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ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Final)
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ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Final)

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  • 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 12, November 26, 2007
  • 2. Business
    • Last two course meetings next week
      • Chabal/Daloz
      • Wrap-Up (freebie)
    • Exam
      • December 7
    • Final paper
      • Due December 5
      • No penalty until December 10
  • 3. Salm Themes
  • 4. Salm Themes Team 1
    • Globalisation
    • Create class/generation conflict
    • Positive reinforcement (clubs and members)
      • Support system
    • Independence/identity
    • Anti-establishment (government restricted help)
  • 5. Salm Themes Team 2
    • Community revival
      • Geographical (area)
      • Support system
    • Generational conflict
      • Language
      • Youth embracing change
      • Rejection British colonial culture
    • Reinterpretation of U.S. culture (making own)
    • Social mobility (ideas, people)
  • 6. Salm Themes Team 3
    • Globalization
      • Integration Western culture in own (e.g. Hiplife)
    • Generation gap
    • Lifestyle and identity change
      • Nicknames
      • Dress style
      • Language
    • Independence
  • 7. Salm Themes Team 4
    • Subcultures
    • New youth culture coming up
    • Youth as created/constructed
    • Creating new identities in Post-Colonial
  • 8. Comparisons
    • With Pre-Colonial/stereotypical Africa
    • With United States/“West”
    • With Swahili Coast genres (Askew)
    • With Congolese music (White)
  • 9. Stereotypical
    • Traditional, rituals, typical dress
      • Rock’n’Roll not fitting (amplified music, dress…)
    • Appealing for reason, rebellious
      • Africa needs change?
      • Youth seeking change
  • 10. Western
    • Everyone ok in West?
      • Generation conflict
    • Bigger impact (not fad)
    • Government opposed and sanctioned
  • 11. Swahili
    • Dance groups retain culture
    • Wider mix of influences on Swahili Coast
    • Government using dance for promotion
    • No generational gap
    • Not anti-colonial
    • Both on social support networks
    • Foreign, turning into locally meaningful
  • 12. Congolese
    • Generational conflict in both
    • Music as aid during socio-political strife
    • Cultural appropriation
      • Glocal identity
  • 13. Young Africa
  • 14. Youthful Africa
    • Old continent (long history)
    • Tradition
    • Young population
      • High fertility
      • 50% under 16yo ( ASA 2003 )
      • 43% under 15yo ( PRB on Sub-Saharan Africa)
  • 15. Youth Culture
    • Defining youth
      • Age (under 18)
      • Biology (puberty)
      • Context (parenthood, responsibilities)
    • Extended family, gerontocracy
    • Generation gap
    • Models
  • 16. Salm Notes
  • 17. Ghana
    • Independence
    • Kwame Nkrumah (CPP)
    • Urban context
      • Accra (currently ~2M people)
      • Neighbourhoods
  • 18. Approach
    • Pop culture
    • Economic conditions
    • History, diachrony
    • Ethnography
    • Media coverage
    • Elite
  • 19. Diversity
    • Within population
    • Subculture
    • Marginality, deviance, delinquency
    • Generation gap
    • Trendiness
    • Influences
  • 20. Music
    • “ Jazz Feedback”
    • Highlife
    • Hiplife
    • Kpanlogo
    • Rock’n’Roll
    • Rock historians/critics
  • 21. “ Traditional Africa”
  • 22. “ Modern or Traditional”
    • Locally constructed
    • Complexify
    • Perceived/intentional discontinuity/continuity
    • Generational differences
    • National context
  • 23. Orality
    • Verbal communication
      • Include sign languages, “body language”
      • Exclude writing (but may include IM)
    • Chain of direct transmission
    • Immediacy/instantaneity/simultaneity
    • Exchange/dialogue/back-and-forth
    • Multi-layered/multi-channel
  • 24. “ Oral societies”
    • “ Pre-literate?”
    • Writing as defining feature?
    • Functional literacy?
    • Writing systems often exist
      • Coexistence oral/written