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Analyzing the Process essay Understanding the elements of process writing Presentation By: Safia Hurst Margaret Shabazz Nestor Afungchwi Emmanuel Ademuwagun English 002-28 Dr. Diaz Presentation Date: 10.06.10
Types Of Process Analyses There are two types of Process Analyses essays Instructional –gives directions and help Informative – explains how something works/happens, shows how significant a process is Process Analyses can be used to explain why some things are hard to remedy.
The topic should not be too narrow or too broad. If the topic is narrow/broad the essay will be very likely to be broad or narrow. Always choose a topic that can be done within the time of your assignment.
General idea - Webster’s definition of “Process”: It is a usually fixed or ordered series of actions and events leading to a result - Definition of Process Writing : This is a writing strategy where the writer’s points are stated in a clear order so as to achieve his goal of explaining a particular process
Identify and include convincing facts and evidences into your writing
Thesis statement & outline - The thesis statement is usually at the end of the first paragraph, and tells the reader the content of the essay. It gives the essay an idea of what the essay is about. - After brainstorming, setting up an outline should not be a problem. The outline gives the writer a sense of direction; it also saves him time as well
Introduction/body/conclusion - The introduction should clearly state the purpose of the essay; The introduction contains the thesis, and therefore should provide background for the entire essay - Each body paragraph should have a topic sentence. **A topic sentence is usually the first or second sentence of a paragraph, and it should serve as the main point for the paragraph Give supporting points for the topic sentence, and write one or two sentences to conclude the paragraph. - Conclusion should effectively summarize the main ideas of the essay, and actively restate the thesis statement
Conclusion: Editing and proofreading Basically, do not fall victim to any of the problems mentioned on the “AVOID!!!” slide.
The essay was NOT written with the intent for it’s readers to build a Gikuyu Hut.
The essay simply informs the audience about the culture and traditions of the Gikuyu tribe and how the act of constructing these huts ties into their lifestyle and culture.
thesis It is the desire of every Gikuyu man to work hard and accumulate property which will enable him to build a homestead of his own.
Determining the purpose The Gikuyu hut building experience involves the entire community and mirrors the day to day life of the Gikuyu people. This is expressed in the essay and with the description of the hut building process.
Examples of tone from the text “The woman’s hut is called nyomba. Here it is taboo for a mere stranger to enter, because nyomba is considered as the traditional sacred abode of the family and the proper place to hold communion with their ancestral spirits. All aspects of religious and magical ceremonies and sacrifices which concern the family are centered around the nyomba. It is for fear of defilement and ill-luck that strangers are not allowed to cross this sacred threshold.” (paragraph 2)
Audience Analysis (how much do you expect the audience to know about the subject)
the audience is not expected to have extensive information about the subject, thus extensive details and background information are given throughout the text
Analyzing with a reader’s eye cont’d
In many process essays, the writer will use the term you, in addressing their audience. However, Jomo Kenyatta, refrains from using this tem because his essay is meant more for informing purposes than to instruct his audience.
“After the building materials have been collected…” (paragraph 7)
“The next thing is to light the fire…” (paragraph 12)
Analyzing the Process essay Final Examinations to the Process Analysis essay
Conclusion: Questions to consider when reviewing a process essay (WM p. 262) Does the introduction sufficiently explain the background and context for the process? 2. Does the essay include a thesis statement that informs the reader about the analysis to follow, either stating why it is important to learn or making a point about it? Is the writer’s purpose clear? 3. Do the steps and the commentary make sense? Do you feel that you understand the process that is being described? 4. Point out any step or comment that doesn’t ring true. 5. Are topic sentences both clear and properly located? Where are the steps unclear for readers, and where does a step need more explanation? 6. Does the writer use enough transitions to guide the reader through the process? Where are transitional words and sentences needed? 7. Does the essay have an effective conclusion? How could it be improved.
Apply what you’ve learned:Exercise to test your knowledge.
Please turn to page 266 of your Writing Matters textbooks.
Exercise 8.2 will have you read a draft of a students process analysis essay. Use the steps to reviewing a process analysis essay to revise the paper in groups of 2 or 3.
Take about 4-5 minutes to do this. We will then discuss it as a group.
2 main types of process analysis essays: self-help and product directions.
Process analysis essays inform and/or instruct.
When writing a process analysis essay remember to:
1. Consider your audience. Knowing who your audience is will effect how you write your analysis. 2. Consider the language you use when writing your essay. If you are writing about a mechanical or technical process, try to avoid jargon that is specific to only certain people. 3. Be aware of your writing voice. Because you are writing for a specific audience, the reader, using second person point of view (you), is okay.
Consider whether you want to choose a topic that requires research. It may help broaden your essay. If you do choose to use outside information, be sure to cite it correctly.
Choose a prewriting strategy that works for you, (freewriting, web, outline), to help develop your thoughts on your chosen topic. It is also helpful to create a list of the steps for your analysis.