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Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen
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Innovation in the railway industry by mark pullen

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  • 1. Innovation in the Railway Industry Australia in a Global Market Mark Pullen Senior Associate
  • 2. Why a presentation on IP related to Railway technologies? • From the outside looking in - railway industry appears slow to change • In reality – nothing could be further from the truth • Australia in a global market – technology importer vs technology exporter • Quantify Australia in a global market – Look at patent activity
  • 3. Where is the information? (1) • Patent applications filed around the world • A variety of national patent offices • A variety of companies and individuals applying for patents • International Patent Classification (IPC) system • Divides all technology into 8 sections with over 70000 subdivisions
  • 4. Where is the information? (2) IPC sections • A : Human Necessities • B: Performing Operations; Transporting • C: Chemistry; Metallurgy • D: Textiles; Paper • E: Fixed Constructions • F: Mechanical Engineering; Lighting; Heating; Weapons; Blasting • G: Physics
  • 5. Where is the information? (3) IPC B61* = Railways • B61B: Railway systems; equipment therefor not otherwise provided for • B61C: Locomotives; Motor Railcars • B61D: Body details or kinds of railway vehicles • B61F: Rail vehicle suspensions; rail vehicles for use on tracks of different widths; preventing derailing; obstruction removers • B61G: Couplings; Draft or Buffing Appliances especially for Rail Vehicles • B61H: Brakes or other retarding apparatus for rail vehicles • B61J: Shifting or shunting of rail vehicles • B61K: Other auxiliary equipment for railways • B61L: Guiding railway traffic; Ensuring the safety of railway traffic
  • 6. B61* further subdivided Example B61L “Guiding railway traffic; Ensuring the safety of railway traffic” includes: signals operation of signals and points interlocking of signals and points level crossings devices along the route interacting with trains
  • 7. source: http://gb.espacenet.com/
  • 8. Patent mapping IPC B61* identified Obtain patent data from all major patent authorities Derwent database US, WO (PCT), EP, JP, CN, KR, CA, GB, AU, NZ etc. Most countries are covered by the database External provider translates foreign language documents into English
  • 9. Patent mapping (2) Data set mapped by title and keyword similarity Compares the similarity of keywords, ranks them and then groups them together Keywords that are common to the majority of patents in the data set are discarded and not used to rank patents The more similar a group of patents are (i.e. the more keywords each patent has in common) the higher a peak or mountain that will occur on a map. Peaks are formed by the proximity of similar patent peaks to one another (i.e similar keywords contained in each patent peak) and the amount of patents that the database has grouped into each peak
  • 10. Technology Map (worldwide) : IPC = B61* and publication date 1990 to present 26005 patent families
  • 11. IPC B61*Published Patents (worldwide) 1990 – 1995
  • 12. B61* published patents (worldwide) 1995-2000
  • 13. B61* published patents (worldwide) 2005-present
  • 14. B61* published patents (worldwide) 2005 - present
  • 15. B61* Growth in patent filings worldwide Publication Year 3500 3011 3000 2500 2415 2055 2000 1931 1831 1830 1725 1725 1500 1366 1392 1285 1228 1158 1092 1038 979 1000 867 917 866 780 500 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 16. Where do they come from? Priority Country 16000 13784 14000 12000 10000 8416 8000 6350 6000 4648 4000 2000 1615 779 658 380 308 203 180 119 113 101 0 JP DE US EP FR GB AT IT CH SE CA AU NL ES
  • 17. SI EM EN S AK TI EN GE SE L LS 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 CH AF NI HI T PP TA 1342 ON CH MI SI IL TS GN TD UB AL 914 IS HI CO EL LT EC D So who is filing them? TR 452 IC W CO ES RP TI 381 NG HO DA US KN IFU E KU 342 OR CO TO R LT BR SH IB EM D A BO CO SE 342 MB RP GM AR /T BH DI OS 329 ER HI TR BA KA AN KK W SP 323 AS OR RA AK TA IL W IH IO NI AY EA N PP VY 302 TE ON CH IN SH NI D LT AR CA D Top Applicant LR 283 YO SE ES IZ IN O ST KA 272 KY GE IS ZH OS NE HA TE AN LT TS EL RA LE D UD 267 O EC LE HI SO TR CT GA IC RI SH GO MF C IN GI G 267 IP JU CO PO TS DA N U LT D IM RY KE 248 LE OK NK R YA YU CH KU SH RY TE O SL 227 TS ER UD /D E EA AI KK ST ML 210 JA ER PA BE N NZ RA 171 DE IL W UT AY SC CO HE 161 MU BA RA HN TA AG 124 MA CH LT D 102
  • 18. Siemens
  • 19. Siemens Hitachi
  • 20. Siemens Hitachi Nippon Signal
  • 21. Siemens Hitachi Nippon Signal Mitsubishi Electric
  • 22. So where does Australia figure in all of this ?
  • 23. B61* published patents originating from Australia
  • 24. B61* Australian patents 1990 – present (2463 patents)
  • 25. W ES TI NG HO US E AI R 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 BR AK GE E NE CO RA 148 LE LE CT RI AM C 87 ST ED IN D IN BO C MB 72 AR SI DI EM ER EN PL TR S AS AN AG 56 SE SP R OR BA TG HN BA MB UM H 54 AS CH FR AN AB Z B 52 DA IM AL LE ST R RO BE M NZ 51 KN /C OR HR R YS LE BR EM R 48 SE SY Top Applicant (AU) IN ST NO EM VA E 38 NE PA W TE YO NT RK GM AI BH R 37 BR AK E VA CO E RP AG 37 /V AE GM BH 37 UN HI IO TA N CH SW IL IT TD CH & 36 SI W GN AB AL TE IN C C HO 35 QU LD AN IN TU G M CO EN RP GI 29 NE ER IN G IN C 21
  • 26. Australia 1990 to present 2,463 – total from top ten filers = 1,625 AU patents of 21 or less per applicant from around the world i.e. not necessarily AU originating Suggests few applications by many companies Priority Country 16000 13784 14000 12000 10000 8416 8000 6350 6000 4648 4000 2000 1615 779 658 380 308 203 180 119 113 101 0 JP DE US EP FR GB AT IT CH SE CA AU NL ES
  • 27. No# Australian patents by year Publication Year 250 202 196 200 177 161 157 150 142 140 140 131 110 103 103 103 95 96 100 90 86 64 65 59 50 0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 28. Australian patent publications 2009-present
  • 29. Australian patent publications 2005 - present
  • 30. Australian patent publications 2005 - present Australian patent publications 2000-2005
  • 31. Australian patent publications 2005 - present Australian patent publications 2000-2005 Australian patent publications 1995-2000
  • 32. Australian patent publications 2005 - present 2000-2005 1990-1995 1995-2000
  • 33. Top 4 AU applicants – technology field Applicant Colour Westinghouse Air Brake Co General Electric Amsted Siemens
  • 34. So what does all this mean for Australia ? Globally a small but significant railway industry market Bigger companies, such as Westinghouse, GE and Siemens patent here Patent applications in rail technology into Australia tend to be in core areas brakes suspension and wheels couplers/bolsters, structure locomotive/train control sensors/detection (preventative) Local (AU) originating patents concentrate on similar areas Suggests either foreign companies have local subsidiaries creating technology and/or there is an emerging independent AU railway technology industry Exactly which Australian companies are patenting now and for what specific technology – we can save for another day !
  • 35. Thank You Questions?

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