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ANTH326 Meeting 6

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  • 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa
    Meeting 6: Flesh and Blood
    October 13, 2010
  • 2. Both
  • 3. History in Anthropological Frame
    Anthropologists using/doing history
    Historian on ethnicity
    Ethnohistory
    Particularism
  • 4. Africa Perceived
    Infantilization
    Ignorance
    Contradictory tropes
    Circulation of tropes
    Pop culture
    Media coverage (Comaroffs on Time)
    Rescue narrative
    Ethnographic journalism
  • 5. Comaroffs
  • 6. Jean and John Comaroffs
    Current anthropology
    Non-radical particularism
    Ethnographic approach
    Writing style
    Both from ZA
  • 7. Modernity
    Continuity
    Foucault
    Modernist self
    Individualism
  • 8. Contact
    Africa and Europe
    Pre-Scramble Africa
    Variety of outcomes
    Exchange
  • 9. Colonialism
    Empire
    Not all imposed
    Hegemony
    Civilizing mission
  • 10. Mission
    Proselytism
    Wesleyan
    Pragmatism
    Objectified power
  • 11. Livingstone
    London Missionary Society
    Obstetrics
    Gender
    Intimacy
    Modernized?
    Parallel Newton
  • 12. Soft Relativism
    Learn from locals
    Contextual adaptation
    Parallel therapeutic traditions
    Therapeutic repertoire
    Exotic knowledge
    Remaining importance of imported medicine
    Pragmatic
    Social expediency
  • 13. Negative Impact on Health
    West Africa as white man's grave
    “Diseases of civilization” (lifestyle diseases)
    Maggi cubes
  • 14. Medicine
    Body and soul dualism
    Africa as Lab
    Pasteur revolution
  • 15. Medical Anthropology Classics
    Subsistence strategies
    Hot/cold
    Tepidness
    What perceived as disease/illness
    Significance of barrenness
  • 16. Hygiene
    Grease/grace
    Cleanliness/Godliness
    Douglas on cleansing
    Matter out of place
    Ablutions
    Parallel Islam?
  • 17. “Moral Hygiene”
    Health and morals as connected
    Morality and mortality
    Moral side of health
    Strong connections
    Straw cabin, roof, and dress
  • 18. Social “Ills”
    Social body
    Sociosomatic healing
    Back to causal
  • 19. Belief Systems
    Beliefs and science
    Beliefs and healing
    Ritual healing (Roberts)
    Secrecy
    Secret Bible
    Conflicting ideas about resurrection
  • 20. Contemporary Echoes
    Neo-Colonialism
    Development
    MSF and experimenting (Lab Africa)
    AIDS
  • 21. Transition
  • 22. Syncretism
    Belief systems
    African Christianity
    Voodoo
    Beliefs changing
    Across generations
  • 23. Syncretization
    Mix-and-match/pick-and-choose?
    Not haphazard
    Fertile ground
    Compartmentalization
    Fluidity
    Counterpoint
  • 24. Creole
    Creole identity
    Creole languages
    Central African Republic
  • 25. Racialism
    Division of humanity as “races”
    Leading to racism
    But also anti-racist
    Telegraphing Afrocentrists
    Emergence of genetics
    Sociobiology
    Eugenics
  • 26. Roberts
  • 27. Africa Outside Continent
    Still African studies
    Africa created by colonialism
    Pan-Africanism
    Slave trade
  • 28. Diversity
    Through diverse African origins
    Through diverse experiences
  • 29. Ethnic Identity
    Segu Empire
    Bounded entity?
    Fluidity
    Bazin «À chacun son bambara» (“To Each Their Own Bambara”)
    Constructed identities
    Back to Southall
    Labels
  • 30. Bambara
    Ethnonym
    From outside
    Bamanan
    Rejection of Islam
    Folk etymology
    Now identified as Muslim
  • 31. Mande languages
    Glossonyms
    Maninka (Malinke)
    Not necessarily Mande identity
    Related families

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