The Scientific Process

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The Scientific Process

  1. 1. The Scientific Process
  2. 2. The Scientific Method - A systematic process of empirical investigation used to solve problems. *Empirical- relying on or derived from observation or experiment. - Organized way of solving problems.
  3. 3. Skills involved in Scientific Method • Observation- process of gathering data with the use of senses. • Inferring- process of giving logical meaning to an observation • Formulating hypothesis- giving a tentative answer or solution to a problem that must be tested through an scientific investigation
  4. 4. Skills involved in Scientific Method • Controlling variables- experimentation; process of testing the given hypothesis *Variables- conditions that affects the result of an experiment; factors that can change in an experiment
  5. 5. Skills involved in Scientific Method Kinds of Variables • Constant- factors that are kept the same or unchanged • Manipulated- factor that is changed or varied • Responding/Dependent- the result of changing one variable
  6. 6. Skills involved in Scientific Method • Interpreting data- interpret means to explain something; providing meaning to information gathered
  7. 7. Steps of the Scientific Method 1. Identifying the problem *Gathering relevant information 2. Formulating hypotheses 3. Testing hypothesis through an experiment 4. Collecting or gathering data 5. Interpreting data 6. Making a conclusion 7. Communicating the results
  8. 8. Values of a Good Scientist • Patience and Perseverance • Honesty • Responsibility • Discipline • Resourcefulness • Humility • Curiosity

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