SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 4: Gender and Domesticity

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SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Week 4: Gender and Domesticity

  1. 1. Week 4 — Gender and Domesticity SOCI/ANTH 441 Material Culture Alexandre Enkerli September 24, 2008
  2. 2. Today <ul><li>Logistics </li></ul><ul><li>Themes and approaches in material culture </li></ul><ul><li>Readings </li></ul>
  3. 3. Logistics <ul><li>Pre-write tonight at latest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will give feedback ASAP </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Project Part I next week </li></ul><ul><li>Forum discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Fabian on materiality of text </li></ul>
  4. 5. Rights <ul><li>Property rights </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriation </li></ul>
  5. 6. Sociology of Technology <ul><li>Technology adoption </li></ul><ul><li>Shaping </li></ul><ul><li>Science </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialization </li></ul><ul><li>Postmodernism </li></ul>
  6. 7. Subjectivity <ul><li>Embodiment </li></ul><ul><li>Agency </li></ul><ul><li>Aesthetics </li></ul><ul><li>Personalization/customization </li></ul><ul><li>Value </li></ul><ul><li>Fetishism </li></ul>
  7. 9. SI <ul><li>Self as social construction </li></ul><ul><li>Self is both subject and object </li></ul><ul><li>Learn self by interaction with material objects </li></ul><ul><li>Making sense of the world and creating it </li></ul>
  8. 10. SI and Material Culture <ul><li>Communicating self </li></ul><ul><li>Embodiment </li></ul><ul><li>Extend personality </li></ul><ul><li>Reminder of sense of self </li></ul><ul><li>Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Emotion </li></ul>
  9. 11. Contact with Object <ul><li>Tactile </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Bodies and things </li></ul><ul><li>Reveals inside </li></ul>
  10. 12. Self and Physical World <ul><li>Social relation </li></ul><ul><li>Mother as object </li></ul><ul><li>Later division humans/non-humans </li></ul><ul><li>Objects maintain social attributes </li></ul>
  11. 13. Goffman <ul><li>Presentation of self </li></ul><ul><li>Face-to-face interactions </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiations and drama </li></ul><ul><li>Categories of Objects (status, exotic/indigenous, collective, stigma) </li></ul><ul><li>Official/alien uses (intended/unintended) </li></ul><ul><li>Social facilitators (conversation piece, fidget…) </li></ul>
  12. 14. Material Context (Room) <ul><li>Co-location </li></ul><ul><li>Highlighting/understating </li></ul><ul><li>Clustering/dispersing </li></ul><ul><li>Status inconsistency (eclectism) </li></ul><ul><li>Conformism (cultural norms) </li></ul><ul><li>Comment elicitation (conversation piece) </li></ul>
  13. 15. Technological Politics <ul><li>Do things have politics? (Langdon Winner) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bridge against busses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Racism of bridge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social determinism (“Guns don’t kill people”) </li></ul><ul><li>Technological determinism (“Guns make people kill people”) </li></ul>
  14. 16. Politics and Objects <ul><li>Embodiment (engineer social relationships) </li></ul><ul><li>Inherent politics (required relationships) </li></ul><ul><li>Imbued (after the fact) </li></ul>
  15. 18. Themes from Texts?
  16. 20. Gordon References <ul><li>Bauman </li></ul><ul><li>Huizinga </li></ul><ul><li>Bakhtin </li></ul><ul><li>Geertz </li></ul><ul><li>Dundes </li></ul><ul><li>Merleau-Ponty </li></ul><ul><li>Lakoff and Johnson </li></ul><ul><li>Csikszentmihalyi </li></ul><ul><li>Goffman </li></ul>
  17. 21. Research methods <ul><li>Folkloristics </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographic semiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Longitudinal content analysis (neat method) </li></ul><ul><li>Particularism </li></ul><ul><li>Microlevel analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Description </li></ul>
  18. 22. Folkloristics <ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Material to verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Humour </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic cultural property </li></ul>
  19. 23. People <ul><li>Roles (curator, inspiration, interlocutors, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Hommage/altar </li></ul><ul><li>Sense of community </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing groups </li></ul><ul><li>Playfulness </li></ul>
  20. 24. Gender and Solidarity <ul><li>Proxemics </li></ul><ul><li>Nurturing </li></ul><ul><li>Class and social identity </li></ul><ul><li>Students, professors, secretaries </li></ul><ul><li>Contrast with office </li></ul><ul><li>Privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Community of experience/practise </li></ul><ul><li>Group property </li></ul><ul><li>Inside jokes </li></ul>
  21. 25. Privacy <ul><li>Intimacy </li></ul><ul><li>Chat to formal </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion/exclusion </li></ul>
  22. 26. Objects <ul><li>Seed object </li></ul><ul><li>Identification with person </li></ul><ul><li>Silence </li></ul><ul><li>Kitsch </li></ul>
  23. 27. Subverting Consumerism <ul><li>Freebies </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling </li></ul><ul><li>Inexpensive </li></ul><ul><li>Unintended uses </li></ul>
  24. 28. Embodiment <ul><li>Communal body </li></ul><ul><li>Somatic sense of self </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory experience </li></ul><ul><li>Gendered body </li></ul>
  25. 29. Sense of place (Basso) <ul><li>Territory </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Story of the space </li></ul><ul><li>Symbolism </li></ul>
  26. 31. Pascali References <ul><li>Derrida </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas </li></ul><ul><li>Pocius </li></ul>
  27. 32. Distinctions <ul><li>Informal/formal </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion/exclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Familiarity/distance </li></ul><ul><li>Private/public </li></ul><ul><li>Practical/Waste </li></ul>
  28. 33. Gender <ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Control of space </li></ul><ul><li>Cleanliness </li></ul><ul><li>Kinship </li></ul>
  29. 34. Immigrant culture <ul><li>Home ownership as success </li></ul><ul><li>“ Internalized vision of what others might think” </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Self-identity and social class </li></ul><ul><li>Kitsch </li></ul><ul><li>Seasons </li></ul>
  30. 35. Places and Objects <ul><li>Extra Room </li></ul><ul><li>Status symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Precious items </li></ul><ul><li>Cost-cutting </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoying one's things </li></ul>
  31. 36. Next Week <ul><li>Project </li></ul><ul><li>Barbie archaeology </li></ul><ul><li>Museum and interpretation </li></ul>

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