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The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico
 

The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico

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The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico

The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico

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    The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico The Complete How to Guide to Xeriscaping - Albuquerque, New Mexico Document Transcript

    • THE COMPLETE OW T H O GUIDE TO XERISCAPING COURTESY OFTHE CITY OF ALBUQUERQUE
    • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS PRODUCED FOR LETTER FROM THE MAYOR The City of Albuquerque Water Conservation Office Katherine Yuhas, Dear Fellow Citizens: Conservation Officer I hope you will take advantage of this PHOTOS AND PLANT INFORMATION Courtesy of comprehensive guide on how to select and SANTA FE GREENHOUSES, INC. care for landscape plants that thrive in David Salman, President Albuquerque’s high-desert environment. In a community that pours nearly 13 billion PRODUCED BY Cooney, Watson & Associates, Inc. gallons of water over our landscapes every year, this publication will guide us in DESIGNED BY transforming our thirsty lawns to spectacular Ken Wilson Design, Inc. arrangements of native and drought-tolerant landscapes that love high, WRITTEN BY dry heat. Randall D. Schultz Our landscapes are wonderful forms of expression that beautify our ADDITIONAL PHOTOS BY Charles Mann, homes and neighborhoods. They can increase our property values and Judith Phillips, Hunter Ten Broeck, bring nature right to our doorsteps. However, growing plants of any kind Michael Melendres in Albuquerque’s high-desert environment requires careful planning, CITY OF ALBUQUERQUE constant attention and perhaps most of all, valuable resources. Martin Chavez, Mayor Please use this Xeriscape Guide – along with the City’s xeriscape Public Works Department rebate program and free irrigation guides, videos, and xeriscape design Charles “Ted” Asbury, Director Water Resources Division templates – to create something very special and unique to you and John Stomp, Manager your neighborhood. Call the City at 768-3655 for information. ALBUQUERQUE CITY COUNCIL President Albuquerque is a beautiful place to live. Rather than challenging Vincent Griego, District 2 our environment, let’s create landscapes that complement the desert’s Vice President beauty and grace. Hess Yntema, District 6 Miguel Gómez, District 1 Sincerely, Eric Griego, District 3 Brad Winter, District 4 Michael J. Cadigan, District 5 Sally Mayer, District 7 Greg Payne, District 8 Tina Cummins, District 9 Martin Chavez, Mayor Water Conservation Office, 768-3655 City of Albuquerque TTY 1-800-659-8331www.cabq.gov/resources/waterconservation
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION ost of New Mexico sits amidst the Great Southwestern Desert. In aM XERISCAPE BASICS 4 typical year, some of our cities get just 8 inches of precipitation. That’s not enough to keep Kentucky Bluegrass green and lush, nor is it enough to enable annuals such as pansies and petunias HOW TO PLANT 8to flourish and flower. So we add water. Lots of water. TREES & SHRUBS 12 During the hot summer months, more than 70% of all water use inmany New Mexico cities goes toward landscaping. Billions of gallons ofprecious water are applied to plants that, quite frankly, were never FLOWERING PLANTS 16intended to grow in our climate. To maintain our wonderful quality of life in the desert Southwest and DESERT ACCENTS 26to ensure adequate future supplies, we need to reduce our outdoor wateruse. Adopting the water-wise principles of xeriscaping is one way to meetthat goal. GROUNDCOVERS 30 The color photographs in this book feature some of the most beautifuland water-thrifty plants that will thrive in our sunny climate. By choosing TURF & GRASSES 35these xeric plants for your landscape, you can create a water-wise xeriscapethat will add beauty to your home— and help preserve New Mexico’senchanting quality of life. ALBUQUERQUE PLANTS 38 Albuquerque Water Hotlines: For information about water conservation, call 768-3655. To report water waste, call 768-3640. Statewide Information: NM State Engineer 1-800-WATER-NM or contact your local utility
    • XERISCAPE BASICS photo by Charles Mann XERISCAPING IS WATER-EFFICIENT LANDSCAPING THAT’S APPROPRIATE TO THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT eriscape is a complicated-sounding word for a Xeriscapes can save tremendous amounts of water.X very wise and simple concept. In a nutshell, xeriscaping is water-efficient landscaping that’s appropriate to the natural environment. In New Mexico, xeriscaping means using plantsthat don’t require much water. (The word xeriscape is An established, properly maintained xeriscape needs about one-third the water of a traditional turf-based landscape. Some xeric plants require almost no sup- plemental watering once they are established. An established xeriscape also requires less maintenancederived from the Greek word xeros, which means dry.) than a traditional landscape.The goal of xeriscaping is to create a visually attractivelandscape that uses plants selected for their water effi-ciency. 4
    • THE SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF XERISCAPING XERISCAPE BASICS 1. PLANNING AND DESIGN 2. SOIL IMPROVEMENTS pplying xeriscape principles to your tures and low-water-use trees and shrubs to Whether you’re an avid do-it-yourselferA home landscape will save water— but that’s just the beginning! You’ll also enjoy the beauty and diversityof native and other water-wise plants. Manydelightful varieties of grasses, flowers, shrubs provide privacy. Also consider the views you want to pro- tect or screen. It’s important to know the mature size of the plants and trees you select to ensure that you get the views or privacy and plan to design your own yard, or choose to use the services of a landscape design pro- fessional, a properly designed xeriscape can meet your needs and provide beautiful — and water-wise — surroundings.and trees do very well in New Mexico. you desire. SUN— What portions of your property 2. SOIL IMPROVEMENTSFollow these seven principles and you’ll be receive morning sun? What portions receive You may need to add soil amendmentson your way toward successful xeriscaping. hot, afternoon sun? Where are the shady before you plant. This will enable your soil to spots? The amount and time of sun expo- better absorb water. The water-retention abili-1. PLANNING AND DESIGN sure will affect the types of plants you select. ties of most New Mexico soil is improved with Any beautiful landscape starts with a the addition of organic matter (such as TIME— How much time do you want togood design, and a delightful xeriscape is no compost). spend maintaining your landscape? If you’ddifferent. Before you move a shovelful of dirt However, if you’re landscaping with native rather enjoy your yard than work in it,or plant a single flower, start with an overall plants, you may not need to add anything to choose low-maintenance plants!plan for your xeriscape. your soil. Many well-adapted xeric plants actu- The physical characteristics of ally prefer not to have soil that’s toothe site should be considered. Also rich. For these hardy natives, allconsider your needs and your aes- you’ll need to do is loosen the soilthetic preferences. Here is just a before you plant.sampling of the issues you shouldthink about when planning your 3. APPROPRIATE TURF AREASlandscape: If Kentucky bluegrass wereFUNCTION— Do you need an native to New Mexico, we’d call itactive recreation area? If so, for New Mexico bluegrass, wouldn’twhat activities? A small turf area we? Kentucky bluegrass is a “coolmay be what you need. Do you season” grass that requires a mini-need an “outdoor living room?” If mum of 40 inches of water per yearso, consider expanding your patio to stay lush and green. Remember,area with additional shade struc- 3. APPROPRIATE TURF AREAS some cities in New Mexico average 5
    • THE SEVEN PRINCIPLES OF XERISCAPINGless than 8 inches of precipitation and groundcovers are best wateredper year. That’s why we have to with low-volume drip emitters,water bluegrass so much here in sprayers and bubblers.the high desert. Remember, too, that even the If we’re going to be serious best-designed irrigation systemabout saving water, we have to must be maintained to retain itsrethink our lawns. Instead of using optimum efficiency! Fix leaks anda lawn to cover large areas of make sure the water lines areground, choose your lawn size to clean and unobstructed.fit your family’s needs. If you don’tneed a football field-sized turf 6. MULCHINGarea, try planting a smaller lawn. Mulches are soil coverings thatConsider planting water-wise minimize evaporation, cool thegroundcovers and shrubs. 4. LOW WATER USE PLANTS soil, reduce weed growth and slow Instead of using cool season grasses ing”— grouping together plants with erosion. Mulches can also provide visualthat need lots of supplemental water, consid- similar water needs. Plants that need very interest to a landscape while offering a pro-er drought-tolerant grasses such as little water are grouped together in a zone, tective cover until plants mature.Buffalograss and Blue Grama. while thirsty plants and lawns are grouped Organic mulches (bark chips, wood together in another zone. grindings, composted cotton burrs, etc.) are4. LOW-WATER-USE PLANTS commonly used in planting beds. Inorganic Choose native and low-water-use plants 5. EFFICIENT IRRIGATION mulches (such as gravel and decomposedwhenever possible. A wonderful variety of Proper and efficient irrigation saves granite) can be used to add texture andwater-wise plants can grow throughout New water. For the most efficient use of water, irri- color under trees and around shrubs.Mexico— from the low deserts of the south gate turf areas separately from other plant- Never use plastic sheeting underneathto the mountains of the north. Some of these ings. Design irrigation zones so low-water-use rock or bark. It prevents the soil fromplants are perfect for adding year-round plants receive only the water they need. breathing and encourages shallow plantgreenery and texture. Other native plants are Choosing the right kind of irrigation roots. A better alternative is a permeablegreat for adding a splash of seasonal color. can also save water. Lawns are usually landscape fabric. Xeriscaping uses the concept of “zon- watered by sprinklers. Trees, shrubs, flowers 5. EFFICIENT IRRIGATION 6. MULCHING 6
    • XERISCAPE BASICS CREATING YOUR WATER ZONES uccessful xeriscapes group plants of similar water S requirements together in “water zones.” Zoning your yard will help you create a landscape that is beautiful, functional and water-efficient. ZONE 1: MINI-OASIS The area nearest to your house is where the highest- water-use plants should be placed, creating the lushest zone. The mini-oasis zone includes your lawn area (if 7. PROPER MAINTENANCE you have one). This zone also includes the shady north7. PROPER MAINTENANCE and east sides of your home— typically the coolest parts Even though successful xeriscapes are low maintenance, they of a site. The mini-oasis zone can also include areas thataren’t completely maintenance-free. To ensure that your xeriscape receive rainfall runoff from rooflines and downspouts.stays beautiful and water-wise, you’ll need to periodically fertilize,prune, weed, mow and control pests. To ensure continued water savings, keep irrigation systems ZONE 2: TRANSITIONproperly adjusted. A well-planned and properly maintained xeriscape The transition zone is used to blend lush areas withrequires even less work as it matures. And that gives you more time the drier parts of a landscape. The intermediate zone into enjoy your yard. your yard takes advantage of low- and moderate-water- use plants. Choose plants ZONE 1 that need infrequent supple- mental watering (once a week or less.) ZONE 2 ZONE 3: ARID Farthest away from the house and removed from the most active areas of the ZONE 3 landscape, Zone 3 features the most drought-tolerant vegetation. Choose native plants and other varieties that rarely require supple- mental watering. 7
    • 10 STEPS TO A HEAL 1. SELECT THE RIGHT PLANT FOR THE RIGHT SPOT 2. DIG THE RIGHT SIZE HOLE1. SELECT THE RIGHT PLANT FOR THE RIGHT SPOT. 2. DIG THE RIGHT SIZE HOLE. Sun-loving plants should go into sunny spaces. Shade-loving plants should be The “right size” for trees and shrubs is about twice as wide and about 6” deep-placed under trees or beside walls where they’ll be protected from our harsh New Mexico er than the depth of the root ball. For annuals and perennials, the hole should besun. Also make sure the area is big enough to accommodate the plant when it’s reached about a foot deep and at least a foot wide. If you dig a hole that’s just big enough forits full mature size. (Remember, too, to place plants with similar water needs together.) the plant’s root ball, you actually encourage the roots to not grow and spread.5. SEPARATE MATTED ROOTS. 6. PLACE PLANT AND BACKFILL THE HOLE. Use a knife or sharp trowel to cut four vertical slits, one on each side of the Place plant in the hole, making sure that the top of the root ball is aboutroot ball. Make several similar cuts on bottom of root ball. Use your fingers to level with the surrounding soil. Shovel the soil around the plant’s roots to fill up“rough out” matted roots on sides and bottom. the hole. Leave a ridge of soil around the planting hole to hold water. This will allow the water to soak deeply to the plant’s roots. (In dry or hard-to-water areas, a shallow depression (1/2”) below the soil grade will help hold water near the plant even as the ridge of soil begins to erode.) 5. SEPARATE MATTED ROOTS 6. PLACE PLANT AND BACKFILL THE HOLE 8
    • ALTHY XERIC PLANT 3. AMEND THE SOIL 4. CAREFULLY REMOVE PLANT FROM CONTAINER 3. AMEND THE SOIL. 4. CAREFULLY REMOVE PLANT FROM CONTAINER. Add compost and soil minerals such as phosphate (and soil sulphur where Turn small plants upside down, supporting the soil with your hands. Tap the soils are very alkaline). Mix well with shovel. Fill hole just enough so top of root pot to loosen the soil from the sides of the pot, then lift the pot off the root ball. ball will be approximately level with or just under the surrounding soil. Pulling annuals and perennials out by the stems and leaves can damage the plant. Remember, however, that many xeric plants prefer unamended soil. 7. GIVE THE PLANT A GOOD SOAKING. 8. MULCH IT! Even water-thrifty xeric plants need a healthy drenching when transplanted. A thick layer of mulch (2-4” deep depending on the size of the plant) will Make sure you soak the plant’s entire root zone. (Keep in mind, too, that your new minimize evaporation, cool the soil and reduce weed growth. Crushed 3/8” or 3/4” plants will need more frequent waterings during their first year than during subse- gravel, coarse textured compost, and bark are three commonly used mulches. quent years.) 7. GIVE THE PLANT A GOOD SOAKING 8. MULCH IT! 9
    • 10 STEPS TO A HEALTHY XERIC PLANT TIPS ON DRIP: THE BASIC COMP rip irrigation is the perfect method for watering D most shrubs and trees. Drip irrigation systems save water because they deliver slow, steady amounts of water directly to plant roots. As a result, drip systems cut down on evaporation, runoff and overspray. 1. FILTER Keeps sand and silt from clogging 9. USE EFFICIENT IRRIGATION small drip lines and drip emitters.9. USE EFFICIENT IRRIGATION. The majority of xeric plants suitable for New Mexico landscapes can be mostefficiently watered using drip irrigation. Drip emitters save water because theydeliver a slow, steady dose of water directly to a plant’s root zone, significantly 2. PRESSURE REGULATORreducing water lost to evaporation. Lowers the water pressure to the ideal setting for a drip system10. MAINTAIN YOUR XERISCAPE. (approximately 20-30 pounds per Even a low-maintenance xeriscape requires some maintenance. Periodicallycheck your irrigation system for leaks. Clean filter and check drip emitters to pre- square inch (psi)).vent plugging. For trees and large shrubs, you may need to move emitters outwardand add extra emitters as plants grow so the water soaks the entire root zone. 3. BACKFLOW PREVENTER/ ANTI-SIPHON VALVE Keeps irrigation system water from being siphoned back into your drinking water. Backflow preventers are required by city ordinances. 4. MULTI-EMITTER HYDRANT Delivers water from a single riser pipe to multiple locations. Each outlet’s flow rate can be individual- ly controlled by using emitters that deliver different amounts of water. 5. MICRO-TUBING Delivers the water from a multi- emitter hydrant to the location of individual plants. 10. MAINTAIN YOUR XERISCAPE 10
    • XERISCAPE BASICSMPONENTS OF DRIP IRRIGATION HOW MUCH WATER IS ENOUGH? he chart below shows how much precipitation T Professional landscapers and irrigation companies Albuquerque receives each month, how much addition- can design and install drip systems. Drip irrigation kits al water the typical xeriscape needs, and how much are available at hardware stores, home centers and additional water a traditional “high-water-use” land- nurseries. The City also has a free Drip Guide and video. scape needs. You can see at a glance just how thirsty a tradi- tional lawn-dominated landscape is. The irony is that many lawns actually receive too much supplemental water! Collectively, we tend to pour more water on our lawns than is necessary for healthy growth and 6. DRIP EMITTERS maintenance. (The same is true for many trees, shrubs, and flowering plants.) Connect to micro-tubing and deliver Some studies show that typical lawn sprinklers apply water to specific plants at a slow, con- water at the rate of about 1 1/2” per hour. Unfortunately, the sistent rates. Flow rates are measured typical lawn can only handle about 1/2” per hour before in gallons per hour (GPH). becoming saturated. So, leaving your sprinklers running longer usually doesn’t help your lawn a bit — and usually 7. BUBBLER EMITTERS increases runoff waste. Instead, try a shorter water cycle, followed by an “off” Deliver water to a targeted location, cycle, followed by another short water cycle. This method gives usually at a higher GPH rate than a the first dose of water a chance to reach the roots— where it drip emitter. Bubblers are commonly does the most good. After this water has soaked in, the second used to water trees, shrubs and dense- dose of water actually helps push the first dose of water deeper ly planted flower beds. into the soil. ESTIMATED MONTHLY PLANT WATER NEEDS AND RAINFALL Based on 30-year Weather Data (Albuquerque, NM Region) 6 Since spray irrigation 5.74 systems are very inef- 5.10 5.14 5 ficient, it takes 40 inches or more to HIGH WATER A well-designed and TRADITIONAL maintain high water 4 managed xeriscape LANDSCAPE 3.54 landscapes. Expect to 3.66 Inches of Water should use 5 to 15 31 inches per year use 25 to 32 gallons gallons of supple- per square foot. Some 3 mental water per Albuquerque land- square foot per year. 2.21 2.02 scapes receive over 100 gallons per 2 XERISCAPE square foot per year! 1.15 1.41 1.42 0.74 1 0.51 0.80 0.93 0.37 8.5 inches per year 0.83 0.54 0.64 0.6 PRECIPITATION 0.4 0.39 0.45 0.46 0.47 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Inches x .623 x Sq. Feet = Gallons Gallons/.62/square feet = Inches of water 11
    • TREES AND SHRUBS photo by Charles Mann THE DESERT WILLOW IS A PERFECT TREE FOR ALBUQUERQUE’S HOT, DRY CLIMATE n hot, dry climates such as ours, people appreciate When deciding what types of trees and shrubs toI cool retreats from the fiery sun. One well-placed shade tree can transform a patio or deck from a scorching hot spot to a shady oasis. Buildings shadedby trees also require less air conditioning, which willsave summer energy costs. plant in your landscape, always consider the mature size of the specimen. Make sure the spot you select gives the tree or shrub enough “growing room” to reach its full height and width. Another consideration is winter color. Many land- Trees provide visual interest and add “character” to a scape designers recommend that at least 30% of yoursuburban landscape. There are many trees that adapt landscape should be filled with evergreen trees andwell to our local climate. The same is true for shrubs; a shrubs. That way, you’ll have some pleasing greenerydelightful variety are well-suited for our climate because even during the coldest winter months.they can handle our summer heat, winter cold, and dry The trees and shrubs shown on the next few pagesgrowing environments. are only a few of the choices recommended for the City of Albuquerque and similar Southwestern climates. 12
    • DECIDUOUS TREES DECIDUOUS TREES TREES & SHRUBSCHILOPSIS LINEARIS (Desert Willow)(see full photo on opposite page) Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 8-20 ft. tall, 10-15 ft. wideBlooming Season: May-JulyFlower Color: Pale pink to rosy purple. A sturdy, heat-loving tree that’s native to warm deserts, especially in arroyos. Grows well in New Mexico’s lowlands, but may not be suited to eleva- photo by Judith Phillips photo by Michael Melendres tions above 5,500 or where PISTACHIA CHINENSIS QUERCUS SPP. (OAK)its cold hardiness is challenged. Compact and shrub- (Chinese Pistache) Full Sun Medium Waterby in appearance, its leaves are long and thin and its Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 25-60 ft. tall, 15-60 ft. wideprofusion of pink trumpet-shaped flowers puts onquite a show. Long, pencil-like pods give the tree year- Mature Size: 40 ft. tall, 30 ft. wide Many species of Oak grow well throughout most ofround character. Fast growing as a young tree, then Blooming Season: Mid- to Late-Spring New Mexico. Gambel Oak (Quercus gambelii) is aits growth slows as it matures. Flower Color: Reddish moderate-sized tree that’s native from Southern A wonderful shade tree when mature, the Chinese Colorado through the canyons and foothills of New Pistache can handle hot, dry desert conditions beause Mexico and Arizona. It grows slowly to 30 feet tall, of its deep taproot. Its glossy dark leaves put on a sometimes taller when water is available. Most other delightful fall show turning a bright crimson. Female oaks grow taller, including Valley Oak (Quercus trees develop small fruit if male trees are nearby. lobata), which can reach 40 feet, and Shumard Oak Stake young trees and prune lower branches to devel- (Quercus shumardii), which can reach 60 feet with op a crown high enough to walk under. Young trees a 60-foot spread. Most oaks have lobed leaves that may have a slightly awkward form when young, but turn from dark green to yellow-orange in the fall. the canopy fills out as trees mature. Tolerant of virtu- ally all soil conditions. PROSOPIS VELUTINA (Velvet Mesquite) Full Sun Low WaterFORESTIERA NEOMEXICANA Mature Size: 15-30 ft. tall, 10-25 ft. wide(New Mexico Olive) Blooming Season: May-June Full Sun- Part Shade Medium Water Flower Color: Yellow.Mature Size: 12-18 ft. tall, 10-15 ft. wide The various species of mesquite are trees synony-Blooming Season: Early Spring/ Flower Color: mous with the desert Southwest. All are slow to leaf photo by Hunter Ten BroeckYellow-Green. out in the spring, but they make up for their tardi- VITEX AGNUS-CASTUS ness with fragrant yellow flowers. Small, blue-green (Vitex or Chaste Tree)Depending upon your landscape needs and prefer- leaflets give Velvet Mesquite a soft, lacey appearance.ences, this native species can be pruned upward to Full Sun Medium Water Flat, narrow bean podsform an attractive small tree or left in its natural, Mature Size: 15-25 ft. tall, 10-15 ft. wide hang from the treerounded shrub-like shape. The bark of its multiple throughout the summer. Blooming Season: July-Augusttrunks is a smooth pale gray, and its branches fork at Its limited cold-hardiness Flower Color: Blue-lavender.odd, interesting angles. Clusters of small yellowish makes it a good choice Multi-branched, spreading, large shrub or small treegreen flowers appear early in spring; female plants where average annual that features distinctive dark green palmate leaves. Itsproduce small fruits that attract songbirds. Tolerates minimum temperatures low, open form can be pruned to grow more treelikedrought, but does best when roots receive a deep stay above 5 degrees F; to create a small and lovely shade tree. In mid-sum-soaking once or twice a month. other mesquites found in mer a profusion of 7-inch-long blue flower spikes the Plant List are about 5 creates a sweet aroma that attracts bumblebees. Does degrees F more cold best in hot areas. hardy. photo by David Cristiani 13
    • DECIDUOUS SHRUBS DECIDUOUS SHRUBS EVERGREEN TREESCARYOPTERIS CLANDONENSIS FALLUGIA PARADOXA (Apache Plume) CERCOCARPUS LEDIFOLIUS(Blue Mist Spirea) Full Sun Low Water (Curlleaf Mountain Mahogany) Full Sun-part sun Medium Water Mature Size: 4-5 ft. tall, 4-5 ft. wide Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 2 ft. tall, 3 ft. wide Blooming Season: April Mature Size: 10 ft. tall, 6 ft. wideBlooming Season: July-August Flower Color: White. Blooming Season: Early SpringFlower Color: Blue-purple. This is one of the showiest of our native shrubs. In Flower Color: Yellowish.A vey popular, low-care shrub that’s perfect for land- spring it’s covered with tiny white, five-petaled flowers A shrub-like tree that’s native to dry mountain slopesscape or flower beds. It needs only average garden that look like miniature white roses. (Apache Plume is between 4,000 and 9,000 feet in elevation. Because itsoil to thrive. Hundreds of purple-blue flower spikes in the rose family.) But this shrub really stands out is very slow growing, it can make an excellent hedgecover the mature plant in late summer. Cut back 1/3 when the pink, silky-plumed seed heads cover the tips or small character tree. Small flowers appear brieflyof its previous year’s height in spring to encourage of its branches from late summer through fall. in spring, then yield to seeds with 2-3-inch-longheaviest flowering. Butterflies love this shrub! Plant it in well-drained soil in any hot, sunny loca- plumes. The bark is light gray, almost white, and the tion. Needs virtually no supplemental water once small leathery leaves are dark green above and fuzzy established. white below. Water to establish, then the tree can go unirrigated except in the hottest, driest weather.CHAMAEBATIARIA MILLEFOLIUM photo by Michael Melendres(Fernbush) RHUS TRILOBATA (Three-Leaf Sumac) PINUS ELDARICA (Afghan Pine) Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 4-6 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide Full Sun-Part Shade Low Water Full Sun Medium WaterBlooming Season: Mid-Summer Mature Size: 3-6 ft. tall, 3-6 ft. wide Mature Size: 40 ft. tall, 18 ft. wideFlower Color: White. Blooming Season: April Pine trees provide visual interest in a landscape and Flower Color: Yellowish-green. much-needed greenery in the coldest, most barrenFernbush is a relatively little-known native plant An ornamental native shrub that is well adapted to a months. Afghan Pine is one of the best desert pines.that’s great for use as a single specimen or in groups wide range of soils from sandy to rock to heavy clay. It thrives in heat, wind, poor soil— and it is rela-and rows for visual screening and hedges. The showy Three-Leaf Sumac is a moderate to fast grower, tively drought tolerant. However, it cannot tolerateflower spikes resemble those of white lilacs. Like the depending upon how much water it receives. The temperatures below 0 degrees F. Its evergreen leavesApache Plume, this shrub is semi-evergreen. Its olive unremarkable tiny flowers are followed by tart, red (needles) grow in pairs and reach 5-6 inches long.green foliage remains on the ends of its stems in berries that are much sought after by wild birds. A This relatively fast-growing tree is great for wind-winter. Upright, fuzzy stems grow from center of good choice for screening and wind breaks, its leaves breaks and for creating a “visual screen” betweenplant, giving it a pleasant, round shape. This hardy turn glorious shades of red and orange in the fall. properties.plant loves south- and west-facing exposures andwell-drained soil. 14
    • EVERGREEN TREES EVERGREEN SHRUBS TREES & SHRUBS photo by Hunter Ten Broeck photo by Hunter Ten BroeckPINUS NIGRA (Austrian Pine) ARTEMISIA TRIDENTATA (Big Sage) COTONEASTER BUXIFOLIUS Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun-Part Sun Low Water (Grayleaf Cotoneaster)Mature Size: 35 ft. tall, 25 ft. wide Mature Size: 3-7 ft. tall, 3-5 ft. wide Full Sun-Part Sun Medium WaterThe typical Austrian Pine grows in a dense, stout When most people think of sagebrush, it’s Big Sage Mature Size: 2 ft. tall, 4-6 ft. widepyramid-like shape with a uniform crown. Its ever- that comes to mind. This aromatic shrub is native Blooming Season: Spring-Summergreen leaves (needles) are dark green, 3-6 inches throughout the West in elevations from 1,500 to Flower Color: Pink.long, and sprout from the tree in pairs. The bark is 10,000 feet. Its small silver-gray leaves are narrow and Grayleaf Cotoneaster, like most species of Cotoneaster,dark brown or black. Its oval-shaped yellow-brown hairy, and they contrast well with its rough black bark. is a low-spreading shrub that is sometimes used as anfemale cones are about 3 inches long. Austrian Pine Its flowers are basically insignificant; this plant is informal groundcover. Can be pruned back to create amakes an effective windbreak, and it’s a good choice grown for its native, rustic look that remains virtually more formal hedge shape. The small pink flowerswhere winters are cold. unchanged year-round. Big Sage grows easily in virtu- become red berries that persist throughout fall. Its ally any sunny, well-drained spot. A great xeric small gray leaves clothe 3-6 foot arching stems year- plant— watering too much in mid summer can actu- round. Grows well in moderately fertile soil. ally kill it. photo by Hunter Ten Broeck photo by Judith PhillipsPINUS EDULIS (Pinon Pine) COWANIA MEXICANA (Cliffrose) photo by Charles Mann SPARTIUM JUNCEUM (Spanish Broom) Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 30 ft. tall, 20 ft. wide Mature Size: 8 ft. tall, 6 ft. wide Full Sun Medium WaterBlooming Season: Early Spring Blooming Season: Summer Mature Size: 6-10 ft. tall, 4-10 ft. wide Flower Color: Yellow. Blooming Season: May-JulyPinon Pines are one of New Mexico’s most recognizable Flower Color: Yellow.native trees. Horizontal branches make for a bushy, Cliffrose makes an excellent companion for perennialsdomed shape when mature. Its needles, which grow in because its open-branched form casts light shade. Its Spanish Broom makes a great shrub backdrop for apairs, are short, stiff and dark green. Its spherical cones irregular shape lends a native touch to landscapes— perennial bed and can also be used as a foundationproduce seeds (also known as Pinon Nuts) that are which is appropriate since this plant is a New Mexico plant. The dense, evergreen twigs are almost leafless,prized by wildlife—and humans as well. Pinons are native. Fragrant flowers cover the branches in early but they are literally covered with fragrant, brilliantoften used as accent plants, and specimens with summer, a few of which remain virtually all summer yellow flowers in early summer. Thrives in alkalinegnarled trunks are especially prized. It grows best in long. Feathery plumes form in mid-summer and per- soils in full sun— to the point that it can crowd outfoothill elevations, but can stand up to the heat and sist into winter. (Consequently, Cliffrose is often mis- other plants. Responds well to pruning and will growcold of most New Mexico locations. taken for Apache Plume). It can handle the hottest back vigorously. south–and west-facing exposures. 15
    • FLOWERING PLANTS IMAGINE HOW GREAT YOUR GARDEN WILL LOOK WITH A BEAUTIFULLY MATCHED GROUPING OF LOW-CARE FLOWERS othing brightens up a desert landscape like names, plant types, water requirements and otherN flowers. In this section, we focus on flowering plants that are well adapted to our high desert growing conditions. Flowering xeric plants can beautify your yard andhelp to conserve our valuable water resources. characteristics of the approved plants. See page 38 for the list in its entirety). Although it can’t possibly list every plant that can grow in your area, the Albuquerque Plant List can serve as a terrific resource about hundreds of plants that will grow and thrive inChoosing the right xeric plants will attract butterflies much of New Mexico.and wild birds to your landscape. At the same time, a Please keep in mind that even the most drought-well-planned xeriscape can increase the comfort level resistant native plants need water more frequentlyof your home. during the first year or two to establish the extensive The plants featured in this section are but a fraction root systems that make them so tough. (For example,of those listed in the “Flowers and Flowering you may need to water young plants twice a month orGroundcovers” section of the 1998 Albuquerque Plant more during the hot summer months.) After plantsList. (The list specifies the common names, scientific are established, water less often. 16
    • FLOWERING PLANTSACHILLEA TAYGETEA AGASTACHE RUPESTRIS ARMERIA MARITIMA (Thrift)(“Moonshine” Yarrow) (Licorice Mint Hyssop) Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 12” tall, 12” wideMature Size: 24” tall, 18” wide Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Blooming Season: Late SpringBlooming Season: July-August Blooming Season: July-September Flower Color: Pink.Flower Color: Yellow. Flower Color: Orange. This plant is a rock garden favorite with its tidyHighly adaptive in its soil and water needs, but grows This southwestern native originates from the moun- mound of grassy foliage and profusion of rose-pinkbest in well-drained soils. The distinctive silver-gray tainous regions of southern Arizona and northern spherical flowers. Kept “deadheaded,” flowering willfoliage is a fine backdrop for the lacy, lemon-yellow Chihuahua, Mexico. It blooms from mid-summer continue throughout much of the summer. Wellflower clusters that keep coming all summer. It can through the fall with numerous spikes of gorgeous drained sandy or loamy soil is best for Armeria mar-be used in both xeric and traditional borders. Other orange flowers. The thread-like, gray-green leaves give itima. It appreciates regular watering during the heatspecies of Achillea offer flowers in lighter shades of the entire plant a very soft, wispy look. The fragrance of summer, although dryer conditions are fine foryellow and also in red, pink and white. of this plant is also wonderful, so place it where you cooler times of the year. Armeria is perfect for inter- will brush against it when you walk by. Loves well- planting with blue flowering Veronica and white drained soil with plenty of summer heat. It’s also a Greek yarrow, among others, for outstanding rock must for hummingbird gardens! garden color combinations.AGASTACHE CANA (Giant Hyssop) ANACYCLUS DEPRESSUS (Mat Daisy) Full Sun Medium Water Sun-Shade Low Water ARTEMISIA ABROTANUMMature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Mature Size: 6” tall, 12” wideBlooming Season: July-September Blooming Season: Late Spring (Southernwood)Flower Color: Rose-Pink. Flower Color: White & Red. Sun-Shade Medium Water This little-known plant originates in the mountainous Mature Size: 36” tall, 36” wideTubular, raspberry-pink flowers make Giant Hyssop a areas of the Mediterranean, and has shown itself to be Blooming Season: July-Augustfavorite of New Mexico’s gardeners and humming-birds. The flowers are prolific and continue through an easy-to-grow, cold-hardy rock garden plant. Dense Flower Color: Yellow-Gray.the fall. Native to the mountainous areas of southern 1” tall feathery silver-gray foliage shows off the white The soft, ferny green foliage looks like it doesn’tNew Mexico and western Texas, Agastache cana does daisy flowers in early spring. The undersides of the belong to such a tough, indestructible plant. Rabbitwell in average garden conditions, mixing well with flower petals have a distinctive deep red color that is and grasshopper proof, this plant is invaluable bothother late-blooming perennials. It’s cold hardy to -20˚ revealed in the mornings before the flowers unfold. Mat as a fine backdrop to highlight other plants andF and also remarkably heat tolerant as long as it gets daisy thrives in poor, well drained soil. A good plant for ornamental grasses, and as a barrier plant to protectadequate water. edging gravel pathways where it will re-seed itself and other less hardy perennials from hungry foragers. colonize the area. When brushed, the leaves give off a powerful scent. 17
    • FLOWERING PLANTSARTEMISIA STELLERIANA CALLIRHOE INVOLUCRATA CENTRANTHUS RUBER (Red Valerian)(Beach Wormwood) (Poppy Mallow, Winecups) Sun-Shade Medium Water Sun-Shade Medium Water Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 36” tall, 36” wideMature Size: 12” tall, 24” wide Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Blooming Season: Late Spring-SummerBlooming Season: June Blooming Season: Late Spring-Summer Flower Color: Red.Flower Color: White-Yellow. Flower Color: Red-Pink. Red Valerian is a versatile plant, being equally atBeach Wormwood exhibits a remarkable range of The five petaled flowers of Poppy Mallow (also known home in both the xeric garden and traditional peren-adaptability, being equally at home as a ground cover as Winecups) are a rich pinkish-red color with a white nial border. Not fussy about its growing conditions,in a coastal garden or a frigid mountain planting. The eye, and cover the plant all summer. The low spread- the showy rose-red flowers are continuous from latescalloped, felt-like white foliage provides a fine carpet to ing stems make this plant useful on slopes or cascad- spring through summer. A willing re-seeder underplant under other xeric perennials such as Penstemons. ing over retaining walls. A valuable plant for hot favorable conditions, Centranthus ruber prefers well-Prompt removal of spent flowers or the flower spikes in south- or west-facing beds. Grows well in a wide range drained garden soil— not clay.mid-summer will maintain its rug-like look. Well of soil types including clay. Gently re-seeds itself andadapted to varying soil types and watering regimes. will slowly spread if you let it. Recommended compan- ion plants are Berlandiera lyrata (Chocolate Flower), Nepeta x faassenii (Catmint) and gray Santolina.BERLANDIERA LYRATA CALYLOPHUS SPECIES (Sundrops)(Chocolate Flower) Full Sun Low Water Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 18” tall, 18” wideMature Size: 16” tall, 16” wide Blooming Season: Spring-SummerBlooming Season: Early Spring-Summer Flower Color: Yellow.Flower Color: Yellow. This spectacular native wildflower is ever-bloomingStep out into your garden on a clear summer morning with a profusion of large, bright yellow, four petaledand delight to the scent of chocolate that perfumes the flowers. The narrow gray-green foliage gives the plantair. This native wildflower blooms profusely all season a lacy look in the garden. Calylophus thrives in thewith cheery light yellow daisies; the sweetly fragrant heat, and grows well in a wide range of soils, as longblossoms really do smell just like chocolate! Easily as they’re well drained. This tough plant is the star ofgrown in a variety of soil types, this drought tolerant any dryland rock garden or xeriscape. A good shear-species readily re-seeds itself, making it a desirable ing before the growing season starts in late spring willaddition to any wildflower meadow or informal garden keep it looking tidy and loaded with flowers.area. Surround Chocolate Flower with Callirhoe (Poppy RED VALERIAN IS A GOOD RESEEDERMallow) for a bright summer-long show of color. 18
    • FLOWERING PLANTSCOREOPSIS VERTICILLATA GAILLARDIA GRANDIFLORA HELIANTHUS MAXIMILLIANA(Threadleaf Coreopsis) (Indian Blanketflower) (Maximillian Sunflower) Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Mature Size: up to 120” tall, 120” wideBlooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: September-OctoberFlower Color: Yellow. Flower Color: Yellow/Orange/Red. Flower Color: Yellow.Coreopsis is a carefree perennial with fine, thread-like Blanketflower is one of the most dependable perenni- Maximillian Sunflower produces one of the mostfoliage and pale, 2-inch-wide yellow flowers that al bloomers. It’s easy to grow and tough enough to spectacular late-season bursts of color. The tall flow-cover the plant all summer. Performs best in com- handle hot micro-climates. The flowers sport red ering spikes, up to 20 or 30 in a mature clump, arepost-enriched soil. Add soil sulphur to keep the foliage centers; the petals are orange with yellow tips. The covered with up to 30 or more yellow, closely spacednicely green. It is relatively late to awaken from its flowers keep coming all summer— just remove the daisies. Place Helianthus against walls or fences orwinter dormancy, so be patient! The “Moonbeam” spent blooms and another crop of flowers will appear make a hedge with it, but don’t put it in the middlecultivar is one of the most drought-tolerant varieties in a couple of weeks. Although fairly drought toler- of your most fertile flower beds, as it will crowd outand bears flowers that are pale yellow. ant, regular watering produces the most prolific weaker neighbors. The more water it receives, the blooms. taller it gets. (Growing Tip: put it in a tomato cage early in the season and let the tall stems grow up GAURA LINDHEIMERI (Gaura) through it so they don’t flop over with the weight of their flowers later in the fall.) Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 48” tall, 48” wide Blooming Season: June-September Flower Color: White or Pink. A native to the Southwest, Gaura gives the garden a wonderful informality with its long, wispy stems of spider-like flowers. It responds with a profusion of flowers when watered regularly during the summer. Most vari-ECHINACEA PURPUREA eties of Gaura feature(Purple Coneflower) white flowers, but a new variety called HYMENOXYS SCAPOSA (Perky Sue) Full Sun Medium Water “Siskiyou Pink” (pic- Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 36” tall, 24” wide tured at right) fea- Mature Size: 12” tall, 12” wideBlooming Season: Late Summer tures pink blooms. Blooming Season: April-AugustFlower Color: Pink/Golden. Other native perenni- Flower Color: Yellow.This favorite wildflower blooms heavily for many als that enjoy similar A wonderful everblooming yellow daisy that is bothweeks in late summer, making this plant invaluable garden conditions heat loving and drought tolerant. The narrow, silver-for brightening the garden in the dog days of sum- and combine well green foliage is evergreen and supports short stems ofmer. The center of each flower is a large, golden- with Gaura include yellow daisies starting in spring. A vigorous re-seeder,tinged conical globe, which is surrounded by purple- Echinacea (Purple it quickly colonizes harsh areas of the garden. Use itpink petals. The plant dies back to the ground during Coneflower) and to interplant with cold hardy cacti. Provide lean, well-winter, but returns strongly in spring. Prefers com- Agastache cana drained soil. Once established H. scaposa is very xericpost-amended, well-drained soil. (Giant Hyssop). 19 and needs little extra water.
    • FLOWERING PLANTS SUMMER-BLOOMING LAVENDER he genus Lavandula is a favorite T group of ornamental herbs native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean. These are sun- lov- ing plants that thrive in hot weather and grow well in the West in a wide range of soils, even compost enriched garden loams, as long as they are well drained. Heavy, poorly drained clay soils can be fatal to lavenders. In spring, before the plants begin toKNIPHOFIA UVARIA (Red Hot Poker) show signs of new growth, cut back the LINUM PERENNE (Blue Flax) Full Sun Low Water old stems by one-third to re-invigorate the Full Sun Medium WaterMature Size: 36” tall, 36” wide plant and encourage a good show of Mature Size: 18” tall, 18” wideBlooming Season: Summer summer flowers. Lavender plants require Blooming Season: Late Spring-SummerFlower Color: Orange. two to three growing seasons to reach Flower Color: Blue.A sturdy South African native known for its tough, mature size. Blue Flax is one of the favorite Western plants for gar-easy-to-grow nature. It has long grasslike foliage and The two major groups of Lavenders dens. These profuse blue flowers match the summerunusual bicolor flower spikes in shades of orange and include the English Lavenders (L. angus- sky. It is often used for meadows because it’s a strongyellow. A substantial plant that looks great alone or in re-seeder. Extremely cold hardy, it is a fine choice forlong beds lining driveways or entrances where dry- tifolia varieties) and the Lavandins (L. x cold, short season areas throughout the mountains.ness and alkaline soils might defeat even a daylily. intermedia varieties) which are hybrids An undemanding plant, it’s happy in any well-Particularly attractive with Yarrow. between English lavender and another drained garden soil or lean rock-garden mix. Trim off species, Lavandula latifolia. Generally the faded flowers and it will usually re-bloom, or speaking the English lavenders have the leave the old flowers to re-seed and naturalize itself. deepest flower color, while the Lavandins are taller plants with larger flowers and longer flower stems. The English lavenders are often preferred as a source of dried flowers while the Lavandins are typically used for oil produc- tion, potpourris, and lavender wands. NEPETA MUSSINI SYN FASSENIILAVANDULA ANGUSTIFOLIA (Catmint)(English Lavender) Sun-Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 8” tall, 24” wide Sun-Shade Medium Water Blooming Season: May-AugustMature Size: 36” tall, 36” wide Flower Color: Blue.Blooming Season: SummerFlower Color: Lavender. Catmint has become a cornerstone in many xeriscapes because of its hardiness and long period ofAn old favorite, Lavender is a dependable performer bloom. The first flush of blue flowers comes in lateblooming with pleasing purple flower spikes. In fact, spring. When deadheaded promptly, a second flushthis is the kind of plant that quickly becomes a blooms in late summer. Out of flower, the neatfavorite of everyone who grows it. Its compact silver- mound of gray-green foliage has a pleasing fragrancegreen leaves and gorgeous flowers combine well with and texture. Adaptable to any well-drained soil,many xeric and hardy garden perennials. A superb “PROVENCE”, A LAVANDIN VARIETY Catmint can handle a range of light from full sun toplant for edging walks and paths and wherever the light shade. Trim back in late winter for prolificaromatic flowers and foliage can be enjoyed. blooms the following spring. 20
    • FLOWERING PLANTS THE PLEASING POWER OF PENSTEMONS n essential plant in any xeriscape, A Penstemons are unsurpassed in attracting hummingbirds to your garden. For those of you who are unfamiliar with this wonderful group of plants, we’ve included descriptions and pho- tos of three of the most popular varieties. Because many Penstemons are adapted to grow in harsh Western habitats, it is impor- tant to keep a few considerations in mind when bringing them into your garden:OENOTHERA BERLANDIERI 1. Plant only in well-drained soils. Wet clay soils(Mexican Evening Primrose) and Penstemons aren’t compatible. Avoid overly enriched soils. Too much compost can actually short- Full Sun Low Water en their life spans.Mature Size: 12” tall, 60” wideBlooming Season: June-September 2. When putting container-grown Penstemons into PENSTEMON PINIFOLIUSFlower Color: Pink. your garden, plant high, leaving the top of the root- ball just above the surrounding soil to avoid burying (Pineleaf Penstemon)A heat loving plant that thrives in sunny, dry areas the crown of the plant. Full Sun Low Wateralong sun-baked south- and west-facing walls and 3. Mulch with gravel mulch. This not only keeps Mature Size: 12” tall, 20” widepavement areas. Spreading rapidly on shallow roots the plant’s crown dry over the cold, wet winter Blooming Season: June-Julywhen the hot summer weather arrives, give this beau- months but it will encourage the plants to re-seed Flower Color: Orange.ty plenty of room to grow as it will overrun smaller,less vigorous plants. Everblooming, its showy pink and increase their numbers. Pineleaf Penstemon is an outstanding but often over-flowers will last from early summer through fall. 4. To keep some of the shorter-lived Penstemons looked species from southern New Mexico andPreferring unimproved, well drained soils, this plant going, allow some of the plants to set seed. (Don’t Arizona. Blooming for 6-8 weeks in mid-summer, therequires little extra water once established. Makes a “deadhead” them— in other words don’t cut off all tubular orange flowers are profuse, attracting hum-good planting companion for Russian Sage the spent flower stalks.) The volunteer seedlings will mingbirds from miles around. P. pinifolius is long-(Perovskia) and Gray Santolina. be more vigorous and longer lived than the original lived and grows easily in both xeric and traditional parent plant. perennial gardens. As the plant matures, the stems become woody, forming an attractive evergreen shrublet with bright green needle-like foliage. PENSTEMON CLUTEI (Sunset Penstemon) PENSTEMON STRICTUS Full Sun Low Water (Rocky Mountain Penstemon) Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Blooming Season: June-July Full Sun Medium Water Flower Color: Pink. Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide Blooming Season: May-June Sunset Penstemon is a very Flower Color: Purple. sought after species that’s thought to be a natural A native Penstemon of the foothills and mountains of hybrid between P. palmeri the southern Rockies (sometimes known asOSTEOSPERMUM BABERIAE and P. pseudospectabilis “Beardtongue”), this plant grows well in central New(Hardy African Daisy) Penstemon clutei is native Mexico. It grows well in full sun, yet can tolerate to a very limited area in and some shade. Its tall, showy spikes of purple flowers Full Sun Medium Water around an extinct volcano last for over a month in the late spring. SpreadingMature Size: 4” tall, 12” wide north of Flagstaff, Arizona. steadily via stolons to form large clumps of denseBlooming Season: Summer The large sunset pink flow- green foliage, RockyFlower Color: Purple-Pink. ers are set on tall spikes above the crinkled blue-green MountainThe compact growth of the Hardy African Daisy Penstemon is one of foliage. Remove faded flowering spikes to prolongmakes it a choice plant for the front of a perennial the longest lived blooming throughout the summer months andborder. Plant it in well-drained, compost-enriched soil and most easily extend the lifespan of the plant. P. clutei requires a(it doesn’t like heavy clay). Maintain even soil mois- grown of the very fast-draining, compost-free soil.ture, taking care not to overwater. Cold hardy for Penstemons.Central New Mexico’s climate, but doesn’t likeextremely hot micro-climates. 21
    • FLOWERING PLANTSPEROVSKIA ATRIPLICIFOLIA ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS “ARP” SALVIA OFFICINALIS (Garden Sage)(Russian Sage) (“ARP” Upright Rosemary) Full Sun Medium Water Full Sun Medium Water Sun-Shade Low Water Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wideMature Size: 5 ft. tall, 5 ft. wide Mature Size: 6 ft. tall, 6 ft. wide Blooming Season: August-OctoberBlooming Season: June-September Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: Violet-Blue.Flower Color: Lavender-Blue. Flower Color: Light Blue. Yes, Garden Sage is an aromatic herb. Its leaves canRussian Sage is an indispensable plant for the Known primarily as an evergreen shrub, Rosemary is be used to flavor meats such as pork, goose andWestern garden. It is native to the harsh, high deserts a bushy plant featuring stiff upright stems and soft sausage. Equally impressive is its beauty in the gar-of Afghanistan and thrives in Albuquerque’s growing blue flowers in summer. Rosemary officinalis “Arp” den. The fuzzy leaves of Garden Sage are a delightfulconditions. Russian Sage blooms for several months has proven itself to be a cold hardy selection, extend- gray-green. Two-foot-tall spikes covered with violet-beginning in late summer, when the white stems and ing its use into New Mexico’s higher elevations. A blue flowers appear in late summer and last until fall.aromatic silver-gray foliage are crowned with smoky- great choice for hot walls and corners and other Handles drought well once established.blue flower spikes. Deep rooted, heat loving and xeric, areas that get intense reflected heat. Plant in combi-it’s not the least picky about soils, and it thrives in nation with other heat-loving plants like Zauschneriaalmost any location. A fine companion plant for californica (Hummingbird Plant), Lavandula, andornamental grasses and flowering perennials. Calylophus (Sundrops).RATIBIDA COLUMNIFERA(Prairie Coneflower, Mexican Hat) Full Sun Low Water/Mature Size: 32” tall, 32” wideBlooming Season: June-SeptemberFlower Color: Yellow-Orange.The roadsides of northeastern New Mexico light upwith color in mid-summer when large stands ofPrairie coneflower come into bloom. This drought-tolerant plant is easy to establish, and it naturalizesreadily so you can grow your own stand of wildflow- SALVIA GREGGII (Autumn Sage)ers. Prairie Coneflower (a.k.a. Mexican Hat) is a Sun-Shade Medium Waterheavy bloomer, with a mature plant producing hun- Mature Size: 24” tall, 36” widedreds of flowers with distinctive mahogany-red petals Blooming Season: May-Septemberedged in yellow. Cold hardy and able to handle hot Flower Color: Red.summers as long as it gets deep watering twice amonth when flowering. Autumn Sage (sometimes called Cherry Sage for its cherry-red blossoms) is a valued xeric plant for its tightly branched upright growth and its profusion of flowers that begin in early summer. Culturally unde- manding, Autumn Sage tolerates a wide range of soils— as long as they are quick draining. Just a bit of extra water during dry spells encourages more PRAIRIE CONEFLOWER (MEXICAN HAT) flowers. 22
    • FLOWERING PLANTSSOLIDAGO CANADENSIS (Goldenrod) SAPONARIA OXYMOIDES (Soapwort) SPHAERALCEA INCANA Sun-Shade Medium Water Sun-Shade Medium Water (Scarlet Globemallow)Mature Size: 36” tall, 36” wide Mature Size: 9” tall, 24” wide Full Sun Low WaterBlooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Summer Mature Size: 20” tall, 20” wideFlower Color: Yellow. Flower Color: Pink. Blooming Season: June-SeptemberContrary to popular belief, Goldenrod doesn’t always Soapwort’s bright pink flowers make it a terrific bor- Flower Color: Red-Orange.cause hay fever; it just gets blamed because it is so der plant in a flower garden as well as a beautiful Globemallow is a welcome sight in mid-summer whenvisible when other wind-blown pollen is in the air. flowering ground cover. A vigorous grower, it readily the heat has driven many other flowers out of bloom.The graceful golden-yellow plumes do a fine job of re-seeds itself and will spread rapidly in a favorable Sphaeralcea’s long wands of red-orange flowers resem-brightening a garden in late summer when so few situation. (Be sure the neighboring plants are large, ble miniature hollyhocks. A deep rooted wildflowerother plants are in bloom. The flowers are good for robust growers so they don’t get smothered!) Prompt native to northern New Mexico, Scarlet Globemallow iscutting or for drying. Goldenrod is easy to grow and shearing as the flowers fade keeps it tidy and prevents not the least bit picky about its soil and thrives inthrives in any average garden soil. re-seeding. heavy clay. Cut last year’s stems back to ground level each spring for best appearance. Plant amongst Callirhoe involucrata (Poppy Mallow), another clay lover, for a great summer color combination.SANTOLINA CHAMAECYPARISSUS(Gray Santolina) Full Sun Low Water SEDUM TELEPHIUMMature Size: 18” tall, up to 36” wide (Autumn Joy Sedum)Blooming Season: June Sun-Shade Low WaterFlower Color: Yellow. Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wideA terrific evergreen perennial known for its button- Blooming Season: Summerlike yellow flowers and its unique aromatic silver- Flower Color: Red.green foliage that looks great all year long. Its woody Once you have gone through the fall with “Autumnstems are densely covered with fine, whitish gray Joy” in your garden, you’ll wonder how you ever livedleaves (which is why it’s sometimes known as without it. Not what you typically think of as a“Lavender Cotton”). Can be used as a groundcover or Sedum, this tall upright variety blooms with largeas a foreground planting in a bed of perennials or flower heads that start pink and age gracefully to ashrubs. With a little extra shearing to remove faded rich bronze. Nice as a dried everlasting flower.flowers and tighten up the shape in early spring, it GLOBE MALLOW FLOWERS RESEMBLEgives a garden the look of age and maturity. Very coldhardy and heat tolerant. 23 MINIATURE HOLLYHOCKS
    • FLOWERING PLANTSEVAPORATION ANDTRANSPIRATION vapo-transpiration is a very bigE word that refers to how much water leaves the soil and plants in our yards due to temperature,humidity, solar radiation and wind.High water-use plants have a highevapo-transpiration rate (ET rate) —which means that they lose water very STACHYS BYZANTINA (Lamb’s Ear) TANACETUM DENSUM-AMANIquickly. Sun-Shade Medium Water (Partridge Feather) The City of Albuquerque’s Parks Mature Size: 12” tall, 18” wide Sun-Shade Low WaterManagement Division monitors the Blooming Season: June Mature Size: 12” tall, 12” wide Flower Color: Lilac. Blooming Season: Early Summercurrent ET rate at five locations There aren’t many plants that require less care than Flower Color: Yellow.throughout the city. If your computer Lamb’s Ear. It’s a vigorous plant that can grow in full Partridge Feather’s incredible silver-white leaveshas a modem, you can call 857-8045 sun or filtered shade. The woolly white leaves (which attract the attention of everyone; you can’t help butto access current ET information, or give the plant its common name) form an attractive pet the soft foliage. The plant forms a dense carpet ofvisit http://weather.nmsu.edu dense mat. The tall silvery flower spikes are inset with foliage topped with clusters of yellow button flowers hundreds of small lilac flowers. Cut off spent flowers in early summer. It thrives in the sunniest, hottestfor statewide weather data. right away to keep a neater look. An outstanding spot you can find. Needs well drained soil. plant for the perennial bed or xeric garden. Good planted under Russian Sage (Perovskia) or Artemisia abrotanum with its contrasting deep green foliage. A HUGE, COLORFUL PLANTING OF POPULAR WATER-WISE FLOWERING PLANTS IN BLOOM, M 24
    • FLOWERING PLANTS DEEPER IS BETTER ater slowly, deeply and infrequently to W increase plants’ rooting depth. The more developed a plant’s root system, the more drought-tolerant the plant becomes because it can draw water from a larger volume of soil. WATER REQUIREMENTS High Water Use: Regular application of water is needed throughout the life of the plant. Water at least once a week during peak VERONICA SPICATA (Veronica) ZAUSCHNERIA CALIFORNICA summer months. Sun-Shade High Water (Hummingbird Plant) Medium Water Use: Some supplemental Mature Size: 36” tall, 36” wide Full Sun Medium Water water is needed throughout the life of the Blooming Season: Early Summer Mature Size: 24” tall, 36” wide plant. Water at least twice monthly during Flower Color: Purple-Blue or Rose-Pink. Blooming Season: Late Summer-Early Fall peak summer months once plant is estab- Most species of Veronica feature tall spikes of bluish- Flower Color: Red. lished. purple flowers. The “Heidekind” variety pictured here Along the front range in Colorado, gardeners have Low Water Use: No supplemental water is shows that Veronicas now offer pink hues as well. come to associate fall and the buzz of busy humming- needed once the plant is established Make no mistake about it, Veronica is an oasis plant, birds with the blazing scarlet Zauschnerias. (although watering once a month is helpful so place it where it will get ample water and after- Hummingbird Plant puts on an extravagant display of for the plant to look its best). noon shade. A fine companion plant for filling in red-orange flowers. It thrives planted in front of hot around Lavender, Santolina, and Catmint (Nepeta). south and west facing walls and walks, in areas that might fry less heat-loving plants. Plant in well drained soil; not too much clay. Hummingbird trumpet appreciates regular watering the first year or two, particularly during dry winters, to help get it well established. Hardy Hummingbird Plant thrives planted in front of hot south and west-facing walls and walks, in areas that might fry less heat- loving plants., MANY WHICH ARE FEATURED IN THIS SECTION 25
    • DESERT ACCENTS photo by Charles Mann THE UNCOMMON BEAUTY OF WINTER-HARDY CACTI AND SUCCULENTS CAN WORK MAGIC IN YOUR GARDEN ne of the delights of landscaping in central included a few plants that aren’t listed on theO New Mexico is the availability of cacti and other desert accent plants that will grow and thrive in our climate. The uncommon beautyof winter-hardy cacti and succulents can work magicin your garden, transforming it into an enchanting Albuquerque Plant List. (Remember, the City’s plant list is a terrific guide to waterwise plants— but it sim- ply can’t include every xeric plant that will grow in our climate.) The plants featured in this section need little or noxeric retreat. supplemental water, so place them in the “arid” zones Some of the plants featured in this section are native of your landscape. They will provide visual interestto the American Southwest. Others are unusual, cold- that will help give your landscape a delightfully dis-hardy plants from South Africa. We’ve deliberately tinctive xeric look. 26
    • DESERT ACCENTS DASYLIRION WHEELERI (Sotol) Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 60” tall, 48” wide Blooming Season: Late Spring Flower Color: White. Sotol is a very handsome, rather slow-growing succu- lent with large rosettes of long, flexible half-inch-wide blue-green leaves edged with white teeth. With age, the plant develops a woody trunk (up to 4 feet high) and eventually blooms producing a narrow 10-foot- tall white-flowered spikes. An invaluable xeric orna- mental for use all across the Southwest.AGAVE PARRYI CORYPHANTHA VIVIPARA(Parry’s Century Plant) (Clustering Pin Cushions) Full Sun Low Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 30” tall, 30” wide Mature Size: 4” tall, 6” wideBlooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Yellow. Flower Color: Pink.An impressive species from western New Mexico and Coryphantha is a very adaptable species, making it aeastern Arizona, Parry’s Century Plant is one of the fine choice if you’ve never grown winter hardy cactimost cold hardy of the Agave family. Forming large, before. Its dense gray-white spines obscure the stemheavily toothed rosettes, the sword-like leaves are and show off the large rose-pink flowers, which coverblue-green. When the plant decides to bloom (after the plant in late spring. Clustering Pin Cushions ismany years of slow growth), it sends up a huge 12- equally at home in the rock garden or in a xeric15-foot flowering spike that will attract humming- landscape planted with Penstemons, Zinnia grandi-birds from miles around. Agaves need a long period flora (Prairie Zinnia) or Calylophus (Sundrops).of hot summer weather to re-grow their fleshy rootsafter transplanting.ALOINOPSIS SPATHULATA ECHINOCEREUS COCCINEUS(Hardy Living Stone) (Spiny Hedgehog) Full Sun Low Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 1” tall, 6” wide Mature Size: 5” tall, 15” wideBlooming Season: Early Spring Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Pink. Flower Color: Red.This unique plant, which is native to South Africa, Spiny Hedgehog is often found nestled in rocky ledgesslowly grows to form a tight evergreen mat of blue- under the shade of pines throughout its habitat ingray clam shaped leaves. The huge shimmering pink New Mexico and southern Colorado. The spines aredaisies poke up just above the foliage in early spring. needle-sharp and caution should be used in plantingHardy Living Stone needs a fast-draining rock soil, this showy hedgehog out of harm’s way. Being awith the roots situated so they grow down 4-6” into SOTOL IS AN INVALUABLE XERIC PLANT mountain dweller, Spiny Hedgehog doesn’t mindthe subsoil. It can be used as an desert accent or a being under snow for much of the winter.slowly creeping groundcover. 27
    • DESERT ACCENTSECHINOCEREUS REICHENBACHII ECHINOCEREUS VIRIDIFLORUS(Oklahoma Hedgehog) (Green-Flowered Hedgehog) Full Sun Low Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 4” tall, 6” wide Mature Size: 5” tall, 5” wideBlooming Season: Late Spring Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Pink. Flower Color: Green.Native to a limited area in the mountains of south- This small hedgehog forms small clusters of two orwestern Oklahoma, this is one of the most beautiful three stems. Bright red and white spines contrastof the Echinocereus species. The albispinus variety, nicely with the bright green flowers that ring the stemshown here, features long, pure white spines and in late spring. Flowers are fragrant, often with a hintlarge, soft pink flowers. At maturity, it forms tight of citrus. These plants thrive throughout central Newclusters of numerous stems. Mexico. photo by Charles MannECHINOCEREUS TRIGLOCHIDIATUS FOUQUIERIA SPLENDENS (Ocotillo) ESCOBARIA ORCUTTII(Claret Cup Hedgehog) Full Sun Low Water (Clustering Snowball) Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 96” tall, 60” wide Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 6” tall, 18” wide Blooming Season: Late Spring Mature Size: 5” tall, 8” wideBlooming Season: Summer Flower Color: Red. Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Red. Ocotillo’s slender, whip-like green stems provide an Flower Color: Pink.Claret Cup Hedgehog is a substantial plant that forms excellent accent in a xeric landscape. After spring or Clustering Snowball has glistening white-spined stemslarge clusters of thick-spined stems. The glowing red- summer rains, the thorny stems sprout fleshy green that ring themselves with pink- or salmon-coloredorange cupped flowers come in early summer, mak- leaves and scarlet flowers. Ocotillo is a slow grower, flowers. Native to southwestern New Mexico, it thrivesing Claret Cup the star of the garden when it blooms. usually growing a foot or less each year. It requires in baking heat but has remarkable cold tolerance.It thrives in hot, sunny locations in well-drained, well-drained soils and will thrive in hot, sunny micro- Quick-draining soil is a must for this plant.rocky soil. climates. 28
    • DESERT ACCENTS XERISCAPE TIPS ainwater can be directed R toward your native and xeric plants with land contouring. (Just take a shovel and shape the soil into earthen basins around all trees and shrubs.) By using our natural rainwater efficiently, you mayRUSCHIA HAMATA (Trailing Iceplant) never have to provide supple- Full Sun Low Water mental water to drought-toler-Mature Size: 5” tall, 18” wide ant plants once they are wellBlooming Season: Late Spring established.Flower Color: Pink.Trailing Iceplant is a cold-hardy plant with woody • Anywhere rainwaterweeping stems covered with small, succulent ever-green leaves. It’s a good choice in rock gardens naturally collects —where it can cascade over a rock or piece of weathered off a roof or at the base of awood. A heavy bloomer, the entire plant disappears slope — can be turned into aunder hundreds of small fuchsia-pink flowers in latespring. Ruschia hamata looks great when inter- mini-oasis zone.planted with various cacti and other uprightsucculents. HESPERALOE PARVIFLORA (Texas Red Yucca) Full Sun-Part Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 36” tall, 36” wide Blooming Season: May-June Flower Color: Reddish-Orange. Hesperaloe is a very XERISCAPE SAVES showy plant native to southern Texas and northeastern Mexico. Not • Xeriscape Saves Water.TITANOPSIS CALCAREA only does it thrive in hot, Drought-tolerant plants don’t(Concrete Leaf Living Stone) dry summers, it is also need to be watered as fre- remarkably tolerant to Full Sun Low Water quently. sub-zero winter tempera-Mature Size: 1” tall, 6” wide tures. Evergreen clumps • Xeriscape Saves Time.Blooming Season: Early Spring of narrow, dark bluish-Flower Color: Yellow. You’ll spend less time fertil- green leaves make aThis species is the most cold hardy in this genus of great accent of year- izing, mowing and watering.South African succulents closely related to Aloinopsis round texture. In early(Hardy Living Stone). Titanopsis needs a fast-drain- summer it sends up 3-4 • Xeriscape Saves Money.ing rock garden soil, with the roots situated so they foot stalks covered with Enjoy lower water bills andgrow down 4-6 inches or more between closely spaced reddish flowers. A great- lower maintenance costs!rocks into the subsoil. (Open soil beds with no rocks looking, low-mainte-hold too much moisture around the roots in winter nance plant that attractsand can cause the roots to rot.) The succulent leaves hummingbirds.of this plant are gray and warted, closely resembling HESPERALOE FLOWERthe rock-strewn ground of its native habitat. Largeshiny yellow flowers appear in early spring. 29
    • GROUNDCOVERS photo by Charles Mann DENSE-GROWING GROUNDCOVERS, LIKE DELOSPERMA, ADD BEAUTY TO A LANDSCAPE AND REDUCE THE LABOR OF WEEDING. he best-known and most widely-used type of climate of the area you want to cover (full sun, after-T growing groundcover is turfgrass (lawn), but it’s far from the only form of groundcover available. A wide variety of perennial plants can be used aslow-maintenance groundcovers. Not only do they addbeauty to a landscape, but dense-growing groundcovers noon shade, etc.), the size of the area, and whether there will be any foot traffic through the area. Note, too, that there are quite a few flowering peren- nial plants that were included in the “Flowering Plants” section that make great groundcovers in somealso reduce the labor of weeding. landscapes. Anacyclus depressus (Mat Daisy) and Many of the groundcovering plants found in this sec- Oenothera berlandieri (Mexican Evening Primrose)tion are common in many parts of New Mexico. Others are two examples of plants that appear in theare less-used plants whose growing characteristics are Flowering Plants section, but they also qualify as greatwell-suited to our climate. Most grow well in full sun; groundcovers.others thrive in part or full shade. So don’t limit yourself to lawn when it’s time to The type of groundcovering plants you select should select a groundcover!depend upon several factors— including the micro- 30
    • GROUNDCOVERSACHILLEA AGERATIFOLIA HARDY PLUMBAGO IS AN OUTSTANDING, LONG-LIVED GROUNDCOVER(Greek Yarrow) CERATOSTIGMA PLUMBAGINOIDES DELOSPERMA NUBIGENUM Sun-Shade Low Water (Hardy Plumbago) (Hardy Yellow Iceplant)Mature Size: 6” tall, 12” wide Sun-Shade Medium Water Full Sun Low WaterBlooming Season: Late Spring Mature Size: 12” tall, 24” wide Mature Size: 3” tall, 18” wideFlower Color: White. Blooming Season: Early Fall Blooming Season: Late SpringThis slow-growing little plant is equally at home in Flower Color: Blue. Flower Color: Yellow.the rock garden or perennial border when used as a An outstanding, long-lived groundcover that slowly Yellow Iceplant is an outstanding groundcover andgroundcover or edging plant. Greek Yarrow is a reli- weaves itself into the garden, creating large drifts of rock garden plant, recommended for its vigorous car-ably heavy bloomer, covering itself with bright white fall color. The deep blue flowers, which begin as the peting growth habit. The foliage is succulent and ever-clusters of tiny flowers for many weeks in late spring. weather begins to cool and days grow shorter, are green, with a bright red winter color. Blooming for aThe dense gray-green foliage is tidy and evergreen numerous and long lasting. As the plant’s flowering month in late spring, the plant covers itself with hun-(particularly in milder climates), which gives the finishes, its leaves begin a month-long change to a dreds of yellow daisies. Not as heat tolerant asplant season-long interest. vivid mahogany-red color. Plumbago is extremely Delosperma cooperi (Purple Iceplant) because it adaptable, growing equally well in sun or shade, and comes from colder, higher mountains in South Africa. thriving in a wide range of soil types. DELOSPERMA COOPERI (Hardy Purple Iceplant) Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 6” tall, 18” wide Blooming Season: Summer Flower Color: Purple-Pink. Purple Iceplant is another fine South African intro- duction, valued for its shimmering fuchsia-purpleCERASTIUM TOMENTOSUM daisies that keep coming all summer. A vigorous spreader, it forms a(Snow-in-Summer) dense mat of succulent, Full Sun Medium Water linear green leaves inMature Size: 8” tall, 24” wide any well drained soil.Blooming Season: Late Spring-Summer Stop watering in mid-Flower Color: White. fall to harden for winter.A sure-to-please groundcover that grows easily in any This plant has become awell-drained soil and spreads quickly by reseeding staple in xeric gardens.itself. Fragrant white flowers by the thousands high- Right at home wherelight Snow-in-Summer in late spring. Shear off the planted to spread on topfaded flowers to maintain a tidy mat of fuzzy silvery- of gravel mulch; it helpsgreen leaves for the rest of the growing season. Its to cool down these hotsilver-green leaves are semi-evergreen, so even when areas.the plant’s not flowering it looks great in a rockgarden or perennial border. 31
    • GROUNDCOVERS YELLOW ROCKROSE IS A STAR PERFORMER AND GROUNDCOVER FAVORITEHELIANTHEMUM NUMMULARIUM PENSTEMON CAESPITOSUS RUSCHIA PULVINARIS(Yellow Rockrose) (Mat Penstemon) (Shrubby Iceplant) Full Sun Low Water Sun-Shade Medium Water Full Sun Low WaterMature Size: 6” tall, 18” wide Mature Size: 4” tall, 12” wide Mature Size: 3” tall, 12” wideBlooming Season: Late Spring Blooming Season: Early Spring Blooming Season: Late SpringFlower Color: Yellow. Flower Color: Purple-Blue. Flower Color: Pink.Yellow Rockrose never fails to cover itself with bright The “Claude Barr” variety of Penstemon caespitosus This plant will thrill and intrigue rock gardeners,yellow flowers just before the arrival of summer. It shown below left is a vigorous ground-hugging selection whetting their appetites for the many new cold hardyalso can tolerate the worst possible weather. Deep root- of the mountain-dwelling Colorado native commonly South African succulents being introduced. Easilyed with evergreen foliage, this tough little plant needs known as Mat Penstemon. It features rounded glossy grown in lean, well-drained rock garden soil, the suc-only occasional deep soakings and shrugs off the dark green foliage and bluish-purple trumpet-shaped culent evergreen stems and leaves form a tight cush-alkalinity of New Mexico’s soil. Shear back after flow- flowers. Excellent as a rock garden groundcover. True to ion over which hundreds of shimmering fuchsia pinkering for light repeat blooming later in the summer. its mountain origins, this plant is not recommended for flowers come into bloom for three to four weeks in the hottest, driest micro-climates in your yard. late spring. This is a great xeric groundcover! MAT PENSTEMON 32 RUSCHIA GIVES A CARPET OF COLOR
    • GROUNDCOVERS HOW TO PLANT AND MAINTAIN A THYME LAWN hyme is an increasingly popular T groundcover alternative to turfgrass- es. Thyme “lawns” are best suited to smaller areas up to a few hundred square feet. A spreading groundcover of thyme is especially attractive in intimate areas like courtyards and patios where the edges can be interplanted with taller peren- nials and ornamental shrubs. (For larger expanses in your yard, consider usingTHYMUS LANUGINOSUS (Woolly Thyme) THYMUS SERPYLLUM “Pink Chintz” Buffalograss. See the following section for a Sun-Shade Medium Water (Pink Chintz Creeping Thyme) complete description.)Mature Size: 2” tall, 18” wide Sun-Shade Medium Water Thyme lawns tolerate moderate foot traf-Blooming Season: None Mature Size: 1” tall, 18” wide fic, but they aren’t suitable for a kid’s playFlower Color: None. Blooming Season: Spring area. Use stepping stones to avoid wearing aA fine low-maintenance variety with tiny felted gray Flower Color: Pink. path through the plants.leaves; it rarely flowers. Looks good all season, and is A very low grower, excellent for planting betweenone of the better choices for high traffic areas. A Before planting, prepare the soil thor- pavers and flagstone. With attractive evergreen foliagefavorite between flagstones or mixed into a thyme and profuse salmon-pink flowers beginning in early oughly to a depth of 6 inches. Work in com-lawn to contrast with green-leaved varieties. Its dark, spring, “Pink Chintz” is typically one of the first post and other organic matter to increaseevergreen foliage looks great all year. thymes to bloom. It is also one of the most tolerant of the water-retention abilities of your soil. If dry conditions, but it grows vigorously with extra replacing a grass lawn with thyme, be veryTHYMUS SERPYLLUM (Creeping Thyme) water. Trim off faded flowers to keep it looking neat. sure the grass is dead— including the roots! Sun-Shade Thyme plants should be spaced 12- Medium Water 15 inches apart in a grid pattern. PlugsMature Size: 2” tall,18” wide can be planted more closely for fasterBlooming Season: fill-in. Expect coverage in four to fiveEarly Summer months, depending on soil prepara-Flower Color: Pink. tion, weather, and care. Different vari-Another popular thyme eties can be intermingled. Eventually,because of the way it one or two varieties may predominate.“pours” itself betweenrocks and other plants to The water needs of a thyme lawnform a tight rug of small are substantially less than that of aoverlapping gray-green bluegrass lawn, particularly withleaves. Pink flowers proper soil preparation to promotebloom right on top of thefoliage in early- to mid- deep root growth. During the heat ofsummer. A slow-growing the summer, a thyme lawn mayselection that’s equally at require watering two or three times ahome in the rock garden week. During the winter monthsor between flagstones inthe patio. Thymus serpyl- (December through March), wateringlum appreciates winter every 2-4 weeks is recommended.moisture in the form of In most of New Mexico, a thymesnow cover or supplemen- lawn will generally be evergreen.tal watering. CREEPING THYME “POURS” ITSELF BETWEEN ROCKS AND OTHER PLANTS 33
    • GROUNDCOVERSVERBENA IS A VIGOROUS SPREADING GROUNDCOVER WITH BRIGHT RED FLOWERSVERBENA PERUVIANA (Verbena) VINCA MAJOR (Giant Periwinkle) VERONICA PECTINATA (Wooly Speedwell) Full Sun Medium Water Shade-Partial Sun Medium Water Sun-Shade Medium WaterMature Size: 9” tall, 18” wide Mature Size: 12” tall, 48” wide Mature Size: 3” tall, 18” wideBlooming Season: Summer Blooming Season: Late Spring Blooming Season: Early SpringFlower Color: Lavender to Red. Flower Color: Light Blue. Flower Color: Blue.Verbena is a vigorous spreading groundcover. A plant recommended for use in the most inhos- This is another great groundcovering Speedwell,Extensive trials across the U. S. have proven its value pitable of spots in your yard where other less muscu- unique because of its dense growing wooly gray-greenas a heat-loving, profuse-blooming favorite. The lar groundcovers have failed. A large-leafed evergreen, foliage. The 4-inch-tall spikes of deep blue flowers withlarge bright lavender-purple flower clusters keep com- vinca grows equally well in sun or deep shade. The a white eye appear in early spring— usually a fewing all summer. Let it go dry as fall comes to a close quarter-sized flowers are a soft blue and appear in late weeks before Veronica liwanensis. A good re-bloomer into harden off for winter. Makes a colorful foundation spring. Avoid planting with other flowers as it will late summer when given encouragement with a bit offor taller growing perennials like Achillea overrun its neighbors. Excellent for covering sloped extra water. A very vigorous, long bloomer when plant-“Moonshine” and Coreopsis “Sunray.” areas. It’s even deer resistant! ed into good garden soils enriched with compost.VERONICA LIWANENSIS ZINNIA GRANDIFLORA (Prairie Zinnia)(Turkish Speedwell) Full Sun Low Water Sun-Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 4” tall, 6” wideMature Size: 3” tall, 24” wide Blooming Season: SummerBlooming Season: Early Spring Flower Color: Yellow.Flower Color: Blue. This diminutive wildflower thrives in some of the mostThis is a vigorous, fast-growing species that thrives in inhospitable terrain imaginable. This plant can be adifficult climates. The ground-hugging stems develop challenge to get established, but it will delight youround glossy evergreen leaves as they creep across the with its bright yellow flowers in late summer. Prairiegarden. The result is a thick green carpet. Veronica Zinnia is long lived and spreads slowly by reseedingliwanensis can be used like thyme to create a ground- itself. This plant has interesting needle-like foliage oncover “lawn.” With the first hint of warmer weather, trailing stems. It won’t break dormancy until earlythe small but numerous spikes of flowers paint the summer arrives, so be patient. Zinnia is right at homegarden blue like a reflection of the sky. Prefers some with native cacti and xeric Penstemons.afternoon shade in summer. 34
    • TURF & GRASSES photo by Charles Mann CONVERT YOUR HIGH-WATER USE LAWN TO A BEAUTIFUL NATIVE GRASS LAWN LIKE THIS BUFFALO GRASS. he lawn is the thirstiest part of the typical sub- Buffalograss and Blue Grama. Some homeownersT urban yard. A Kentucky Bluegrass lawn needs more than 40 inches of water each year to keep it green and lush. But throughout New Mexico,our annual precipitation is about 12”. That’s why aBluegrass lawn must be watered regularly— particu- have successfully used a mixture of the two varieties because Blue Grama fills in quickly and Buffalograss becomes dense over time. In addition, there are many types of water-wise orna- mental grasses that can add visual interest to yourlarly during the hot summer months. landscape. These ornamental grasses can be used in If you’re fond of the lush look of green grass but perennial flower beds and in place of woody shrubs towant to cut your exterior water usage, consider convert- add texture to your landscape.ing your lawn to native grasses. Two different types of Kiss your old Kentucky Bluegrass goodbye and gowater-thrifty grasses are ideally suited to our climate— native! 35
    • TURF & GRASSESHELPFUL HINTS• Native grasses germinate best in warmweather. Once grass is up and growing,water deeply but less frequently.• The first season it is planted, a nativegrass lawn should not be mowed or fer-tilized. This is especially true if weedcompetition was not eliminated beforeseeding.• Fertilize lightly with a complete lawnfertilizer in the second year. DISTINCTIVE EYELASH SEED HEADS OF GRAMA GRASSGROW YOUR OWN! BOUTELOUA GRACILIS BUCHLOE DACTYLOIDES (Buffalograss) If you are slowly converting (Blue Grama Grass) Full Sun Medium Water Mature Size: 3-8” tallyour lawn, you can create your Full Sun Low Water Mature Size: 4-12” tall This native prairie grass is an excellent replacementown native grass nursery by cut- Blue Grama is another warm-season grass that for water- thirsty Kentucky Bluegrass. Buffalograssting 2” plugs (down to root depth) thrives in New Mexico. Its thin pale-green blades give doesn’t tolerate a lot of shade, but when grown in aand planting them 12 inches a Blue Grama lawn a pleasing, fine texture. Its dis- sunny location it forms a durable turf able to with- tinctive seed heads, which appear in mid to late sum- stand moderate foot traffic, pests, and diseases. It is aapart. Water them well for two to robust, sod-forming species that spreads quickly with mer, resemble tiny purplish eyelashes.four weeks. Thereafter, you can Blue Grama thrives in hot microclimates, and it’s vigorous runners, creating an inviting soft blue-greencut back on the frequency and tough enough to survive sub-zero winter weather. It lawn. When dormant in late fall through spring it establishes most quickly in well-drained soil. A dense turns a soft beige color.increase the duration of water- Buffalograss requires minimal mowing and little lawn of Blue Grama will need watering only abouting. Keep in mind that planting once a week during the hottest summer months. Blue or no fertilization. It’s a warm-season grower perfectlygrass using plugs is more labor Grama establishes itself faster than Buffalograss, so adapted to central New Mexico. To stay green in the the two species are often combined to quickly form a hot summer months, this grass needs only two inchesintensive and requires more of water per month! thick, drought-tolerant lawn.weeding until the Buffalograss grows quickly. It can be plantedgrass fills in. using seed or “plugs” of starter plants. Seed should be sown in the spring or early summer; Flats of Buffalo plugs can be planted in Grass Plugs make spring or in the fall, four planting easy. to eight weeks before the first expected frost date. A lawn planted with Once established, you’ll plugs on 12” enjoy a beautiful, low- centers will take maintenance lawn with drastically lower water about 3-4 months to bills for years to come. fill in. Buffalo grass is not content on sandy soils. Use blue grama on sandy BUFFALOGRASS REQUIRES MINIMAL MOWING AND LITTLE OR NO FERTILIZATION soils or mix buffalograss and blue grama. 36
    • ORNAMENTAL GRASSES TURF & GRASSES ALBUQUERQUE PLANT LIST he Albuquerque Plant List, which T begins on the next page, includes 575 plants suited to Central New Mexico, but many are adaptable elsewhere in the state. Since your landscape is a long-term investment, we strongly rec- ommend consulting additional references for more detailed information. Some communities have landscaping ordi-FESTUCA OVINA GLAUCA (Blue Fescue) STIPA TENNUIFOLIA nances and/or covenants. Before you design Full Sun Medium Water (Silky Threadgrass) your landscape, investigate restrictions thatMature Size: 12” tall, 12” wide Full Sun Low Water may apply. Albuquerque residents should beAn easy-to-grow ornamental grass with a pleasing Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide aware of the following City Ordinances:tufted shape, outstanding when used to border flower Plant this ornamental grass where a gentle breezebeds and walks. Blue Fescue is compact and has a will sway it as the late afternoon sun shines through WATER CONSERVATION LANDSCAPINGbright steel-blue foliage. Shear off the seed heads after from behind. Stipa grows well in all kinds of soils andit finishes blooming in late summer. Divide the is very water thrifty once established. Good in wild- AND WATER WASTE ORDINANCEclumps in spring every few years to renew its vigor flower gardens, this plant will readily reseed itself Applies to all building permits issued on orand help it keep its best color and shape. among its neighbors. after October 1, 1995. Limits certain high water use plants to a maximum of 20 per- MISCANTHUS SINENSIS cent of the landscape area. (Call 924-3849 (Maiden Hair Grass) for more information). Sun-Shade Medium Water Mature Size: 60” tall, 48” wide The various cultivars of Maiden Hair Grass are POLLEN CONTROL used for their elegant ORDINANCE foliage and showy flow- ering plumes. Graceful Prohibits Cupressus green leaf blades give (cypress), Morus (mulberry) rise to feathery copper and Ulmus (elm). Limits flower plumes in late Juniperus (juniper) to September or early female plants only, except October. Grows easily in compost-enriched gar- varieties not exceeding two den soils, Miscanthus feet high at maturity. sinensis likes regular Prohibits Populus, except watering. Cut back in Rio Grande Cottonwood, early spring to 15-18” to lanceleaf cottonwood andHELICTOTRICHON SEMPERVIRENS give the new foliage quaking aspen.(Blue Avena Grass) room to grow. A mature plant will re-grow to its (Call 768-2600 for more Sun-Shade Medium Water full height that same information).Mature Size: 24” tall, 24” wide season.This evergreen plant adds texture and color over theentire growing season. The stiff gray-blue leaves arevery striking and provide the foundation for the orna-mental 4-foot-tall flower spikes that shoot up andripen to a soft brown by mid-summer. Cut back inApril to encourage vigorous new growth. 37
    • PLANT LIST “Rebate Allowance” Columns Represent Mature Plant Square Footage Allowed for Xeriscape Rebate Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialDESERT ACCENTSAgave americana Century Plant 6’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25Agave chrysantha Golden-flowered Agave 3’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18Agave havardiana Havard Agave 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18Agave lechuguilla Lechuguilla 1’ 5’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 15 LowAgave palmeri Palmer’s Agave 3’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18Agave parryi / neomexicana Parry’s / Mescal Agave 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 12 LowAgave scabra Rough Agave 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18Agave utahensis Utah Agave 1’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 10Agave victoria-reginae Queen Victoria Agave 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 6Cylindropuntia clavata Club / Dagger-spine Cholla 4” 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 12 LowCylindropuntia imbricata Walkingstick Cholla 8’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowCylindropuntia leptocaulis Desert / Christmas / Pencil Cholla 6’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowDasylirion leiophyllum / texanum Green / Texas Sotol 5’ 5’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 20Dasylirion wheeleri Blue Sotol / Desert Spoon 5’ 5’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 20 LowEchinocereus spp. Hedgehog Cactus 2’ 3’ Evergreen Sun Low 15 LowFouquieria splendens Ocotillo 15’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 25 LowHesperaloe capanulata Bell-flowered Hesperaloe 4’ 5’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 15 LowHesperaloe funifera Giant / Coahuilian Hesperaloe 6’ 5’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 20 LowHesperaloe parviflora Red/Yellow-flowering Yucca 3’ 4’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 15 LowNolina matapensis Tree Beargrass 10’ 5’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 25 LowNolina microcarpa Beargrass 5’ 6’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowNolina nelsoni Blue Nolina 15’ 6’ Evergreen Sun Low+ 25 LowNolina texana Beargrass 4’ 5’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowOpuntia ellisiana / cacanapa Spineless Prickly Pear 4’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia engelmannii Desert or Engelmann Prickly Pear 5’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia macrocentra Purple Prickly Pear 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia violacea Santa Rita Prickly Pear 3’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia phaecantha Brownspine Prickly Pear 3’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia hystricina Porcupine Prickly Pear 1’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowOpuntia polyacantha Starvation Prickly Pear 1’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowYucca aloifolia Spanish Dagger 6’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 LowYucca baccata Datil / Banana Yucca 4’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca baileyi / harrimaniae Bailey / Harriman Yucca 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca brevifolia Joshua Tree 15’ 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 LowYucca decepiens Mexican Tree Yucca 15’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca elata Soaptree Yucca 20’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca faxoniana / carnerosana Palm Yucca 15’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca filamentosa Adam’s Needle Yucca 3’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 25 LowYucca glauca Soapweed 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca neomexicana New Mexico Yucca 2’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca pendula / recuervifolia Soft-leaf Yucca 5’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 25 LowYucca rigida Blue Yucca 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca rostrata Beaked Yucca 15’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca schidigera Mojave Yucca 5’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca schottii Mountain Yucca 5’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 25 LowYucca thomsoniana Thompson Yucca 8’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowYucca torreyi Torrey Yucca 15’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowFLOWERING BULBSCrocus spp. Crocus 6” 6” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowHyacinthus orientalis Hyacinth 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowIris (rhizome-type) Bearded Iris 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowIris spp. (bulb-type) Bulb Irises 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowLycoris squamigera Pink Amaryllis 18” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowNarcissus spp. Daffodil 1’ 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowTulipa spp. Tulips 1’ 8” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowFLOWERING PLANTSAbronia sp. Sand Verbena 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowAchillea ageratifolia Greek Yarrow 6” 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 4 LowAchillea millefolium Yarrow 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowAchillea taygetea Moonshine Yarrow 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 Low,Aethionema cordifolium Persian Rockcress 6” 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 4 LowAgastache cana Giant Hyssop 2’” 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowAgastache rupestris Sunset Hyssop 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowAlcea rosea Hollyhock 5’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowAloinopsis spathulata Hardy Living Stones 1” 6” Evergreen Full Sun Low 2 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 38 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialAmsonia arenaria Sand Stars 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowAnacyclus depressus Mat Daisy 6” 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 2 LowAnemopsis californica Yerba de Mansa 18” 18” Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowAntennaria rosea Pussytoes 6” 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 4 LowAnthemis tinctoria Golden Marguerite 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowArgemone squarrosa Prickly Poppy 3’ 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Low 8 LowArmeria maritima Thrift 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 2 LowArtemisia abrotanum Southernwood 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 12 LowArtemisia frigida Fringed Sage 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowArtemisia ludoviciana Prairie Sage 18” 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 16 LowArtemisia pontica Roman Wormwood 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 24 LowArtemisia stelleriana Beach Wormwood 1’ 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 8 LowAsclepias tuberosa Butterflyweed 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 16 LowAster novae-angliae Aster 4’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowBerlandiera lyrata Chocolate Flower 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 3 ModerateCallirhoe involucrata Poppy Mallow/Winecups 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 8 LowCalylophus species Sundrops 1’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowCampanula carpatica Carpathian Harebells 8” 2’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowCampanula rotundifolia Harebells 18” 2’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowCastilleja spp., Indian Paintbrush 2’ 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowCentaurea cineraria Dusty Miller 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 8 LowCentaurea dealbata Persian Cornflower 1’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6 LowCentranthus ruber Red Valerian 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 12 LowCerastium tomentosum Snow-In-Summer 8” 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 8 LowCeratostigma plumbaginoides Dwarf Plumbago 1’ 2’ Deciduous Shade/sun Medium 8 LowChasmatophyllum musculinum Hardy Tiger Jaws 1” 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 2 LowChrysanthemum maximum Shasta Daisy 4’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowChrysanthemum x morifolium Chrysanthemum 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowChrysopsis villosa Golden Aster 18” 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowClarkia unguiculata Clarkia, annual 3’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowColchicum autumnali Autumn Crocus 6” 6” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowConvolvulus cnoreum Bush Morning Glory 1’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 18 LowCooperia drummondi Rain Lily 10” 10” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 2 LowConsolida ambigua Larkspur, annual 5’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowCoreopsis lanceolata Coreopsis 3’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowCoreopsis verticillata Threadleaf Coreopsis 24” 24” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowConvallaria majalis Lily of the Valley 1’ 1’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowDalea frutescens Black Dalea 2’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 LowDalea versicolor Mountain Dalea 3’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 LowDatura meteloides Sacred Datura 2’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 24 LowDelosperma aberdeenese Tufted Iceplant 1” 8” Evergreen Full Sun Low 2 LowDelosperma cooperi Purple Iceplant 6” 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 6 LowDelosperma nubigenum Yellow Iceplant 3” 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 6 LowDelosperma sphalmanthoides Tufted Iceplant 1” 8” Evergreen Full Sun Low 2 LowDianthus barbatus Sweet William, biennial 20” 20” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowDianthus deltoides Maiden Pink 1’ 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowDicentra spectabilis Bleeding Heart 2’ 2’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowDictamnus spp. Gas Plant 4’ 4’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowDimorphotheca sinuata African Daisy 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowDuchesnea indica Mock Strawberry 8” 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 10 LowEchinacea purpurea Purple Coneflower 5’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowEchinops species Globe Thistle 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowErigeron spp. Fleabane Daisy 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6 LowEriogonum umbellatum Sulphur Flower 1’ 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowErysimum hieraciifolium Siberian Wallflower 18” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 6 LowErysimum linifolium Wallflower Bowles’ Mauve 2’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 12 LowEuphorbia spp. Spurge or Euphorbia varies varies Evergreen Sun/shade Low 8 LowGaillardia x grandiflora Gaillardia 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowGaura lindheimeri Gaura 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowGeum ciliatum Prairie Smoke 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun High 0 LowGeranium macrorrhizium Geranium 4” 18” Deciduous Shade/sun Medium 6 LowGypsophila paniculata Baby’s Breath 3’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 15 LowGysophila repens Creeping Baby’s Breath 4” 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowHelianthemum spp. Sunrose 6” 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 6 LowHelianthus annuus Sunflower varies varies Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 LowHelianthus maximilliana Maximillian Sunflower 6’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowHemerocallis hybrids Daylilies 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 15 LowHeuchera sanguinea Coral Bells 2’ 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowHosta spp. Plantain Lily 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowHymenoxys acaulis Angelita Daisy 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 2 LowHymenoxys argentea Perky Sue 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 2 LowHypericum calycinum St. Johnswort 1’ 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 2 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 39 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialIberis sempervirens Candytuft 1’ 18” Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 6 LowIpomoea leptophylla Bush Morning Glory 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 20 LowKniphofia uvaria Red Hot Poker 5’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 LowLamium maculatum Spotted Nettle 6” 6” Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowLiatris punctata Gayfeather 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 LowLiatris scariosa Tall Gayfeather, 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowLinaria spp. Butter and Eggs / Baby Snapdragon 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowLinum perenne Blue Flax 18” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 6 LowLiriope spp. Lily turf 9” 9” Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 2 LowLobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 4’ 4’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowLobelia laxiflora Red Lobelia 10” 10” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowLupinus argenteus Silverstem Lupine 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowLupinus hybrids Lupine 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowLupinus texensis Texas Bluebonnet 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowMarrubium rotundifolia Roundleaf Horehound 8” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowMelampodium leucanthum Blackfoot Daisy 1’ 16” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowMirabilis jalapa Four-O’Clock 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowMirabilis multiflora Giant Four O’Clock 2’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 LowMonarda spp. “Beebalm, Lemon Mint” varies varies Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowNepeta mussini syn faassenii Catmint 8” 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 8 LowNierembergia hippomanica ‘Violacea’ Cup Flower 8” 8” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6 LowOenothera berlandieri Mexican Evening Primrose 1’ 5’ Semi-Ever Full Sun Low+ 25 LowOenothera caespitosa White Evening Primrose 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowOenothera hookerii Evening Primrose 2’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 LowOenothera missourensis Yellow Evening Primrose 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 8 LowOenothera pallida Pale Evening Primrose 18” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 6 LowOsteospermum baberiae Hardy African Daisy 4” 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowPaeonia lactiflora Peony 2’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 15 LowPapaver nuducale Iceland Poppy 18” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowPapaver orientale Oriental Poppy 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 15 LowPenstemon spp. Penstemon or Beardtongue varies varies Semi-Ever. Sun/shade Low+ 5 LowPenstemon ambiguus Bush Penstemon 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 8 LowPenstemon angustifolius Narrowleaf Penstemon 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 4 LowPenstemon barbatus Scarlet Bugler Penstemon 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 4 LowPenstemon cardinalis Cardinal Penstemon 30” 30” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 8 LowPenstemon clutei Sunset Penstemon 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 8 LowPenstemon jamesii Penstemon, James 10” 10” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 8 LowPenstemon palmeri Palmer Penstemon 5’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 8 LowPenstemon pinifolius Pineleaf Penstemon 1’ 20” Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 8 LowPenstemon pseudospectabilis Desert Beardtongue 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 4 LowPenstemon secundifloris Sidebells 1’ 8” Deciduous Full Sun Low 2 LowPenstemon strictus Rocky Mtn Penstemon 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 8 LowPerovskia atriplicifolia Russian Sage 5” 5” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 LowPetalostemon purpureum Prairieclover 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 LowPhlomis fruticosa Jerusalem Sage 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowPhlox paniculata Summer Phlox 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowPhlox subulata Creeping Phlox 6” 6” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowPhyla nodiflora Creeping Lippia 3” 3” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 4 LowPhysalis lobata Purple Groundcherry 6” 6” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 4 LowPotentilla tabernaemontani Spring Cinquefoil 6” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 6 LowPsilostrophe tagetina Paperflower 16” 16” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowRanunculus repens Creeping Buttercup 18” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowRatibida columnifera Coneflower 32” 32” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 15 LowRudbeckia fulgida Goldsturm Rudbeckia 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowRudbeckia laciniata Golden glow 7’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowRuschia hamata Trailing Iceplant 5” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowRuschia pulvinaris Shrubby Iceplant 3” 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 4 LowRuta graveolens Rue 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 15 LowSalvia azurea grandiflora Pitcher Sage 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowSalvia chamaedryoides Mexican Blue or Chihuahuan Sage 1’ 3’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Low+ 8 LowSalvia officinalis Garden Sage 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 8 LowSaponaria ocymoides Soapwort 9” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 8 LowScabiosa caucasica Pincushion Flower 2’ 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowSedum spp. Stonecrop varies varies Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowSedum spectabile Stonecrop 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 25 LowSedum telephium Autumn Joy Sedum 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 6 LowSempervivum tectorum Hen and Chicks 6” 6” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 8 LowSenecio longiflora Silver Groundsel 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowSolidago hybrids Goldenrod 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 15 LowSphaeralcea spp. Globemallow 20” 20” Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowStachys byzantina Woolly Lamb’s Ear 1’ 18” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 6 LowTagetes erecta African Marigold, annual 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 40 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialTagetes lucida Licorice Mint Marigold 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6 LowTagetes patula French Marigold, annual 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowTalinum calycinum Flame Flower 8” 8” Deciduous Sun/shade Low 2 LowTanacetum densum-amani Partridge Feather 1’ 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 2 LowTanacetum vulgare Tansy 3’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 15 LowThelesperma ambigua Rayed or Threadleaf Cota 32” 32” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowThymus spp. Thyme varies varies Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 5 LowVerbena spp. Verbena varies varies Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 10 LowVerbena bipinnatifida Fern Verbena 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowVerbena rigida Sandpaper Verbena 8” 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowVerbena wrightii Western Vervain 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 2 LowVerbena x hybrida Garden Verbena 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowVeronica spp. Speedwell varies varies Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 6 LowVeronica incana Silver Speedwell 18” 18” Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 6 LowVeronica liwanensis Turkish Speedwell 3” 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 6 LowVeronica pectinata Wooly Speedwell 3” 18” Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 10 LowVeronica spicata Veronica 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowViola cornuta Tufted Violet 1’ 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowViola odorata Sweet Violet 8” 8” Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowViola x wittrockiana Pansy, annual 9” 9” Evergreen Full Sun High 0 LowWyethia scabra Desert Mule’s Ear 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 LowZauschneria californica Hummingbird Plant 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowZephyranthes candida Rain Lily 8” 8” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowZephyranthes sulphurea Rain Lily 8” 8” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 2 LowZinnia acerosa White Desert Zinnia 6” 10” Deciduous Full Sun Low 2 LowZinnia grandiflora Desert Zinnia 8” 16” Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 2 LowGRASSES, TURFAgrostis spp. Bentgrass mowed N/A Evergreen Full Sun High 0Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama varies N/A Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 1 ModerateBuchloe dactyloides Buffalograss mowed N/A Deciduous Full Sun Medium 1Cynodon dactylon Bermudagrass mowed N/A Deciduous Full Sun Medium 1 LowFestuca elatior & all Festuca Turf Tall Fescue mowed N/A Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowFestuca ovina except ‘Glauca’ Sheep’s Fescue mowed N/A Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowLolium perenne & all Lolium Ryegrass, perennial mowed 12” Evergreen Sun/shade High 0Poa pratensis & all Poa Kentucky Bluegrass mowed N/A Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowZoysia spp. Zoysia grass mowed N/A Deciduous Full sun Medium 1GRASSES, ORNAMENTALAgropyron smithii Western Wheatgrass 24” 24” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 6Arundo donax Carrizo Cane 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowBouteloua curtipendula Sideoats Grama 30” 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 4 ModerateCortaderia selloana Pampas Grass 12’ 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 LowEragrostis tricodes Sand Lovegrass 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowErianthus ravennae Ravenna Grass 12’ 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 30 LowFestuca ovina glauca Blue Fescue 1’ 1’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 2 LowHelictotrichon sempervirens Blue Avena Grass 2’ 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowHilaria jamesii Galleta 14” 14” Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowMiscanthus spp. Maiden Grass 5’ 5’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 20 LowMuhlenbergia capillaris Gulf Muhly 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowMuhlenbergia lindheimerii Lindheimer Muhly 5’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 LowMuhlenbergia porteri Bush Muhley 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowMuhlenbergia rigens Deer Grass 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowMuhlenbergia rigida Purple Muhly 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 15 LowOphiopogon japonicus Mondo grass 6” 6” Evergreen Shade/Sun Medium+ 2 LowOryzopsis hymenoides Indian Ricegrass 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowPennisetum aloepecuroides Hardy Fountain Grass 30” 30” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 LowPennisetum villosum Dwarf Feathertop 24” 24” Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 LowPhyllostachys aurea Golden bamboo 15’ 15’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 24 LowSchizachyrium scoparium Little Bluestem 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 12 LowSporobolus cryptandrus Sand Dropseed 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 8 LowSporobolus airoides Alkali Sacaton 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 LowSporobolus wrightii Giant Sacaton 5’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowStipa tennuisima Threadgrass 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 8 LowGROUNDCOVERSAnacyclus depressus Mat Daisy 6” 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 2 LowArctostaphylos uva-ursi Kinnikinnick 9” 2’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium 8 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 41 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialArtemisia frigida Fringed Sage 18” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowBaccaris pilularis Dwarf Coyotebush 18” 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 15 LowBaccharis X ‘Centennial’ Centennial Broom 3’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18 LowBaccharis X ‘Starns’ Thompson Broom 2’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18 LowCerastium tomentosum Snow-In-Summer 8” 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 12 LowChamaemelum nobilis Chamomile 6” 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 2 LowClematis ligusticifolia Western Virginsbower 18’ 18’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 16 LowConvallaria majalis Lily of the Valley 1’ 1’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowCotoneaster dammeri Bearberry Cotoneaster 1’ 9’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowCotoneaster salicifolius ‘Repens’ Willowleaf Cotoneaster 1’ 9’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowCytisus decumbens Creeping Broom 8” 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 15 LowDelosperma cooperi Purple Iceplant 6” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowDelosperma nubigenum Yellow Iceplant 3” 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowDichondra spp. Dichondra 2” 2” Deciduous Sun/Shade High* 0 LowDuchesnea indica Mock Strawberry 8” 2’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 8 LowEriogonum umbellatum Sulphur Flower 1’ 18” Evergreen Full Sun Low 6 LowEuonymus fortunei ‘Coloratus’ Purpleleaf Wintercreeper 1’ 4’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 15 LowEuphorbia cyparissias Cypress Spurge 1’ 1’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 2 LowEuphorbia epithymoides Cushion Spurge 1’ 18” Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 6 LowEuphorbia rigida Spurge 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low 8 LowGalium odoratum Sweet Woodruff 6” 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowJuniperus chinensis “Juniper, groundcover” varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 High*Juniperus horizontalis “Juniper, groundcover” 1’ varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 High*Juniperus sabina “Juniper, groundcover” varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 High*Mahonia repens Creeping Mahonia 1’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowPaxistima myrsinites Oregon Boxwood 2’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowPenstemon caespitosus Mat Penstemon 4” 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowRosmarinus officinalis ‘Prostrata’ Creeping Rosemary 2’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 30 LowSantolina chamaecyparissus Gray Lavender Cotton 2’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowSantolina virens Green Lavender Cotton 2’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 20 LowSaponaria ocymoides Soapwort 9” 18” Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowSedum spp. Stonecrop 2’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 8 LowSedum spurium Dragon’s Blood Sedum 6” 15” Evergreen Sun/shade Low 6 LowSedum spurium Stonecrop 4” 8” Evergreen Sun/shade Low 6 LowSempervivum tectorum Hen and Chicks 6” 6” Evergreen Full Sun Medium 2 LowTeucrium aronianum Greek Germander 9” 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 6 LowTeucrium chamaedrys Trailing Germander 1’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowThymus spp. Thyme 1’ 2’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 8 LowTrifolium spp. Clover 8” 8” Deciduous Sun/shade High* 0 LowVerbena peruviana Verbena 9” 18” Deciduous Full Sun Low 6 LowVeronica prostrata Harebell Veronica 8” 1’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 2 LowVinca major Giant Periwinkle 1’ 4’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 20 LowVinca minor Periwinkle 9” 2’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 20 LowZinnia grandiflora Desert Zinnia 8” 8” Deciduous Full Sun Low 2 LowSHRUBS, DECIDUOUSAcacia constricta Whitethorn Acacia 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 50 LowAloysia wrightii Mexican Oregano or Beebrush 5’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 18 LowAmorpha cana Dwarf Leadplant 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 10 LowAmorpha canescens Leadplant 2’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 16 LowAmorpha fruticosa False Indigo 10’ 10’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowAnisacanthus quadrifidus var wrightii Flame Anisacanthus 3’ 4’ Deciduous Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowAnisacanthus thurberi Desert Honeysuckle 5’ 4’ Deciduous Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowArundo donax Carrizo Cane 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowBerberis thunbergii Japanese Barberry 4’ 4’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 18 ModerateBerberis thunbergii ‘Atropur. Nana’ Crimson Pigmy Barberry 2’ 2’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 8 ModerateBerberis thunbergii Atropurpurea Redleaf Barberry 4’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 18 ModerateBuddleia davidii nanhoensis Dwarf Butterfly Bush 5’ 5’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowBuddleia marrubifolia Wooly Butterfly Bush 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 18 LowCaesalpinia gilliesii Yellow Bird of Paradise 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 50 LowCaragana spp. Peashrub 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCaryopteris x clandonensis Blue Mist Spirea 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 32 LowCeanothus spp. Wild Lilac or Deerbrush varies varies Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowCercocarpus montanus True Mountain Mahogany 10’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 LowChaenomeles japonica Flowering Quince 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 25 LowChamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush 5’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 20 LowChrysactinia mexicana Damianita 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 8 LowChrysothamnus nauseosus Chamisa, Rabbitbrush 5’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 32 LowCornus alba Tartarian Dogwood 10’ 10’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowCornus stolonifera Redtwig Dogwood 7’ 7’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 42 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialCotoneaster apiculatus Cranberry Cotoneaster 4’ 8’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 18 LowCotoneaster divaricatus Spreading Cotoneaster 4’ 8’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 18 LowCotoneaster horizontalis Rock Cotoneaster 2’ 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 18 LowDalea formosa Feather Dalea 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 15 LowDyssodia acerosa Wild Marigold 1’ 1’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 5 LowEuonymus alata Compacta Dwarf Burning Bush 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowFendlera rupicola Cliff Fendlerbush 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowForsythia intermedia Forsythia 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 LowGenista tinctoria Summer Broom 2’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowHibiscus syriacus Rose of Sharon 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 LowHippophae rhamnoides Sea Buckthorn 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowHolodiscus dumosus Rock Spirea 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowJasminum nudiflorum Winter Jasmine 4’ 12’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 25 LowKolkwitzia amabilis Beauty Bush 10’ 10’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 32 LowLagerstroemia indica x fauriei Crape Myrtle, “Pecos, Zuni” 15’ 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 35 LowLeucophyllum frutes. Green Cloud Ceniza 3’ 4’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 18 LowLigustrum vulgare Common Privet 8’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 32 LowLonicera fragrantissima Winter Honeysuckle 5’ 5’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 35 LowLonicera tartarica Tartarian Honeysuckle 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowParryella filifolia Dunebroom 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 20 LowPhiladelphus cultivars Mock Orange 10’ 10’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 25 LowPhiladelphus microphyllus Littleleaf Mock Orange 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowPotentilla fruticosa Shrubby Cinquefoil 3’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 18 LowPrunus besseyi Western Sand Cherry 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 25 LowPrunus tomentosa Nanking Cherry 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowPrunus X cistena Purpleleaf Plum Bush 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 LowPsorothamnus scoparius Broom Dalea 3’ 5’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 20 LowPunica spp. Pomegranate 8’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 36 LowRhamnus frangula Columnaris Tallhedge Buckthorn 10’ 10’ Deciduous Shade/sun High 0 LowRhus glabra Smooth Sumac 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 LowRhus glabra var. cismontana Cutleaf Sumac 3’ 3’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 24 LowRhus microphylla Littleleaf Sumac 8’ 9’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowRhus trilobata Three-leaf Sumac 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowRhus trilobata Prostrata Prostrate Sumac 2’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowRibes aureum Golden Currant 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowRosa foetida Austrian Copper Rose 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 20 LowRosa rugosa Species Rugosa Roses 8’ 8 Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 LowRosa spp. Tea, Floribunda, Grandiflora 8’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 20 LowRosa woodsii Woods’ Rose 6’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 70 LowSalvia greggii Autumn or Cherry Sage 2’ 3’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 18 LowSarcobatus vermiculatus Greasewood 8’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 32 LowShepherdia argentea Silver Buffaloberry 15’ 10’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 50 LowSpiraea spp. Spirea varies varies Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowSymphoricarpos albus Snowberry 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 LowSymphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry 6’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 40 LowSyringa spp. Lilac 8’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 LowSyringa laciniata Cutleaf Persian Lilac 8’ 6’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 LowSyringa patula Korean Lilac 6’ 6’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 30 LowSyringa persica Persian lilac 8’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 30 LowSyringa rothomagensis Chinese Lilac 8’ 8’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 60 LowSyringa vulgaris Common Lilac 15’ 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 60 LowViburnum spp. Viburnum varies varies Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowWeigela florida Weigela 10’ 10’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowSHRUBS, EVERGREENAbelia grandiflora Glossy Abelia 7’ 7’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 24 LowArctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf Manzanita 3’ 6’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 25 LowArtemisia cana Silver Sage 3’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 18 LowArtemisia filifolia Sand Sage 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18 LowArtemisia X Powis Castle Powis Castle Sage 2’ 5’ Semi-Ever. Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowArtemisia tridentata Big Sage 4’ 4’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 18 LowAtriplex canescens Fourwing Saltbush 6’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 50 LowAtriplex confertifolia Shadscale 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 12 LowBaccharis salicina Broom Baccharis 8’ 8’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Medium 40 LowBaccharis sarothroides Desert Broom 10’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 LowBerberis gladwynensis William Penn Barberry 6’ 6’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 18 ModerateBerberis haematocarpa Algerita 8’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 ModerateBerberis julianae Wintergreen Barberry 5’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 18 LowBerberis mentorensis Mentor Barberry 7’ 7’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 32 ModerateBuxus spp. Boxwood 4’ 4’ Evergreen Shade Medium 12 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 43 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialCercocarpus ledifolius Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahogany 15’ 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 LowCercocarpus breviflorus Hairy Mountain Mahogany 15’ 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowCistus spp. Rockrose 5’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 25 LowCotoneaster buxifolius Grayleaf Cotoneaster 2’ 9’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 18 LowCotoneaster congestus Pyrenees Cotoneaster 3’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 18 LowCotoneaster lacteus Parney or Clusterberry Cotoneaster 8’ 12’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowCotoneaster salicifolius Willowleaf Cotoneaster 6’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowCowania mexicana Cliffrose 8’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 50 LowCytisus scoparius Scotch Broom 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 18 LowElaeagnus pungens Silverberry 10’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowEphedra spp. Mormon Tea 3’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 18 LowEricameria laricifolia Turpentine Bush 3’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 18 LowEuonymus japonica Japanese Euonymus 8’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 40 LowEuonymus kiautschovia Manhattan Euonymus 6’ 6’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 30 LowEurotia lanata Winterfat 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 12 LowFallugia paradoxa Apache Plume 6’ 7’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowFremontedendron californicum Flannel Bush 10’ 10’ Evergreen Sun Low 50 UnknownGarrya wrightii Wright’s Silk Tassel 5’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 30 LowGenista hispanica Spanish Broom 4’ 4’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 18 LowHelichrysum angustifolium Curry Plant 2’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 8 LowIlex cornuta ‘Burfordii’ Burford Holly 8’ 8’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 40 LowIlex altaclarensis ‘Wilsonii’ Wilson Holly 10’ 10’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 50 LowJuniperus chinensis Juniper, shrub varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus sabina Juniper, shrub varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus squamata Juniper, shrub varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus virginiana Juniper, shrub varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighLarrea tridentata Creosote Bush 6’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowLavandula angustifolia English Lavender 3’ 3’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 12 LowLavendula stoechas Spanish Lavender 3’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 12 LowLeucophyllum frutescens Texas Ranger or Ceniza 6’ 6’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Low+ 20 LowL. frutescens ‘Compactum’ Compact Ceniza 3’ 4’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Low+ 18 LowLeucophyllum langmaniae Rio Bravo Rainsage 4’ 4’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Low+ 18 LowLeucophyllum zygophyllum Cimarron Rainsage 4’ 4’ Semi-Ever. Full Sun Low+ 18 LowLigustrum japonicum Waxleaf Privet 8’ 8’ Evergreen Sun/shade High 25 LowMahonia aquifolium Oregon Grape Holly 6’ 6’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium 30 LowMahonia aquifolium ‘Compacta’ Compact Oregon Grape 2’ 3’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium 20 LowNandina domestica cultivars Heavenly Bamboo 8’ 5’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 10 LowParthenium incanum Mariola 2’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 16 LowPhotinia fraseri Red Tip Photinia 8’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowPhotinia serrulata Chinese Photinia 10’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowPicea conica Alberta Spruce 7’ 3’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium 12 LowPrunus caroliniana Carolina Cherry Laurel 10’ 10’ Evergreen Sun/shade High 0 LowPurshia tridentata Antelope Bitterbush 10’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 40 LowPyracantha coccinea Firethorn 10’ 10’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowRaphiolepis indica India Hawthorn 3’ 4’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 30 LowRhamnus californica var. ursina Coffeeberry 6’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 32 LowRhododendron spp. Rhododendron, Azalea 3’ 3’ Evergreen Shade/sun High 0 LowRhus ovata Sugarbush 10’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 LowRhus virens / choriophylla Evergreen Sumac 8’ 8’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 40 LowRosmarinus officinalis Upright Rosemary 6’ 6’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 30 LowSabal minor Dwarf Sabal Palm 3’ 3’ Evergreen Shade Medium+ 25 LowSalvia dorrii Desert Sage 2’ 3’ Evergreen Full Sun Low 25 LowSalvia lavandulifolia Lavender Sage 2’ 2’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 12 LowSpartium junceum Spanish Broom 10’ 10’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowVauquelinia spp. Rosewood 15’ 8’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 50 LowVirburnum X burkwoodii Burkwood Viburnum 5’ 5’ Evergreen Shade/Sun High 0 LowTREES, DECIDUOUSAcer ginnala Amur Maple 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowAcer grandidentatum Bigtooth Maple 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowAcer palmatum Japanese Maple 20’ 20’ Deciduous Shade/sun Medium+ 50 ModerateAcer platanoides Norway Maple 50’ 50’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 ModerateAcer saccharinum Silver Maple 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowAcer truncatum Shantung Maple 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowAlbizia julibrissin Rosea Mimosa 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowAmelanchier utahensis Serviceberry 12’ 12’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCarya illinoinensis Pecan 40 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateCatalpa speciosa Catalpa 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCeltis occidentalis Common Hackberry 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCeltis reticulata Netleaf / Canyon Hackberry 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 44 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialCercis canadensis Eastern Redbud 30’ 30’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 0 LowCercis occidentalis Western Redbud 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCercis reniformis Oklahoma Redbud 25’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowChilopsis linearis Desert Willow 20’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowChilopsis X Catalpa Chitalpa 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCornus mas Cornelian Cherry 25’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCotinus coggygria Smoketree 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCrataegus crus-galli Inermis Thornless Cockspur Hawthorn 20’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowCrataegus laevigata English Hawthorn 20’ 20’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowCrataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn 25’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 0 LowCratageus lavellei Carrieri Hawthorne 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowCratageus monogyna Single-seed Hawthorne 30’ 8’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowCrateagus ambigua Hawthorne, Russian 20’ 20’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowEleagnus angustifolia Russian Olive 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowForestiera neomexicana New Mexico Olive 15’ 15’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowFraxinus cuspidata Fragrant Ash 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 HighFraxinus oxycarpa Raywood Ash 35’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighFraxinus pennsylvanica Green Ash 60’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighFraxinus texana Texas Ash 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 HighFraxinus velutina Arizona and Modesto Ash 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighFruit trees Fruit trees 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowGleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust 80’ 80’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowGymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree 50’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowJuglans spp. Walnut varies varies Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateJuglans major Arizona Walnut 50’ 50’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateJuglans microcarpa Little Walnut 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateJuglans regia English Walnut 60’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateJuglans regia ‘Carpathian’ Carpathian Walnut 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateKoelreuteria paniculata Golden Rain Tree 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowLeucaena retusa Goldenball Leadtree 15’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowLiriodendron tulipfera Tulip Tree 45’ 45’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowMaclura pomifera Osage Orange 45’ 45’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowMagnolia soulangiana Saucer Magnolia 20’ 20’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowMalus cultivars Crabapple varies varies Deciduous Full Sun High 50 LowMelia azedarach Chinaberry 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowMetasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn Redwood 60’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPaulownia tomentosa Empress tree 40’ 40’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowPistachia chinensis Chinese Pistache 60’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPlatanus acerfolia London Plane Tree 70’ 50’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 HighPlatanus wrightii Arizona Sycamore 60’ 70’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighPopulus acuminata Mountain/Lanceleaf Cottonwood 50’ 50’ Deciduous Full Sun High 0 HighPopulus deltoides var. wislizenii Valley Cottonwood 50’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighPopulus fremontii Western Cottonwood 70’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 HighProsopis glandulosa Honey Mesquite 25’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowProsopis pubescens Screwbean Mesquite 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowProsopis torreyana Western Honey Mesquite 18’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Low 50 LowProsopis velutina Velvet Mesquite 20’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowPrunus americana American Plum 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPrunus armeniaca Apricot 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPrunus cerastifera Purpleleaf Plum 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPrunus virginiana Chokecherry 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPtelea trifoliata Hoptree 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowPyrus calleryana Onamental Pear 25’ 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowQuercus gambelii Gambel Oak 25’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus lobata Valley Oak 40’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium+ 50 ModerateQuercus gravesii Chisos Red Oak 25’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus macrocarpa Bur Oak 60’ 70’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus muhlenbergii Chinquapin Oak 40’ 40’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus robur English Oak 50’ 50’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus shumardii Shumard Oak 60’ 60’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateRhamnus cathartica Buckthorn 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowRhus lanceolata Prairie Flameleaf Sumac 25’ 25’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowRobinia neomexicana New Mexico Locust 25’ 15’ Deciduous Full Sun Medioum 50 LowRobinia pseudoacacia Black Locust 60’ 50’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowRobinia x ambigua Idaho Locust 40’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowSambucus mexicana Mexican Elder 20’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowSapindus drummondii Western Soapberry 30’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowSophora japonica (Staphnolobium) Japanese Pagoda Tree 35’ 35’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowSorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash 20’ 20’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowSyringa reticulata Japanese Tree Lilac 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowTaxodium distichum Bald Cypress 60’ 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 UnknownTaxodium mucronatum Montezuma Cypress 60’ 60’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium+ 50 Unknown(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 45 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • PLANT LIST Scientific Common Approx. Approx. Decidiuous/ Light Water Rebate Allergenic Name Name Height Spread Evergreen Exposure Use Allowance PotentialTilia cordata Littleleaf Linden 40’ 30’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowUlmus crassifolia Cedar Elm 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 ProhibitedUlmus parvifolia Lacebark Elm 40’ 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 0 ProhibitedVitex agnus-castus Chaste Tree 20’ 20’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowZizyphus jujuba Jujube or Chinese Date 25’ 25’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowTREES, EVERGREENAbies concolor White Fir 50’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun High 0 LowCedrus atlantica Atlas Cedar 75’ 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 ModerateCedrus deodara Deodar Cedar 80’ 60’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 ModerateCedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon 80’ 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 ModerateCercocarpus ledifolius Curl leaf Mtn. Mahogany 12’ 6’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 LowCupressocyparis leylandii Leyland Cypress 60’ 35’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateCupressus arizonica Arizona Cypress 70’ 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 0 ProhibitedIlex vomitoria Yaupon Holly 15’ 15’ Evergreen Sun/Shade Medium 50 LowJuniperus chinensis Juniper, tree varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus deppeana Alligator Juniper 60’ 40’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus monosperma Oneseed Juniper 15’ 15’ Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus scopulorum Juniper, Rocky Mtn. varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighJuniperus virginiana Juniper, tree varieties varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Low+ 50 HighMagnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia 30’ 30’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium+ 50 LowPicea abies Norway spruce 50’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowPicea engelmani Engleman spruce 50’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 LowPicea pungens Blue Spruce 50’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium+ 50 ModeratePinus aristata Bristlecone Pine 30’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus edulis Pinon Pine 30’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus eldarica Afghan pine 40’ 18’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus flexilis Limber Pine 30’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus nigra Austrian Pine 35’ 25’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus pinea Italian Stone Pine 60’ 50’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus ponderosa Ponderosa Pine 40’ 0’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus strobiformis Southwestern White or Border Pine 30’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPinus sylvestris Scotch Pine 45’ 25’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPoncirus trifoliata Trifoliate Orange 15’ 5’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowPseudotsuga menziesii Douglas Fir 50’ 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 ModerateQuercus emoryi Emory Oak 35’ 45’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus fusiformis Escarpment Live Oak 25’ 30’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus grisea Gray Oak 30’ 30’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 50 ModerateQuercus oblongifolia/engelmannii Mexican Blue/Mesa Oak 25’ 30’ Semi-Ever Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateQuercus suber Cork Oak 30’ 30’ Evergreen Sun/shade Low+ 50 ModerateQuercus turbinella Desert or Shrub Live Oak 18’ 20’ Semi-Ever. Sun/shade Low+ 50 ModerateQuercus virginiana Southern Live Oak 35’ 40’ Semi-Ever. Sun/shade Medium 50 ModerateSequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood 50’ 30’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowSequoiadendron giganteum Giant Sequoia 75’ 30’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 UnknownTaxus species Yew varies varies Evergreen Shade/sun High 0 LowThuja or Platycladus species Arborvitae varies varies Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowTrachycarpus fortunei / wagnerianus Windmill Palm 15’ 4’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowVINESCampsis radicans Trumpet Vine climbing 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowClematis hybrids Clematis climbing 10’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowClematis ligusticifolia Western Virginsbower climbing 15’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 20 LowClematis tangutica Golden Lanterns climbing 15’ Deciduous Sun/shade High 0 LowEuonymus fortunei colorata Purpleleaf Wintercreeper climbing 6’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium+ 30 LowGelsemium sempervirens Carolina Jessamine climbing 10’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowHedera helix English Ivy climbing 5’ Evergreen Shade/sun Medium 50 LowLonicera japonica ‘Purpurea’ Purple leaf Honeysuckle climbing 12’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowLonicera japonica Halliana Hall’s Honeysuckle climbing 12’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowLonicera sempervirens Coral Honeysuckle climbing 8’ Evergreen Sun/shade Medium 50 LowParthenocissus inserta Woodbine climbing 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowParthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper climbing 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowParthenocissus tricuspidata Boston Ivy climbing 40’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 LowPeriploca graeca Silkvine climbing 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowPolygonum aubertii Silver Lacevine climbing 40’ Deciduous Full Sun Low+ 50 LowRosa banksiae Rose Lady Banks climbing 20’ Evergreen Full Sun Medium 50 LowVitis labrusca American grape climbing 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowVitis vinifera European grape climbing 30’ Deciduous Full Sun Medium 50 LowWisteria spp. Wisteria climbing 20’ Deciduous Sun/shade Medium 50 Low(Italics indicate regulated for water conservation. (Bold face indicates regulated for pollen.Call 924-3849 for information) 46 Call 768-2600 for information)
    • THE CITY OF ALBUQUERQUE THANKS...Home of Mail Order Catalog Santa Fe Greenhouses’ xeriscape demonstration garden in July. SANTA FE GREENHOUSES IS AN EXCELLENT SOURCE FOR MANY OF THE PLANTS IN THIS GUIDE. e are very pleased to be the major contributor of Butterfly Festival. If you prefer to shop from the comfort ofW pictures and text to The Complete How To Guide To Xeriscaping. Santa Fe Greenhouses, Inc. is a leading advocate of Xeriscaping. With ourextensive Xeriscape Demonstration Gardens and numerousXeriscaping classes we strive to educate the gardening public your home, request our full color “High Country Gardens” catalog toll free at (800) 925-9387. And remember, xeriscaping doesn’t limit us; it broadens our horizons. Xeriscaping offers us the gardening knowledge and plant selection to create yards and gardens of extraordi-about the benefits and advantages of Xeriscaping. Through nary beauty and diversity that are more in tune to the naturalour retail nursery in Santa Fe and our “High Country world around us.Gardens” mail order catalog we offer our customers thenewest and best native and adaptive plants for New Mexico Happy gardening, Santa Fe Greenhouses To Taosgardens and landscapes. David Salman, President Si We encourage you to shop with us in Santa Fe. Call our Santa Fe Greenhouses, Inc. le d rR oa St. Michaels Drive R oa s dretail store at (800) 492-7885 to find out about our summer 2904 Rufina Street lo et ril re St. Francis Drive er St C a U.S. 84 & 285N fingarden tour schedule, our spring and fall gardening classes, Santa Fe, NM 87505-2929 Ru Rufina Circle Calle de Cielo sta te 25 To Inter To Denver Albuquerque Toand special events like our annual Hummingbird and (505) 473-2700 • (800) 492-7885 Albuquerque
    • THE XERIC CITY uring the summer months, nearly two-thirds of the water That’s why we’re actively transforming our New MexicoD consumed in some of our cities is applied to landscaping . . . IN THE DESERT! About one-half of that water evapo- rates or is wasted. In Albuquerque, for example, thatamounts to approximately 13 billion gallons per year—equivalent to the entire amount the city consumed in 1968! cityscapes, so that they are in tune with our arid environment. In Albuquerque, you too can make the transformation to a vibrant, colorful, low water-use and low-maintenance Xeriscape and receive up to a $500 rebate on your water bill. Non-residential accounts are eligible for up to $700. Bluegrass lawns consume more than four times the water Call 768-3655 for more information on how you may qualify.Mother Nature provides via rainfall. In arid climates such as Make no mistake about it—Xeriscaping is not about rocksours, where prolonged droughts are common, excessive water and cacti. It’s about colorful, diverse plants that thrive in ariduse for nonessential purposes can threaten water supplies for climates and need very little supplemental water.future generations. Start your journey toward the Xeric City today. It’s just down the adobe brick road. This manual can show you the way. Water Conservation Office P.O. Box 1293 Albuquerque, NM 87103