The Troubles In Northern Ireland 2

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About the historical background leading up to the troubles in Northern Ireland.

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The Troubles In Northern Ireland 2

  1. 1. The Troubles in Northern Ireland Historical background and key events Presentation by Anne Johnsrud http://annejohnsrud.blogspot.com
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>The colonization of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish War of Independence </li></ul><ul><li>The Division of Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Protestants versus Catholics? </li></ul><ul><li>Issues of the conflict </li></ul><ul><li>The population of Northern Ireland today </li></ul><ul><li>The Troubles </li></ul><ul><li>Towards a lasting peace? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The colonization of Ireland <ul><li>1170: Ireland becomes England’s first colony </li></ul><ul><li>1507-1547: Henry VIIIs reign – All of Ireland controlled by England </li></ul><ul><li>1610: Protestants from Scotland settle in Northern Ireland </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Irish War of Independence <ul><li>1916: Easter Rebellion/ Easter Rising </li></ul><ul><li>January 1919 – July 1921 </li></ul><ul><li>Guerilla war </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Republican Army (old IRA) against the British </li></ul><ul><li>Result: The Anglo-Irish Treaty </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Division of Ireland <ul><li>The Anglo-Irish Treaty (agreement) </li></ul><ul><li>1922: The Island is divided into an Irish Free State and Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>The Irish Free State not completely independent (under British crown) </li></ul><ul><li>Republic of Ireland 1937 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Irish Civil War <ul><li>June 1922 – May 1923 </li></ul><ul><li>The Free State Army supported the agreement that divided Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>The IRA was opposed to the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>The war was won by the Free State Army </li></ul>
  7. 7. Protestants vs. Catholics? <ul><li>The Irish were Catholics </li></ul><ul><li>The English and Scottish who settled in Northern Ireland were Protestants </li></ul><ul><li>In Northern Ireland the Irish Catholics were poor and suppressed by the Protestants </li></ul>
  8. 8. Issues of the conflict <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>National identity </li></ul><ul><li>Equal rights and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Independence after colonization </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Population of Northern Ireland Today <ul><li>60 % Protestants, most of whom feel they belong to the UK (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) </li></ul><ul><li>40 % Catholics, most of whom feel they should be independent form the UK/ be part of the Republic of Ireland (Eire) </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Troubles <ul><li>1969: British troops stationed in Northern Ireland </li></ul><ul><li>January 30th 1972: Bloody Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>Unionists vs. Nationalists </li></ul><ul><li>70s and 80s: several bombings/ gun attacks in Northern Ireland </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Troubles continue <ul><li>1974: Terrorist bombings in Birmingham, England </li></ul><ul><li>1981-82: Republicans die in hungerstrike </li></ul><ul><li>UFF (Ulster Freedom Fighters) </li></ul><ul><li>IRA (Irish Republican Army) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Towards a lasting peace…? <ul><li>1998: The Good Friday Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Car bombs in Omagh, Northern Ireland kill 29 and injure 530 </li></ul><ul><li>2005: IRA agrees to end violence and weapons are destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>2009: Antrim killings </li></ul>
  13. 13. Sources: <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_Civil_War (accessed on March 14th 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irish_War_of_Independence (accessed on March 14th 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_troubles (accessed on March 14th 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>http://tracks1mk.cappelendamm.no/c100339/artikkel/vis.html?tid=106276 (accessed on March 14th 2009) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Images from FLICKR: <ul><li>www.flickr.com/photos/78918694@N00/1190974445 (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>www.flickr.com/photos/78918694@N00/983429652 (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>www.flickr.com/photos/78918694@N00/1190974445 (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.flickr.com/105/368638762_f07626b5b7_m.jpg (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.flickr.com/3292/2512382548_738cfaaf84_m.jpg (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.flickr.com/1004/857812515_872dc1d49a_m.jpg (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul><ul><li>http://static.flickr.com/2159/2155191828_1b55dd0320_m.jpg (accessed on March 15th) </li></ul>

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