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  • 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 3, September 24, 2007
  • 2.
    • Toward critical thinking
    • Consensus opinion from African studies
    Factoids again
  • 3.
    • Empowerment
      • OLPC
    • Portal
    • History
    • Bantu Languages
    Wikipedia of Africa
  • 4.
    • More Than 1000 Articles
      • 77. Afrikaans : af (8281) (IE)
      • 89. Swahili : sw (5982) (Bantu)
      • 101. Yoruba : yo (4072) (Benue Congo)
      • 113. Amharic : am (2989) (Semitic)
    In African languages
  • 5.
    • 147. Lingala : ln (808) (Bantu)
    • 152. Wolof : wo (444) (Atlantic)
    • 154. Igbo: ig (418) (Benue Congo)
    • 170. Malagasy: mg (291) (Malayo Polynesian)
    • 172. Somali: so (288) (Cushitic)
    • 176. Kongo: kg (270) (Bantu)
    Less than 1000 articles
  • 6. Less Than 200 Articles
    • 188. Oromo: om (184) (Cushitic)
    • 189. Tigrinya: ti (177) (Semitic)
    • 191. Ewe: ee (175) (Kwa/Gbe)
    • 198. Bambara : bm (138) (Mande)
    • 203. Zulu: zu (107) (Bantu)
  • 7.
    • Particularism/Universalism
      • Anthropology
    • Fluidity
      • Lack fixed boundaries
      • Contacts
      • Negotiate identity
    African Specificity
  • 8.
    • Alternative to votes
    • Democracy
    • Negotiation
    • Argument
    • Debate
    • «Arbre à palabres» (“Talking Tree”)
    “Consensus culture”
  • 9.
    • Ecological concept
    • Central/Eastern/Southern (more than North/West)
    • Peaceful influence more than invasion
    • Intermarriage
    Symbiosis
  • 10.
    • Agriculturalists/foragers
    • State/bands
    • Widespread religions, local belief systems
    Coexistence
  • 11.
    • Settlements
    • Surplus
    • Population
    • City
    • State
    • Hierarchy
    Intensification
  • 12.
    • Similar to archeology
    • Dark Continent
    • Remnants
    Older African studies
  • 13.
    • Sculptures
    • Architecture
    • Textiles
    • Languages
    • Social structure
    Identifiable "cultures"
  • 14.
    • Iron age as if stage
    • Civilization (Game)
      • Linear evolution ( Tech Tree )
      • Prerequisites
      • Compete
    Technological Evolutionism
  • 15. Lamphear/Falola
  • 16.
    • Kingdoms/empires
    • Forced confederacies
    • Loose organisation
    History of states
  • 17.
    • Small groups
      • Not necessarily connected identity
    • Nomadic groups
      • Pastoralists (herders)
    Non-State
  • 18.
    • Nilotes (Nilo-Saharan)
    • Cushitic-speaking (Nilo-Saharan)
    • Bantu-speakers (Niger-Congo)
    • Mande speakers (Niger-Congo)
    • San/Khoisan ("click")
    • Sudanic languages (outdated classification)
    Large cultural groups
  • 19.
    • Afro-Asiatic (including Semitic languages)
    • Khoisan (including “click” languages)
    • Niger-Congo (including Bantu languages)
    • Nilo-Saharan (including Songhay, Maasai, Kanuri)
    Language families
  • 20.
    • Ease borrow language
    • Trade languages
    • Speech communities
    • Not inter-communication
    Language families as cultures?
  • 21.
    • Next two weeks
    • Age-Sets
    • Age-Grades
    • Lineages
    • Queen Mother
    • Artisans
    Social Structure
  • 22.
    • Cosmopolitan networks
    • Urban life
    • Local
    • "Ethnic"
    • Schools (Koranic, Missionary, National)
    Associations
  • 23.
    • Initiation societies
    • Muslim brotherhoods (sufism)
      • Tijaniyya
    • Freemasons
    Secret societies
  • 24.
    • Environment
    • Crops
      • Cash crops
      • Food crops (subsistence farming)
    • Intercontinental contacts
    Geography
  • 25. Gellar
  • 26.
    • Industrial revolution
    • Capitalism
    • Invasion
    Scramble
  • 27.
    • Amadou Hampaté Bâ
    • Colonials not seeing power
      • Even recent
    • Experience abroad
    Colonial Experience
  • 28.
    • Colonial past
    • Fanon's critique
    • Hegemony
    • Egalitarian because Post-Colonial structures?
      • Solway and Lee
    Anthropology's Critique of Colonialism
  • 29.
    • Created or reinforced by colonials
    • Region
    • Trade language
    • Community of experience
    • Spurious?
    Defining groups