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Xeriscape Landscaping: Common Questions and Misconceptions - Southwest Florida

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Xeriscape Landscaping: Common Questions and Misconceptions - Southwest Florida

Xeriscape Landscaping: Common Questions and Misconceptions - Southwest Florida

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  • 1. Drought Tolerant Plant Guide for Mammoth Lakes, California Due to its high elevation and variable mountainous climate,the Mammoth Lakes area poses a challenging environmentfor plants. The following list provides information abouthardy, water efficient plants and flowers that when arrangedeffectively and maintained properly, create an aestheticallypleasing, colorful yard. Many of the plants listed in this guideare native to the area, while some are exotic. It is important to remember that when newly planted, allplants require a good amount of water. However, these plantsthrive on a twice-a-week or less watering schedule onceestablished. After planting, deep soaking less frequently atlonger intervals encourages root development deep in the soilwhere there is still moisture, even after the top few inches havedried out. Using a two to six inch layer of mulch will helpretain moisture and soil temperature, while helping to conservewater. Make sure to take into consideration your irrigation systemwhen planning your landscape, as different plants will havedifferent watering needs. There are plenty of gardening guidesand websites that can provide more details on the plants withwhich you choose to landscape. Local nurseries can alsoprovide more information and answer questions aboutlandscaping in the area.
  • 2. California Native Perennial FlowersAchillea millefolium AstragalusYarrow Milkvetch, numerousPrefers full sun, little water, is Prefer full sun and litlle water. Flowersdeer resistant. Flowers are white are white, pink and purple with pods,or yellow, blooming spring through blooming in late spring throughfall. Grows one to four feet. summer. Grow to one foot. This plant can be poisonous.Anemone California Drummonds AnemonePrefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White, Baileya multiradatalavender and blue flower bloom in early summer. Grows to Desert Marigoldone foot. Prefers full sun and very little water. Yellow flowers bloom in spring throughAntennaria dioica Pussy Toes, numerous early summer. Grows to two feet.Prefer full sun and very little water. Flowers are white and pinkand bloom in spring. Grow to six inches. Baptista australis Aquilegia Wild Indigo or Blue False Indigo Columbine, Prefers full sun and little water. Flowers are blue and violet, Western Red and others blooming in spring through early summer. Grows to five feet. Prefer sun to partial shade, little water, and is deer resistant. Calochortus bruneaunis, C. leichtlinaii Flowers can be many colors, blooming from spring to early Mariposa Lily summer. Grow to three feet. Prefers sun to partial shade and very little water. Flowers are white, sometimes yellow or purple, blooming in summer. Grows to one foot.Argemone munita Castilleja, miniata linariifoliaPrickly Poppy Indian or Desert Paintbrush,Prefers full sun, very little water, and is deerresistant. White flowers bloom in spring numerousthrough summer. Grows to five feet. Prefer full sun and very little water. Flowers can be yellow, orange-red and bright pink, blooming spring through fall. Grow from one t o three feet. This plant Armeria Thrift, Sea Pink is semi parasitic. Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Pink flowers bloom in spring through Clematis texensis, C. lasiantha summer. Grows to one foot. Scarlet Clematis Prefers sun and partial shade and little water. Pink and red flowers bloom in early summer. This vine can reach nine feet.Asclepias speciosa, A. fascicularis Coreopsis Coreopsis, numerousShowy and Narrowleaf Milkweed Prefer full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Silver foliage with yellow flowers, blooming in summer. Grow to four feet.Prefer full sun and little water. Flowers can be orange, pink, andviolet, blooming in all summer. Grow to four feet. Delphinium gracilentumAsclepias tuberose Butterfly Weed Meadow Larkspur Prefers full sun, little water and is deerPrefers full sun, very little water and is deer resistant. Orange resistant. Blue flowers bloom in midflowers will bloom summer through early fall. Grows to two feet. summer. Grows to seven feet. Low maintenance landscaping is only one benefit of incorporating native plants that are already adapted to the local environment.
  • 3. California Native Perennial FlowersDicentra formosa Western Bleeding Heart Eriophyllum confertiflorum Golden YarrowPrefers shade, little water, and is deer resistant. Pink and Prefers sun to partial shade, and very little water. Yellowpurple flower bloom in spring and early summer. Grows to three flowers bloom in spring. Grows to three feet.feet. Eriophyllum lanatum Wooly Sunflower Diplacus longiflorus, Prefers full sun and little water. Yellow flowers bloom in the D. aurantiacus (Mimulus) summer. Grows to eighteen inches. Southern Bush and Sierra Monkeyflower Eschscholzia californica Prefers partial shade, little water and is California Poppy deer resistant. Flowers can be white, Prefers full sun, very little water and is deer yellow or orange and bloom in spring resistant. Yellow-orange flowers bloom through summer. Grows to three feet. from spring through summer. Grows to one foot. This is the state flower of California.Dodecatheon Jeffery’s Shooting StarPrefers full sun, little water. Red, pink or purple flowers bloom in Gaillardia aristatasummer. Grows to two feet. Blanketflower Prefers full sun, little water and is deerEchinacea Purple Coneflower resistant. Flowers are multi colored: yellowPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and orange and red, blooming from springis deer resistant. Flowers can be purple to through fall. Grows to two feet.red, blooming from summer through fall.Grows to three feet. Gilia, Ipomosis aggregata Star, Skyrocket, and Scarlet Gilia Prefers full sun and little water. Flowers are red or pink, blooming from summer to fall. Grows to six feet.Epilobium angustifolium FireweedPrefers full sun and little water. Pink and purple flowers bloomfrom mid to late summer. Grows to eight feet. Heuchera sanguinea Coral Bells or Alumroot Prefers partial shade, little water andErigeron eatonaii Eatons Daisy is deer resistant. Red and pinkPrefers sun to partial shade and little water. White flowers flowers bloom from summer to fall.bloom in the summer. Grows to one foot. Grows to three feet. Eriogonum Wild Buckwheat, Numerous Hymenoxys acaulis Daisy, Sundancer Prefers full sun, little water and is Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Yellow flowers deer resistant. Flowers can be bloom from spring to fall. Grows to three feet. white or pink, blooming in spring through fall. Grows from one to three feet. Iris douglasiana, I. gemanica, I. versicolor Douglas Western, BeardedEriogonum umbrellatum and Western Blue Flag IrisSulfur Flower Buckwheat Prefers sun and partial shade, and little water. Blue or purple flowersPrefers sun to partial shade and very little bloom in late spring. Grows fromwater. White or yellow flowers bloom in one to three feet.summer. Grows from one to three feet. One good rule of thumb when watering is to wait until soil is slightly dry to the touch… By doing this, you will mimic the amount of water that the plant would receive in its natural environment.
  • 4. California Native Perennial FlowersLiatris Gayfeather Polemonium californicumPrefers sun, partial shade and shade with little water. Purple California Jacobs Ladderand fuchsia flowers bloom from mid summer to early fall. Grows Prefers partial shade, very little water and is deer resistant.to four feet. Blue flowers bloom in early summer. Grows to one foot. Linum perenne lewisii Salvia Sage, numerous Blue Flax Prefer full sun, very little water and is deer Prefers sun and partial shade, very resistant. Blue, purple or pink flowers little water and is deer resistant. Violet bloom in spring and summer. Grow to flowers bloom from late spring through three feet. summer. Grows to three feet. Sedum obtusatum Stonecrop, SierraLupinus argentius, L. albifrons Prefers sun, partial shade or shade, and very little water. Flow-Silver Bush Lupine and others ers can be yellow or pink, blooming in spring through summer.Prefers sun, partial shade and shade, very little water and is Grows to one foot.deer resistant. Flowers can be yellow, purple and blue, bloom-ing from spring to mid summer. Grows to five feet. Sisyrinchium bellum Blue Eyed GrassMonarda Prefers fun sun and little water. Blue,Bee Balm or Horsemint purple, or white flowers bloom from springPrefers sun to partial shade, little through late summer. Grows to one foot.water, and is deer resistant.Flowers can be red, white, pink Sphaeralcea angustifolia, S. ambiguaor purple, blooming in mid summer.Grows to three feet. Apricot Globe Mallow Prefers full sun and very little water. Flower s are orange or pink, blooming from spring to fall. Grows to six feet.Monardella odoratissimaMountain Pennyroyal or Coyotemint Sphenosciatum capitellatum Rangers ButtonsPrefers full sun and little water. Lavender flowers bloom in mid Prefers full sun and little water. White flowers bloom in the sum-summer. Grows to one foot. mer. Grows to four feet. Oenothera Evening Primrose Thaliactrum Meadow Rue Prefers full sun and very little water. Prefers sun to partial shade and little Yellow flowers bloom in summer. water. Lavender and pink flowers bloom Grows to six feet. in spring. Grows from three to four feet.Oenothera belandieri, O. caespitosaMexican and White Evening Primrose Wyethia mollis Wooly Mule’s EarsPrefer full sun and little water. Flowers are white, sometimes Prefers full sun and little water. Flowers are yellow and bloom inpink , blooming in summer. Grow one to two feet. Mexican spring. Grows from one to two feet.Evening Primrose is considered invasive. Zauschneria, epilobiumPaeonia Herbaceous Peony California Fuchsia orPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant.Flowers can be white, pink, deep red and lavender, blooming in Hummingbirds Trumpetspring. Grows to four feet. Prefers sun, little water and is deer resistant. Red or pink flowers bloom in early fall. Can grow one to five feet.Penstemon Beard Tounge, numerousPrefer sun to partial shade and little water. Flowers can be vari-ous colors, blooming in early summer. Grow to four feet. Extremely drought tolerant plants will need water about once every two weeks.
  • 5. Non— Non—Native Perennial Flowers Allium senescens Dianthus Pinks Corkscrew Ornamental Onion Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Prefers sun to partial shade, little water White, pink and red flowers bloom from and is deer resistant. Violet colored spring to fall. Grows from six to eighteen flowers bloom in summer. Grows to one inches. foot. Dianthus barbatus Sweet WilliamAnagallis Pimpernel Prefers partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. FlowersPrefers full sun and little water. Orange, red or blue flowers can be white, pink or red, blooming in mid summer. Grows tobloom from late spring through fall. Grows to eighteen inches. eighteen inches.Artemesia stelleriana Dusty Miller Digitalis Foxglove, somePrefers sun to partial shade and very little water. Silver foliage Prefers shade, little water and iswith yellow flowers, blooming from spring to fall. Grows six deer resistant. Flowers can beinches to one foot. This plant can be poisonous. yellow, white, pink, purple or lavender, blooming in early summer. Grows from three to sixAurina Allysum feet. This plant is consideredPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. poisonous.Pink or white flowers bloom spring to fall. Grows to ten inches.Callirhoe ivolucrata Erysimum hieraciifolium,Winecups E. alpinumPrefers sun to partial shade andlittle water. Magenta flowers bloom Siberian Wallflowerfrom spring to fall. Grows to one foot. Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Orange flowers bloom in spring to early summer. Grows to two feet.Campanula alpina Alpine BellflowerPrefers shade and little water. Blue-violet flowers bloom in midsummer. Grows to six inches. Euphorbia palmeri Woodland Spurge Prefers full sun and little water. Flowers are green with yellow or pink detail, blooming in early summer. Grows to eighteenCatananche caerulea Cupids Dart inches. This plant is considered poisonous.Prefers full sun and little water. Violet flowers bloom from midsummer through fall. Grows to three feet. Gaura lindheimeri Appleblossom Grass Centranthus ruber Prefers full sun and very little Red Valerian water. Pink and white flowers Prefers sun to partial shade and very bloom from spring to fall . Grows little water. Flowers can be red or to three feet. fuchsia, blooming in summer. Grows to three feet. Helleborus foetidus Bearpaw HelleborusChamomelum nobile Chamomile Prefers shade and very little water. Flowers can be yellow–Prefers full sun and little water. White flowers bloom from sum- green or blue with red detail, blooming in spring. Grows to twomer to fall. Grows to two feet. feet. This plant is considered poisonous.Chrysantemum maximum Hemerocallis DaylilyShasta Daisy Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Flowers appear inPrefers full sun and little water. White all colors but blue, blooming in summer. Grows to four feet.flowers bloom from summer to fall. Growsto three feet. Mildly drought tolerant plants will require watering no more than twice weekly.
  • 6. Non— Non—Native Perennial FlowersHunnemannia fumariifolia Papaver orientale Oriental PoppyMexican Tulip Poppy or Goldencup Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Flowers arePrefers full sun and very little water. Yellow flowers bloom in typically deep orange though they can sometimes be white orMid summer to fall. Grows from two to three feet. pink, blooming in spring. Grows to three feet.Hymenoxys scaposa Ratibida columniferaPerky Sue or Four Nerve Daisy Prairie ConeflowerPrefers full sun, very little water and is deer resistant. Yellow Prefers full sun and little water.flowers bloom from late spring to fall. Grows to three feet. Yellow, orange and deep red flowers bloom in summer.Hyssop officinalis Hyssop Grows to three feet.Prefers sun and partial shade, little to very little water, and isdeer resistant. Flowers are pink and blue, blooming from late Santolina chamaecyparissus Lavender Cottonspring to fall. Grows to three feet. Prefers sun, very little water and is deer resistant. Silver foliage with yellow flowers, blooming in spring. Grows to eighteen Kniphofia uvaria inches. Pollen allergies associated with this plant. Red Hot Poker Prefers full sun, little water and is deer Scabiosa Pincushion Flower resistant . Red-orange flowers appear Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White, pink, from mid summer through fall. Grows violet or blue flowers bloom spring to fall. Grows to three feet. three to five feet. Sedum spectabile Autumn Joy Sedum orLavendula angustifolia Lavender Stonecrop Prefers full sun and very little water.Prefers sun, little water and is deer resistant. Purple and blue Flowers can be red, pink or creamflowers bloom from late spring to summer. Grows to two feet. colored, blooming from spring through late summer. Grows to eighteen inches.Limonium Sea Lavendar or StaticePrefers full sun, very little water, and is deer resistant. Purpleflowers bloom from spring to summer. Grows to three feet. Stachys byzantia LambsearNepeta Catmint Prefers sun to partial shade, little waterPrefers sun, very little water and is and is deer resistant. The foliage on thisdeer resistant. Blue-violet flowers plant is grey. It will grow one to three feet.bloom in late spring. Grows to fivefeet. Tropaeolum Garden Nasturtium Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Flowers can be many shades of yellow and orange on one plant, blooming in the Papaver alpinum, summer. Grows to eighteen inches. Though not a perennial, P. nudicaule this plant reseeds annually. Alpine and Iceland Poppy Prefer full sun, little water and are Veronica Speedwell deer resistant. Both have multi- Prefers full sun and little water. colored flowers. White, orange, Blue and purple flowers bloom yellow and pink flowers, bloom in spring. Grows to one foot. from early to mid summer. P. Choose hardier groundcovers alpinium grows to one foot, while like V. oltensis or V. pectinata. P. nudicaule grows to two feet. Keep in mind that even though much of the hardiness of plants with very low water needs is diminished by excessive watering, supplemental water is typically needed for any newly planted vegetation.
  • 7. ShrubsAcer ginnala Amur Maple Cercocarpus ledifolius,Prefers sun to partial shade and very little water. Turns a fiery C. montanusorange in fall. Grows from fifteen to twenty feet. Mountain Mahogany Prefers sun and very little water.Amelanchier alnifolia, A. canadensis This plant has silver to deep greenShadbrush or Western Serviceberry foliage, grows six to twelve feetPrefer full sun and little water. Green foliage with white flowers, and is native to California.blooming in late spring. Grow to ten feet and is native toCalifornia. Berries on this shrub are edible. Chamaebatiaria millifolium Fernbush Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White flowers bloom in summer. Grows six to eight feet. Native to California. Arctostphlos uva ursi Manzanita, Kinnikinnick, and Cotoneaster divaricatus, C. multiflorus Bearberry Point Reyes Cotoneaster Prefer full sun, very little water and are deer resistant. Bears red Prefer full sun, little water and is deer berries and inconspicuous white or pink flowers, blooming in resistant. White-pink flowers bloom spring. Grows four to fifteen feet.in late spring. Grow to ten feet. Native to California.Artemesia absinthium, A. cana, Fallugia paradoxaA. schmidliana Apache PlumeWormwood, Southernwood, Prefers full sun and very little water. White flowers with pink and purpleCalifornia and Silver Sagebrush plumes bloom in late spring. GrowsPrefer sun to partial shade, little to very little water and are deer six feet and is native to California.resistant. Green to blue-grey foliage with yellow-pink flowers,blooming from summer to fall. Grow to four feet and are native toCalifornia. ‘Palace Castle’ is an especially hardy hybrid. Forestiera neomexicana Desert Olive Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Grows to eight feet and is native to California.Buddleia davidii Butterfly BushPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant.Purple flowers bloom from spring to summer. Grows to ten feet. Forsythia Golden Bells Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Yellow flowers bloom in spring. This wide plant grows to ten feet. HardyCaragana arborescens hybrids grow best in our climate.Siberian PeashrubPrefers full sun, little water and is Holodiscus discolor, H. dumosusdeer resistant. Yellow flowers bloomfrom spring to early summer. Grows Mountain Spray, Rock Spirea Cream Bushsix to ten feet. Prefer partial shade, very little water and deer resistant. Cream colored flowers bloom early to mid summer. Grow to seven feet and are native to California.Caryopteris clandonensisBlue Mist Bluebeard Ipomea leptophyllaPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. Bush Morning GloryBlue-purple flowers bloom in summer. Grows to five feet. Prefers full sun and very little water. White, pink, purple and blue flowers Ceanothus Wild Lilac bloom from late spring to summer. Prefers sun to partial shade and very Grows to five feet. little water. Flowers are purple or white, blooming in late spring. Grows to eight feet and is native to California. Arrange your plants according to their individual moisture and sunlight needs…
  • 8. ShrubsJuniperus Juniper, Polygonum aubrerti Silver Lace Vinemost, not conferta Prefers full sun and little water. White flowers bloom from springPrefer sun to partial shade, very through fall. This vine can grow upwards of twenty feet.little water and are deer resistant.Foliage is green-grey. Growsto fifteen feet. Choose species Potentillanative to California. Cinquefoil, numerous Prefer full sun very little water, and are deer resistant. White, yellow orKolkwitzia amabilis Beauty Bush pink flowers bloom all summer. GrowPrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. to four feet and is native to California.Pink and red flowers bloom from late spring to early summer.Grows to ten feet. Prunus andersonii Desert PeachMahonia aquifolium, M. repens Prefers sun and very little water.Oregon Grape , Creeping Barberry Flowers are pink or white,Prefer partial shade, very little water and are deer resistant. Blooming in spring. Grows to sixYellow flowers bloom from late spring to early summer. Grow to feet and is native to California.three feet and are native to California.Pervoskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage Prunus besseyi Western Sand CherryPrefer full sun, very little water and are deer resistant. Foliage is Prefers full sun and little to very little water. Inconspicuous whitesilver with blue-violet flowers, blooming from spring to fall. Grows flowers bloom in spring. Grows to six feet.to four feet. Prunus virginiana Western Chokecherry Philadelphus lewisii, Prefers partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. White P. microphyllus flowers bloom in spring. Grows to fifteen feet and is native to Wild Mock Orange and California. other natives Prefers sun to partial shade, little to very Rhamnus californica little and is deer resistant. White flowers Coffeeberry bloom in early summer. Grows to six Prefers sun to partial shade,feet. Native to California. very little water, and is deer resistant. Grows to eight feetPhysocarpus opulifolius, and is native to California. This is an evergreen shrub.P. monogynusCommon and MountainNinebark Rhamnus cathartica, R. frangulaPrefer sun, partial shade and shade Alder and Tallhedge Buckthornand little water. Flowers can be Prefer full sun and little water. Flowers are very inconspicuous.white, pink, orange or red and Grow to fifteen feet. Rhamnus is invasive in some areas.bloom in early summer. Grows tofive feet tall and from six to ten feet Rhus aromatic , R. typhinawide. Native to California. Fragrant, Staghorn and Smooth SumacPinus mugo mughus Mugho Pine Prefer full sun, little water and are deerPrefers sun to partial shade, very little water and is deer resistant. Yellow and red flowersresistant. Dark green foliage grows to three feet tall and six feet bloom in late spring. Grows to fivewide. feet. Vegetation with very low water needs should be planted near other less-thirsty species. Planting in groups makes them more likely to thrive than vegetation that has been planted randomly around a landscape.
  • 9. Shrubs Groundcovers Ribes alpinium, R. aureum, Anacyclus depressus Mount Atlas Daisy R. nevadense R. odoratum Prefers full sun and little water. White flowers bloom from late Alpine, Golden, and Pink Sierra spring through summer. Grows to one foot. Currant or Gooseberry Prefer partial shade, little water and are Androsace sarmentosa Rock Jasmine deer resistant. Yellow and pink flowers Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Flowers are pink orbloom in spring. Grows to six feet and is native to California. violet, blooming in late summer. Grows to six inches.This plant can be prone to disease. Campanula poscharskyanaRosa woodsii Serbian BellflowerWild or Wood’s Rose Prefers partial shade and little water. Blue flowers bloom inPrefers sun, partial shade and shade and early summer. Grows to one foot.little water. Pink flowers bloom in summer.Grows to six feet. Native to California. Cerastium tormentosum Snow ’n’ Summer Prefers full sun, very little water. Deer resistant. Silver foliageSalix exigua Narrowleaf or Coyote Willow with white flowers, blooming in late spring. Grows to six inches.Prefers partial shade and little water. Foliage is green-grey withyellow flowers blooming in spring. Grows to six feet and isnative to California. Corethrogyne filaginifolia Silver CarpetSambucus racemosa California AsterMountain Red Elderberry Prefers partial shade, very little water and is deer resistant. Violet or pinkPrefers sun to partial shade and very little water. Pale yellow or flowers bloom in summer. Growswhite flowers bloom in spring. Grows to twenty five feet and is from six inches to three feet. Native to California.native to California.Shepherdia argentea Silver Buffalo Berry Iberis Candytuft Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White, pink orPrefers full sun and very little water. Has bright red berries with lavender flowers bloom in summer. Grows to one foot.yellow flowers blooming in summer. Grows to fifteen feet and isnative to California. Phlox stolonifera, P. subulataSymphoricarpos Phlox, numerous Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White, pink,Mountain Snowberry red, blue or lavender flowers blooms from spring to summer.or Coralberry Grows to one foot.Prefers sun, partial shade andshade, very little water and is deerresistant. Pink flowers bloom in Sedum spurium Stonecropsummer. Grows to four feet and Prefers full sun and very little water. Pink and red flowersis native to California. bloom in summer. Grows to six inches. Sempervivum tectorum Hens and Chicks Prefers partial shade, little water and is deer resistant. White and Groundcovers pink flowers bloom in summer. Grows to six inches.Achillea tormentosa Wooly Yarrow Thymus Thyme, numerousPrefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Yellow flowers Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. White and pinkbloom in summer. Grows to one foot. flowers bloom in spring. Grows to six inches. Moist, low-lying , and north or east facing areas of a property are better suited to support thirstier species.
  • 10. GrassesAndropogon saccharoides Helictotrichon sempervirensSilver Beard Grass Blue Avena Oat GrassPrefers sun to partial shade and little water. Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Silver andWheat colored grass grows to five feet wheat colored grass grows to five feet.Blepharneuron tricholepis Hesperostipa comataMountain Mist Grass Needle and Thread GrassPrefers sun to partial shade and little water. Green to pink Prefers full sun and very little water. Yellow grass grows to fourcolored grass grows to two feet. feet. This grass is native to California.Bouteloua grecilis Blue Grama Leymus triticoides Creeping Wild RyePrefers full sun and very little water. Green-grey colored grass Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Green-blue grassgrows to eighteen inches. This turf grass is native to California. grows to two feet. Calamagrostis cutiflora Oryzopsis hymenoides Feather Reed Grass Indian Rice Grass Prefers sun to partial shade, little water Prefers full sun and very little and is deer resistant. Wheat colored water. Yellow grass grows to grass grows from four to five feet tall. three feet. This grass is native to California.Elymus cinereus Great Basin Wild RyePrefers full sun and very little water. Green-blue colored grass Pancium virgatumgrows to five feet. Switch Grass, numerous Prefers sun to partial shade, very littleElytrigia elongate Tall Wheatgrass water and is deer resistant. GrassPrefers full sun and little water. Wheat colored grass grows to colors can range from wheat to green orfive feet. red, growing to five feet.Erainthus ravennae Plume Grass Poa scabrella NeedlegrassPrefers sun and little water. Green-grey colored grass grows Prefers sun to partial shade and little water. Green coloredsix to twelve feet tall and is considered invasive in some areas. grass grows to two feet. Native to California.Festuca glauca Schizachyrium scopariumBlue Fescue Little BluestemPrefers full sun, little water and is deer Prefers sun to partial shade, very littleresistant. Blue to silver colored grass water and is deer resistant. Blue toGrows to one foot. silver colored grass grows to three feet.Festuca ovina Blue or Sheep FescuePrefers sun to partial shade, little water and is deer resistant.Blue-green grass grows to six inches. Sorghastrum nutans Indian GrassFestuca Rubra Creeping Red Fescue Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Green and yellow colored grassPrefers partial shade and very little water. Reddish and green grows to five feet.colored turf grass grows from six inches to three feet. There are two simple signs to look out for when your lawn need irrigating. Your lawn will appear lighter green and when you walk across your lawn, the grass stalks don’t spring back, leaving footprints.
  • 11. TreesAbies numerous native Fir, especially White Juniperus Juniper, mostPrefer sun to partial shade, little water and are deer resistant. Prefer sun to partial shade, veryFoliage is silvery blue-green. Grow from seventy five to one little water and are deer resistant.hundred and eighty feet tall. Choose California native firs. Foliage is green-grey. Grows from fifteen to fifty feet tall. Choose California native junipers. Acer grandidentatum Bigtooth or Rocky Mountain Sugar Maple Larix occidentalis Western Larch Prefer sun to partial shade and Prefers sun and little water. Pale green foliage turns gold. Grows little water. Foliage is green until from one hundred to one hundred eighty feet. This tree is very autumn, when fall colors appear. fire resistant. Grow ten to twenty feet. Picea pungensAcer nigrum Black Maple Colorado SprucePrefer sun to partial shade and little water. Foliage is green until Prefer sun to partial shade,autumn, when fall colors appear. Grow seventy five to one hun- very little water and is deerdred twenty feet tall. resistant. Foliage is silvery- blue. Grows to sixty feet.Calocedrus (Libocedrus)decurrensIncense Cedar Pinus many native Pine, especially JeffreyPrefers sun to partial shade and very Prefer full sun, very little water and are deer resistant. Foliagelittle water. Foliage is green. Grows on pines is dark green. Lodgepole pine grow upwards of eightyOne hundred twenty to one hundred feet while sugar and ponderosa pines can reach a height of twoeighty feet tall. This tree is native to hundred feet or more. Choose California native pines.California. Prunus maackii Amur ChokecherryCeltis reticulate Hackberry Prefers sun and little to very little water. Foliage can be white orPrefers full sun and very little water as it ages. Foliage is silvery cream colored. Grows to thirty feet.green. Grows to thirty feet and is native to California. Quercus coccinea, Q. borealis,Crataegus ambigua Russian Hawthorne Q. macrocarpa, Q. palustrisPrefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Bears red Scarlet, Northern Red, Bur and Pin Oakberries and white or pink flowers. Grows fifteen to forty feet. Prefer sun and little to very little water. Foliage is green until autumn, when fall colors appear. Grow to eighty feet.Gleditsia triacanthos Honey LocustPrefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Foliage is Quercus gambeliigreen to yellow. Grows from thirty to seventy feet tall. This tree Rocky Mountain White Oakneeds plenty of root space. Prefers sun and little water. Foliage is green until autumn, when fall colors Gymnocladus dioica appear. Grows from twenty to thirty Kentucky Coffee Tree feet tall. Prefers full sun and very little water. Female trees have purple flowers. Grows from sixty to Syringa vulgaris Lilac seventy five feet tall. Prefers full sun, little water and is deer resistant. Flowers are white to violet. Grows to fifteen feet and is native to California. Using organic mulch, such as bark, wood chips or evergreen needles, around trees and in shrub beds reduces soil temperature and will eventually break down, adding nutrients to the soil.
  • 12. Sources of Information Special Thank You• Sunset Western Garden Book • Wayne Hinkel of Bishop Nursery, Bishop, California• Eastern Sierra Regional Fire Safe Council • Elizabeth Tenney• “Plants That Thrive in Eastern Sierra Gardens”Compiled by: • Gail Mueller of Evergreen Landscape, Karen Ferrell-Ingram, native plant Mammoth Lakes, California propagator Sherryl Taylor, Garden Club of America / • Jenny Bouwman of Mammoth Lakes Nursery, Partners for Plants Mammoth Lakes, California Elizabeth Tenney, Master Gardener, University of Nevada-Reno • Paula Y. Padilla, former Conservation Officer, Mammoth Community Water District• California Native Plant Society online at http://www.cnps.org/ • Kathleen Nelson, Forest Bonist, Inyo National Forest• Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center online at http://www.wildflower.org/• http://plants.usda.gov/ Xeriscape Gardens• http://calflora.org/ An even greater reduction in outdoor water use can be achieved by replacing conventional landscaping techniques with those used to support Image Credits a xeriscape garden. Many of the plants listed in this brochure are considered xeric, based on their especially low water needs. Questions regarding• Michael Charters of http://calflora.net/ the seven principles of xeriscaping can be directed to the Mammoth Communtity Water District• http://www.highcountrygardens.com/ website, on the Demonstation Garden Photo Journal page.• http://www.laspilitas.com Brochure compiled in 2008 by Sara Pfeifer,• http://www.wildflower.org/ Conservation Officer, Mammoth Community Water District• http://www.bluestem.ca/ spfeifer@mcwd.dst.ca.us MAMMOTH COMMUNITY WATER DISTRICT PO Box 597/ Mammoth Lakes, CA 93546 (760) 934-2596 http://www.mcwd.dst.ca.us/

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