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Software license

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Some software licenses' small introduction

Some software licenses' small introduction

Published in: Technology, Education

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  • 1. Patent There is no universal definition. Functional expression of an idea - not the idea itself. It is given by a state for a limited period of time. It restricts other from using the invention without the permission of patent holder.
  • 2. License A license is a kind of a permission. Patent holder can grant permission to use his/her patent by licensing it to others. Software companies/creators license software to others for using. License can cover special agreements like warranties.
  • 3. Copyright Copyright prevents unauthorized copy. Authors can protect their writings, photographers can protect their photography. Software can be copyrighted to prevent unauthorized copying of software. Software in public domain cannot be copyrighted.
  • 4. Copyleft Copyleft license is a copyright license. Copyleft enable the user to copy, distribute and modify the work. Modified/derived works should be distributed with the same terms as the main work.
  • 5. Some Open SourceLicenses GNU GPL GNU LGPL GNU AGPL MIT License BSD License MPL License
  • 6. GNU GPL Written by Richard Stallman Free and open-source license Copyleft License 3 versions released Many open source software use open source license Most notably, Linux
  • 7. GNU GPL GPL addressed two problems in software freedom. First problem and solution  Software were distributed as binary only, no one can edit.  GPLv1 said that the source code must be available under the same license.
  • 8. GNU GPL (cont.) Second problem and solution  Free software was being combined with restricted software restricting software freedom  GPLv1 said software distributed with GPLv1 licensed software must have the same permission as GPLv1
  • 9. BSD License There are many versions – Modified BSD License is most common. Free and open-source license. There are also Original BSD License and Free BSD License. Permissive License - works based on the material may be released under a proprietary license or as closed source software. Notable software – NetBSD, FreeBSD
  • 10. MIT License MIT License is almost as same as BSD License. Does not contain the term prohibiting the use of the name of the copyright holder in promotion of derivative work. Notable software – X Windowing System, Mono Development
  • 11. MPL Mozilla Public License Most Mozilla Software, Adobe Flex, Open Solaris use it Copyleft License It’s licensing is in two parts – initial author’s right and other people’s rights Can be combined with proprietary software
  • 12. AGPL Affero General Public License Mainly used for web services or SaaS model Web services under should provide a link to download the source code
  • 13. LGPL LGPL is used for software libraries It allows other software to link with the library All other restrictions from GPL are also in LGPL
  • 14. Creative CommonsAttribution Used to share creative works like texts, photography, etc. Version 3 is used in Wikipedia. This license allows to share, remix, and make commercial use of the work You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor First version didn’t allowed derivative works and commercial use
  • 15. Reference http://dunlapcodding.com/phosita/2009/0 1/what-is-the-difference-between-a- patent-trademark-and-a-copyright.html http://en.wikipedia.org/ http://www.gnu.org/ http://opensource.org/ http://creativecommons.org/
  • 16. Thank You 