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Week 8 – Social Technology: SCOT and SST SOCI/ANTH 441 – Material Culture October 22, 2008 Alexandre Enkerli
Intro <ul><li>Huge field </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred not to emphasize technology </li></ul>...
Material Metaphors <ul><li>Jay David Bolter   Turing’s Man </li></ul><ul><li>Defining technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“...
Defining Technology <ul><li>Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and craf...
Technology as Material Culture <ul><li>Humans coping with/changing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><...
Geek Culture <ul><li>Observing </li></ul><ul><li>Broad strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds stereotypical </li></ul><ul><li>“ ...
Science Culture <ul><li>AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hello world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turing  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bio...
Engineers <ul><li>Troubleshooting </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectualism </li></ul><ul><li>Elitism </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork <...
Epistemology <ul><li>Think about how people think </li></ul><ul><li>Kuhn and Foucault </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paradigm and e...
XKCD <ul><li>“ Impostor”  http://xkcd.com/451/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Purity”  http://xkcd.com/435/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Turn ...
 
 
Tech World <ul><li>Losing jobs to robots </li></ul><ul><li>Marrying robots in 50 years ? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological s...
Neo-Evolutionism <ul><li>Teleological </li></ul><ul><li>Deterministic </li></ul><ul><li>Technocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Posi...
Technological Adoption <ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>“ Closure” in SCOT parlance </li></ul><ul><li>“ Format Wars” <...
Adoption Patterns <ul><li>Early adopters </li></ul><ul><li>Luddites </li></ul><ul><li>Amish-style adoption </li></ul><ul><...
Civilization (Game)
SCOT <ul><li>Constructivism and relativism </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of proof </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><...
About Wikipedia <ul><li>Geek-friendly topics </li></ul><ul><li>More sophomoric writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wik...
Wikipedia Links <ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Studies </li></ul><ul><li>http ://en.wikipedi...
<ul><li>Williams and Edge </li></ul><ul><li>Pinch and Bijker </li></ul><ul><li>Klein and Kleinman </li></ul>
TLAs and FLAs <ul><li>Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (SSK) </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technology Studies (STS) </li>...
Authors <ul><li>Kuhn </li></ul><ul><li>Weber </li></ul><ul><li>Bijker </li></ul><ul><li>Latour </li></ul><ul><li>Callon </...
Implied Authors <ul><li>Foucault </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelard </li></ul><ul><li>Bloor </li></ul><u...
Vannevar Bush <ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Current relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Digital/analog </li></ul><ul><li>Mi...
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SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 8: Social Technology

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Transcript of "SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 8: Social Technology"

  1. 1. Week 8 – Social Technology: SCOT and SST SOCI/ANTH 441 – Material Culture October 22, 2008 Alexandre Enkerli
  2. 2. Intro <ul><li>Huge field </li></ul><ul><li>Programmatic </li></ul><ul><li>Preferred not to emphasize technology </li></ul><ul><li>Some concepts are applicable to non-tech </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinarity </li></ul>
  3. 3. Material Metaphors <ul><li>Jay David Bolter Turing’s Man </li></ul><ul><li>Defining technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ A defining technology defines or redefines man's role in relation to nature.” (1984: 13) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pottery, clock, computer </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Kemp , Unersetzliche (Irreplaceable/Unsubstitutable). The Ethics of Technology </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Technology <ul><li>Technology is a broad concept that deals with a species' usage and knowledge of tools and crafts, and how it affects a species' ability to control and adapt to its environment </li></ul>
  5. 5. Technology as Material Culture <ul><li>Humans coping with/changing environment </li></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufactured objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implied knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SST central to material culture </li></ul>
  6. 6. Geek Culture <ul><li>Observing </li></ul><ul><li>Broad strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Sounds stereotypical </li></ul><ul><li>“ Gone Native” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Science Culture <ul><li>AI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hello world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Biological machines </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotech </li></ul><ul><li>Science-Fiction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genuine People Personalities (HHGttG) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Engineers <ul><li>Troubleshooting </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectualism </li></ul><ul><li>Elitism </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork </li></ul><ul><li>Stereotype of social awkwardness </li></ul><ul><li>German engineers and Belgian artists </li></ul>
  9. 9. Epistemology <ul><li>Think about how people think </li></ul><ul><li>Kuhn and Foucault </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paradigm and episteme </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Ways of Knowing” (William G. Perry) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dualism to relativism to constructionism </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. XKCD <ul><li>“ Impostor” http://xkcd.com/451/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Purity” http://xkcd.com/435/ </li></ul><ul><li>“ Turn On” http://xkcd.com/474/ </li></ul>
  11. 13. Tech World <ul><li>Losing jobs to robots </li></ul><ul><li>Marrying robots in 50 years ? </li></ul><ul><li>Technological singularity </li></ul>
  12. 14. Neo-Evolutionism <ul><li>Teleological </li></ul><ul><li>Deterministic </li></ul><ul><li>Technocrats </li></ul><ul><li>Positivism </li></ul><ul><li>Reductionism </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism </li></ul>
  13. 15. Technological Adoption <ul><li>Acceptance </li></ul><ul><li>“ Closure” in SCOT parlance </li></ul><ul><li>“ Format Wars” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Betamax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>HD-DVD </li></ul></ul>
  14. 16. Adoption Patterns <ul><li>Early adopters </li></ul><ul><li>Luddites </li></ul><ul><li>Amish-style adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amish#Modern_technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.theonion.com/content/radio_news/amish_give_up </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embedding in social life </li></ul>
  15. 17. Civilization (Game)
  16. 18. SCOT <ul><li>Constructivism and relativism </li></ul><ul><li>Burden of proof </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Explaining success, addressing failure </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-positivism </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-determinism </li></ul>
  17. 19. About Wikipedia <ul><li>Geek-friendly topics </li></ul><ul><li>More sophomoric writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Still thought-provoking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encouraging critical thinking </li></ul>
  18. 20. Wikipedia Links <ul><li>http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Science_and_Technology_Studies </li></ul><ul><li>http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Technology_and_society </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociology_of_scientific_knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCOT </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_shaping_of_technology </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Structure_of_Scientific_Revolutions </li></ul><ul><li>http ://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/As_We_May_Think </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>Williams and Edge </li></ul><ul><li>Pinch and Bijker </li></ul><ul><li>Klein and Kleinman </li></ul>
  20. 22. TLAs and FLAs <ul><li>Sociology of Scientific Knowledge (SSK) </li></ul><ul><li>Science and Technology Studies (STS) </li></ul><ul><li>Structure of Scientific Revolutions (SSR) </li></ul><ul><li>Actor-Network Theory (ANT) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) </li></ul><ul><li>Social Shaping of Technology (SST) </li></ul><ul><li>Empirical Programme of Relativism (EPOR) </li></ul>
  21. 23. Authors <ul><li>Kuhn </li></ul><ul><li>Weber </li></ul><ul><li>Bijker </li></ul><ul><li>Latour </li></ul><ul><li>Callon </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul>
  22. 24. Implied Authors <ul><li>Foucault </li></ul><ul><li>Piaget </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelard </li></ul><ul><li>Bloor </li></ul><ul><li>Vannevar Bush </li></ul>
  23. 25. Vannevar Bush <ul><li>Enthusiasm </li></ul><ul><li>Current relevance </li></ul><ul><li>Digital/analog </li></ul><ul><li>Mind/machine (mathematician) </li></ul><ul><li>Predictions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Futurism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moore's Law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some not (yet) successful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance to innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social causes </li></ul></ul>
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