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ANTH326 Meeting 2
 

ANTH326 Meeting 2

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    ANTH326 Meeting 2 ANTH326 Meeting 2 Presentation Transcript

    • ANTH326 – Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa (2007/2A) Meeting 2 September 17, 2007
    • Announcements
      • Coursepack
      • Reserve
      • Moodle
      • Blog
    • African Studies
      • Interest in Africa 
      • Neocolonial spectre
      • U.S. vs. Africa
      • What's in it for us?
    • “ Anthropological” continent
      • Cultural diversity
      • Modes of production
      • Identity/ethnicity
      • Exotic continent
      • Exploration
      • Cradle of humanity
      • Foraging to industrialized agriculture
    • Mostly Non-Industrial
      • Rural
      • Subsistence farming
      • Foraging
    • Ethnography
      • Participant-observation
      • Length of stay
      • Language
      • Colonial
      • Post-colonial
      • Neo-colonial
    • Own Interest
      • From vague interest in Africa
      • Music and language
      • Heard about West African griots
      • Switched to hunters
    • Generalities
      • Encyclopedia-like
      • Factoids
      • Will mostly talk about humans
      • But continent
    • Images of Africa
      • These things exist
      • Africa more diverse
      • “ Ignorance” about Africa
      • Maps
        • Diverse maps
        • General map shape
    •  
    • Landmass
      • Large
      • Relatively sparse population
      • Two tropics
      • Tectonic plates
      • Rift valley
      • Africa and Arabian peninsula
    • Great Escarpment
      • Interior states
      • Transportation
      • Not navigation
      • Trains
      • Trucks
    • “ Fortress Africa”
      • Colonials
      • Diseases
    • Movement
      • Nomadism
      • Migrations
      • Trade
        • With Asia
        • With Europe
      • “ Economic/development islands”
    • Water
      • Lakes, rivers (Niger, Congo, Nile)
      • Rain
      • ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone)
        • Dry/rainy
    • Climate/Vegetation Symmetry
      • Wet equator to drier to mediterranean
        • Forest
        • Savanna woodlands
        • Savanna grasslands
        • Semi-desert (Sahel, steppe)
        • Deserts (Sahara, Kalahari/Namib)
        • Cooler (Mediterranean, Coastal South Africa)
    • Resources
      • Control of resources
      • Soil resources
      • Oil
      • Import energy
    • Problems
      • Erosion
      • Global Warming
      • Starvation
      • Suffering
    • Causes of problems
      • Internal
        • Human
        • Ecological
      • External
        • Colonialism
        • Globalisation
    • Diversity
      • Recurring theme
      • Backlash from common view?
      • Number languages
      • Four language families
        • Afro-Asiatic (including Semitic languages)
        • Khoisan (including “click” languages)
        • Niger-Congo (including Bantu languages)
        • Nilo-Saharan (including Songhay, Maasai, Kanuri)
    • Countries
      • National boundaries
      • Scramble for Africa (Berlin 1884-1885)
      • Difficult divisions
      • Conflicts
      • Supra-national structures
    • Regions Region Area (km²) Population 7/1/2004 Central Africa 6 613 253 103 699 088 East Africa 6 384 904 264 530 093 North Africa 8 524 700 195 477 720 Southern Africa 2 693 418 49 268 817 West Africa 6 144 013 260 766 496
    • North Africa Country Capital Area Population Algeria Algiers 2 381 740 32 129 324 Egypt Cairo 1 001 450 76 117 421 Libya Tripoli 1 759 540 5 631 585 Morocco Rabat 446 550 32 209 101 Sudan Khartoum 2 505 810 39 148 162 Tunisia Tunis 163 610 9 974 722 Western Sahara none 266 000 267 405
    • West Africa 1 Country Capital Area Population Benin Porto-Novo 112 620 7 250 033 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 274 200 13 574 820 Cape Verde Praia 4 033 415 294 Cote d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 322 460 17 327 724 Gambia, The Banjul 11 300 1 546 848 Ghana Accra 239 460 20 757 032 Guinea Conakry 245 857 9 246 462 Guinea-Bissau Bissau 36 120 1 388 363 Liberia Monrovia 111 370 3 390 635
    • West Africa 2 Country Capital Area Population Mali Bamako 1 240 000 11 956 788 Mauritania Nouakchott 1 030 700 2 998 563 Niger Niamey 1 267 000 11 360 538 Nigeria Abuja 923 768 137 253 133 Saint Helena Jamestown 410 7 415 Senegal Dakar 196 190 10 852 147 Sierra Leone Freetown 71 740 5 883 889 Togo Lome 56 785 5 556 812
    • Central Africa Country Capital Area Pop. Angola Luanda 1 246 700 10 978 552 Cameroon Yaounde 475 440 16 063 678 Central African Republic Bangui 622 984 3 742 482 Chad N'Djamena 1 284 000 9 538 544 Congo, Dem. Rep. Kinshasa 2 345 410 58 317 930 Congo, Rep. of the Brazzaville 342 000 2 998 040 Equatorial Guinea Malabo 28 051 523 051 Gabon Libreville 267 667 1 355 246 Sao Tome & Principe Sao Tome 1 001 181 565
    • East Africa 1 Country Capital Area Population Burundi Bujumbura 27 830 6 231 221 Comoros Moroni 2 170 651 901 Djibouti Djibouti 23 000 466 900 Eritrea Asmara 121 320 4 447 307 Ethiopia Addis Ababa 1 127 127 67 851 281 Kenya Nairobi 582 650 32 021 856 Madagascar Antananarivo 587 040 17 501 871 Malawi Lilongwe 118 480 11 906 855 Mauritius Port Louis 2 040 1 220 481 Mayotte Mamoutzou 374 186 026
    • East Africa 2 Country Capital Area Population Mozambique Maputo 801 590 18 811 731 Reunion Saint-Denis 2 512 766 153 Rwanda Kigali 26 338 7 954 013 Seychelles Victoria 455 80 832 Somalia Mogadishu 637 657 8 304 601 Tanzania Dar es Salaam 945 087 36 588 225 Uganda Kampala 236 040 26 404 543 Zambia Lusaka 752 614 10 462 436 Zimbabwe Harare 390 580 12 671 860
    • Southern Africa Country Capital Area Population Botswana Gaborone 600 370 1 561 973 Lesotho Maseru 30 355 1 865 040 Namibia Windhoek 825 418 1 954 033 South Africa Pretoria 1 219 912 42 718 530 Swaziland Mbabane 17 363 1 169 241