. Stipa tenuissima Threadgrass 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasOphiopogon japonicus Mondo grass 6” X 6” Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 0 CV / AFPanicum virgatum Switchgrass 4’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 15 All areasPascopyrum syn.Agropyron smithii Western Wheatgrass 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasPennisetum alopecuroides Hardy Fountain Grass 30” X 30” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 All areasPhyllostachys aurea Golden bamboo 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 CVPleuraphis syn. Hilaria jamesii Galleta 14” X 14” Deciduous Full Sun Low 10 All areasSchizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasSorghastrum nutans Indiangrass 4’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 All areasSprorobolus airoides Alkali Sacaton 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 All areasSporobolus cryptandrus Sand Dropseed 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasSprorobolus wrightii Giant Sacaton 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 All areasThinopyrum ponticum syn. Elytrigia elongata Jose’ Tall Wheatgrass 4’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 All areasGROUNDCOVERS Aegopodium variegatum Variegated Bishop’s Weed 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 5 All areasAchillea Millefolium Yarrow 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasAnemopsis californica Yerba de Mansa 1’ X 3’+ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 15 All areasArctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick 9” X 2’ Evergreen Shade only Medium 10 UA / AF / EMArtemisia frigida Fringed Sage 18” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 All areasArtemisia ludoviciana Prairie Sage 18” X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasBaccaris pilularis Dwarf Coyotebush 18” X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All except EMBaccharis X ‘Centennial’ Centennial Broom 3’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EMBaccharis X ‘Starns’ Thompson Broom 2’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EMCerastium tomentosum Snow-In-Summer 8” X 2’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasCeratostigma plumbaginoides Dwarf Plumbago 1’ X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium 10 All areasChamaemelum nobilis Chamomile 6” X 1’ Evergreen Shade High 0 CV / EMCotoneaster dammeri Bearberry Cotoneaster 1’ X 9’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasCotoneaster horizontalis ‘Perpusillus’ Rock Cotoneaster 2’ X 7’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasCotoneaster salicifolius ‘Repens’ Willowleaf Cotoneaster 1’ X 9’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 All except EMDelosperma congestum & nubigenum Yellow Iceplant 3” X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasDelosperma cooperi Purple Iceplant 6” X 18” Evergreen Full sun Low+ 15 All areasDichondra spp. Dichondra 2” X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All except EMDuchesnea indica Mock Strawberry 8” X 2’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 5 CV / EMEphedra minuta Dwarf Joint Fir 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasErigeron flagillaris Whiplash Daisy 8” X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasEuonymus fortunei ‘Coloratus’ Purpleleaf Wintercreeper 1’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 15 All areasEuphorbia cyparissias Cypress Spurge 1’ X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 5 All areasJasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine 2’ X 8’+ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 30 All areasJuniperus sp Groundcover Juniper, Female Forms Only 6”-2’ X 5’+ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 25 All areasMahonia aquifolium ‘Compacta’ Compact Mahonia 2’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasMahonia repens Creeping Mahonia 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Shade Medium 10 AF / EMMarrubium rotundifolium Roundleaf Horehound 10” X 24” Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasMirabilis multiflora Native Four O’Clock 2’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 All areasPaxistima myrsinites Oregon Boxwood 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 EMPrunus besseyi ‘Pawnee Buttes’ Spreading Sand Cherry 2’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 All areasRhus trilobata ‘Autumn Amber’ Prostrate Sumac 2’ X 6’+ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasRosmarinus officinalis ‘Prostrata’ Creeping Rosemary 2’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 All except EMSantolina chamaecyparissus Gray Lavender Cotton 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasSantolina virens Green Lavender Cotton 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasSaponaria ocymoides Soapwort 9” X 18” Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasSedum reflexum Blue Spruce Sedum 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All areasSedum spurium Dragon’s Blood Sedum 6” X 1’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 5 UA / CV / AF / EMTeucrium chamaedrys Trailing Germander 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasTeucrium cossonii majoricum Greek Germander 6” X 18” Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 10 All areasThymus pseudolanuginosus and minus Wooly and Dwarf Creeping Thyme 3” X 1’ Evergreen Shade Medium 5 All areasThymus serphyllum Creeping Thyme 3” X 1’ Evergreen Shade High 0 UA / CV / AF / EMVerbena peruviana Verbena 9” X 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 12 All except EMVeronica prostrata Harebell Veronica 8” X 1’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 5 EMVinca major Giant Periwinkle 1’ X 4’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 10 All areasVinca minor Periwinkle 9” X 2’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 5 All areasZinnia grandiflora Desert or Prairie Zinnia 8” X 16” Deciduous Full Sun RW 15 All areasSHRUBS, DECIDUOUS Acacia constricta Whitethorn Acacia 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMAcacia greggii Catclaw Acacia 10’ X 12’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMAloysia wrightii Mexican Oregano or Beebrush 5’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 25 All areasAmelanchier utahensis Utah Serviceberry 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasAmorpha cana Dwarf Leadplant 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 CV / AF / EMAmorpha canescens Leadplant 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasAmorpha fruticosa False Indigo 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasAnisacanthus quadrifidus var wrightii Flame Anisacanthus 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 20 All except EMAnisacanthus thurberi Desert Honeysuckle 5’ X 4’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 20 UA / WM&RRBerberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 15 UA / CV / EM www.abcwua.org • 43
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionBerberis thunbergii ‘Atropur. Nana’ Crimson Pigmy Barberry 2’ X 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 5 All areasBerberis thunbergii Atropurpurea Redleaf Barberry 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 15 All areasBuddleia davidii nanhoensis Dwarf Butterfly Bush 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasBuddleia marrubifolia Wooly Butterfly Bush 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 20 All except EMCaesalpinia gilliesii Yellow Bird of Paradise 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMCaragana spp. Peashrub 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 CV / EMCaryopteris x clandonensis Blue Mist Spirea 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasCercocarpus montanus Montane Mountain Mahogany 10’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasChaenomeles japonica Flowering Quince 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 CV / EMChamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush 5’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 30 All areasCornus alba Tartarian Dogwood 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 CV / EMCornus stolonifera Redtwig Dogwood 7’ X 7’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 CV / EMCotoneaster apiculatus Cranberry Cotoneaster 4’ X 8’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasCotoneaster divaricatus Spreading Cotoneaster 4’ X 8’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasCotoneaster horizontalis Rock Cotoneaster 2’ X 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasDalea formosa Feather Dalea 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 20 All areasDalea frutescens Black Dalea 2’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 25 All areasDalea versicolor Mountain Dalea 3’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 UA / WM&RREricameria syn Chrysothamnus nauseosus Chamisa, Rabbitbrush 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 30 All areasEuonymus alata Compacta Dwarf Burning Bush 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 UA / CV / EMFendlera rupicola Cliff Fendlerbush 6’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 20 All areasForsythia intermedia Forsythia 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 CV / EMGenista tinctoria Summer Broom 2’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 All areasHibiscus syriacus Rose of Sharon 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasHippophae rhamnoides Sea Buckthorn 30’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 EMHolodiscus dumosus Rock Spirea 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 AF / EMJasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine 4’ X 12’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasKolkwitzia amabilis Beauty Bush 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 CV / EMLeucophyllum frutescens Texas Ranger or Ceniza 6’ X 6’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 All except EMLeucophyllum langmaniae Rio Bravo Sage 5’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EML. frutescens ‘Compactum’ Compact Ceniza 3’ X 4’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 20 All except EMLigustrum vulgare Common Privet 8’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasLonicera tartarica Tartarian Honeysuckle 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasParryella filifolia Dunebroom 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 20 All areasPhiladelphus cultivars Mock Orange 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasPhiladelphus microphyllus Littleleaf Mock Orange 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasPotentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil 3’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 10 All areasPrunus besseyi Western Sand Cherry 4’ X 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 All areasPrunus tomentosa Nanking Cherry 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 All areasPrunus X cistena Purpleleaf Plum Bush 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasPsorothamnus scoparius Broom Dalea 3’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 30 WM&RRPunica spp. Pomegranate 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All except EMRhamnus frangula Columnaris Tallhedge Buckthorn 10’ X 4’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 12 All areasRhus glabra var. cismontana Cutleaf Sumac 3’ X 5’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasRhus microphylla Littleleaf Sumac 8’ x 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasRhus trilobata Three-leaf Sumac 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 30 All areasRibes aureum Golden Currant 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasRosa foetida Austrian Copper Rose 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasRosa rugosa Species Rugosa Roses 4’+ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 CV / AF / EMRosa spp. Tea, Floribunda, Grandiflora 6’ X 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasRosa woodsii Woods’ Rose 6’ X 8’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasRubus cultivars Raspberries, Blackberries 5’ X 6’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 20 All areasSalvia greggii Autumn or Cherry Sage 2’ X 3’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Low+ 15 All except EMSarcobatus vermiculatus Greasewood 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 35 Reclamation onlyShepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry 15’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 30 CV / EMSpiraea spp. Spirea varies Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasSymphoricarpos albus Snowberry 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 CV / AF / EMSymphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry 6’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasSyringa spp. Lilac 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasSyringa laciniata Cutleaf Persian Lilac 8’ X 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasSyringa meyeri Dwarf Korean Lilac 5’ X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasSyringa persica Persian Lilac 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasSyringa rothomagensis Chinese Lilac 8’ X 8’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All areasSyringa vulgaris Common Lilac 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasViburnum spp. Viburnum varies Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasWeigela florida Weigela 10’ X 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasSHRUBS, EVERGREEN Abelia grandiflora Glossy Abelia 7’ X 7’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All areasArctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita 3’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 30 All areasArtemisia cana Silver Sage 3’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All areasArtemisis filifolia Sand Sage 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 25 All areasArtemisia tridentata Big Sage 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 All areasAtriplex canescens Fourwing Saltbrush 6’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 40 ReclamationAtriplex confertifolia Shadscale 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 15 All areasBaccharis salicina Broom Baccharis 8’ X 8’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 ReclamationBaccharis sarothroides Desert Broom 6’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 Reclamation44 • www.abcwua.org
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionBerberis gladwynensis William Penn Barberry 6’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasBerberis julianae Wintergreen Barberry 5’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 20 All areasBerberis mentorensis Mentor Barberry 7’ X 7’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasBuxus spp. Boxwood 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Shade Medium 15 All areasCercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahoghany 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasCercocarpus breviflorus Hairy Mountain Mahoghany 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasChrysactinia mexicana Damianita 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 15 All except EMCistus ladanifer & X purpureus Crimsonspot & Purple Rockrose 4’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EMCotoneaster buxifolius Grayleaf Cotoneaster 2’ X 9’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasCotoneaster congestus Pyrenees Cotoneaster 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 15 All areasCotoneaster lacteus Parney or Clusterberry Cotoneaster 8’ X 10’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasCotoneaster salicifolius Willowleaf Cotoneaster 6’ X 10’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasCytisus scoparius Scotch Broom 4’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 All areasElaegnus pungens Silverberry 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 All areasEphedra species Joint-fir or Mormon Tea 2’+ X 5’+ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All areasEricameria laricifolia Turpentine Bush 3’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 All except EMEriogonum fascilculatum v. poliofolium Flattop Buckwheat 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 15 All except EMEuonymus japonica Japanese Euonymus 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasEuonymous klautschovious Manhattan Euonymus 6’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasFallugia paradoxa Apache Plume 6’ X 7’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 35 All areasGarrya wrightii Wright’s Silk Tassel 5’ X 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 All areasGenista hispanica Spanish Broom 4’ X 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 20 All except EMHelichrysum angustifolium Currly Plant 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasIlex cornuta ‘Burfordii’ Burford Holly 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 20 All areasIlex altaclarensis ‘Wilsonii’ Wilson Holly 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 25 All areasJuniperus shrub species female cultivars only Female Juniper Shrubs 1’+ X 4’+ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasKrascheninnikovia syn Ceratoides syn Eurotia lanata Winterfat 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low RW 20 All areasLarrea tridentata Creosote Bush 6’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low RW 35 All except EMLavandula angustifolia English Lavender 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasLavendula stoechas Spanish Lavender 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 12 All except EMLeucophyllum langmaniae ‘Lynn’s Legacy’ Texas sage 4’ X 4’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EMLeucophyllum zygophyllum Cimarron Rainsage 4’ X 4’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All except EMLigustrum japonicum Waxleaf Privet 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All areasMahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape Holly 6’ X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasMahonia aquifolium ‘Compacta’ Compact Oregon Grape 2’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 20 All areasMahonia syn Berberis fremontii Blue Algerita 5’ X 7’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 30 All areasMahonia syn Berberis hamaetocarpa Algerita 8’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasNandina domestica cultivars Heavenly Bamboo 8’ X 5’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasParthenium incanum Mariola 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 20 All areasPhotinia fraseri Red Tip Photinia 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasPhotinia serrulata Chinese Photinia 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasPicea conica Alberta Spruce 7’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 12 All areasPrunus caroliniana Carolina Cherry Laurel 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 All except EMPurshia syn Cowania mexicana Cliffrose 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 40 All areasPurshia tridentata Antelope Bitterbush 6’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 40 All areasPyracantha coccinea Firethorn 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasRaphiolepis indica India Hawthorn 3’ X 4’+ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 20 All except EMRhamnus californica var. ursina Coffeeberry 6’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 35 All areasRhododendron spp. Rhododendron, Azalea 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Sun/Shade High 0 Needs acid soilRhus ovata Sugarbush 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 All except EMRhus virens / choriophylla Evergreen Sumac 8’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 All except EMRosmarinus officinalis Upright Rosemary 6’ X 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 All except EMSabal minor Dwarf Sabal Palm 3’ X 3’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 10 All except EMSalvia chamaedryoides Mexican Blue or Chihuahua Sage 1’ X 3’ Semi-Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All except EMSalvia dorrii Desert Sage 2’ X 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 20 All areasSalvia lavandulifolia Lavander Sage 1’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 15 All areasSalvia officinalis Garden Sage 2’ X 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 10 All areasSpartium junceum Spanish Broom 10’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 All areasVauquelinia spp. Rosewood 12’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 All areasVirburnum X burkwoodii Burkwood Viburnum 6’ X 5’ Evergreen Shade Medium 20 All areasTREES, DECIDUOUS Acer X freemanii Freeman Maple 45’ X 30’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 CV / EMAcer negundo ‘Sensation’ Sensation Box Elder 40’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 CV / AF / EMAcer palmatum Japanese Maple 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Shade High 0 CV / EMAcer saccharum v grandidentatum Bigtooth Maple 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 CV / AF / EMAcer tataricum ginnala Amur Maple 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 CV / EMAcer truncatum Shantung Maple 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 CV / EMAlbizia julibrissin Rosea Mimosa 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All except EMCarya illinoinensis Pecan 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 CVCatalpa speciosa Catalpa 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasCeltis occidentalis Common Hackberry 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasCeltis reticulata Netleaf / Canyon Hackberry 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasCercis occidentalis Western Redbud 10’ X 12’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All except EMCercis mexicana Mexican Redbud 15’ X 12’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All except EM www.abcwua.org • 45
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionCercis reniformis Oklahoma Redbud 15’ X 12’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All except EMChilopsis linearis Desert Willow 20’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 45 All except EMChilopsis X Catalpa Chitalpa 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasCornus mas Cornelian Cherry 15’ X 20’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 25 EMCotinus coggygria Smoketree 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasCrataegus crus-galli Inermis Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All areasCrataegus laevigata English Hawthorn 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 UA / CV / AF / EMCrataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 UA / CV / AF / EMCrataegus X lavallei Carriere Hawthorn 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 UA / CV / AF / EMCratageus monogyna Single-seed hawthorn 30’ X 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasCrateagus ambigua Russian Hawthorn 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasFicus carica Edible Fig 12’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All except EMForestiera neomexicana New Mexico Olive 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasFraxinus cuspidata Fragrant Ash 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasFraxinus angustifolia oxycarpa Claret or Raywood Ash 35’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasFraxinus pennsylvanica X velutina Fan West Ash 40’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 UA / CV / EMFraxinus texana Texas Ash 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasFraxinus velutina Arizona and Modesto Ash 40’ X 35’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 UA / CV / EMFruit trees Fruit trees (Apple, Peach Pear, Quince) 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasGleditsia triacanthos inermis Thornless Honey Locust 50’ X 45’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasGymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree 40’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasJuglans major Arizona Walnut 50’ X 50’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 UA / CV / EMJuglans microcarpa Little Walnut 30’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasJuglans regia English Walnut 60’ X 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 CV / EMJuglans regia ‘Carpathian’ Carpathian Walnut 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasKoelreuteria paniculata Golden Rain Tree 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All areasLagerstroemia indica x fauriei Crape Myrtle 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All except EMLeucaena retusa Golden Ball Leadtree 15’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 35 UA / WM&RRMaclura pomifera Osage Orange 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All areasMagnolia soulangiana Saucer Magnolia 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Part Shade Medium 35 UA / CV / WM&RRMalus cultivars Crabapple varies Deciduous Full Sun High 0 All areasMelia azedarach Chinaberry 25’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 40 All except EMMetasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn Redwood 60’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasParrotia persica Persian Parrotia 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasPaulownia tomentosa Empress tree 30’ X 30’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All except EMPistacia atlantica X integerrima Red Push Pistache 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMPistacia chinensis Chinese Pistache 60’ X 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 45 All areasPlatanus acerfolia London Plane Tree 70’ X 50’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 CVPlantanus wrightii Arizona Sycamore 60’ X 70’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 CVPopulus acuminata Mountain/Lanceleaf Cottonwood 50’ X 50’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 CV / AF / EMPopulus deltoides var. wislizenii Valley Cottonwood 50’ X 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 CV / EMPopulus fremontii Western Cottonwood 70’ X 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 CV / EMProsopis glandulosa Honey Mesquite 25’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 45 All except EMProsopis pubescens Screwbean Mesquite 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMProsopis torreyana Western Honey Mesquite 18’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMProsopis velutina Velvet Mesquite 20’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun RW 40 All except EMPrunus americana American Plum 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasPrunus armeniaca Apricot 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasPrunus armeniaca mandshurica Manchurian Apricot 10’ X 12’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasPrunus cerastifera Purpleleaf Plum 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All areasPrunus virginiana Chokecherry 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasPtelea trifoliata Hoptree 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasPyrus sp Ornamental Pear 25’ X 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 All areasQuercus gambelii Gambel Oak 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasQuercus gravesii Chisos Red Oak 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All except EMQuercus lobata Valley Oak 45’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 CVQuercus macrocarpa Bur Oak 60’ X 70’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 40 CV / EMQuercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin Oak 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasQuercus oblongifolia/engelmannii Mexican Blue / Mesa Oak 25’ X 30’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All except EMQuercus robur English Oak 50’ X 50’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 40 CV / EMQuercus shumardii Shumard Oak 60’ X 60’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasQuercus texana syn buckleyi Texas Red Oak 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasRhamnus cathartica Common Buckthorn 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 AF/EMRhamnus frangula ‘Asplenifolia’ Fernleaf Buckthorn 12’ X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All areasRhus glabra Smooth Sumac 12’ X 15’+ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasRhus lanceolata Prairie Flameleaf Sumac 25’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All except EMRobinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust 25’ X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasRobinia pseudoacacia Black Locust 40’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All areasRobinia X ambigua Idaho Locust 40’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All areasSambucus mexicana Mexican Elder 20’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 45 All except EMSapindus drummondii Western Soapberry 30’ X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasSorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 EMStyphnolobium syn Sophora japonicum Japanese Pagoda Tree, Scholar Tree 35’ X 35’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasSyringa reticulata Japanese Tree Lilac 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 CV / EMTaxodium distichum Bald Cypress 50’ X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 35 UA / CVTaxodium mucronatum Montezuma Cypress 60’ X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 35 UA / CVTilia cordata Littleleaf Linden 40’ X 30’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 AF / EMUlmus crassifolia Cedar Elm 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMUlmus parvifolia Lacebark Elm 40’ X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMVitex agnus-castus Chaste Tree 20’ X 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 35 All except EMZizyphus jujuba Jujube or Chinese Date 25’ X 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 40 All areas46 • www.abcwua.org
    • PLANT LIST Approx. Size Deciduous or Light Water Rebate Scientific Name Common Name Height x Width Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance RegionTREES, EVERGREEN Abies concolor White Fir 50’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun High 0 EMCedrus atlantica Atlas Cedar 75’ X 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 All areasCedrus deodara Deodar Cedar 80’ X 60’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 All areasCedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon 80’ X 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 All areasCercocarpus ledifolius Curlleaf Mountain Mahogany 12’ X 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 All areasCupressocyparis leylandii Leyland Cypress 40’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 35 All except EMCupressus arizonica Arizona Cypress 50’ X 30’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMIlex vomitoria Yaupon Holly 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 30 UA / WM&RRJuniperus chinensis Juniper Trees, Females Only 25’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 All areasJuniperus deppeana Alligator Juniper 60’ X 40’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasJuniperus monosperma Oneseed Juniper 15’ X 15’ Evergreen Full Sun RW 35 All areasJuniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper, Females Only 40’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 All areasJuniperus virginiana Juniper Trees, Females Only 20’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 All areasMagnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia 25’ X 25’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 35 UA/CVPicea abies Norway Spruce 50’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 30 EMPicea engelmani Engelmann Spruce 50’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 30 EMPicea pungens Blue Spruce 50’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 30 UA / CV / AF / EMPinus aristata Bristlecone Pine 30’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 35 All areasPinus edulis Pinon Pine 30’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 35 All areasPinus eldarica Afghan Pine 40’ X 18’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 35 All except EMPinus flexilis Limber Pine 30’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 35 AF / EMPinus nigra Austrian Pine 35’ X 25’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 AF / EMPinus pinea Italian Stone Pine 60’ X 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMPinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine 40’ X 25’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 AF / EMPinus strobiformis Southwestern White or Border Pine 30’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 30 AF / EMPinus sylvestris Scotch Pine 45’ X 25’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 35 AF / EMPoncirus trifoliata Trifoliate Orange 15’ X 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 25 All areasPseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Fir 50’ X 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 30 AF / EMQuercus emoryi Emory Oak 35’X 35’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 40 All areasQuercus fusiformis Escarpment Live Oak 25’ X30’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 40 All except EMQuercus grisea Gray Oak 30’ X 30’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 45 All areasQuercus suber Cork Oak 30’ X 30’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 45 UA / WM&RRQuercus turbinella Desert or Shrub Live Oak 18’ X 20’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 40 All areasQuercus virginiana Southern Live Oak 35’ X 40’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 40 UA / WM&RRSequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood 50’ X 30’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 40 All areasSequoiadendron giganteum Giant Sequoia 75’ X30’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 40 All areasTaxus species Yew varies Evergreen Shade High 0 UA / CV / AF / EMThuja or Platycladus species Arborvitae 15’+ X 12’+ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 30 All areasTrachycarpus fortunei / wagnerianus Windmill Palm 15’ X 4’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 15 All except EMVINES Akebia quinata Chocolate Vine Climbing X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 25 All except EMCampsis radicans Trumpet Vine Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 All areasClematis hybrids Clematis Climbing X 10’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasClematis ligusticifolia Western Virginsbower Climbing X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasClematis tangutica Golden Lanterns Climbing X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade High 0 All areasEuonymus fortunei colorata Purpleleaf Wintercreeper Climbing X 6’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasGlesemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine Climbing X 10’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All except EMHedera helix English Ivy Climbing X 12’ Evergreen Shade Medium 30 All areasHumulus neomexicanus Hops Climbing X 6’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasLonicera japonica ‘Purpurea’ Purpleleaf Honeysuckle Climbing X 12’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium+ 20 All areasLonicera japonica Halliana Hall’s Honeysuckle Climbing X 12’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 25 All areasLonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle Climbing X 8’ Deciduous Shade/Part Sun Medium 25 All areasLonicera x heckrottii Goldflame Honeysuckle Climbing X 8’ Deciduous Shade/Part Sun Medium 25 All areasParthenocissus inserta Woodbine Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasParthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All areasParthenocissus tricuspidata Boston Ivy Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Shade Medium+ 25 All areasPeriploca graeca Silkvine Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 30 All areasPolygonum aubertii Silver Lacevine Climbing X 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 45 All areasRosa banksiae Rose Lady Banks Climbing X 40’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Low+ 45 All areasRosa hybrid and species climbers Climbing Roses Climbing X 15’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium+ 25 All areasTrachelospermum jasminoides Star Jasmine Climbing X 6’ Evergreen Shade Medium 25 UA / WM&RRVitis arizonica Canyon Grape Climbing X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areasVitis labrusca American grape Climbing X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 All areasVitis vinifera European grape Climbing X 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 All except EMWisteria spp. Wisteria Climbing X 20’ Deciduous Sun/Shade Medium 35 All areas www.abcwua.org • 47
    • Acknowledgments Thanks to Nick Kuhn, Albuquerque City Forester, for providing tree information.Thanks to David Cristiani, Miriam Hall, Marilyn Mallinson, Doreen Radcliff, Virginia and Howard Stephens, and Waki and Juan Zambrano whose water-conserving gardens are included in this publication.p 27 Janet Rademacher at Mountain Thanks to the following organizations for encouraging water conservation through xeriscaping:p 27 Janet Rademacher at Mountain Photo Credits Cover: Donna Bone, Landscape Designer, Design With Nature, Santa Fe, NM Saxton Holt, Photographer Thanks to the following for the use of their beautiful landscapes and photos throughout this publication: Hunter Ten Broeck David Cristiani Charles Mann Michael Melendres David Morris Judith Phillips Janet Rademacher, Mountain States Wholesale Nursery David Salman, Santa Fe Greenhouses © Produced by the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (2010).48 • www.abcwua.org
    • Recommended Resources Books:Judith Phillips, Southwestern Landscaping with Western Society of Weed Science andNative Plants, Revised Edition. Santa Fe, NM: Cooperative Extension Service, Weeds of theMuseum of New Mexico Press (First edition 1987, West. Jackson, Wyoming: University of Wyoming,2002). 1991.Judith Phillips, Natural by Design. Santa Fe, NM: Mary irish, Agaves, Yuccas and Related Plants.Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995. Portland Oregon: Timber Press, 2000.Judith Phillips, Plants for Natural Gardens. Santa Robert Nold, Penstemons. Portland, Oregon:Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, 1995. Timber Press, 1999.Judith Phillips, New Mexico Gardener’s Guide, Jean-Luc Cartron, David Lightfoot, Jane Mygatt,Revised Edition. Brentwood, TN: Cool Springs Sandra Brantley and Timothy Lowrey, A FieldPress, 2005. Guide to the Plants and Animals of the Middle Rio Grande Bosque. Albuquerque, New Mexico:Nan Sterman, Mary irish, Judith Phillips, and Joe University of New Mexico Press, 2008.Lamp’l, Water-Wise Plants for the Southwest.Brentwood, TN: Cool Springs Press, 2010. Brad Lancaster, Rainwater Harvesting for Drylands and Beyond, Volume 1 and 2. Tucson,Janice Busco and Nancy R. Morin, Native Plants Arizona: Rainsource Press, 2006 and 2008.for High-Elevation Western Gardens. Golden,Colorado: Fulcrum Publishing, 2003. Websites: Western native plant societies: Arizona http://aznps.org California http://cnps.org (link to Manual of California Vegetation) Colorado http://conps.org Nevada http://heritage.nv.gov (for maps and fact sheets) New Mexico http://npsnm.unm.edu http://nmrareplants.unm.edu (for maps and fact sheets) www.xeriscapenm.com or call 505-468-1021 Utah http://unps.org Miscellaneous: www.gardenersguild.org www.aridlid.org www.sustainablesites.org www.epa.gov/greenhomes/ConserveWater.html
    • Mailing Address: P.O. Box 1293 • Albuquerque, NM 87103-1293City/County Government Center • One Civic Plaza NW • Albuquerque, NM 87102 www.abcwua.org Call 842-WATR (842-9287) to: • Pay a bill over the phone • Set up new service • Get conservation rebate information • Report a water or sewer emergency • Report water waste