ANTZ202 Introduction to Culture Meeting 13, April 3, 2007 Changes
Notes <ul><li>Global inequalities </li></ul><ul><li>World system </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation, creativity </li></ul><ul><l...
Tradition and Change <ul><li>Continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>Implies change </li></ul>
Revolution and Modernity <ul><li>Discontinuity </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep something </li></ul>
Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Lenses through which see world </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
Humanitarian Aid <ul><li>Imposed change? </li></ul><ul><li>Who chooses? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why can’t they be more like us...
Some Broad Changes <ul><li>Industrialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialism </li></ul><ul><li>Complexification </li></ul>...
From Last Week <ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Social complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation </li></ul><ul><li...
Internal Change <ul><li>Independent Invention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original solutions to problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>...
Change Through Contacts <ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread through borrowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possib...
Contacts <ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals or groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade and Exchange Networks <...
Uninvited Contacts  <ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Territorial expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion </li></ul>...
Globalization <ul><li>Interconnected, interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual influences </li></ul><ul><li>Inequalities </...
Mass Media <ul><li>“ Virtual” contact </li></ul><ul><li>“ Imagined Communities” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></u...
Popular Culture <ul><li>Local cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul></ul><...
Anthropology and Change <ul><li>Humanistic vision </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary vs. coerced change </li></ul><ul><li>Cherish...
Changes in Ethnography
Armchair Anthropology <ul><li>Second-hand accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Often non-researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced con...
Early ethnography <ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Holism (integrated culture) </li></ul><ul><li>Particularist (culture i...
Interpretive Anthropology (Geertz) <ul><li>Culture as text </li></ul><ul><li>Translation </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningfulness,...
Ethnographic Crisis <ul><li>“ Writing Culture”  (Clifford and Marcus 1986) </li></ul><ul><li>Question ethnographic realism...
Complex Societies <ul><li>Global World </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt methods </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative basis </li></ul><ul><...
Problem-Oriented Ethnography <ul><li>Issue in broad context </li></ul><ul><li>Finding solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Applied ...
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ANTZ202 Meeting 13 Changes

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Cultural change, changes in ethnography

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ANTZ202 Meeting 13 Changes

  1. 1. ANTZ202 Introduction to Culture Meeting 13, April 3, 2007 Changes
  2. 2. Notes <ul><li>Global inequalities </li></ul><ul><li>World system </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation, creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Define who we are </li></ul>
  3. 3. Tradition and Change <ul><li>Continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatism </li></ul><ul><li>Implies change </li></ul>
  4. 4. Revolution and Modernity <ul><li>Discontinuity </li></ul><ul><li>Always keep something </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Lenses through which see world </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul>
  6. 6. Humanitarian Aid <ul><li>Imposed change? </li></ul><ul><li>Who chooses? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Why can’t they be more like us?” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some Broad Changes <ul><li>Industrialisation </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialism </li></ul><ul><li>Complexification </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul>
  8. 8. From Last Week <ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Social complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Commercialisation </li></ul><ul><li>“ West”/”Non-West” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Internal Change <ul><li>Independent Invention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Original solutions to problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internal Dynamism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Change through social diversity </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Change Through Contacts <ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread through borrowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibly indirect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acculturation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous contact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asymmetrical </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Contacts <ul><li>Mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals or groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trade and Exchange Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Goods, services, knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specialization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often Equal </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Uninvited Contacts <ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Territorial expansion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conquest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unequal deals </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Globalization <ul><li>Interconnected, interdependent </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual influences </li></ul><ul><li>Inequalities </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralized flow of capital </li></ul><ul><li>Transnational culture of consumption </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mass Media <ul><li>“ Virtual” contact </li></ul><ul><li>“ Imagined Communities” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internationalism </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Popular Culture <ul><li>Local cultures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Erosion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bollywood </li></ul><ul><li>Telenovelas </li></ul>
  16. 16. Anthropology and Change <ul><li>Humanistic vision </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary vs. coerced change </li></ul><ul><li>Cherish cultural diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding similarities and differences </li></ul>
  17. 17. Changes in Ethnography
  18. 18. Armchair Anthropology <ul><li>Second-hand accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Often non-researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Displaced context </li></ul><ul><li>Deductive </li></ul><ul><li>Universalist </li></ul>
  19. 19. Early ethnography <ul><li>Realism </li></ul><ul><li>Holism (integrated culture) </li></ul><ul><li>Particularist (culture in own terms) </li></ul><ul><li>Native understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Some “Gone Native” </li></ul>
  20. 20. Interpretive Anthropology (Geertz) <ul><li>Culture as text </li></ul><ul><li>Translation </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningfulness, significance </li></ul><ul><li>Native voice </li></ul>
  21. 21. Ethnographic Crisis <ul><li>“ Writing Culture” (Clifford and Marcus 1986) </li></ul><ul><li>Question ethnographic realism </li></ul><ul><li>Question ethnographic present </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnographies as products </li></ul>
  22. 22. Complex Societies <ul><li>Global World </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt methods </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative basis </li></ul><ul><li>Identities </li></ul><ul><li>Subjectivities </li></ul>
  23. 23. Problem-Oriented Ethnography <ul><li>Issue in broad context </li></ul><ul><li>Finding solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Applied anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary </li></ul>
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