ANTH326 Meeting 7

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ANTH326 Meeting 7

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 7, October 22, 2007
  2. 2. Business <ul><li>Djenne film, H1120, Noon, Friday (Oct 26) </li></ul><ul><li>Project Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Media Critique (November 5) </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture/discussion </li></ul><ul><li>News items (e.g. BBC’s Africa Today podcast) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Today <ul><li>Reading Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Relativisms </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Keim </li></ul><ul><li>Appiah </li></ul><ul><li>(Social Groups) </li></ul><ul><li>((Education)) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Keim Themes 2
  5. 5. Appiah Themes
  6. 6. Relativisms
  7. 7. Ethnocentrism <ul><li>Attitude </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on own group (parallel egocentrism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural specificity as normal/natural/universal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reification/naturalisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Own culture is better” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Worldview </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Separate worlds” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Eurocentrism <ul><li>Typical ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Not unique </li></ul><ul><li>Occidentalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Western” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ White” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Judeo-)Christian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market economy (Capitalism/Socialism/Liberalism) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual freedom? </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Relative Relativism <ul><li>Not “anything goes” </li></ul><ul><li>Epistemological foundation (ways of knowing) </li></ul><ul><li>Assess natural/universal/absolute </li></ul><ul><li>Terminological habits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Appropriate” instead of “good” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“Optimal” instead of “perfect” </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Anthropology on Relativism <ul><li>Fighting Ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Cherish diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Mode of scientific inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Academic tendency </li></ul><ul><li>Anthropocentrism </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cultural Relativism <ul><li>Fighting ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic relativity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Einstein from Winterer (Saussure) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primacy of context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic perspective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid determinism/reductivism/positivism </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Moral Relativism <ul><li>Apply relativism to values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Neither condone nor condemn </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relative value vs. absolute value (math) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Try to understand, not judge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Who am I to say…” </li></ul><ul><li>Not typically “moralists” </li></ul><ul><li>Abuses of moral relativism </li></ul>
  13. 13. Relativism in Ethnography <ul><li>Partial and temporary suspension </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enculturation (cultural) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value judgement (moral) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consequences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intellectual honesty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing rapport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Particularism/holism/culturalism </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conceptions of Africa <ul><li>AIDS, Blacks, Chaos, Circumcision,, Cradle of Humanity, Diamonds, Diversity, Ethnic cleansing, Fear of the Unknown, Health, Movies, Nature, Polygamy, Popular Culture, Population density, Poverty, Primitive, Slavery, Turmoil, War </li></ul>
  15. 15. Chaos <ul><li>Corruption </li></ul><ul><li>War </li></ul><ul><li>Turmoil </li></ul><ul><li>Disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of the Unknown </li></ul>
  16. 16. Stereotypes <ul><li>Primitive </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Movies </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of the Unknown </li></ul><ul><li>AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Turmoil </li></ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul>
  17. 17. Pop Culture and Politics
  18. 18. Political, Economical, Socio-Cultural <ul><li>AIDS in cultural </li></ul><ul><li>With Poverty </li></ul>
  19. 19. Health and Body <ul><li>AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>Circumcision </li></ul><ul><li>Nature (mosquitoes) </li></ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Population density </li></ul>
  20. 20. Readings
  21. 21. Readings 1 <ul><li>Stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>Functions of stereotypes </li></ul><ul><li>National Geographic </li></ul><ul><li>Categorizations </li></ul><ul><li>Dualism/dichotomies </li></ul>
  22. 22. Readings 2 <ul><li>Dark/Romanticism </li></ul><ul><li>Wise Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Afrocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of ideology </li></ul><ul><li>Equality in diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>Molefi Asante response </li></ul>

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