TermEdit: Modification & changes made to the material.Editing: The process of modification in edit is editing.Editor: The person who does editing.
Basics of Editing What is editing. Compiling of data, audio/voice and visual/ scene/shotsin a sequence in a collective manner which is presentable.
Basics of EditingAreas of editing.Data/print – newspaper and journal.Audio/voice – FM Stations, voice-overs.Audio Video/ Video – TV, Films.a) Ads, documentary, features, short films, programs,promo and film.b) Audio editing to match the visuals
Basics of Editing Classifications of editing Editing Online (Multi-camera setup) Offline (Linear & Nonlinear)• Online: An online editing is also know as multi-camera set up, where more than one camera is used to record the same action from different angles, comprising with the sequence of shots in continuity.
Basics of Editing Classifications of editingLinear: A tape to tape recording where only the relevant portions from the source tape are transferred to create an edited version.
Basics of Editing Classifications of editingNon Linear:An electronic machine that allows the cutting of images withoutbeing physically destroyed to the original footage. A device whereall the media files are stored in the hard disk with no destruction.
Basics of Editing Editorial script: A print or written matter given by the directiondept. to the editor with the details of visuals, its origin (rushes) andposition (time code) with the details of shots & takes which isokayed by the director to use the visual for presenting, having alsothe details of duration of the shot and the effects to be given to thevisual. A script which will have the date and approximate time inhours planned to be edited and miscellaneous time required, totalnumber of shots in each scene and in each page of the editorialscript at the bottom of it, with the authorized signatories.
Basics of EditingPro-forma Editorial Script:Sl No Shot No Take No TCR Description Shot duration Effects Remarks Total no of shots: Hours of time required: Hours of miscellaneous time: Date & Time of editing: Director Producer/Manager Editor
Basics of Editing Editorial Report: A replication or a copy of editorial script given by the editor to the direction dept. having the details of shots and scenes edited, effects made and given to visual, audio and video corrections made, audio remarks, reasons in case of changing the visual, time in hours consumed, duration of total edited version, misc. hoursutilized in actuals, all reported and authorized by an editor to the director and producer or his representative managers.
Basics of EditingPro-forma Editorial report: Sl No Shot No Take No TCR Description Shot durationEffects/Remarks Total no of shots: Total no of effects: Hours consumed to edit: Miscellaneous Time consumed: Total hours consumed: Date & Time of editing:
Basics of Editing TCR: Time Code RecordingThis is the method to note the correct shots and the OK takes oftheshots and scenes required for editing. It shows the time in detailrecorded in the rushes.TCR has four counters – Hours – Minutes – Seconds – Frames.24 frames = 1 second. 60 second = 1 minute. 60 minute = 1 hour.All digital tapes are in the speed of 25 frames per second (fps) andincase of film it is 24 fps.Use full to locate the material with thehelp of TCR.
Basics of Editing TCR: Time Code RecordingDerivation:TCR is a derived numeric meter by the SMPTE, Society of MotionPictures & Television Engineers, who have derived by the calculationof the speed of the television, film & video cameras.A digitally encoded signal is recorded visually in the vertical frameLine is known as VITC (vertical Interval Time Code), where each frameon a video tape identifies each frame with an arbitrary and ascendingnumbers in the format of hours:minutes:seconds:frames (00:01:02:03).
Softwares on Video Editing• Media 100,• Light works,• Sony Vegas,• Adobe Premiere,• Ulead Video Studio,• Avid Liquid versions,• Avid HD & Express Pro,• Final Cut Pro by Apple are pioneers in video editing software The most popular of these programs are Avid, Sony Vegas Pro, Adobe Premiere and Final Cut Pro, now the pioneers.
ReferencesWebsite reference for activity:http://en.wikipedia.orghttp://google.comSubjects/Articles:Video editing- the history.Video editing- an art of video production.First cut on edit.Editing – the final cut of video & film production.
Basics of Editing Stages of EditingLinear:• Inserting the rushes to play back deck.• Inserting the master tape to the recording deck.• Generating the visual preview to record the shots.• Editing of audio and video with effects.• Audio balancing.• Music posting.• Final mastering.
Basics of Editing Stages of EditingNon Linear• Capturing of rushes tape.• Getting the visual and audio on the time line.• Editing of NG (not good) shots and retaining the required shots.• Audio matching• Rough cut.• Trimming and effects.• Insertions of shots.• Video colour balancing if necessary.• Music posting and matching with audio effects.• Finalising audio to the visual (sync).• Audio balancing.• Previewing.• Mastering.
• Any thing and every thing can be done on the post production table.• It is one stop to re direct the film.• It is one place where any thing viz, colours, shots & scenes placements and the visual & sound effects get adopted in a easy and skilled way.
Take a look on the making of the hindi Movie,Janemann……. *ing…. Salman Khan Akshay Kumar Priety Zinta
• All the shots here are shot in the aircraft, a studio set.
• Most of the scene’s here are shot with a green screen in the background.