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September 30
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September 30

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  • 1. What is the most annoying bad habit in your opinion? A. Gossiping B. Cursing C. Spitting D. Biting Nails E. Cracking/popping knuckles
  • 2.  When you expand sentences, you’ll be making grammatical choices about how you express your thoughts. One of these choices will concern the use of pronouns.  A pronoun is a word that grammatically takes the place of a noun or another pronoun.  Usually it refers to a specific noun that appears earlier in the sentence or in a previous sentence.
  • 3. I, me, mine, we, our, ours you, your, yours he, him, his, she, her, hers it, its they, them, their, theirs this, these, that, those who, whom, whose, which, that, what all, any, another, both, each, either, everyone few, many, most, nobody, several, some, such myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself ourselves, themselves, yourselves
  • 4.  When you use a pronoun that refers to a noun, make sure that it’s clear what the noun is.  Don’t use a pronoun that refers just to a vague idea or that could refer to more than one noun. VAGUE: In my history class, they claimed that the Vietnam War protestors were unpatriotic. [Who are they?] CLEAR: In my history class, a group of students claimed that the Vietnam War protestors were unpatriotic.
  • 5. UNCLEAR: John told Martin he needed to study. [Who needed to study?] CLEAR: John told Martin, “I need to study.” CLEAR: John told Martin, “You need to study.” CLEAR: John needed to study, as he told Martin. CLEAR: John thought Martin needed to study and told him so.
  • 6.  Check that every pronoun clearly refers back to a noun.  Replace the pronoun with a noun if the reference is not clear.  Or rewrite the sentence to delete the pronoun or change it.
  • 7. Decide if the sentence has vague pronoun reference or if the sentence is correct. Click in when you are finished.
  • 8. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 9. 1. At that office, management prefers both male and female employees to wear suits.
  • 10. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 11. 2. The musicians played a waltz and a traditional ballad. Both songs were beautiful.
  • 12. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 13. 3. Fabiola told Leah, “You left your class notes at the restaurant.”
  • 14. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 15. 4. At my health club, the trainers recommend that we warm up before we do aerobics.
  • 16. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 17. 5. Seth told Andrew, “You need to drink less on the weekends.”
  • 18. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 19. 6. There are too many scenes of violence and brutality. The movie should not have won the Academy Award.
  • 20. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 21. 7. In the documentary, the director claimed that the mayor is corrupt.
  • 22. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 23. 8. While on vacation, I learned how to water ski and how to play croquet. Playing croquet is not as easy as it looks.
  • 24. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 25. 9. In San Francisco, the city has many landmarks of interest to tourists.
  • 26. A.Vague Pronoun Reference B.Clear
  • 27. 10. If Alicia tries to explain logarithms to Megan, Alicia will become confused.
  • 28.  A pronoun should agree in number with the noun it refers to.  To maintain pronoun agreement, use a singular pronoun to refer to a singular noun.  Use a plural pronoun to refer to a plural noun.
  • 29. INCORRECT PRONOUN AGREEMENT: My friend is bringing their own food to the picnic. [Friend is singular, but their is plural.] CORRECT PRONOUN AGREEMENT: My friend is bringing her own food to the picnic. CORRECT PRONOUN AGREEMENT: My friends are bringing their own food to the picnic.
  • 30.  Remember also to use a singular pronoun to refer to a singular indefinite pronoun.  Singular indefinite pronouns include anybody, anyone, anything, everybody, everyone, everything, nobody, somebody, someone, and something.
  • 31. INCORRECT PRONOUN AGREEMENT: My professor told everyone to take their laptop off the counter. [Everyone is singular, but their is plural.] CORRECT PRONOUN AGREEMENT: My professor told everyone to take his or her laptop off the counter.
  • 32.  Check that singular pronouns such as I, he, she, his or her, or it refer to singular nouns or to singular indefinite pronouns such as anyone, everyone, everybody, somebody, and someone.  Check that plural pronouns such as we, us, them, and their refer to plural nouns.  Correct errors in pronoun agreement by making pronouns and nouns agree in number.
  • 33. In each of the following sentences, choose the correct pronoun to fit the blank. Click in when you are finished.
  • 34. A.he or she B.they
  • 35. A.his or her B.their
  • 36. A.his or her B.their
  • 37. A.he or she has B.they have
  • 38. A.his or her B.their
  • 39. A.his or her B.their
  • 40. A.he or she B.they
  • 41. A.his or her B.their
  • 42. A.his or her B.their
  • 43. A.his or her B.their
  • 44. To integrate a paraphrase properly within a paragraph, a good writer usually has (1) At least one sentence to introduce the paraphrase, (2) the paraphrase itself, and (3) at least one sentence to comment on the paraphrase.
  • 45. Top piece of bread: at least one sentence to introduce the paraphrase Meat: paraphrase with proper documentation Bottom piece of bread: at least one sentence to explain, comment on, or provide an example of the paraphrase (usually the majority of the paragraph)
  • 46. Begin with a topic sentence that gives the reader a sense of what the single main idea of the paragraph will be. This sentence should be one of the “supporting reasons” for your thesis statement. It should have opinion!
  • 47. This is the part of your paragraph where you support your topic sentence by including a specific point taken from the “proof text” (the essay, article, book, everyday life, etc. you are writing about or analyzing). The evidence is a paraphrase or quotation.
  • 48. You want to explain your topic sentence and its connection to the evidence. You want to include your analysis here. Why did you include the quotation or paraphrase? What do you want to say about it? You should include specific examples to illustrate your points (these examples should come from you, not the source), but be sure to show how your examples connect to your statement (topic sentence). This section should comprise the majority of the paragraph.
  • 49. Statement: I used to believe that if a particular subject was difficult for me that I was just not gifted with intelligence in that area; now that I am moving toward a growth mindset, I understand that my knowledge in anything is dependent on the amount of effort I put into learning.
  • 50. Evidence: According to Carol Dweck, students with a fixed mindset believe that people are naturally smart in certain subjects whereas those with a growth mindset understand that they are capable of understanding anything with the right amount of effort.
  • 51. Explanation: I tell people that I am bad at math, but I am working on changing that attitude to a more realistic self-view. I earned average grades in my high school math classes, but the concepts did not come easily to me. In my college algebra class, I watched as other students breezed through tests and quizzes and I felt like I was struggling to pass. Instead of realizing that I needed to put more work into the class, I put the responsibility on others. I decided the teacher was boring. I imagined that the other students just understood the material right away. I began to miss class and skip assignments. Of course, my actions resulted in a failing grade. At the time, I was quick to shift the blame to other people and circumstances, but the truth was that I was making excuses rather than trying because I did not want to try and fail. Doing so would affirm my biggest fear: I was dumb. I have come to realize that I truly earned the F, not because of my lack of natural math skills, but because of my own lack of effort.
  • 52. I used to believe that if a particular subject was difficult for me that I was just not gifted with intelligence in that area; now that I am moving toward a growth mindset, I understand that my knowledge in anything is dependent on the amount of effort I put into learning. According to Carol Dweck, students with a fixed mindset believe that people are naturally smart in certain subjects whereas those with a growth mindset understand that they are capable of understanding anything with the right amount of effort. I tell people that I am bad at math, but I am working on changing that attitude to a more realistic self-view. I earned average grades in my high school math classes, but the concepts did not come easily to me. In my college algebra class, I watched as other students breezed through tests and quizzes and I felt like I was struggling to pass. Instead of realizing that I needed to put more work into the class, I put the responsibility on others. I decided the teacher was boring. I imagined that the other students just understood the material right away. I began to miss class and skip assignments. Of course, my actions resulted in a failing grade. At the time, I was quick to shift the blame to other people and circumstances, but the truth was that I was making excuses rather than trying because I did not want to try and fail. Doing so would affirm my biggest fear: I was dumb. I have come to realize that I truly earned the F, not because of my lack of natural math skills, but because of my own lack of effort.
  • 53.  Look at the paraphrases you did for homework and pick one  How might you use that paraphrase to make a point?  Write an introductory sentence
  • 54. A. Pronoun Reference B. Pronoun Agreement C. SEE Paragraphs D. Creating Paraphrases from Duhigg
  • 55. A. Pronoun Reference B. Pronoun Agreement C. SEE Paragraphs D. Creating Paraphrases from Duhigg
  • 56. Meet in Computer Commons A after the break. There will be a sign-in sheet and I will remove it when the break is over.
  • 57. You need to integrate at least three paraphrases into Essay #2. The good news? Your paraphrases are obvious!
  • 58. From the prompt: 1. Explaining the habit loop 2. Explaining the role of craving in habit creation 3. Explaining the Golden Rule of habit change 4. Explaining the role of belief in habit change
  • 59. Write your three paraphrases for Essay #2! You may choose to do four—that’s okay! When you have your first paraphrase, get it checked by me When you have finished your third (or fourth) paraphrase, see me
  • 60. For TUESDAY:  Read Chapter 2 of The Power of Habit and complete the handout For WEDNESDAY:  Your rough draft of Essay #2  Both gold forms (Paraphrasing for Essay #2 and Integrating Paraphrases for Essay #2) completed and stapled together  Bring your highlighters  Remember to post to the discussion by Thursday and respond to at least two students by Sunday

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