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SOCI/ANTH 441 Week 8: Social Technology

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  • 1. Week 8 – Social Technology: SCOT and SST SOCI/ANTH 441 – Material Culture October 22, 2008 Alexandre Enkerli
  • 2. Intro
    • Huge field
    • Programmatic
    • Preferred not to emphasize technology
    • Some concepts are applicable to non-tech
    • Interdisciplinarity
  • 3. Material Metaphors
    • Jay David Bolter Turing’s Man
    • Defining technologies
      • “ A defining technology defines or redefines man's role in relation to nature.” (1984: 13)
    • Pottery, clock, computer
    • Peter Kemp , Unersetzliche (Irreplaceable/Unsubstitutable). The Ethics of Technology
  • 4. Defining Technology
    • Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment
  • 5. About Wikipedia
    • Geek-friendly topics
    • More sophomoric writing
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society
      • Still thought-provoking
    • Encouraging critical thinking
  • 6. Wikipedia Links
    • http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Studies
    • http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology_of_scientific_knowledge
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCOT
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_shaping_of_technology
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Structure_of_Scientific_Revolutions
    • http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_We_May_Think
  • 7. Technology as Material Culture
    • Humans coping with/changing environment
    • Tools
      • Invented
      • Manufactured objects
      • Implied knowledge
    • SST central to material culture
  • 8. Geek Culture
    • Observing
    • Broad strokes
    • Sounds stereotypical
    • “ Gone Native”
  • 9. Material Culture of Science
    • AI
      • Hello world
      • Turing
    • Biological machines
    • Nanotech
    • Science-Fiction
      • Genuine People Personalities (HHGttG)
  • 10. Engineers
    • Troubleshooting
    • Intellectualism
    • Elitism
    • Teamwork
    • Stereotype of social awkwardness
    • German engineers and Belgian artists
  • 11. Epistemology
    • Think about how people think
    • Kuhn and Foucault
      • Paradigm and episteme
    • “ Ways of Knowing” (William G. Perry)
      • Dualism to relativism to constructionism
  • 12. XKCD
    • “ Impostor” http://xkcd.com/451/
    • “ Purity” http://xkcd.com/435/
    • “ Turn On” http://xkcd.com/474/
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15. Tech World
    • Losing jobs to robots
    • Marrying robots in 50 years ?
    • Technological singularity
  • 16. Neo-Evolutionism
    • Teleological
    • Deterministic
    • Technocrats
    • Positivism
    • Reductionism
    • Capitalism
  • 17. Technological Adoption
    • Acceptance
    • “ Closure” in SCOT parlance
    • “ Format Wars”
      • Betamax
      • HD-DVD
  • 18. Adoption Patterns
    • Early adopters
    • Luddites
    • Amish-style adoption
      • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amish#Modern_technology
      • http://www.theonion.com/content/radio_news/amish_give_up
    • Embedding in social life
  • 19. Civilization (Game)
  • 20. SCOT
    • Constructivism and relativism
    • Burden of proof
    • Methodology
    • Explaining success, addressing failure
    • Anti-positivism
    • Anti-determinism
  • 21.
    • Williams and Edge
    • Pinch and Bijker
    • Klein and Kleinman
  • 22. TLAs and FLAs
    • Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (SSK)
    • Science and Technology Studies (STS)
    • Structure of Scientific Revolutions (SSR)
    • Actor-Network Theory (ANT)
    • Social Construction of Technology (SCOT)
    • Social Shaping of Technology (SST)
    • Empirical Programme of Relativism (EPOR)
  • 23. Authors
    • Kuhn
    • Weber
    • Bijker
    • Latour
    • Callon
    • Law
  • 24. Implied Authors
    • Foucault
    • Piaget
    • Bachelard
    • Bloor
    • Vannevar Bush
  • 25. Vannevar Bush
    • Enthusiasm
    • Current relevance
    • Digital/analog
    • Mind/machine (mathematician)
    • Predictions
      • Futurism
      • Moore's Law
    • Some not (yet) successful
      • Resistance to innovation
      • Social causes

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