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This Land Was Mexican Once

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Stanford University Chicana/o Studies Discussion Assignment

Stanford University Chicana/o Studies Discussion Assignment


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  • Anzaldúa, BorderlandsPrasenjitDuara
  • PaulRicoeur argued that “history is a series of infinite nows”
  • Heterotopia is a concept in human geography elaborated by philosopher Michel Foucault to describe places and spaces that function in non-hegemonic conditions. These are spaces of otherness, which are neither here nor there, that are simultaneously physical and mental, such as the space of a phone call or the moment when you see yourself in the mirror. Foucault uses the term heterotopia to describe spaces that have more layers of meaning or relationships to other places than immediately meet the eye. 'Heterotopias of ritual or purification' are spaces that are isolated and penetrable yet not freely accessible like a public place. To get in one must have permission and make certain gestures such as in a sauna or a hammin.
  • What was different about the characteristics of other groups of people at the time egCalifornianaspp. 20-34
  • Heidenreich, p.36
  • Heidenreich, p.48
  • Heidenreich, p. 59
  • Heidenreich, p. 65
  • Heidenreich, p. 91
  • Transcript

    • 1. “This Land was Mexico Once”discussion with Enrique Allen
    • 2. Counter-Memories
      California “was Mexican once, was Indian always . . . And will be again.”
    • 3. Historical Amnesia
      Western linear narratives played a critical in creating modern social structures and social inequalities
    • 4. Bifurcated History
    • 5. Religious Polarity
      “El descubrimentoquetodavía no fue”
    • 6. Heterotopia?
    • 7. California Lifeways
      Ecological factors strongly influenced diversity
      Small villages
      Lack of political hierarchy for landownership and community leadership
    • 8. Wappo Social Structure
    • 9. Sir Francis Drake, 1759
      “NocharoMu”
    • 10. Settler Colonizers & the Colonized
      The Majority of soldier-settlers and their families who came with de Anza’s expedition were “Mexican mixed-bloods”
    • 11. Persistence of Race
      “Racism in colonial Spanish America drew heavily on discourses elaborated in Spain during the Reconquista”
    • 12. The Mission
      “Mission converts were called to mass by the same bells that called them to labor”
    • 13. Summary
      “[Spanish] and Euro-Americans moved into Northern Mexico, believed God had destined them to possess the land and so they took it. Then they made up a tale to celebrate the land grab.”
    • 14. References
      Linda Heidenreich, “This Land Was Mexican Once: Histories of Resistance from Northern California”