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UK: Immigration And Ethnic Diversity

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Short presentation about immigration (from the Commonwealth) into the UK

Short presentation about immigration (from the Commonwealth) into the UK

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Business

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  • 1. UK: IMMIGRATION AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY
  • 2. Immigration in the 1950s
    • Britain in need of cheap labour after WWII
    • Entry from Commonwealth countries easy
    • Mass immigration
    • First: West Indies
    • Next: Indian subcontinent
  • 3. 1950s-1970
    • 1954: Non-white population a few thousand
    • Growing prejudice
    • Riots as white people fear the arrival of a black community
  • 4.
    • 1962: The Commonwealth Immigration Act passed by the Conservative government  Commonwealth immigrants entering Britain must have employment or be able to offer required skills
    • Laws follow in 1968/ 71 further restricting entry for non-whites
    • 1970: 1.4 million (1/3 born in Britain)
  • 5. 1970s
    • 1972: Idi Amin expells Asians from Uganda
    • 1976: Commision for Racial Equality
    • 1978: Viv Anderson first black footballer on England’s team
  • 6. 1980s
    • Strict controls on entry
    • The state said it would protect the rights of ethnic minorities
    • 1981 riots sparked by racial issues
    • Scarman report concludes: ”racial disadvantage is a fact of current British life”
  • 7. 1987-2000
    • 1987: four non-white MPs elected
    • 2000: anti-discrimination legislation
    • Growth of asylum seeker applications  growth of immigration
    • Rise in racial tensions
  • 8.
    • 2001: 9-11
    • Bombs on London public transport 2005
    • These tragedies lead to a further rise in racial tensions
  • 9. 2001 Census Ethnic group Number Percent of pop. Indian 1,053,411 1.8 Pakistani 747,285 1.3 Bangladeshi 283,063 0.5 Ohter Asian 247,644 0.4 Black Caribbean 565,876 1.0 Black African 485,277 0.8 Black (others) 97,585 0.2 Chinese 247,403 0.4 Mixed race 677,117 1.2
  • 10. Illegal immigrants in the UK
    • Between 300 000 and 600 000 (2006)
    • Amnesty?
    • Needed to do ”dirty jobs”
  • 11. Sources
    • the Hutchinson Encyclopedia of World History
    • http://www.samizdata.net/blog/archives/illegal%20imigration%20poster.jpg
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_groups_of_the_United_Kingdom#2001_Census
    • http://flickrcc.bluemountains.com : policing ladbroke grove
    • www.flickr.com/photos/78364563@N00/137655983
    • www.flickr.com/photos/86226435@N00/237883400
    • www.flickr.com/photos/13106344@N00/2863978390
    • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/in_depth/uk/2005/london_explosions/default.stm
    • All sites above accessed on March 22nd 2009