ANTH326 Meeting 6 (Draft)

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ANTH326 Meeting 6 (Draft)

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 6, October 15, 2007
  2. 2. Business <ul><li>Project Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Office Hours </li></ul><ul><li>Forums </li></ul><ul><li>Course Structure </li></ul>
  3. 3. Shanklin Themes
  4. 4. Rethinking Africa <ul><li>Main theme </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Month-long ”semester core” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More readings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reassess research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some overlap/parallels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. Appiah/Diop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perspectives on Africa </li></ul></ul><ul><li>May read in advance </li></ul>
  5. 5. European Eyes on Africa <ul><li>Colonialism </li></ul><ul><li>Romanticism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Otherness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismissed history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismissed diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christian/Capitalism/Industrialism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Modernity” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Readings <ul><li>Keim on preconceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Appiah on Afrocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Owusu on ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Diop on political movement </li></ul><ul><li>Southall on “Tribe” </li></ul><ul><li>Ranger on tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Comaroffs on colonial conceptions </li></ul><ul><li>Rodney on economy </li></ul>
  7. 7. Themes in Kinship <ul><li>Marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Descent (lineages, clans) </li></ul><ul><li>Terminology </li></ul>
  8. 8. Marriage <ul><li>Difference with mating (or love) </li></ul><ul><li>Affinal relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Residence </li></ul><ul><li>Incest Taboo </li></ul>
  9. 9. Choice Spouse(s) <ul><li>Never free </li></ul><ul><li>Preferential marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Arranged marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Exogamy </li></ul><ul><li>Endogamy </li></ul><ul><li>Polygamy </li></ul>
  10. 10. Descent <ul><li>Defining Consanguinity </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise ancestry </li></ul><ul><li>Unlilateral </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Matrilineal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patrilineal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Corporate Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Stability </li></ul><ul><li>Segmentary lineage system (clans) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kinship in Cultural Anthropology <ul><li>Classic anthropology </li></ul><ul><li>Universal but particular </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incest Taboo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colonial past </li></ul><ul><li>Kinship models </li></ul><ul><li>Cross-cultural comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in significance </li></ul>
  12. 12. Beyond Kinship <ul><li>Defining social groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Support systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solidarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communitas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity as super-kinship </li></ul><ul><li>Kindreds (selected kins) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sodalities” </li></ul><ul><li>Associations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Age Sets and Age Grades <ul><li>Age Set as Cohort </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Oldboy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>«Promotionneur» </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Age Grades as Steps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rites of passage (van Gennep) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Separate genders </li></ul>
  14. 14. Secret societies <ul><li>Initiation societies </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim brotherhoods (sufism) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tijaniyya </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Freemasons </li></ul>
  15. 15. Voluntary Associations <ul><li>Social networks </li></ul><ul><li>Urban life </li></ul><ul><li>Local </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Ethnic“ </li></ul><ul><li>Cosmopolitan networks </li></ul><ul><li>Political parties </li></ul>
  16. 16. Westernization <ul><li>Cultural Contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coerced or voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Western-like but typically African </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manage change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other partners </li></ul>
  17. 17. Education <ul><li>School types (Koranic, Missionary, National) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Formal education </li></ul><ul><li>“ Western-style” </li></ul><ul><li>Obsession with literacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power of orality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul>
  18. 18. Shanklin Notes <ul><li>Group decision </li></ul><ul><li>Power of community </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary Kinship </li></ul><ul><li>Family as “African solution” </li></ul><ul><li>Out of Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Slave trade </li></ul><ul><li>Davidson (community, weapons, movement) </li></ul>
  19. 19. Shanklin Notes 2 <ul><li>Polygamy (polyandry, polygyny) </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary filiation </li></ul><ul><li>Dual-sex systems </li></ul><ul><li>Matrilineal puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Classless society </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained significance of kinship? </li></ul><ul><li>Chabal/Daloz on nepotism/cronyism/corruption </li></ul>
  20. 20. Shanklin Notes 3 <ul><li>Westernization </li></ul><ul><li>Globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Labour migration </li></ul><ul><li>Political systems </li></ul><ul><li>Tyranny of choice </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic love </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear family </li></ul>

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