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Nelson - Air Quality Standards-Compliance & Reduction Strategies

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  • 1. Air Quality Standards: Compliance &Reduction Strategies Chris Nelson, P.E. 3M Environmental, Health, and Safety Operations© 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 2. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Overview  Federal Standards: Where Does Minnesota Stand?  Nonattainment Experience  3M’s Pollution Prevention Pays Program2 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 3. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Minnesota Ozone Levels 80 70 65 62 63 63 62 62 61 Ozone Concentration (ppb) 60 59 59 60 60 60 58 58 54 2009-2011 49 50 Standard 40 30 20 10 03 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 4. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Minnesota Particulate Matter Levels 40 35 34 33 31 PM2.5 Concentration (µg/m3) 30 30 30 28 28 27 25 21 2009-2011 20 19 Standard 17 15 10 5 04 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 5. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Products5 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 6. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Printing Press  Minor source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone nonattainment area  Emissions – Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC)  Potential emissions: less than 5 tons per year  Actual emissions: less than 1 ton per year  Control equipment required (“RACT”)  $25,000 – 45,000 per year6 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 7. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Sponge Making  Major source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone nonattainment area  Proposed 1 lb/hr VOC increase  Requirements driven by applicable emissions limit (RACT)  Permit change and SIP revision required for insignificant change; added 6 months to project7 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 8. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Example: Insignificant Units  Minor source for Title V, New Source Review  Ozone, PM nonattainment area  Compliance notice for failure to register cafeteria “char griller”  Facility registered unit and paid permitting fees; ongoing recordkeeping required8 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 9. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Pollution Prevention Pays (3P) Dr. Joe Ling launched 3M’s 3P program in 1975 “Pollution is … unused raw material. By reducing the amount of pollution, … [3M can] save money both on pollution control and on raw materials the next time around. Its a win-win situation.” Total Total Monetary Total Pollution Projects Benefit ($USD) Prevented (US lbs) 1975-2011 Totals 9,324 1.56 Billion 3.57 Billion9 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 10. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Pollution Prevention Methods Method Description Product Reformulation • Replace a part of entire product with less or no toxic chemical(s) Process Modification • Alter a manufacturing process to reduce pollution (air, water, waste) Equipment Redesign • Redesign of equipment with new concept to reduce pollution Quality/Yield • Improve efficiency with reduced defects or use fewer raw Improvement materials to reduce waste Recovery and/or Reuse • Develop/Improve system to recover or re-use waste stream New Product • Develop product with environmental attribute/benefit to assist customer with reducing pollution10 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 11. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations 3P Case Study: License Plate System 3M Traffic Safety Systems Division11 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 12. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Conventional Manufacturing VOC Emissions Reflective Graphic Ink Plate Plate Sheeting Printing Curing Blanking Embossing Aluminum VOC Emissions Substrate Bagging Ink Roll and Curing Coating Shipping12 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 13. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Digital Manufacturing VOC Emissions Reflective Graphic Ink Plate Plate Sheeting Printing Curing Blanking Embossing Aluminum VOC Emissions Substrate Bagging Ink Roll and Curing Coating Shipping13 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 14. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Environmental Results  2010 3M Environmental Targets  Reduced volatile air emissions per net sales by 31% (goal: 25%)  Reduced waste per net sales by 19% (goal: 20%)  Improved energy efficiency per net sales by 26% (goal: 20%)  2621 Pollution Prevention Pays projects (goal: 800)14 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.
  • 15. 3M Environmental, Health and Safety Operations Summary  Minnesota air quality is good; changes to standards may trigger new requirements  Nonattainment risk  More requirements and complexity  Less flexibility and choice  Opportunities exist for all of us to proactively reduce our emissions15 © 3M 2010. All Rights Reserved.

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