ICWES15 - Perceptions and Experiences of the Workplace among Canadian Computer Science and Engineering Students - A Gender Analysis. Presented by Valerie J Davidson, Canada
Perceptions & Experiences of the Workplace among Canadian Computer Science & Engineering Students – A Gender Analysis
Authors Region UniversityJennifer Fender Ontario University ofValerie Davidson GuelphJulita Vassileva Prairies University of SaskatchewanNadia Ghazzali Quebec Laval UniversityElizabeth Croft British Columbia University of & Yukon British Columbia
Outline Motivation Pilot survey – 2010 Results Experiences & plans Perceptions of the workplace Reflections & next steps
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Undergraduate Degrees Awarded in Canada Discipline % Female % Female (2007) (average 2001- 2007) Engineering & 18.9 20.4 Applied Science Mathematics, 27.4 27.3 Computer & Information Science Data sources: Engineers Canada & Statistics Canada
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Representation in Work Force
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps 2010 Survey Quantitative & qualitative measures to assess: Educational experience Field and workplace experiences Career plans Perceptions of the workplace Respondents: Computer Science (203) Engineering(383) 33.5 % Fema 49.6 50.4 66.5 % le % %
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Respondents’ Experiences Educational Workplace 76% of students 2/3 have some work indicated positive or experience in their field very positive of study experiences How did work experience impact interest in pursuing 70% of female employment in field of Less interested engineering students study? Male ENG vs. 58% of female Male CS computer science Female ENG students would Female CS choose the same 0 5 10 15 20 25 program again % of sub-group
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Respondents’ Plans Female CS Male CS Seek or continue employment in your field Female ENG Graduate studies in your field Male ENG 0% 20% 40% 60% 80%
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Expectations of gender-based challenges in workplace Do you believe that you will face challenges in the workpla ce because of your gender? Answering YES: 66% of female engineering students 63% of females 55% of female computer science students 7% of males
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Explanation for expectations of gender-based challenges in workplace Female engineering students # % Its a male dominated field/women are the minority 32 38.1 Women have to work harder to earn respect, are not taken seriously, are underestimated 30 35.7 Have experienced such challenges in work or school in the past. 10 11.9 If outside of the office (on site) or certain fields (construction/mining) 10 11.9 Concerned that I will be paid less, get less favourable jobs and advance less 7 8.3 Because of having children 6 7.1 I can handle it. 5 6 Yes, but its improving, it’s more with the older generation and varies with the company and specific people. 3 3.6
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Explanation for expectations of gender-based challenges in workplaceFemale computer science students # %Male dominated field/Women in the minority 10 41.7Experienced in past or heard others experiences 9 37.5Women are assumed to be technically weaker and given jobsaccordingly 6 25Women have to work harder to earn respect, areunderestimated 4 16.7I can handle it 2 8.33Yes, but it depends on the specific people 1 4.17Women are paid less 1 4.17
Motivation Pilot survey Results Reflections & Next Steps Reflections & Next Steps Majority of students are positive about their educational experiences and are planning to seek employment or pursue graduate degree in field of studies Majority of female students expect to face discrimination based on gender Confident that they can handle gender-based discrimination Next steps: 2011 survey (>1200 responses) Pro-active steps in Canadian engineering
AcknowledgementThe Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) provided financial resources for this research.Questions?
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