ANTH326 Meeting 11 (Draft)

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ANTH326 Meeting 11 (Draft)

  1. 1. ANTH326 Peoples and Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa Meeting 11, November 19, 2007
  2. 2. Askew Notes
  3. 3. Rivalry <ul><li>“ Typical Swahili coastal culture” </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in rivalry target </li></ul><ul><li>Group membership </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Individual teasing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Social Groups <ul><li>Social networks </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating newcomers </li></ul><ul><li>Urban context </li></ul><ul><li>Local identity </li></ul><ul><li>Links to political involvement </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ethnicity <ul><li>Pan-ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Urban/rural </li></ul><ul><li>Native/non-native </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiated for status </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Swahili” identity <ul><li>Diversity </li></ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tribal?” </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Tanzanian” Identity <ul><li>Tanganyika and Zanzibar </li></ul><ul><li>Coastal/Mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nyerere <ul><li>Independence movement </li></ul><ul><li>Socialist model </li></ul><ul><li>African traditions ( ujamaa ) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Askew Ethnography <ul><li>Review of literature </li></ul><ul><li>Descriptive/detailed </li></ul><ul><li>Historical context </li></ul><ul><li>Observation to participation </li></ul><ul><li>Musical fieldwork </li></ul>
  10. 10. Musical Genres <ul><li>Complex sets of influences </li></ul><ul><li>Local interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Performance contexts </li></ul><ul><li>Other genres </li></ul>
  11. 11. “ Modern or Traditional” <ul><li>Locally constructed </li></ul><ul><li>Complexify </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived/intentional discontinuity/continuity </li></ul><ul><li>Generational differences </li></ul><ul><li>National context </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ Traditional Africa”
  13. 13. Orality <ul><li>Verbal communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Include sign languages, “body language” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclude writing (but may include IM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain of direct transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy/instantaneity/simultaneity </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange/dialogue/back-and-forth </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-layered/multi-channel </li></ul>
  14. 14. “ Oral societies” <ul><li>“ Pre-literate?” </li></ul><ul><li>Writing as defining feature? </li></ul><ul><li>Functional literacy? </li></ul><ul><li>Writing systems often exist </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coexistence oral/written </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. “ Tradition?” <ul><li>Static? </li></ul><ul><li>Old? </li></ul><ul><li>Genuine? </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Tradition and Modernity <ul><li>Tradition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuity (perceived or real) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change (happening) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modernity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discontinuity (with ancients) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change (perceived or real) </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Postmodernism (PoMo) <ul><li>Reaction to modernism </li></ul><ul><li>Implied historicity </li></ul><ul><li>Cross boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruct identities </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of identities/viewpoints </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility/fluidity/informality/chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise anything? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Group Definition <ul><li>Glossonyms, ethnonyms </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial constructs (perhaps unwittingly) </li></ul><ul><li>Identity claims by use/explanation ethnonym </li></ul><ul><li>Define through contact/conflict </li></ul>

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