ANTZ202changes

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ANTZ202changes

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  • 1. ANTZ202 Introduction to Culture Meeting 13, April 3, 2007 Changes
  • 2. Notes
    • Global inequalities
    • World system
    • Innovation, creativity
    • Define who we are
  • 3. Tradition and Change
    • Continuity
    • Conservatism
    • Implies change
  • 4. Revolution and Modernity
    • Discontinuity
    • Always keep something
  • 5. Ethnocentrism
    • Lenses through which see world
    • Evaluation
  • 6. Humanitarian Aid
    • Imposed change?
    • Who chooses?
    • “ Why can’t they be more like us?”
  • 7. Some Broad Changes
    • Industrialisation
    • Commercialism
    • Complexification
    • Individualism
  • 8. From Last Week
    • Diversity
    • Social complexity
    • Commercialisation
    • “ West”/”Non-West”
  • 9. Internal Change
    • Independent Invention
      • Original solutions to problems
    • Internal Dynamism
      • Change through social diversity
  • 10. Change Through Contacts
    • Diffusion
      • Spread through borrowing
      • Possibly indirect
    • Acculturation
      • Continuous contact
      • Asymmetrical
  • 11. Contacts
    • Mobility
      • Individuals or groups
    • Trade and Exchange Networks
      • Goods, services, knowledge
      • Specialization
      • Often Equal
  • 12. Uninvited Contacts
    • War
      • Territorial expansion
      • Invasion
    • Colonialism
      • Conquest
      • Unequal deals
  • 13. Globalization
    • Interconnected, interdependent
    • Mutual influences
    • Inequalities
    • Decentralized flow of capital
    • Transnational culture of consumption
  • 14. Mass Media
    • “ Virtual” contact
    • “ Imagined Communities”
      • Nationalism
      • Internationalism
  • 15. Popular Culture
    • Local cultures
      • Erosion
      • Diffusion
      • Adaptation
    • Bollywood
    • Telenovelas
  • 16. Anthropology and Change
    • Humanistic vision
    • Voluntary vs. coerced change
    • Cherish cultural diversity
    • Understanding similarities and differences
  • 17. Changes in Ethnography
  • 18. Armchair Anthropology
    • Second-hand accounts
    • Often non-researchers
    • Displaced context
    • Deductive
    • Universalist
  • 19. Early ethnography
    • Realism
    • Holism (integrated culture)
    • Particularist (culture in own terms)
    • Native understanding
    • Some “Gone Native”
  • 20. Interpretive Anthropology (Geertz)
    • Culture as text
    • Translation
    • Meaningfulness, significance
    • Native voice
  • 21. Ethnographic Crisis
    • “ Writing Culture” (Clifford and Marcus 1986)
    • Question ethnographic realism
    • Question ethnographic present
    • Ethnographies as products
  • 22. Complex Societies
    • Global World
    • Adapt methods
    • Qualitative basis
    • Identities
    • Subjectivities
  • 23. Problem-Oriented Ethnography
    • Issue in broad context
    • Finding solutions
    • Applied anthropology
    • Interdisciplinary