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ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA
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ICWES15 - Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned aircraft into National Airspace. Presented by Kristina L Richardson, Department of Systems Engineering, NY, USA

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  • 1. Transformation Planning for Integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems into National Airspace15th International Conference of Women Engineers and ScientistsKristina RichardsonMajor, U.S. Army AviationOperations Research CenterDepartment of Systems EngineeringUnited States Military Academy, West Point New York
  • 2. Agenda Interest in Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) Issues with flying UASs in controlled airspace Enterprise Architecture Technology Strategy Conclusion
  • 3. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Civil government  Commercial applicationUnlike the early days of Aviation, UASs have thechallenge of entering a mature civil aviation system
  • 4. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Civil government  Commercial application  International & Military market estimated to reach $80 Billion by 2020  Currently 610 UAS operated or developed in 57 different countries
  • 5. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Computer technology  Civil government  Software development  Commercial application  Light weight material  Global navigation  Advanced data links  Sophisticated sensors  Component miniaturizationUAS technology has reached a level of maturity that has placed these systemsat the forefront of aerospace manufacturing and procurement globally.
  • 6. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Civil government  Commercial application
  • 7. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Civil government  Commercial application
  • 8. Interest in UASs Unmanned Aircraft Systems – What are they? Demand for UASs? Global efforts and technological advances Three major markets  Military  Civil government  Commercial application
  • 9. Issues surrounding UASsUASs fail to comply with Federal Aviation Administration(FAA) regulations – CFR91 :  See and Avoid  Command & Control  Airworthiness
  • 10. Issues surrounding UASsUASs fail to comply with Federal Aviation Administration(FAA) regulations – CFR91 :  See and Avoid => “Sense” and Avoid  Command & Control  Airworthiness US, Israel, France, Germany and the United Kingdom are leading in UAS procurement and development. Europe: many organizations have efforts under way to solve sense and avoid for UAS. Australian researchers, Canadian Military, the Israeli military and other nations’ military examining policy, regulations, standards, technology, R&D, training, operations, procedures and an implementation plan.
  • 11. Enterprise ArchitectureEnterprise: "One or more persons or organizations that have related activities, unified operation or common control, and a common business purpose” -Blacks Law Dictionary, 1999Enterprise Architecture: “Applying holistic thinking to design, evaluate and select a preferred structure for a future state enterprise to realize its value proposition and desired behaviors” -Nightingale and Rhodes,2007Enterprise System Issues: Standardization: Across products, processes, technology & info mngmnt Integration: Within and across enterprise boundaries Leadership: Required for complex transformation “Enterprise Engineering”: New expanded tool set required
  • 12. Enterprise Architecture Enterprise Architecting enables greater efficiency & effectiveness Strategy Organization Policy  Effective integration – managing complex interdependencies Enterprise ProcessesInformation Architecting  System optimization, not local optimization  Knowledge-based enterprise Knowledge Products capabilities Services  Achieving desired future state characteristics
  • 13. Stages of Enterprise Design A B C D EVALUATING Architectures of EnterprisesFuture State AFuture State B Present Future ARCHITECTING TRANSFORMING StateFuture State C State Enterprises EnterprisesFuture State D Current “As is” State Future State Transformation Plan
  • 14. Enterprise ArchitectureCurrent State of US National Airspace  Voice communication & radar  ATC upgrade & improvements  By exception flights for UASs  Military UAS operations  Global partnerships UAS Executive Committee
  • 15. Enterprise ArchitectureFuture State of the US National Airspace Safety; conform to existing policy Provide flexible airspace operations that enable mission execution and minimize the impact on airspace capacity Implement and remain within resource constraints Integrate policy, procedures, and technology for all airspace operations Reduce cost and training/operational overhead
  • 16. Transformation PlanHow do we move from the current state to the futurestate? Solutions: Issues: See and Avoid Sense and Avoid Command and Control UAS ExCom & Next Gen Plan Airworthiness Technology – “System of Systems”UAS flights in controlled airspace by exception Routine access for UASs in controlled airspaceNear Term Efforts: high priority mission needs; safety & regulatory frameworkMid Term Efforts: validate safety & regulatory framework and standards thatenable compliance with existing FARs and conform to existing ATC standardsFar Term Efforts: UAS airworthiness certification and operating standards thatenable routine access to the NAS
  • 17. Transformation Plan Enterprise Architecture coupled with Technology Strategy  Value Creation/Capture  1st Mover Advantage  Business Ecosystem  Disruptive Technology Business EcosystemPotential UAS applications & markets Near Term Efforts Mid Term Efforts Far Term Efforts
  • 18. Conclusion Focus on a holistic approach and integrate enterprise strategic objectives, value capture and creation to achieve success in a complex, highly technical enterprise system. Engineers of tomorrow must be conversant in technical fields outside of their major discipline Where the 20th Century was the area of specialization in engineering, the 21st century will require engineers to be integrators of technology Engineers will need a flexible perspective, from seeing a big picture with the interrelationships of the many technical and social issues relevant to a problem to supplement their technical knowledge
  • 19. Questions

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