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ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 12, November 26, 2007
Business <ul><li>Last two courses next week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chabal/Daloz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrap-Up (freebie...
Salm Themes
Salm Themes Team 1
Salm Themes Team 2
Salm Themes Team 3
Salm Themes Team 4
Comparisons <ul><li>With Swahili Coast genres (Askew) </li></ul><ul><li>With Congolese music (White) </li></ul><ul><li>Wit...
Swahili
Congolese
Stereotypical
“ Western”
Young Africa
Youthful Africa <ul><li>Old continent (long history) </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Young population </li><...
Youth Culture <ul><li>Defining youth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age (under 18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology (puberty) </l...
Salm Notes
Ghana <ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah (CPP) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acc...
Approach <ul><li>Pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>Economic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>History, diachrony </li></ul><ul><li>...
Diversity <ul><li>Within population </li></ul><ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Marginality, deviance, delinquency </li...
Music <ul><li>“ Jazz Feedback” </li></ul><ul><li>Highlife </li></ul><ul><li>Hiplife </li></ul><ul><li>Kpanlogo </li></ul><...
“ Traditional Africa”
“ Modern or Traditional” <ul><li>Locally constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Complexify </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/intentional ...
Orality <ul><li>Verbal communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include sign languages, “body language” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
“ Oral societies” <ul><li>“ Pre-literate?” </li></ul><ul><li>Writing as defining feature? </li></ul><ul><li>Functional lit...
“ Tradition?” <ul><li>Static? </li></ul><ul><li>Old? </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine? </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative? </li></ul>
Tradition and Modernity <ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity (perceived or real) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Postmodernism (PoMo) <ul><li>Reaction to modernism </li></ul><ul><li>Implied historicity </li></ul><ul><li>Cross boundarie...
Group Definition <ul><li>Glossonyms, ethnonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial constructs (perhaps unwittingly) </li></ul><ul><...
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ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Draft)

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Transcript of "ANTH326 Meeting 12 (Draft)"

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 12, November 26, 2007
  2. 2. Business <ul><li>Last two courses next week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chabal/Daloz </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wrap-Up (freebie) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>December 7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Final paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due December 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No penalty until December 10 </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Salm Themes
  4. 4. Salm Themes Team 1
  5. 5. Salm Themes Team 2
  6. 6. Salm Themes Team 3
  7. 7. Salm Themes Team 4
  8. 8. Comparisons <ul><li>With Swahili Coast genres (Askew) </li></ul><ul><li>With Congolese music (White) </li></ul><ul><li>With Pre-Colonial/stereotypical Africa </li></ul><ul><li>With United States/“West” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Swahili
  10. 10. Congolese
  11. 11. Stereotypical
  12. 12. “ Western”
  13. 13. Young Africa
  14. 14. Youthful Africa <ul><li>Old continent (long history) </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Young population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High fertility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50% under 16yo ( ASA 2003 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>43% under 15yo ( PRB on Sub-Saharan Africa) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Youth Culture <ul><li>Defining youth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Age (under 18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biology (puberty) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context (parenthood, responsibilities) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Extended family, gerontocracy </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Models </li></ul>
  16. 16. Salm Notes
  17. 17. Ghana <ul><li>Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Kwame Nkrumah (CPP) </li></ul><ul><li>Urban context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accra (currently ~2M people) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neighbourhoods </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Approach <ul><li>Pop culture </li></ul><ul><li>Economic conditions </li></ul><ul><li>History, diachrony </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnography </li></ul><ul><li>Media coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Elite </li></ul>
  19. 19. Diversity <ul><li>Within population </li></ul><ul><li>Subculture </li></ul><ul><li>Marginality, deviance, delinquency </li></ul><ul><li>Generation gap </li></ul><ul><li>Trendiness </li></ul><ul><li>Influences </li></ul>
  20. 20. Music <ul><li>“ Jazz Feedback” </li></ul><ul><li>Highlife </li></ul><ul><li>Hiplife </li></ul><ul><li>Kpanlogo </li></ul><ul><li>Rock’n’Roll </li></ul><ul><li>Rock historians/critics </li></ul>
  21. 21. “ Traditional Africa”
  22. 22. “ Modern or Traditional” <ul><li>Locally constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Complexify </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/intentional discontinuity/continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Generational differences </li></ul><ul><li>National context </li></ul>
  23. 23. Orality <ul><li>Verbal communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include sign languages, “body language” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclude writing (but may include IM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain of direct transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy/instantaneity/simultaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange/dialogue/back-and-forth </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-layered/multi-channel </li></ul>
  24. 24. “ Oral societies” <ul><li>“ Pre-literate?” </li></ul><ul><li>Writing as defining feature? </li></ul><ul><li>Functional literacy? </li></ul><ul><li>Writing systems often exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coexistence oral/written </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. “ Tradition?” <ul><li>Static? </li></ul><ul><li>Old? </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine? </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative? </li></ul>
  26. 26. Tradition and Modernity <ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity (perceived or real) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change (happening) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modernity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discontinuity (with ancients) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change (perceived or real) </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Postmodernism (PoMo) <ul><li>Reaction to modernism </li></ul><ul><li>Implied historicity </li></ul><ul><li>Cross boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruct identities </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of identities/viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility/fluidity/informality/chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise anything? </li></ul>
  28. 28. Group Definition <ul><li>Glossonyms, ethnonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial constructs (perhaps unwittingly) </li></ul><ul><li>Identity claims by use/explanation ethnonym </li></ul><ul><li>Define through contact/conflict </li></ul>
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