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ANTH326 Meeting 3 Final

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  • 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 3, September 24, 2007
  • 2. Business
    • Project Plan on October 15
      • “ Pre-write” on October 8
      • Themes?
    • Critical Reviews
    • Media Critique
    • Online Participation
    • Office Hours
  • 3. Factoids again
    • Toward critical thinking
    • Consensus opinion from African studies
    • Intro. to African Studies
  • 4. Wikipedia of Africa
    • Empowerment
      • OLPC
    • Portal
    • History
    • Bantu Languages
  • 5. In African languages
    • 77. Afrikaans : af (8281) (IE)
    • 89. Swahili : sw (5982) (Bantu)
    • 101. Yoruba : yo (4072) (Benue Congo)
    • 113. Amharic : am (2989) (Semitic)
  • 6. Other African Wikipedias
    • 147. Lingala : ln (808) (Bantu)
    • 152. Wolof : wo (444) (Atlantic)
    • 198. Bambara : bm (138) (Mande)
  • 7. African Specificity
    • Particularism/Universalism
      • Anthropology
    • Fluidity
      • Lack fixed boundaries
      • Contacts
      • Negotiate identity
  • 8. “Consensus culture”
    • Alternative to votes
    • Democracy
    • Negotiation
    • Argument
    • Debate
    • «Arbre à palabres» (“Talking Tree”)
  • 9. Symbiosis
    • Ecological concept
    • Central/Eastern/Southern (more than North/West)
    • Peaceful influence more than invasion
    • Intermarriage
  • 10. Coexistence
    • Agriculturalists/foragers
    • State/bands
    • Widespread religions, local belief systems
  • 11. Intensification
    • Settlements
    • Surplus
    • Population
    • City
    • State
    • Hierarchy
  • 12. Technological Evolutionism
    • Iron age as if stage
    • Civilization (Game)
      • Linear evolution ( Tech Tree )
      • Prerequisites
      • Compete
  • 13. Readings
    • Questions?
    • What struck you?
    • Critical perspective
      • Author’s approach
      • Arguments
    • Links with other texts
  • 14. Anthropology's Critique of Colonialism
    • Colonial past
    • Fanon's critique
    • Hegemony
    • Egalitarian because Post-Colonial structures?
      • Solway and Lee
  • 15. Lamphear/Falola
  • 16. Large cultural groups
    • Nilotes (Nilo-Saharan)
    • Cushitic-speaking (Nilo-Saharan)
    • Bantu-speakers (Niger-Congo)
    • Mande speakers (Niger-Congo)
    • San/Khoisan ("click")
    • Sudanic languages (outdated classification)
  • 17. Language families
    • Afro-Asiatic (including Semitic languages)
    • Khoisan (including “click” languages)
    • Niger-Congo (including Bantu languages)
    • Nilo-Saharan (including Songhay, Maasai, Kanuri)
  • 18. Language families as cultures?
    • Ease borrow language
    • Trade languages
    • Speech communities
    • Not inter-communication
  • 19. Older African studies
    • Similar to archeology
    • Dark Continent
    • Remnants
  • 20. Identifiable “cultures”
    • Sculptures
    • Architecture
    • Textiles
    • Languages
    • Social structure
  • 21. History of states
    • Kingdoms/empires
    • Forced confederacies
    • Loose organisation
  • 22. Non-State
    • Small groups
      • Not necessarily connected identity
    • Nomadic groups
      • Pastoralists (herders)
  • 23. Social Structure
    • Next two weeks
    • Age-Sets
    • Age-Grades
    • Lineages
    • Queen Mother
    • Artisans
  • 24. Gellar
  • 25. Scramble
    • Industrial revolution
    • Capitalism
    • Invasion
  • 26. Colonial Experience
    • Amadou Hampaté Bâ
    • Colonials not seeing power
      • Even recent
    • Experience abroad
  • 27. Defining groups
    • Amselle and M’Bokolo Au coeur de l’ethnie
    • Created or reinforced by colonials
    • Region
    • Trade language
    • Community of experience
    • Spurious culture?