Road Safety What Next by Ken Ogden

  • 671 views
Uploaded on

 

More in: Technology
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads

Views

Total Views
671
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2

Actions

Shares
Downloads
25
Comments
0
Likes
0

Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
    No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. ROAD SAFETY: WHAT NEXT? Ken Ogden Engineers Australia National Committee for Transport
  • 2. Road Trauma • 1.2 million deaths p.a. worldwide (WHO) • average 5 people killed every day in Australia • and another 60 injured • Economic cost (BTCE - $15b p.a.)
  • 3. Engineers: A key role
  • 4. Engineering Profession • Key part of solution • Other professions • Multi-disciplinary approach
  • 5. Definition ‘ A rare, random, multi-factor event always preceded by a situation in which one or more persons have failed to cope with their environment’ UK Department of Transport (1986) Accident Investigation Manual Therefore the road environment should: – assist driver to make correct decision – be forgiving of driver error – lessen consequences if crash occurs
  • 6. Road Safety Initiatives - Vic 1200 1970- Compulsory w earing of seatbelts 1974- Compulsory BAC analysis of crash victims over 14 1000 1989: Excessive speed legislation, 1981: Compulsory seatbelts Intense enforcement operation, TAC for children, introduction of media campaigns 800 RADAR 1976: Compulsory child seat restraints, Random Fatalities breath tresting stations 1990: High profile Booze buses introduced introfduced 600 1983: Red light 1986: cameras, Old 1991: Road safety co-ordination strategy, Speed Community road safety councils introduced Booze buses cameras introduced introduced 400 1984: Zero BAC for P and 1993: 1996: 2000: L plate drivers Mobile Laser 50km/h radar speed default 200 introduced measuring urban to rural Vic device speed limit introduced introduced 0 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
  • 7. Safer Systems Framework • Holistic approach to the transport system and its failures • Humans are not perfect decision makers • Safety can be built into the system • Vehicles and roads must be compatible with the human element • Morally unacceptable to deliberately plan for a certain level of road trauma
  • 8. Safer Systems • Well-understood in other sectors • No longer acceptable to plan for a given level of fatalities • Safety is built in • Any fatality is an aberration
  • 9. “Vision Zero” • A law-abiding motorist in a safe modern car should not die as a result of a crash • 4 – 5 star drivers, cars and roads • The road is engineered to prevent crashes, and minimize consequences if they occur
  • 10. 3 Strategic Initiatives • Building safety into the road system • Widespread adoption of electronic stability control (ESC) systems • Focussing on aberrant and extreme driver behaviour
  • 11. Safer Roads • Infrastructure - 50% of the reduction in the road toll • Most of our road system laid down in the 1950’s & 1060’s • Safety was not then the key priority – need to retrofit • Black spots first • Then mass action
  • 12. Safer Roads • Techniques are known and practised – sealed shoulders – safer intersections – roadside hazards – overtaking lanes – divided roads
  • 13. Political Will • Retrofitting for safety requires substantial funding • Dependent on political will • Response to community ‘grassroots’ concern
  • 14. Australian Road Assessment Program (AusRAP) • Aim is to heighten public awareness • Demonstrate the benefits achievable through safer roads programs • “Some roads are safer than others and here’s why” • Hence create community demand for funding: political response • Future: “cooperative systems” where vehicles and infrastructure communicate with each other
  • 15. Safer roads - key actions • Raise community awareness of the importance of road infrastructure in road safety • Fund improvements (often low-key and unglamorous, but highly effective) • Extend black spot funding to mass action programs
  • 16. Electronic Stability Control • Most significant initiative since seatbelts! • Essentially the driver cannot lose control of the vehicle • 40% of crashes involve loss of control • Enormous potential safety benefits of this technology
  • 17. Electronic Stability Control • Challenge – to get more ESC-equipped cars on the road • Europe – 80% of new cars, but Australia 25-30% • Aim to have ESC as standard on all models, not just luxury models • Consumer pressure (including fleets – an OH&S issue)
  • 18. ESC – key actions • Maximize sales of ESC-equipped cars - consumer awareness - fleet purchase policies - promotion by safety agencies • Develop an objective measure-of- performance of ESC • Mandate on new vehicles
  • 19. Aberrant Behaviour • Switch emphasis from the whole driving population to those who consistently demonstrate illegal or extreme behaviour • Education and enforcement – Speed – Alcohol – Drugs? – Fatigue? – Hand-held mobile phones?
  • 20. Education & Enforcement • Successful – high degree of compliance • Government revenue – fines • Public perception – more about revenue than safety? • Must continue, but maybe we’ve reached a point of diminishing returns
  • 21. Driver Behaviour • Most drivers try to do the right thing • Small percentage (2-4%) show consistently aberrant behaviour - speed - alcohol and illicit drugs - seat belts - unlicensed drives - unregistered vehicles • These drivers are over-represented in road toll
  • 22. Technology • Alcohol ignition interlocks • Electronic licenses and automated number plate recognition • Future: ensure that the driver and vehicle are compliant • Applied to those who show disregard for the law and society
  • 23. Aberrant behaviour - actions • Research to dimension and define the problems • Develop appropriate technological and enforcement countermeasures
  • 24. Challenge – Vision Zero • Embrace the safer systems philosophy, where every fatal crash is seen as an aberration and a system failure • Aim for “vision zero” – 5 star drivers, cars and roads