How To Guide to Research Enny Velasquez 12/7/11
Getting Started• First- What information are you looking for?( A strategy to help you is using keywords in what you want. )• 2nd- Write down a list of words that describe your topic. By creating this list of keywords it’ll help you focus on your topic.• Use names of important people, places, and events/issues.
Books• If you are a great reader, books are plus to start your research.• You can either look for books online, or even at your own library. (Just because a book doesn’t have the exact title of information that you are looking for, doesn’t mean that it doesn’t contain information.• Visit your own school, local, or public libraries!
Subscription Databases• Database- a collection of information, which can be accessed on the Internet.• Unfortunately some databases require a subscription to access.• You can have access to the databases from the library and your own home.• You will find newspapers, magazines, journal articles and reference books, usually full text and reliable sources.• You won’t find the same information through Google or other search engines.
Searching Websites• Search engine- is a website that uses specific software programs to collect and organize content from all over the Internet.• What’s the first website you usually go to when your looking for something? GOOGLE! Google is currently the most used search engine. According to their studies about 80% of the results you find will be on the first page.• Yahoo and Sweet Search are usually the second choice for students.• Tips: *look for advance search options* *use common quotes or phrases*
News Publications• Newspapers, journals and magazines are good research tools.• Searching current world newspapers will help you broaden your understanding as you find various viewpoints on an issue or topic.• Be aware of bias reporting, term used to describe a person’s preference towards a particular perspective.
Blogs• Blogs- is a personal diary or log that is published online.• Most blogs have not been fact-checked and contain information that probably would not be considered “authoritative” by professors or scholars.• Blogs can be used to help determine the popular responses to current events or modern culture.
Wikissss!• Most teachers will tell you NOT to use this website, only because it is not considered “authoritative” or “scholarly”.• Wikis allow people to share their knowledge and expertise, which can be a good thing. The down side to that is people can also invent facts or pass off ideas as facts on Wiki.• It is also a collaborative website which can be directly edited using only a web browser, by anyone with access to it.
Bibliography and Images• Bibliography’s are also good. Use them when asked for or when needed. They could come in handy.• Images are always fun, instead of having someone just read a lot of words, they could also see what you are talking about, only if pictures are needed though.
Dear Suzy, I am writing you this letter explaining the 7steps to effective research. These 7 stepsoutline a simple and effective strategy forfinding information for your research paperand documenting the sources you find. Don’tmake it harder than what it really is, becauseit is actually quite easy. They will help you atevery step in your research if you need it.
Step ONE!• Identify and Develop your Topic – Introduce your topic as a question. For example, if you are wanting to know about the use of how helium works with balloons, then you would ask “How does the helium contribute to the balloon elevating in the air?”
Step TWO!• Find Background Information – Read articles in these encyclopedias to set the context for your research. Not any items in the bibliographies at the end of encyclopedia articles. – Or additional background information could be found in your lecture notes, textbooks, and other informational books.
Step THREE!• Use Catalogs To Find Books and Media – Remember that list you made about the keywords? Well this is where it’ll also come in handy. Use those keyword searching to find materials by topic or subject. – Write down the citations, authors, numbers, titles, location information, anything that you can find about them. – If you even grab a book, look for in the bibliography for additional sources. Or annual reviews on your subject.
Step FOUR!• Use Indexes to Find Periodical Articles – Use periodical indexes and abstracts to find citations to articles. – The indexes and abstracts may be in print or computer based formats or both. – Now choose the on that best suits your particular topic.
Step FIVE!• Find Internet Resources – This one is a biggie, and most likely a MUST………….Use Search Engines!!!! – Or you can also Check in your class there are any bibliography or research guide created by librarians.
Step SIX!• Evaluate What You Find – See how to critically analyzed the information sources are and distinguish scholar from non- scholar periodicals. – If you go to YouTube, watch “Identifying scholarly journals” or “Identifying substantive news sources” – If you feel like you found too many or too few sources, you may need to narrow or broaden your topic.
Step SEVEN! Last step!• Cite What You Find Using A Standard Format – Always give credit to where credit is due, and always cite your sources. (It serves 2 purposes, it gives proper credit to the authors of the materials used, and it allows those who are reading your work to duplicate your research and locate the sources that you have listed as references. – If you don’t, then that is plagiarism! Which is illegal. – Then you may write your paper :)
Here are also 4 great tips!• One- GIVE YOURSELF PLENTY OF TIME!Why? Because you don’t want to rush your research, you will panic and write the first thing down that you see, and if might not even relate to your subject.• Two- IDENTIFY AND DOCUMENT YOUR RESEARCH TOPIC OR PROBLEMWhy? Because you want to identify main concepts for your research. What you record will be helpful to develop your search strategy.
Continued…• Three- EVALUATE YOUR RESULTSWhy? Because you need to know if your information is relevant to your topic. Did you get enough or not enough or too much information? Revise your search strategy if needed, and repeat the process of searching.• CITE YOUR RESEARCHWhy? Because you have to give the author or whoever credit from where you got your research from.
4 Tips that are least effective• One- If you’re confused, ask for help.Why? Because you should already know that, more like common sense.• Two- Plan your search strategy.Why? Because you should already planned it.• Three- Select your tools carefully.Why? Because I think anything is useful.• Four- Conduct background research.Why? Because you should already know to do that.