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Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity
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Wetland conservation; a way forward to ensure economic prosperity

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International Wetland Day- 2 February special …

International Wetland Day- 2 February special

Kanwar Tal Wetland,Begusarai
Bihar

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • This is the criterion for being designated to be a 'Wetland of International Importance under the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands....

    The Criteria for Identifying Wetlands of International Importance

    01/08/1999

    [Note: This is a simple list of the Criteria themselves out of their explanatory settings. They should properly be used as part of the Strategic Framework and guidelines for the future development of the List of Wetlands of International Importance as amended by COP9, 2005.]
    Adopted by the 7th (1999) and 9th (2005) Meetings of the Conference of the Contracting Parties, superseding earlier Criteria adopted by the 4th and 6th Meetings of the COP (1990 and 1996), to guide implementation of Article 2.1 on designation of Ramsar sites.

    Group A of the Criteria. Sites containing representative, rare or unique wetland types

    Criterion 1: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it contains a representative, rare, or unique example of a natural or near-natural wetland type found within the appropriate biogeographic region.

    Group B of the Criteria. Sites of international importance for conserving biological diversity

    Criteria based on species and ecological communities;

    Criterion 2: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it supports vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered species or threatened ecological communities.

    Criterion 3: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it supports populations of plant and/or animal species important for maintaining the biological diversity of a particular biogeographic region.

    Criterion 4: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it supports plant and/or animal species at a critical stage in their life cycles, or provides refuge during adverse conditions.

    Specific criteria based on water birds;

    Criterion 5: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it regularly supports 20,000 or more waterbirds.

    Criterion 6: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of waterbird.

    Specific criteria based on fish;

    Criterion 7: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it supports a significant proportion of indigenous fish subspecies, species or families, life-history stages, species interactions and/or populations that are representative of wetland benefits and/or values and thereby contributes to global biological diversity.

    Criterion 8: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it is an important source of food for fishes, spawning ground, nursery and/or migration path on which fish stocks, either within the wetland or elsewhere, depend.

    Specific criteria based on other taxa;

    Criterion 9: A wetland should be considered internationally important if it regularly supports 1% of the individuals in a population of one species or subspecies of wetland-dependent non-avian animal species.



    so why was the Kanwar Lake site not designated as a Ramsar Site in 2002 when this OXBOW Lake, the largest in Asia fulfils all its legitimate criteria despite of being proposed before the Ramsar Committee in 1987....
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  • 1. International Wetland Day- 2 February special Wetland Conservation; A Way forward to ensure Economic Prosperity Kanwar Tal Wetland,Begusarai Bihar Kumar Deepak (Environmentalist)
  • 2. Today is International Wetland Day. This article is not to criticize the failure of the State in setting up sustainable wetland governance but it is the right time to understand the economy of the Wetland Ecosystem. The Kanwar Lake has failed to be listed under the Ramsar Convention in 2002 despite of being a proposal pending before the certifying committee to issue the notifications for designation of the Kanwar Lake as “Wetland of International Importance” since 1987. Kanwar Lake is situated 22 kms North-East of Begusarai District. It is the largest fresh water Ox-Bow lake, an estuarine of the stream of River Budhi Gandak.
  • 3. Wetland Ecosystem is considered to be one of the most productive ecosystems of the world. Kanwar Lake had a vast area of around 7400 Hectare initially but it has continuously been shrinking since last two decades due to a rising ignorance about the great benefit of accessible ecosystem services. We have so far ignored the potential economic & ecological benefits of the wetland especially to the people of surrounding habitat. Kanwar Lake is the waterlogged asset for the rural habitat around this wetland ecosystem.
  • 4. This wetland is providing some major tangible or direct services to the locals, inter alia, include production of food like fishes, paddy, fruits, rhizomes; a major water supply & storage for the domestic, Industrial & agricultural purposes; the biggest provider of food, fodder, fibre & fuel (wood); supply of plants with diverse medicinal qualities; genetic materials for the variety of uses. Kanwar Lake is providing some major intangible or indirect services such as local climate regulation; a main carbon sink system for the Green House Gases; water cycle regulator including underground water level & their discharge as well as recharge; mitigating the impact of natural disasters like flood & storm; erosion regulator & soil formation; a water purifier & waste treatment. Kanwar Lake is offering some major habitat services such assisting favorable habitat for the flora & fauna, nutrient cycling, seed dispersal; primary production. This wetland site has some significant cultural values include spiritual needs of some people & recreational, aesthetics & educational facilities.
  • 5. The State policy makers should know the huge monitory value of the Kanwar Lake Wetland habitat. The Economics of Ecosystem & its Biodiversity (TEEBS),a renowned functionary of the United Nations Environment Programme assessed the monitory value of the Kanwar Lake Wetland at INR 22,24,350 Per Hectare ( 1 USD = 50INR) in 2012. Therefore the gross monitory value of the Kanwar Lake is around INR 15.12 Billion. Kanwar Lake acts as an ideal aquifer to provide fresh under-ground drinking water with no content of Arsenic, Mercury, Lead, Iron, Fluorine etc. The Biggest characteristic of the Wetland is to act as a Mass Water Purifier.
  • 6. Kanwar Lake should be developed into one of the Global Eco-tourism destination of the State of Bihar. It’s been becoming a substance of research to assess “The Economics of Wetland Ecosystem & its Biodiversity”. The basic principle of wetland conservation is that it should be utilized for the benefit of the people without compromising the biodiversity values in a sustainable way. If the Wise-Use Principle along with the ecosystem services values of the wetlands is accepted by policy makers & planners, much of the conflicts with conservations would become non-existent.
  • 7. This is the responsibility of the local people those are the potential beneficiaries of the economic & ecological values of the Wetland habitat to protect & conserve it. The State Government should work on a Proper Management Action Plan include; Demarcation of Boundary; Construction of Embankments to prevent further encroachment; Dredging of silted areas; Carrying forward the scientific research on contour mapping Plan, Catchment Areas Upgradation Plan, water quality as well as floral & fauna studies. It’s an urgent time to address the comprehensive plan structure to rejuvenate the Kanwar Lake. We must have to assess the socio-economic significance of the economics of the wetland ecosystem & its bio-diversity. There is an urgent need to introduce diverse applied awareness methodologies to understand the potential economic & ecological benefits.
  • 8. Bureaucrats, planners & developers have so far been overlooking or deliberately neglecting the fact that the depletion of the wetland habitat affects the people around the peripheral areas especially the poor for whom the wetlands are the resource base for sustenance. Being an Important Bird Areas/IBA, this is a habitat of over 100 resident bird species & around 60 migratory bird species. This Kanwar Lake Ecosystem & its Biodiversity is vulnerable to the heavy runoff water influx with pesticides, fertilizers & other chemicals from the agricultural activities, leading to severe eutrophication & heavy growth of weeds make it an adverse ecology for the fauna include fishes & others. Wetland deterioration is the biggest ever ecological disaster in our contemporary world. The poorest of the poor access the largest economic benefit sharing include fisheries occupation, rice cultivation, medicinal plant explorations etc.
  • 9. Department of Environment & Forest should take immediate measures to reclaim the wetland. It is the right time to ensure the conservation & protection of such significant water-logged habitations. Wetlands are the life line ecosystem for the marginalized & poorer. We need to establish a Wetland Governance to deal with sustainable long term management of such potential economic & ecological resources. Such centre of wider ecological relevance can be developed into an important eco-tourism destination. There are significant possibilities involving researchers & environmentalists to work upon developing a structure to assess the economics of ecosystem & its biodiversity. It is the need of time to introduce special chapters in our environmental sciences syllabi dealing with the importance of wetlands in our day to day life. Special seminars & awareness campaign should be organized with a prior objective to understand the high economic significance of such waterlogged ecology. It is a long term ecological dividend to the extremely marginalized section of society. Let us join hands to preserve the wetland ecology.

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