Quick Reference Guide                                                                    Water    Flowering       Value to...
Quick Reference Guide                                                                  Water   Flowering       Value to   ...
Quick Reference Guide                                                                                  Water       Floweri...
30
Landscaping to Reduce the                                        Risk of Wild FiresThe following information is a brief in...
Additional alternatives, particularly for the 30’ perimeterimmediately around the home, are succulents such as Hensand Chi...
From the The Xeriscape Flower Gardener (Knopf 1991).Xeriscape comes from the word xeri, which means dry, and scape, which ...
Site Specific Recommendations! Indicates the conditions are not ideal (refer to plant guide and severity of site).HOT DRY ...
More Reasons to Use Native Plants     and Reduce Turfgrass          From the National Wildlife Federation  • 30 percent of...
Native and Drought-Tolerant                               Landscaping SourcesCompiled by the Pahove Chapter, Idaho Native ...
Native Seed Foundation                       Siskiyou Rare Plant NurseryStar Route                                   2825 ...
Literature CitedDennis, F. C. 1999. “Forestry: FireWise Plant Material No.6.305,” Natural Resources Series, Colorado State...
Recommended Reading by Topic and                  Sources of Additional InformationLANDSCAPING                            ...
Photo CreditsWILDFLOWERS                                                         GRASSESAnaphalis margaritacea Ann DeBolt ...
Atriplex canescens (in background), Ann DeBolt                      TREESCercocarpus ledifolius (left) Hilary Parkinson, c...
Index by Growth Form       Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . F...
Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . . . Page ...
Index by Scientific NameScientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...
Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . ....
Xeriscaping Quick Reference Guide - Idaho Native Plants
Xeriscaping Quick Reference Guide - Idaho Native Plants
Xeriscaping Quick Reference Guide - Idaho Native Plants
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Xeriscaping Quick Reference Guide - Idaho Native Plants

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Xeriscaping Quick Reference Guide - Idaho Native Plants

  1. 1. Quick Reference Guide Water Flowering Value to Deciduous/Evergreen Plant Form Sun Needs Season Wildlife(Key to symbols on last page of Quick Reference Guide) Hummingbirds Bees, Insects Butterflies Summer Medium Flower Partial Spring Shade Shrub Grass Color Birds Zone High Tree Low Full Fall DryScientific Name Common NameAcer glabrum Rocky Mountain Maple x x x x x x x gr D 3Acer grandidentatum Big-tooth Maple x x x x x x x x gr D 4Achillea millefolium Western Yarrow x x x x x x x x wh D 3Agave parryi Parry’s Agave x x x x x wh E 4Amelanchier alnifolia Saskatoon Serviceberry x x x x x x x x wh D 4Anaphalis margaritacea Pearly Everlasting x x x x x x x x x wh D 4Andropogon scoparium Little Bluestem x x x x x bl WI 4Antennaria spp. Pussytoes x x x x x pi/wh SE 2Aquilegia caerulea Colorado Blue Columbine x x x x x bl/wh D 2Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine x x x x x x x re, ye D 3Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick x x x x x x pi E 1Artemisia cana Silver Sagebrush x x x x x x x ye SE 3Artemisia frigida Fringed Sagebrush x x x x x ye SE 4Artemisia ludoviciana Louisiana Sage x x x x x ye SE 5Artemisia tridentata Big Sagebrush x x x x x x x ye SE 5Aster spp. Wild Aster x x x x x x pu D 4Atriplex canescens Four-wing Saltbush x x x x x x NA E 4Balsamorhiza sagittata Arrowleaf Balsamroot x x x x x x ye D 3Betula occidentalis Water Birch x x x x x x NA D 3Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama xx x x x x gr 3Buchloe dactyloides Buffalograss xx x x x x gr 4Camassia quamash Blue Camas x x x x x bl D 4Celtis reticulata Netleaf Hackberry x x x x x x x NA D 5Cercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany x x x x x x x x x ye E 4Cercocarpus montanus Birch-leaf Mt Mahogany x x x x x x wh D 4Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fern Bush x x x x x x wh SE 4Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rubber Rabbitbrush x x x x x x x x ye D 3Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus Green Rabbitbrush x x x x x x ye E 3Cornus stolonifera Red-osier Dogwood x x x x x x x x wh D 2Crataegus douglasii Douglas Hawthorn x x x x x x x x wh D 3Echinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower x x x x x x x x pu D 3Elymus elymoides Bottlebrush Squirreltail x x x x x gr E 3Ephedra viridis Mormon Tea x x x x x ye E 5Erigeron compositus Cut-leaf Daisy x x x x x pu SE 3Eriogonum heracleoides Wyeth Buckwheat x x x x x x x cr D 4Eriogonum niveum Snow Buckwheat x x x x x x x wh D 4 27
  2. 2. Quick Reference Guide Water Flowering Value to Deciduous/Evergreen Plant Form Sun Needs Season Wildlife(Key to symbols on last page of Quick Reference Guide) Hummingbirds Bees, Insects Butterflies Summer Medium Flower Partial Spring Shade Shrub Grass Color Birds Zone High Tree Low Full Fall DryScientific Name Common NameEriogonum umbellatum Sulfur Buckwheat x x x x x x ye SE 3-9Eriophyllum lanatum Woolly Sunflowerx x x x x x x ye D 3Fallugia paradoxa Apache Plume x x x x x x wh-ro D 4Festuca idahoensis Idaho Fescue x x x x x x x bl E 4Festuca ovina Sheep Fescue xx x x x x x x x gr WI 5Gaillardia aristata Blanket Flower x x x x x x x x ye,re D 2Geranium viscosissimum Sticky Geranium x x x x x x x x x x pi-pu D 2Geum triflorum Prairie Smoke x x x x x x pi-pu D 2Hesperaloe parviflora Texas Red Yucca x x x x x x x re E 5Ipomopsis or Gilia aggregata Scarlet Gilia x x x x x x re D 2Juniperus occidentalis Western Juniper x x x x x x x NA E 5Krascheninnikovia Winterfat x x x x x NA E 3(Ceratoides) lanataLarix occidentalis Western Larch x x x x x x x NA D 3Leymus cinereus Great Basin Wildrye x x x x x gr WI 3Linum perenne Wild Blue Flax x x x x x x x bl D 4Lupinus argenteus Silver Lupine x x x x x x x bl-wh D 5Mahonia repens Creeping Oregon Grape x x x x x x x ye E 4Oenothera missouriensis Missouri Evening Primrose x x x x x x x x ye D 4 ye,or,Opuntia spp. Prickly Pear Cactus x x x x x x re,pi E 5Oryzopsis hymenoides Indian Ricegrass x x x x x bl WI 5-Penstemon angustifolius Pagoda Penstemon x x x x x x bl D 4Penstemon barbatus Scarlet Bugler x x x x x x re D 4Penstemon cyaneus Dark Blue Penstemon x x x x x x x bl-pu D 5Penstemon deustus Hot Rock Penstemon x x x x x x x cr D 5Penstemon eatonii Firecracker Penstemon x x x x x x re D 4Penstemon fruticosus Shrubby Penstemon x x x x x x x bl-pu SE 5Penstemon palmeri Palmer Penstemon x x x x x x x pi SE 4Penstemon pinifolius Pine-leaf Penstemon x x x x x x x re, ye E 3-Penstemon rydbergii Rydberg’s Penstemon x x x x x x x bl-pu D 2Penstemon speciosus Showy Penstemon x x x x x x x x x pu D 5Penstemon strictus Rocky Mt Penstemon x x x x x x x bl-pu D 4Penstemon venustus Lovely Penstemon x x x x x x x x pu D 5Penstemon whippleanus Whipple’s Penstemon x x x x x x pu-bl D 3Petalostemon purpureum Prairie Clover x x x x x x pu D 3Philadelphus lewisii Mockorange, Syringa x x x x x x x wh D 5 28
  3. 3. Quick Reference Guide Water Flowering Value to Deciduous/Evergreen Plant Form Sun Needs Season Wildlife(Key to symbols on last page of Quick Reference Guide) Hummingbirds Bees, Insects Butterflies Summer Medium Flower Partial Spring Shade Shrub Grass Color Birds Zone High Tree Low Full Fall DryScientific Name Common NamePhysocarpus malvaceus Ninebark x x x x x x wh D 3Picea pungens Blue Spruce x x x x x x x NA E 3Pinus monticola Western White Pine x x x x x x x x NA E 3Pinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine x x x x x x x NA E 4Populus tremuloides Quaking Aspen x x x x x x NA D 2Populus trichocarpa Black Cottonwood x x x x x x NA D 3Potentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil x x x x x x ye D 3Prunus emarginata Bitter Cherry x x x x x x x x wh D 4Prunus virginiana Chokecherry x x x x x x x x x wh D 3Pseudoroegneria spicata Bluebunch Wheatgrass x x x x x gr WI 4Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Fir x x x x x x x NA E 1Purshia tridentata Antelope Bitterbrush x x x x x x x ye SE 4Rhus glabra Smooth Sumac x x x x x x x wh D 4Rhus trilobata Oakleaf Sumac x x x x x x x x ye D 3Ribes aureum Golden Currant x x x x x x x x x ye D 3Ribes sanguineum Red-flowering Currant x x x x x pi-re D 4Rosa woodsii Woods’ Rose x x x x x x x x x pi D 3Sambucus caerulea Blue Elderberry x x x x x x x wh D 3Shepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry x x x x x x x ye D 3Shepherdia canadensis Russet Buffaloberry x x x x x x x ye D 2Solidago spp. Goldenrod x x x x x x x x x ye D 1Sorbus scopulina Rocky Mountain Ash x x x x x x x wh D 4Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert Globemallow x x x x x x or-re D 6Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia Gooseberry-leaf Globemallow x x x x x x x x or-re D 4Sphaeralcea munroana Orange Globemallow x x x x x x x x x re-or D 4Sporobolus cryptandrus Sand Dropseed x x x x x gr WI 4Stanleya pinnata Prince’s Plume x x x x x x ye D 4Symphoricarpos albus Common Snowberry x x x x x x x x pi-wh D 3Yucca glauca Narrowleaf Yucca x x x x x x wh-cr E 3 KEY FOR QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE PLANT FORM COLORS D OR E xx=lawn alternative bl=blue ye=yellow D=Deciduous cr=cream pu=purple E=Evergreen or=orange bl=dark blue WI=Winter Interest pi=pink cr-ye=varies btwn 2 colors SE=Semi-evergreen re=red cr, ye=includes both colors NA=flowers inconspicuous wh=white 29
  4. 4. 30
  5. 5. Landscaping to Reduce the Risk of Wild FiresThe following information is a brief introduction to Anything beyond the 30’ perimeter may still have the“Firewise” concepts in relation to the native plants potential to ignite the house depending on the heat energypresented in this manual. For more comprehensive of the fire. The heat energy will determine the radiantinformation about creating a “Firewise Landscape,” consult energy, flame length and the creation of firebrands, whichyour local BLM, Forest Service Office, or fire department. can directly ignite the house. Heat energy is defined as “the amount, arrangement and rate of combustion of theIf your property is adjacent to the foothills, or other dry vegetative fuels” (www.firewise.org). The arrangement ofwildlands, assess whether your landscape design will help the plants can play a crucial role. For example, a hedge ofor hinder flames from reaching your home. The junipers on a property line that leads up to the corner of aflammability of the home’s exterior, façade and roof (brick, house will form a direct line like a fuse to ignite the home.stucco, concrete vs. wood, etc.) may play the biggest role in Breaking up clumps or hedges of flammable plant materialthe home’s risk, but additional issues must be considered as will help break the momentum of the fire. The rate ofwell. These include the amount of flammable material combustion of vegetative fuels will decrease the more watersurrounding the home, the property’s slope, location and that plants retain, and increase if the plants are aromatic orprevailing winds. contains oils. Salt content will decrease the rate of combustion.To reduce flammable material and conserve water at thesame time, create landscaping zones around your home. Additional factors that determine combustion rates are theThe first zone should be a 30-foot perimeter immediately plants height and density. A shorter, squatter stature will notsurrounding the structure that should receive the highest burn as rapidly as a tall one. Plants with an open branchingamount of irrigation to stay green during the hottest pattern will not burn as fast as those with a tight densemonths. Fire officials term this “defensible space” and pattern, like a juniper (Dennis 1999). Many conifers such asrecommend that this 30 feet be relatively clear so that they cypress, cedar, juniper, and pine tend to be highlycan access the area and maneuver easily. Trees should be flammable due to their high oil content and small leaf size,routinely cleaned of dead branches and trimmed back from but limbing them up 10’ may reduce their chances ofthe roof. All dried plant material, leaves etc., should be ignition (Wilders 2002). A better choice is the broadleafswept away to reduce potential sources of fuel. deciduous trees such as maple, poplar, willows, etc. Examples of highly combustible plants, or pyrophytes, are listed in the table below, along with some alternatives.The alternatives are not in any way fireproof. They are fire retardant, meaning they may slow rather than accelerate the rateof the fire.Highly Combustible Plants AlternativesBold means extremely combustible (Same cultural requirements and similar either in size or form) SHRUBS AND GROUNDCOVERSYarrow (Achillea spp.) (aromatic, and may dry out in summer) Lewis Flax (Linum lewisii), Evening Primrose (Oenothera spp.)Algerian Ivy (Hedera canariensis) Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia spp.)Sagebrush (Artemisia spp.) (aromatic) Saltbush (Atriplex spp.), Red Yucca (Hesperaloe parviflora)Brooms (Genista) Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), Buckwheat (Eriogonum spp.)Herbs (Lavender, Rosemary, etc.) Buckwheat (Eriogonum spp.), Apache Plume (Fallugia paradoxa)Juniper (Juniperus spp.) Oregon Grape (Mahonia spp.), Wild Rose (Rosa woodsii), Oakleaf Sumac (Rhus trilobata), Currant (Ribes spp.), Mockorange (Philadelphus lewisii)Santolina (Santolina spp.) Narrowleaf Yucca (Yucca glauca), Silver Lupine (Lupinus argenteus) GRASSESBamboo spp. (Phyllostachys, Bambusa) Bluebunch Wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria spicata),Maiden Grass/Silver Grass (Miscanthus) Sand Dropseed (Sporobolus cryptandrus), Buffalo Grass (Buchloe dactyloides), Sandberg Bluegrass (Poa secunda)Fountain Grass (Pennisetum)Some of the plants listed here were provided by FireSafe Council of Nevada County or by Colorado State University’s FireWise Plant Materials No. 6.305. 31
  6. 6. Additional alternatives, particularly for the 30’ perimeterimmediately around the home, are succulents such as Hensand Chicks (Sempervivum spp.), cactus, and sedum. Theycan retain water and are low-growing, preventing theformation of a “ladder” for the fire to reach your home.Colorado State University Cooperative Extension (1999)has written a brochure on Firewise Plant Material thatincludes a much longer list of fire retardant plantsdeveloped by Phil Hoefer of the Forest Service.The brochure is No 6.305 of the Natural Resource Seriesor it can be accessed on line athttp://www.co.pueblo.co.us/fire/plants.pdfAdditional notes: While swimming pools or pondsconsume a great deal of water, they can be helpful in fireprevention when positioned appropriately. Because the firewill move most rapidly uphill they are most effective whenplaced on the downward slope to provide a barrier betweenthe pool and the home. The surrounding hardscape, (walls,steps, etc.) should be constructed to allow firemen and firetrucks access to the water. Wooden trellises, decks, andpatios can become a bridge for flames to reach your home:try to use masonry, or wood with a 2-hour fire-resistiverating as specified in the UBC. Fencing: single strand wirefence or masonry are alternatives to the more flammablepost and rail. Keep wood piles well away from the home’sperimeter. Clean rooftops and gutters of debris, particularlypine needles and other dried plant material. 32
  7. 7. From the The Xeriscape Flower Gardener (Knopf 1991).Xeriscape comes from the word xeri, which means dry, and scape, which means vista. The Seven Principles of Xeriscape 1) Plant and Design comprehensively from the beginning. 2) Create practical turf areas of manageable sizes, shapes, and appropriate grasses. 3) Use appropriate plants and zone the landscape according to the water needs of the plants. 4) Consider improving the soil with organic matter like compost or manure. 5) Consider using mulches such as wood chips. 6) Irrigate efficiently with properly designed systems (including hose-end equipment) and by applying the right amount of water at the right time. 7) Maintain the landscape appropriately by mowing, pruning, and fertilizing properly. 33
  8. 8. Site Specific Recommendations! Indicates the conditions are not ideal (refer to plant guide and severity of site).HOT DRY EXPOSURE INVASIVE ORNAMENTALS: DO NOT PLANTWildflowers (shrubs continued) (moist shade cont.) (Plants that escape cultivation, become weedy,Agave parryi Chamaebatiaria millefolium Shrubs and out compete native plants)Anaphalis margaritacea Ephedra spp. Acer glabrumErigeron compositus Fallugia paradoxa Amelanchier alnifolia!Hesperaloe parviflora Juniperus occidentalis Cornus stolonifera Centaurea cyanus Bachelor Buttons/Cornflower*Ipomopsis aggregata Krascheninnikovia lanata Ribes sanguineum! Centaurea maculosa Spotted KnapweedLinum perenne Purshia tridentata Centaurea pratensis Meadow KnapweedOenothera missouriensis Rhus trilobata Trees Cichorium intybus ChicoryOpuntia spp. Rosa woodsii Acer grandidentaum Cytisus scoparius Scotch Broom*Penstemon angustifolius Shepherdia canadensis Picea pungens! Delospermum Ice Plant (highly invasive in CA)*Pensetmon barbatus Populus tremuloides Elaeagnus augustifolia Russian-Olive*Penstemon cyaneus Trees Pseudotsuga menziesii Euphorbia cyaparissias Cypress SpurgePenstemon eatonii Celtis reticulata Euphorbia myrsinites Myrtle Spurge*Penstemon palmeri Pinus ponderosa COLORFUL FALL FOLIAGE Hesperis matronalis Dame’s RocketPenstemon pinifolius Pinus edulis Grasses Hieracium aurantiacum Orange HawkweedPetalostemon purpureum Festuca spp. Hyoscyamus niger Black HenbaneSphaeralcea spp. DRY SHADE Leymus cinereus Hypericum perforatum St. Johnswort*Sphaeralcea munroana Grasses Lepidium latifolium Perennial PepperweedStanleya pinnata Festuca ovina Shrubs Linaria vulgaris Yellow toadflaxYucca glauca Acer glabrum Lythrum salicari,L. virgatum Purple Loosestrife*Grasses Shrubs Amelanchier alnifolia Potentilla recta Sulfur Cinquefoil*Bouteloua gracilis Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Physocarpus malvaceus Saponaria officinalis Bouncingbet*Buchloe dactyloides Mahonia repens Rhus trilobata Tamarix parviflora, T. ramosissima SaltcedarElymus elymoides Philadelphus lewisii! Ribes aureumFestuca ovina Physocarpus malvaceus! *Widely available at nurseries in Boise, ID andLeymus cinereus Symphoricarpos albus! Trees surrounding vicinity at time of publicationOryzopsis hymenoides Acer grandidentatumPseudoroegneria spicata MOIST SHADE Larix occidentalisSporobolus cryptandrus Wildflowers Populus tremuloides Aquilegia caerulea Populus trichocarpaShrubs Aquilegia formosa Sorbus scopulinaChrysothamnus spp. Geranium viscossisimumArtemisia canaArtemisia tridentata GrassesAtriplex canescens Festuca idahoensis!Cercocarpus ledifolius 34
  9. 9. More Reasons to Use Native Plants and Reduce Turfgrass From the National Wildlife Federation • 30 percent of water consumed on the East Coast goes to watering lawns; 60 percent on the West Coast. (Redesigning the American Lawn) • A 1000 square foot lawn requires 10,000 gallons of water per summer to maintain a “green” look. (U.S. News and World Report, 10/28/96) • Eighteen percent of municipal solid waste collected is composed of organic yard waste. This is 31 million tons a year. (EPA’s Consumer Handbook for Reducing Solid Waste) • The average suburban lawn is deluged with ten times as much chemical pesticide per acre as farmland. (Yale Graduate Study) • In the Mississippi watershed, a study found that 44 percent of nitrogen and 28 percent of phosphorous applied ends up washed into the Mississippi River, and eventually the Gulf of Mexico, causing significant environmental problems. • A lawn mower emits as much hydrocarbon in one hour as a typical auto driven 50 miles. One hour of chain saw operation equates to the emissions of an auto driven 200 miles. (National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Lab, Ann Arbor) • Per hour of operation, a lawn mower emits 10-12 times as much hydrocarbon as a typical auto; a string trimmer emits 21 times more and a leaf blower 34 times more. • A typical four-stroke lawnmower spends 40 hour per year – the equivalent of a one-week vacation – mowing the lawn. • Harmful invasive plants out-compete native plants, reducing biodiversity and habitat value. For example, kudzu now covers more than 7 million acres in the U.S., mostly in the Southeast. (USFWS) • It costs an average of $700 per acre per year to maintain a lawn; a wildflower meadow costs $30/acre. 35
  10. 10. Native and Drought-Tolerant Landscaping SourcesCompiled by the Pahove Chapter, Idaho Native Plant High Altitude GardensSociety. Inclusion on this list is not necessarily an P.O. Box 4238endorsement by INPS or others involved in the Ketchum, ID 83340development of this publication. (800) 874-7333 http://www.seedsave.org/Buffalo-Berry FarmP.O. Box 749 High Country GardensLake Fork, ID 83635 2902 Rufina Street(208) 634-3062 Santa Fe, NM 87505 1-800-925-9387Clifty View Nursery http://www.highcountrygardens.comRt. 1, Box 509Bonners Ferry, ID 83805 Idaho State Nursery(208) 267-7129 University of Idaho Moscow, ID 83843Cly Robbins Seed Co. (208) 885-7023P.0. Box 2366Castro Valley, CA 94546 Jacklin Seed Co. 17300 Jacklin Ave.Cusheon Creek Nursery Post Falls, ID175 Stewart Rd.Salt Spring Island , BC V8K 2C4 Canada Jayker Wholesale NurseryE-mail: cusheoncreek@saltspring.com 801 E. Beacon Light Roadhttp://www.com/~amdigest/cusheon.htm Eagle, ID 83616 (208) 939-9639 or 939-0014Earthly Goods620 East Main Street Lawyer NurseryNew Albany, IN 47150 Rt. 2, Box 9524-hour phone/fax: (812) 944-2903 Plains, MT 59859(812) 944-3283 http://www.earthlygoods.com (406) 826-3881Freshwater Farms/North Coast Native Seed Bank Maple Leaf Industries, Inc.5851 Myrtle Avenue Box 496Eureka, CA 95503-9510 USA Ephraim, UT 84627(800) 200-8969 Fax: (707) 442-2490 (801) 283-4701E-mail: r.storre@worldnet.att.nethttp://www.freshwaterfarms.com/ Maxwelton Valley Gardens 3443 E. French RoadForest Farm Clinton, WA 98236 USA990 Tetherow Rd. (360) 579-1770 Fax: (360) 579-1496Williams, OR 97544 http://www.whidbey.com/mvg/(541) 846-6963http://www.forestfarm.com Mountain States Wholesale Nursery P.O. Box 2500Granite Seed Litchfield Park, Arizona 85340-25001697 West 2100 North (623) 247-8509 (800) 840-8509Lehi, UT 84043 http://www.mswn.com/index2.htm(801) 768-4422 or 531-1456 Moss GreenhousesGreat Basin Native Plants 269 South 100 East75 West 300 South Jerome, ID 83338Holden, UT 84636 (208) 324-8325(801) 768-4422E-mail: Gbn@gbasin.com 36
  11. 11. Native Seed Foundation Siskiyou Rare Plant NurseryStar Route 2825 Cummings RoadMoyie Springs, ID 83845 Medford, OR 97501(208) 267-7938 http://www.srpn.netNative Origins Nursery Sound Native Plants1129 Water Street PO Box 10155Raymond, WA 98577 USA Olympia, WA 98502 USA(360) 942-0027 Fax: (360) 942-6060 (360) 866-1046 Fax: (360) 943-7026E-mail: maryann@willapabay.org Stevenson Intermountain SeedNatives Northwest P.O. Box 2190 Aldrich Rd. Ephraim, UT 84627Mossyrock, WA 98564 USA (801) 283-6639(360) 983-3138 Fax: (360) 491-6904 Sun Mountain Native SeedsNature’s Enhancement Rt. 12980 Eastside Highway Eagle, ID 83616Stevensville, MT 59870 (208) 286-7004(406) 777-3560 Wildland NurseryNorth American Rock Garden Society 550 North Highway 89P.O Box 67 Joseph, UT 84739Millwood, NY 10546 USA http://www.wildlandnursery.com/http://www.mobot.org/NARGS/ Wind River SeedPlants of the Southwest Route 1, Box 971812 Second Street Manderson, WY 82432Santa Fe, NM 87501 (307) 568-3361http://www.plantsofthesouthwest.com Wood’s Native PlantsPlants of the Wild 5740 Berry DriveDivision of Palouse Seed Parkdale, OR 97041 USAP.O. Box 866 (503) 352-7497Tekoa, WA 99033(509) 284-2848Plato NurseryHCR 60, Box 1Bonners Ferry, ID 83805(208) 267-3742Progressive Plants9180 South Wasatch BlvdSandy, UT 84093(801) 942-7333Rainier Seeds, Inc.1404 Fourth St.Davenport, WA 99122(509) 725-1235 (800) 828-8873Sevenoaks Native Nursery2320 NW Huntington DriveCorvallis, OR 97330 USAPhone: 541-745-5540 Fax: 541-745-5540 37
  12. 12. Literature CitedDennis, F. C. 1999. “Forestry: FireWise Plant Material No.6.305,” Natural Resources Series, Colorado State UniversityCooperative Extension.http://www.co.pueblo.co.us/fire/plants.pdfDenver Water. 1998. Xeriscape Plant Guide. AmericanWater Works Association. Fulcrum Publishing.Hitchcock, C. L. and Cronquist, A. 2001. Flora of thePacific Northwest: An Illustrated Manual. University OfWashington Press, Seattle.Knopf, J. 1991. The Xeriscape Flower Gardener. JohnsonBooks, Boulder, CO.Kruckeberg, A. 1993. Gardening with Native Plants of thePacific Northwest: An Illustrated Guide. University ofWashington Press, Seattle.Mozingo, H. 1987. Shrubs of the Great Basin. University ofNevada Press, Las Vegas.Nold, R. 1999. Penstemons. Timber Press, Portland, OR.Ogle, D.G., compiler. 1997. Plant Guide Handbook.Natural Resource Conservation Service, Boise, ID. No pagenumbers.O’Keefe, J. 1992. Water-Conserving Gardens andLandscapes. Storey Publishing, Pownal, Vermont.Phillips, W. H. 1998. Canyon Country Wildflowers. FalconPublishing Co, Inc., Helena, MT.Phillips, W. H. 1999. Central Rocky Mountain Wildflowers.Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, Connecticut.Phillips, W. H. 2003. Plants of the Lewis and ClarkExpedition. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula,MT.Strickler, D. 1997. Northwest Penstemons. Flower Press,Columbia Falls, MT.www.firewise.orgUnited States Department of Agriculture, Natural ResourcesConservation Service PLANTS Database. August 2003.http://plants.usda.gov/index.html 38
  13. 13. Recommended Reading by Topic and Sources of Additional InformationLANDSCAPING Pyle, R. M. 1974. Watching Washington Butterflies: AnBormann, H., Balmori, D. and Geballe, G. 2001. Interpretive Guide to the State’s 134 Species, IncludingRedesigning the American Lawn: A Search for Most of the Butterflies of Oregon, Idaho and BritishEnvironmental Harmony, Second Edition. Yale University Columbia. Seattle Audobon Society, Seattle.Press, New Haven, CT. Xerces Society. Smithsonian Institute. Sierra Club Books.Denver Water. 1998. Xeriscape Plant Guide. American 1998. Butterfly Gardening: Creating Summer Magic in YourWater Works Association. Fulcrum Publishing. Garden, 2nd Edition. Sierra Club Books, San Francisco.Knopf, J. 1991. The Xeriscape Flower Gardener. Johnson USEFUL ORGANIZATIONS AND WEBSITESBooks, Boulder, CO. Drip Irrigation Source (offers a free catalogue withKruckeberg, A. 1993. Gardening with Native Plants of the instructions) http://www.dripworksusa.com/Pacific Northwest: An Illustrated Guide: University of Drip Irrigation Solutions from Netafim USA (uses thickWashington Press, Seattle. tubing to prevent clogs)Mee, W., Barnes, J., Sutton, R., Kjelgren, R., Cerny, T. and http://www.netafim-usa.com/Johnson, C. 2003. Water Wise: Native Plants for Drip Store Online (offers pre-packaged kits and tutorials)Intermountain Landscapes. Utah State University Press, http://www.dripirrigation.com/Logan, UT. A Source Book on Natural Landscaping for Public OfficialsO’Keefe, J. 1992. Water-Conserving Gardens and http://www.epa.gov/greenacres/toolkit/about.htmlLandscapes. Storey Publishing, Pownal, Vermont, 1992. Center for Invasive Plant ManagementREFERENCE GUIDES http://www.weedcenter.org/info/info.htmlHitchcock, C. L. and Cronquist, A. 2001. Flora of the Idaho Native Plant Society www.idahonativeplants.orgPacific Northwest: An Illustrated Manual. University OfWashington Press, Seattle. Forest Service http://www.fs.fed.us/psw/publications/documents/Mozingo, H. 1987. Shrubs of the Great Basin. University of gtr-050/accessories.htmlNevada Press, Las Vegas. National Wildlife Federation www.nwf.orgNold, R. 1999. Penstemons. Timber Press, Portland. Native Plant Network www.nativeplantnetwork.orgPhillips, W. H. 1998. Canyon Country Wildflowers. FalconPublishing Co, Inc., Helena, MT. NRCS (Natural Resources Conservation Service) PLANTS Database http://plants.usda.gov/index.htmlPhillips, W. H. 1999. Central Rocky Mountain Wildflowers.Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, Connecticut. S.A.L.T: Smaller American Lawns Today http://arboretum.conncoll.edu/salt/salt.htmlPhillips, W. H. 2003. Plants of the Lewis and ClarkExpedition. Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula, “Sustainable Landscaping: The Hidden Impacts ofMT. Gardens” http://www.epa.gov/greenacres/smithsonian.pdfStrickler, D. 1997. Northwest Penstemons. Flower Press, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, RockyColumbia Falls, MT. Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (August 2003). Fire Effects Information System:Taylor, R. J. and Ort, K. 2003. Sagebrush Country: A http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/Wildlife Sanctuary. Mountain Press Publishing Company,Missoula, Montana. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Green Landscaping with Native Plants http://www.epa.gov/greenacres/LANDSCAPING FOR WILDLIFE U.S. Fire Administration SiteAdams, G. M. 1998. Birdscaping Your Garden: A Practical http://www.usfa.fema.gov/public/factsheets/landscape.shtmGuide to Backyard Birds and the Plants That Attract Them.Rodale Press, Emmaus, PA. Wild Ones-Natural Landscapers, Ltd. www.for-wild.orgEllis, B. 1997. Taylor’s Weekend Gardening Guide to Wilders, Tineke. (June 7, 2002). “California Gardens:Attracting Birds and Butterflies: How to Plant a Backyard prepare for fire season with low-fuel plants” North CountyHabitat to Attract Hummingbirds and Other Winged Times.Wildlife. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. http://www.nctimes.net/news/2002/20020607/92231.html 39
  14. 14. Photo CreditsWILDFLOWERS GRASSESAnaphalis margaritacea Ann DeBolt Achnatherum hymenoides Gary A. Monroe @ USDA- NRCS PLANTS Database.Aquilegia caerulea Hilary Parkinson Achnatherum hymenoides USDA-NRCS PLANTSAster spp. Ann DeBolt Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. IllustratedBalsamorhiza sagittata Hilary Parkinson flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 174.Camassia quamash Ann DeBolt Andropogon scoparium (left) USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. ManualErigeron compositus Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCS of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No.PLANTS Database. 200. Washington, DC.Eriogonum heracleoides Ann DeBolt Bouteloua gracilis (right) USDA-NRCS PLANTSEriogonum umbellatum with dark yellow flowers (left), Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. ManualE. heracleoides with creamy flowers (right) Ann DeBolt. of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No. 200. Washington, DC.Eriophyllum lanatum Gary A. Monroe @ USDA-NRCSPLANTS Database. Buchloe dactyloides (left), USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. IllustratedGeum triflorum in bud (left), seed head (right) Gary A. flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 231.Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Elymus elymoides (right) USDA-NRCS PLANTSHesperaloe parviflora foliage (left), summer flowers (right) Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. ManualJ.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No.Ipomopsis aggregata Ann DeBolt 200. Washington, DC.Linum perenne Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA-NRCS Festuca idahoensis (left) USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database:PLANTS Database. Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. Manual of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No. 200.Lupinus argenteus Ann DeBolt Washington, DC.Opuntia spp. W.L. Wagner @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Festuca ovina (right) USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database /Database. Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of thePenstemon eatonii Hilary Parkinson northern states and Canada. Vol. 1: 271.Penstemon palmeri Hilary Parkinson Leymus cinereus early June (left), same species in late winter (right) Hilary Parkinson.Penstemon pinifolius close-up (left), en masse at 3+ yrs(right) Ann DeBolt. Pseudoroegneria spicata (left) USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. ManualPenstemon rydbergii James L. Reveal @ USDA-NRCS of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No.PLANTS Database. 200. Washington, DC.Penstemon speciosus Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA- Sporobolus cryptandrus (right) USDA-NRCS PLANTSNRCS PLANTS Database. Database / Hitchcock, A.S. (rev. A. Chase). 1950. ManualPetalostemon purpureum W.L. Wagner (left); Larry Allain of the grasses of the United States. USDA Misc. Publ. No.(right) @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. 200. Washington, DC.Sphaeralcea spp. Hilary Parkinson SHRUBSStanleya pinnata Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA- Acer glabrum USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Britton,NRCS PLANTS Database. N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 497.Yucca glauca Clarence A. Rechenthin @ USDA-NRCSPLANTS Database. Amelanchier alnifolia Hilary Parkinson Arctostaphylos uva-ursi over rock wall (left), close up of foliage and fruit (right) Ann DeBolt. Artemisia cana Ann DeBolt Artemisia frigida Hilary Parkinson 40
  15. 15. Atriplex canescens (in background), Ann DeBolt TREESCercocarpus ledifolius (left) Hilary Parkinson, closeup of Picea pungens USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman,leaves (right) Ann DeBolt. D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSUChamaebatiaria millefolium Ann DeBolt Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND.Crataegus douglasii USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Pinus edulis J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTSBritton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the Database.northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 321. Pinus ponderosa USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database /Ephedra viridis USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database Herman, D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook.Fallugia paradoxa W.L. Wagner @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS USDA NRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee;Database (both). NDSU Extension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND.Krascheninnikovia (Ceratoides) lanata (left) Gary A.Monroe @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Populus tremuloides Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913. Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 1:Krascheninnikovia (Ceratoides) lanata (right) Britton, N.L., 590. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.and A. Brown. USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database, 1913.Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2: Populus trichocarpa J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS20. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. PLANTS Database.Philadelphus lewisii Ann DeBolt Pseudotsuga menziesii J.S. Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (both).Potentilla fruticosa Ann DeBolt Cover photo: Zeland Studio, 615 Fort Street, Boise, Idaho.Prunus emarginata in flower (left), in fruit (right) Brother Ann DeBolt.Alfred Brousseau @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.Purshia tridentata Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.Rhus glabra F. Larry Allain @ USDA-NRCS PLANTSDatabase.Rhus glabra USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / Herman,D.E. et al. 1996. North Dakota tree handbook. USDANRCS ND State Soil Conservation Committee; NDSUExtension and Western Area Power Admin., Bismarck, ND.Rhus trilobata W.L. Wagner. @ USDA-NRCS PLANTSDatabase.Ribes aureum Hilary ParkinsonRibes sanguineum Brother Alfred Brousseau @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database.Sambucus cerulea flowers (left) and fruit (right) J.S.Peterson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database .Shepherdia argentea Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database, 1913. Illustrated flora of thenorthern states and Canada. Vol. 2: 577. Courtesy ofKentucky Native Plant Society.Shepherdia canadensis Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913.Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 2:576. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society.Symphoricarpos albus Britton, N.L., and A. Brown. 1913.Illustrated flora of the northern states and Canada. Vol. 3:276. Courtesy of Kentucky Native Plant Society. 41
  16. 16. Index by Growth Form Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . . . Page NumberWILDFLOWERS1 Achillea millefolium . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Yarrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Agave parryi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parry’s Agave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agavaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Anaphalis margaritacea . . . . . . . . . . Pearly Everlasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Antennaria spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pussytoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Aquilegia caerulea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colorado Blue Columbine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ranunculaceae . . . . . . . . 46 Aquilegia formosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Columbine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ranunculaceae . . . . . . . . 47 Aster spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild Aster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 48 Balsamorhiza sagittata . . . . . . . . . . . Arrowleaf Balsamroot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 49 Camassia quamash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Camas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liliaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 410 Echinacea purpurea . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purple Coneflower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 511 Erigeron compositus . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cut-leaf Daisy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 512 Eriogonum heracleoides . . . . . . . . . . Wyeth Buckwheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 513 Eriogonum niveum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Snow Buckwheat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 514 Eriogonum umbellatum . . . . . . . . . . . Sulfur Buckwheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 615 Eriophyllum lanatum. . . . . . . . . . . . . Woolly Sunflower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 616 Gaillardia aristata. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blanket Flower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 617 Geranium viscosissimum . . . . . . . . . . Sticky Geranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geraniaceae. . . . . . . . . . . 618 Geum triflorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prairie Smoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619 Hesperaloe parviflora . . . . . . . . . . . . Texas Red Yucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agavaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 620 Ipomopsis aggregata . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scarlet Gilia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polemoniaceae . . . . . . . . 721 Linum perenne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild Blue Flax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Linaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 722 Lupinus argenteus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Lupine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 723 Oenothera missouriensis . . . . . . . . . . Missouri Evening Primrose . . . . . . . . . . . . . Onagraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 724 Opuntia spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prickly Pear Cactus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cactaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 825 Penstemon angustifolius . . . . . . . . . . Pagoda Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 826 Penstemon barbatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scarlet Bugler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 827 Penstemon cyaneus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dark Blue Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 828 Penstemon deustus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hot Rock Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 829 Penstemon eatonii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Firecracker Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 930 Penstemon fruticosus . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shrubby Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 931 Penstemon palmeri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Palmer Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 932 Penstemon pinifolius . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pine-leaf Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 933 Penstemon rydbergii . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rydberg’s Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 934 Penstemon speciosus . . . . . . . . . . . . . Showy Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 1035 Penstemon strictus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 1036 Penstemon venustus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lovely Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 1037 Penstemon whippleanus. . . . . . . . . . . Whipple’s Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 1038 Petalostemon purpureum . . . . . . . . . . Prairie Clover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1039 Solidago spp.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goldenrod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1140 Sphaeralcea ambigua . . . . . . . . . . . . Desert Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1141 Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia . . . . . . . Gooseberry-leaf Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1142 Sphaeralcea munroana . . . . . . . . . . . Orange Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1143 Stanleya pinnata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prince’s Plume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brassicaceae. . . . . . . . . . 1144 Yucca glauca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Narrowleaf Yucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liliaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 12GRASSES45 Achnatherum hymenoides . . . . . . . . . Indian Ricegrass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1346 Andropogon scoparium . . . . . . . . . . . Little Bluestem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1347 Bouteloua gracilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Grama. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1348 Buchloe dactyloides. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buffalograss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1449 Elymus elymoides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottlebrush Squirreltail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1450 Festuca idahoensis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Idaho Fescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1451 Festuca ovina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheep Fescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 42
  17. 17. Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . . . Page Number52 Leymus cinereus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Great Basin Wildrye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1553 Pseudoroegneria spicata . . . . . . . . . Bluebunch Wheatgrass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1554 Sporobolus cryptandrus . . . . . . . . . . Sand Dropseed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15SHRUBS55 Acer glabrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Maple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aceraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 1656 Amelanchier alnifolia . . . . . . . . . . . . Saskatoon Serviceberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1657 Arctostaphylos uva-ursi . . . . . . . . . . . Kinnikinnick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ericaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1658 Artemisia cana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Sagebrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1659 Artemisia frigida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fringed Sagebrush. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1760 Artemisia ludoviciana . . . . . . . . . . . . Louisiana Sage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1761 Artemisia tridentata. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Big Sagebrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1762 Atriplex canescens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Four-wing Saltbush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chenopodiaceae . . . . . . . 1763 Cercocarpus ledifolius. . . . . . . . . . . . Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1864 Cercocarpus montanus . . . . . . . . . . . Birch-leaf Mountain Mahogany. . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1865 Chamaebatiaria millefolium . . . . . . . Fern Bush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1866 Chrysothamnus nauseosus. . . . . . . . . Rubber Rabbitbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1867 Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus . . . . . . . Green Rabbitbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1968 Cornus stolonifera. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red-osier Dogwood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cornaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 1969 Crataegus douglasii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . Douglas Hawthorn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1970 Ephedra viridis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mormon Tea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ephedraceae . . . . . . . . . . 1971 Fallugia paradoxa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apache Plume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 1972 Krascheninnikovia lanata . . . . . . . . . Winterfat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chenopodiaceae . . . . . . . 2073 Mahonia repens. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creeping Oregon Grape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Berberidaceae. . . . . . . . . 2074 Philadelphus lewisii . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mockorange, Syringa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrangeaceae . . . . . . . . 2075 Physocarpus malvaceus. . . . . . . . . . . Ninebark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2076 Potentilla fruticosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shrubby Cinquefoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2077 Prunus emarginata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bitter Cherry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2178 Prunus virginiana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chokecherry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2179 Purshia tridentata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antelope Bitterbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2180 Rhus glabra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smooth Sumac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anacardiaceae . . . . . . . . 2181 Rhus trilobata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oakleaf Sumac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anacardiaceae . . . . . . . . 2282 Ribes aureum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Golden Currant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grossulariaceae . . . . . . . 2283 Ribes sanguineum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red-flowering Currant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grossulariaceae . . . . . . . 2284 Rosa woodsii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woods’ Rose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2285 Sambucus caerulea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Elderberry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caprifoliaceae . . . . . . . . 2386 Shepherdia argentea . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Buffaloberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elaeagnaceae . . . . . . . . . 2387 Shepherdia canadensis . . . . . . . . . . . Russet Buffaloberry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elaeagnaceae . . . . . . . . . 2388 Symphoricarpos albus . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Snowberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caprifoliaceae . . . . . . . . 23TREES89 Acer grandidentatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . Big-tooth Maple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aceraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 2490 Betula occidentalis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water Birch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Betulaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 2491 Celtis reticulata. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netleaf Hackberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ulmaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 2492 Juniperus occidentalis . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Juniper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cupressaceae . . . . . . . . . 2493 Larix occidentalis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Larch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2494 Picea pungens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Spruce. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2495 Pinus edulis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinyon Pine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2596 Pinus monticola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western White Pine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2597 Pinus ponderosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ponderosa Pine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 2598 Populus tremuloides . . . . . . . . . . . . . Quaking Aspen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salicaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 2599 Populus trichocarpa . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black Cottonwood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salicaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 26100 Pseudotsuga menziesii. . . . . . . . . . . . Douglas Fir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 26101 Sorbus scopulina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Ash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 43
  18. 18. Index by Scientific NameScientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . . . Page NumberAcer glabrum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Maple. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aceraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 16Acer grandidentatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Big-tooth Maple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Aceraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 24Achillea millefolium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Yarrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 3Achnatherum hymenoides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Indian Ricegrass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Agave parryi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Parry’s Agave . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agavaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 3Amelanchier alnifolia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Saskatoon Serviceberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Anaphalis margaritacea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pearly Everlasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 3Andropogon scoparium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Little Bluestem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Antennaria spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pussytoes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 3Aquilegia caerulea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Colorado Blue Columbine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ranunculaceae . . . . . . . . 4Aquilegia formosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Columbine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ranunculaceae . . . . . . . . 4Arctostaphylos uva-ursi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kinnikinnick . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ericaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Artemisia cana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Sagebrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 16Artemisia frigida . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fringed Sagebrush. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 17Artemisia ludoviciana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Louisiana Sage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 17Artemisia tridentata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Big Sagebrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 17Aster spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild Aster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 4Atriplex canescens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Four-wing Saltbush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chenopodiaceae . . . . . . . 17Balsamorhiza sagittata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Arrowleaf Balsamroot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 4Betula occidentalis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Water Birch. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Betulaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 24Bouteloua gracilis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Grama. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Buchloe dactyloides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Buffalograss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Camassia quamash . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Camas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liliaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4Celtis reticulata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Netleaf Hackberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ulmaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Cercocarpus ledifolius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Cercocarpus montanus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Birch-leaf Mountain Mahogany. . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Chamaebatiaria millefolium . . . . . . . . . . . . Fern Bush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 18Chrysothamnus nauseosus . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rubber Rabbitbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 18Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus. . . . . . . . . . . . Green Rabbitbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 19Cornus stolonifera . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red-osier Dogwood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cornaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 19Crataegus douglasii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Douglas Hawthorn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Echinacea purpurea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Purple Coneflower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 5Elymus elymoides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bottlebrush Squirreltail . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Ephedra viridis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mormon Tea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ephedraceae . . . . . . . . . . 19Erigeron compositus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cut-leaf Daisy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 5Eriogonum heracleoides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wyeth Buckwheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 5Eriogonum niveum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Snow Buckwheat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 5Eriogonum umbellatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sulfur Buckwheat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polygonaceae . . . . . . . . . 6Eriophyllum lanatum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woolly Sunflower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 6Fallugia paradoxa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Apache Plume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 19Festuca idahoensis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Idaho Fescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Festuca ovina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sheep Fescue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Gaillardia aristata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blanket Flower . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 6Geranium viscosissimum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sticky Geranium . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Geraniaceae. . . . . . . . . . . 6Geum triflorum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prairie Smoke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6Hesperaloe parviflora. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Texas Red Yucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Agavaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . 6Ipomopsis aggregata. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scarlet Gilia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Polemoniaceae . . . . . . . . 7Juniperus occidentalis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Juniper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cupressaceae . . . . . . . . . 24Krascheninnikovia lanata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Winterfat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chenopodiaceae . . . . . . . 20Larix occidentalis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western Larch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Leymus cinereus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Great Basin Wildrye . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Linum perenne . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Wild Blue Flax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Linaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Lupinus argenteus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Lupine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7Mahonia repens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Creeping Oregon Grape. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Berberidaceae. . . . . . . . . 20 44
  19. 19. Scientific Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Family . . . . . . . . Page NumberOenothera missouriensis. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Missouri Evening Primrose . . . . . . . . . . . . . Onagraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 7Opuntia spp.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prickly Pear Cactus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Cactaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 8Penstemon angustifolius . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pagoda Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 8Penstemon barbatus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scarlet Bugler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 8Penstemon cyaneus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dark Blue Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 8Penstemon deustus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hot Rock Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 8Penstemon eatonii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Firecracker Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 9Penstemon fruticosus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shrubby Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 9Penstemon palmeri . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Palmer Penstemon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 9Penstemon pinifolius. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pine-leaf Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 9Penstemon rydbergii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rydberg’s Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . . 9Penstemon speciosus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Showy Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 10Penstemon strictus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 10Penstemon venustus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Lovely Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 10Penstemon whippleanus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Whipple’s Penstemon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Scrophulariaceae . . . . . . 10Petalostemon purpureum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prairie Clover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Fabaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Philadelphus lewisii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mockorange, Syringa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hydrangeaceae . . . . . . . . 20Physocarpus malvaceus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ninebark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Picea pungens . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Spruce. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 24Pinus edulis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinyon Pine. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Pinus monticola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Western White Pine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Pinus ponderosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ponderosa Pine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 25Populus tremuloides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Quaking Aspen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salicaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 25Populus trichocarpa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Black Cottonwood. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Salicaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 26Potentilla fruticosa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Shrubby Cinquefoil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 20Prunus emarginata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bitter Cherry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Prunus virginiana. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Chokecherry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Pseudoroegneria spicata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Bluebunch Wheatgrass . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Pseudotsuga menziesii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Douglas Fir . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Pinaceae. . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Purshia tridentata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Antelope Bitterbrush . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 21Rhus glabra . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Smooth Sumac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anacardiaceae . . . . . . . . 21Rhus trilobata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Oakleaf Sumac . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anacardiaceae . . . . . . . . 22Ribes aureum . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Golden Currant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grossulariaceae . . . . . . . 22Ribes sanguineum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Red-flowering Currant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Grossulariaceae . . . . . . . 22Rosa woodsii . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Woods’ Rose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Sambucus caerulea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Blue Elderberry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caprifoliaceae . . . . . . . . 23Shepherdia argentea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Silver Buffaloberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elaeagnaceae . . . . . . . . . 23Shepherdia canadensis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Russet Buffaloberry. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Elaeagnaceae . . . . . . . . . 23Solidago spp. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Goldenrod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Asteraceae . . . . . . . . . . . 11Sorbus scopulina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rocky Mountain Ash. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Rosaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 26Sphaeralcea ambigua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Desert Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 11Sphaeralcea grossulariifolia . . . . . . . . . . . Gooseberry-leaf Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 11Sphaeralcea munroana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Orange Globemallow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Malvaceae . . . . . . . . . . . 11Sporobolus cryptandrus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sand Dropseed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Poaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Stanleya pinnata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Prince’s Plume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Brassicaceae. . . . . . . . . . 11Symphoricarpos albus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Common Snowberry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Caprifoliaceae . . . . . . . . 23Yucca glauca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Narrowleaf Yucca . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Liliaceae . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 45

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