ANTH326 Meeting 4

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ANTH326 Meeting 4

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa <ul>Meeting 4, Social Structure September 29, 2010 </ul>
  2. 2. Project
  3. 3. Related References <ul><li>Grinker, Lubkemann, and Steiner
  4. 4. How to Write about Africa </li><ul><li>http://www.granta.com/Magazine/92/How-to-Write-About-Africa
  5. 5. Binyavanga Wainaina </li></ul><li>Ma famille </li><ul><li>Ivoirian series
  6. 6. Tou.tv until October 4
  7. 7. http://www.tou.tv/ma-famille </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Africa as Mirror <ul><li>Define Western by contrast
  9. 9. Similar to Orientalism
  10. 10. The go-to Other
  11. 11. Nostalgia
  12. 12. Stigmatization
  13. 13. &quot;Third World&quot; </li></ul>
  14. 14. Impossible to generalize <ul><li>Unusual cases
  15. 15. Catalogue
  16. 16. Contrasting cases within Africa
  17. 17. Contrast with alleged reader's notions
  18. 18. Particular to broader </li></ul>
  19. 19. McCall
  20. 20. Approach <ul><li>Playing with narrative </li><ul><li>Start with striking
  21. 21. Contextualize </li></ul><li>What colonial administrators missed
  22. 22. What colonial administrators created </li></ul>
  23. 23. Intro to Culture <ul><li>Kinship/household
  24. 24. Cultural relativism and polygyny
  25. 25. Corporate ownership
  26. 26. Gerontocracy
  27. 27. Caste-like stratification </li></ul>
  28. 28. Infrastructure <ul><li>Modes of production and reproduction
  29. 29. Agrarian by default
  30. 30. Market </li></ul>
  31. 31. Structure <ul><li>Authority
  32. 32. Joking relationships
  33. 33. Solidarity
  34. 34. Sodalities </li><ul><li>Age sets/grades
  35. 35. Cohorts
  36. 36. Institutionalized </li></ul><li>Gender </li></ul>
  37. 37. Southall
  38. 38. &quot;Tribal&quot; <ul><li>Preconceptions
  39. 39. Technical definition
  40. 40. A posteriori definition </li></ul>
  41. 41. Defining Groups <ul><li>Core part of social science
  42. 42. Group construction
  43. 43. Impact of outside definitions
  44. 44. Allegiance
  45. 45. Language (Herder)
  46. 46. Negotiated boundaries </li><ul><li>Barth </li></ul></ul>
  47. 47. Constructed Groups <ul><li>Widespread </li><ul><li>Even found in Europe </li></ul><li>Divide and conquer
  48. 48. United we stand
  49. 49. Necessary in context
  50. 50. Primary identity
  51. 51. Causing wars
  52. 52. Solution in ethnic groups? </li></ul>
  53. 53. Complexity <ul><li>Layered identities
  54. 54. Fluidity </li><ul><li>Changes in identity
  55. 55. Urban/rural
  56. 56. Social networks </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Modernity <ul><li>Modern Africa
  58. 58. Associated to colonialism
  59. 59. Different from Westernization
  60. 60. Nationalism
  61. 61. Individualism </li></ul>
  62. 62. Contemporary Africa <ul><li>Modern
  63. 63. Young
  64. 64. Diverse </li></ul>
  65. 65. States in Africa <ul><li>Long history </li><ul><li>Kingdoms and Empires </li></ul><li>Next to small-scale groups
  66. 66. Embed small-scale groups
  67. 67. Nation-states </li><ul><li>Somali as textbook case </li></ul></ul>

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