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Xeriscaping Plant and Tree List for Central and Eastern Oregon
 

Xeriscaping Plant and Tree List for Central and Eastern Oregon

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    Xeriscaping Plant and Tree List for Central and Eastern Oregon Xeriscaping Plant and Tree List for Central and Eastern Oregon Document Transcript

    • Xeriscaping in Central & Eastern Oregon by Amy Jo Detweiler, Horticulture Faculty for Central Oregon Whether you are an experienced gardener or a newcomer to the high desert, learning how to suc- cessfully garden here can be an exciting challenge. If given the choice, most of us would choosethe beauty of a lush green landscape to one full of rocks and sagebrush; but is that possible in this kind of envi-ronment, providing plants with enough moisture, while conserving water, one of our most precious commodities?It is with xeriscaping, a new gardening trend that combines contemporary conservation techniques with the bestelements of traditional landscaping. Not only is it possible to have a colorful and beautiful landscape while con-serving water, but you can also conserve valuable commodities such as energy, time, and money. Below is a listof plants that work well in a water-wise garden. These plants tend to use less water and are more drought toler-ant than other ornamental plants. Jul 2006 Ornamental Trees Shade TreesCommon Name Botanical Name Common Name Botanical NameAlder, Mountain or Thinleaf Alnus tenuifolia Ash, Green Fraxinus pennsylvanicaApricot Prunus armeniaca Ash, ‘Autumn Purple’ Fraxinus americanaAspen, Quaking Populus tremuloides Catalpa, Western or Catalpa speciosa NorthernBuckeye, Ohio Aesulus glabra Hackberry, Common Celtis occidentalisChokecherry, Amur Prunus maackii Honeylocust, Thornless Gleditsia tricanthos var.Chokecherry, Canada Red Prunus virginiana inermis cvs. ‘Schubert’ Kentucky Coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicusCrabapple, Flowering Malus hybrids Linden, American Tilia americanaGoldenrain Tree Koelreuteria paniculata Linden, Littleleaf Tilia cordata ‘Greenspire’Hawthorn, English ‘Paul’s Craegus laevigata ‘Paul’s ‘Greenspire’Scarlet’ Scarlet’ Maple, ‘Autumn Blaze’ Acer x fremanii ‘AutumnHawthorn, Russian Crataegus ambigua Blaze’Hawthorn, Washington Crataegus phaenopyrum Maple, Norway Acer platanoidesHawthorn, Winter King Crataegus viridis ‘Winter Oak, Bur or Mossycup Quercus macrocarpa King’Hornbeam, American Carpinus caroliniana Evergreen TreesLilac, Japanese Tree ‘Ivory Syringa reticulata ‘IvorySilk’ Silk’ Common Name Botanical NameMaple, Amur Acer ginnala Cedar, Easter Red Juniperus virginianaMaple, Bigtooth (Canyon or Acer grandidentatum Juniper species Juniperus speciesWasatch) Juniper, Blue Star Juniperus squamataMaple, Tatarian Acer tataricum ‘Blue Star’Maple, Rocky Mountain Acer glabrum Juniper, Chinese Juniperus chinensisMayday Tree (European Prunus padus Juniper, Creeping Juniperus horizontalisBird Cherry) Juniper, Savin Juniperus sabinaOlive, Russian Elaeagnus angustifolia Juniper, Rocky Mountain Juniperus scopulorumPear, Ussarian Pyrus ussuriensis Juniper, Western or Juniperus occidentalisServiceberry, Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifolia Sierra
    • Evergreen Trees (con’t) Fruits & BerriesCommon Name Botanical Name Common Name Botanical NameJuniper, Western or Juniperus occidentalis Apple Malus hybridsSierra Cherry Prunus spp.Pine, Austrian Pinus nigra Currant Ribes spp.Pine, Bristlecone Pinus aristata Grape Vitus lambruscak cvs.Pine, Limber Pinus flexilis Peach Prunus persica cvs.Pine, Pinyon Pinus edulis Pear Pyrus communisPine, Ponderosa or West- Pinus ponderosa Plum Prunus cvs.ern Yellow Raspberry Rubus cvs.Pine, Lodgepole Pinus contorta latifolia Rhubarb Rheam rhabarbarum cvs.Pine, Mugo or Swiss Pinus mugoMountain Strawberry Fragaria ananassis cvs.Spruce, Colorado Picea pungensSpruce, Colorado Blue Picea pungens var. glauca Broadleaf Evergreens Small Shrubs 1-4’Common Name Botanical Name Common Name Botanical NameGrape Holly, Oregon Mahonia aquifolium Coralberry, Hancock Symphoricarpos x chenaul- tii ‘Hancock’Holly, Creeping Mahonia repens Coralberry, Indian Symphoricarpos orbicula-Kinnickinnick Arctostaphylos uvar-ursi Currant tusMazanita, Greenleaf Arctostaphylos patula Cotoneaster, Cranberry Cotoneaster apiculatusMountain Mahogany, Curl- Cercocarpus ledifolium Cotoneaster, Rock Cotoneaster horizontalisLeaf Currant Alpine Ribes alpinumYucca Yucca species Fernbush Chamaebatiaria millefol- lium Leadplant Amorpha canescens Peashrub, Pygmy Caragana pygmaea Potentilla or Cinquefoil Potentilla fruticosa Rabbitbrush, Gray Chrysothamnus nauseosus Vines Sage, Russian Perovskia atriplicfoliaCommon Name Botanical Name Sage Silver Artemesia canaClematis Clematis species Spirea, Blue Mist or Blue- Caryopteris x clandonensisClematis, Yellow lantern Clematis tanguitica beardSilver Lace Vine Polygonum aubertii Spirea Spiraea speciesTrumpet Vine Campsis radicans Snowberry Symphoricarpos albusVirginia Creeper Pathenocissus quinquefolia Sumac, Gro-Low Rhus aromatica 2
    • Medium Shrubs 4-8’ Large Shrubs (Con’t)Common Name Botanical Name Common Name Botanical NameApache Plume Fallugia paradoxa Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata or Seriphidium tridentateBarberry Berberis species Serviceberry, Saskatoon Amelanchier alnifoliaBitterbrush Purshia tridentataBurning Bush Euonymus alatus Sumac, Smooth Rhus glabra ‘Compactus’Current, Golden Ribes aureum Sumac, Staghorn Rhus typhinaPlum, Cistena or Purpleleaf Prunus x cistena Viburnum, Nannyberry Viburnum lentagoSandcherry Viburnum, Wayfaring Tree Viburnum lantanaRose, Hardy Shrub Rosa speciesSandcherry, Western Prunus besseyiSpirea, Vanhoutte Spiraea x vanhoutteiThimbleberry or Boulder Rubus delicioususRaspberryViburnum, Compact Virburnum trilobumAmerican Cranberry ‘Compactum’ Large Shrubs 8’+ Ornamental GrassesCommon Name Botanical NameBeautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis Common Name Botanical NameBuckthorn, Columnar or Rhamnus frangula Avena, Blue or Blue Oat Helictotrichon semper-Tallhedge ‘Columnaris’ Grass virensBuckthorn, Fernleaf Rhamnus fragula Bluestem, Big Andropogon gerardi ‘Asplenifolia’ Bluestem, Little Schizachyrium scopariumBuffaloberry, Silver Spheherdia argentea Feather Reed Grass, Karl Calamagrostis acutifloraCherry, Nanking Prunus tomentosa FoersterCotoneaster, Hedge Cotoneaster lucidus Fescue, Blue Festuca ovina glaucaForsythia Forsythia cultivars Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroidesHoneysuckle, Arnold Red Lonicera tatarica ‘Arnold Indian Grass Sorghastrum nutans Red’ Miscanthus Grass or Miscanthus sinensisLilac, Common or French Syringa vulgaris Maiden Hair Grasslilac Switch Grass ‘Heavy Metal’ Panicum virgatum ‘HeavyMockorange, Littleleaf Philadelphus microphyllus Metal’Ninebark Physocarpus speciesPeashrub, Siberian Caragana arborescensPrivet, Cheyenne Ligustrum vulgare ‘Cheyenne’Privet, New Mexico or Forestiera neomexicanaDesert Olive 3
    • Ground Covers 1-12” PerennialsCommon Name Botanical Name Common Name Botanical NameBugleweed or Carpet Ajuga species Artemesia or Wormwood Artemesia speciesBugle Baby’s Breath Gysophila paniculataCandytuft Iberis sempervirens Balloon Flower Platycodon grandifloraDianthus, Garden Carna- Dianthus speciestion, or Pinks Basket-of-Gold Aurinia saxatileHardy Cactus Cactaceae Family Bellflower Campanula speciesHens and Chicks Sempervivum species Black-eyed Susan Rudbeckia speciesHimalayan Fleeceflower or Polgonum affine Blanket Flower Gaillardia varietiesBorder Jewel Catmint Nepeta speciesIceplant, Purple Delosperma cooperi Columbine Aquilegia speciesIceplant, Yellow Delosperma nubigenum Coneflower Echinacea purpureaMount Atlas Daisy or Mat Anacyclus depressus Coralbells Heuchera sanguineaDaisy Coreopsis or Tickseed Coreopsis speciesMountain Gold Alyssum montanum Cranesbill Geranium varietiesPenstemon, Pineleaf Penstemon pinifolius Daylily Hemerocallis speciesPeriwinkle Vinca major varieties Delphinium Delphinium varietiesPhlox, Creeping or Moss Phlox subulata Double Bubble Mint or Agastache canaPoppy Mallow or Prairie Callirhoe involucrata Mountain MintWinecup Daisy, Painted Tanacetum coccineumPotentilla, Creeping Potentilla verna-nana Daisy, Shasta Leucanthemum x super-Primrose, Mexican Evening Oenothera berlandieri bum ‘Siskiyou’ Fireweed Epilobium angustifoliumPussytoes or Cat’s Ears Antennaria species Flax, Blue Linum perenneRock Cress Aubrieta deltoideaSea Thrift Armeria maritima Foxglove Digitalis varietiesSnow-in-Summer Cerastium tomentosum Globe Thistle Echinops ritro Goldenrod Solidago speciesSpeedwell Veronica species Heartleaf Bergenia Bergenia cordifoliaStonecrop Sedum species Hollyhock Alcea roseaSulfur Flower Eriogonum umbellatum Hosta Lily Hosta speciesSweet Woodruff or Galium ordoratumBedstraw Iris, Tall Bearded Iris hybridsThyme Thymus species Jupiter’s Beard or Valerian Centranthus ruberThyme, Woolly Thymus pseudolanugino- Knautia Knautia macedonia sus Ozark Sundrops Oenothera missouriensisWhite Rock Cress Arabis species Penstemon or Beard- Penstemon speciesYarrow, Woolly Achillea tomentosa tongue 4
    • Perennials (Con’t) Common Name Botanical Name Phlox, Tall Garden Phlox paniculata varieties Pincushion Flower Scabiosa species Poppy, Oriental Papaver orientale Prairie Coneflower or Ratibida columnifera Mexican Hat Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria Salvia or Sage Salvia species Sea Lavender Limonium latifolium Sedum, Tall Sedum species Torch Lily or Red-hot Kniphofia uvaria Poker Yarrow Achillea speciesFor more gardening information, check out our websitebelow. OSU/Deschutes Co Extension Service 3893 SW Airport Way Redmond OR 97756 541.548.6088 Http://extension.oregonstate.edu/deschutes 5