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STUDY OF  INTEGRATED  PEST  MANAGEMENT (IPM) APPLICATION TO INCREASE YIELD,QUALITY, AND INCOME OF THE COCOA FARMER IN  KUL...
BACKGROUND <ul><li>Kulon Progo  is one of regencies in the special Region of Yogyakarta Indonesia which is one of the larg...
BACKGROUND (continue) <ul><li>Cocoa  Planting Area in Kulon Progo from 2001 -2008 has increased  steadilyFrom 2339 ha in 2...
Kulon Progo High Production Area Productivity : 0.4 (low) ;  Many pest affected cocoa plants Solution : Farmer Field Schoo...
<ul><li>Assessing  the  application  of IPM Technologies at  Farm Level </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing the effect of the appl...
<ul><li>The Location of  this  study is Kalibawang District, Kulon Progo, Indonesia    The district that had carried out ...
Data & Analysis <ul><li>Prior to activity in the field, we shared understanding and agreement of all component of IPM prog...
Data & Analysis (Continued) <ul><li>Parameter observed to study of effectiveness of the applicant of IPM Technologies were...
Respondent Background No. Parameter Number of Farmers Percentage  ( %) 1. Education Level : Elemnetary School Junior High ...
The Average Healthy Cacao Production Before  and after  IPM RESULT  AND  DISCUSSION PROGRAM APPLIED  OF  IPM  TECHNOLOGIES...
INTENSITY OF  PEST  ATTACK  THE  AVERAGE  OF PEST ATTACK  BASED ON IPM TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION  Source: Field Survey, 2010 ...
COCOA  SEEDS  PRODUCTION The Average Cocoa Seeds Production in IPM Technology Program Fresh Cocoa Seeds Production (kg) Dr...
QUALITY OF COCOA  SEEDS  PRODUCTION The Quality of Cocoa Seeds Production in IPM Technology Program Moisture Content(%) Fa...
FARMER  INCOME AVERAGE OF FARMER INCOME BASED ON IPM TECNOLOGY APPLICATION Program Income From Fresh Cocoa Production ( IN...
Statistical Analysis : T-test FREQUENT  HARVESTING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before  IPM 1,230 0,227 After  IPM
Statistical Analysis PRUNING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 3,748 0,001 After  IPM
Statistical Analysis  : Sanitation T- test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 2,248 0,031 After  IPM
Statistical  Analysis FERTILIZING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 1,546 0,131 After  IPM
Statistical Analysis POD SL E EVING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before  IPM 3,010 0,005 After IPM
Pod sleeving applicators
Statistical Analysis : T-test FARMER  INCOME T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before  IPM 7,342 0,000 After  IPM
Conclusion <ul><li>Farmer Field School not only improved farmer’s  knowledge on IPM, but also changed the farmer’s attitud...
POLICY  IMPLICATION <ul><li>Mentoring and Counselling for IPM Technology need to be done continuously either from the Depa...
Acknowledgment <ul><li>This acknowledgement is submitted to Directorate General of Higher Education, Ministry of National ...
THANK  YOU  FOR  ATTENTION
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ICWES15 - Study of Integrated Pest Management Application to Increase Yield, Quality and Income of the Cocoa Farmers in Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Presented by Ms Dwi A Puspitaningrum, Dept of Agribusiness, Indonesia

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Transcript of "ICWES15 - Study of Integrated Pest Management Application to Increase Yield, Quality and Income of the Cocoa Farmers in Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Presented by Ms Dwi A Puspitaningrum, Dept of Agribusiness, Indonesia"

  1. 1. STUDY OF INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM) APPLICATION TO INCREASE YIELD,QUALITY, AND INCOME OF THE COCOA FARMER IN KULON PROGO YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA DWI AULIA PUSPITANINGRUM, R.R.RUKMOWATI B; SRI WURYANI FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITAS PEMBANGUNAN NASIONAL ”VETERAN” YOGYAKARTA INDONESIA
  2. 2. BACKGROUND <ul><li>Kulon Progo is one of regencies in the special Region of Yogyakarta Indonesia which is one of the largest cocoa-producing in the region (Name of district :Temon, Wates ,Pengasih, Kokap,Girimulyo,Nanggulan, Kalibawang and Samigaluh) </li></ul><ul><li>Cocoa is one primary commodities and priorities for the community in this area, because cocoa plantation can support major economies household. </li></ul><ul><li>In on farm area, Cocoa is superior because it is annual plant that relatively simple and not too complicated to maintain. This plant can bear fruits all year round , that mature fruits could be harvested then sold at anytime </li></ul>
  3. 3. BACKGROUND (continue) <ul><li>Cocoa Planting Area in Kulon Progo from 2001 -2008 has increased steadilyFrom 2339 ha in 2002 to 2885 ha in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Production of Cocoa in Kalibawang Kulon Progo in 2009 was 344.38 tones, and the productivity in the region was 114.29 tons/ha </li></ul><ul><li>Many pest affected cocoa plants in the area, so the production in 2009 and 2010 decreased. </li></ul><ul><li>Helopeltis antonii is also one of major pests . The other pest are stem borer, squirrel and cocoa pod barer. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kulon Progo High Production Area Productivity : 0.4 (low) ; Many pest affected cocoa plants Solution : Farmer Field School With IPM Technology Many Pest Affected Cocoa Plants in The Area Empowerment and Education for Farmers and Group
  5. 5. <ul><li>Assessing the application of IPM Technologies at Farm Level </li></ul><ul><li>Assessing the effect of the application of IPM Technologies on Cocoa Production at farm level and its quality </li></ul><ul><li>3. Assessing the application of IPM technologies on the level of cocoa farmer’s income </li></ul>PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Location of this study is Kalibawang District, Kulon Progo, Indonesia  The district that had carried out IPM course and has implemented IPM Program </li></ul>Number Name of Farmers Groups Farmer had graduated from Farmer Field School Farmers sample 1 Ngudi Rejeki 3 1 2 Trubus 15 5 3 Tani Maju 18 6 4 Rukun Abadi 37 13 5 Sidodadi 9 3 6 Ngudi Mulyo 20 7 7 Sidomulyo 3 1 Total 105 35
  7. 7. Data & Analysis <ul><li>Prior to activity in the field, we shared understanding and agreement of all component of IPM programs. Components of IPM Technologies that applied were : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Frequent harvesting </li></ul><ul><li>2. Pruning </li></ul><ul><li>3. Fertilizing </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>5. Pod sleeving </li></ul><ul><li>Site manager from The Department of Agriculture and Plantation Kulon Progo Regency was positioned close to farmers farm to help farmers use their cacao farm </li></ul><ul><li>The parameters were observed before and after the IPM Technology application from July until September 2010. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Data & Analysis (Continued) <ul><li>Parameter observed to study of effectiveness of the applicant of IPM Technologies were : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Intensity of pest attacks before and after the IPM Technology. The formula used to determine the intensity of the attacks use scoring system (Sulistyowati, 2008) as follows: </li></ul><ul><li>a. Score 0 = healthy fruit b. Score 1 = low level infested fruit c. Score 3 = medium level infested fruit d. Score 4 = heavily infested fruit </li></ul><ul><li>2. Cacao production </li></ul><ul><li>3. The quality of cacao product (moisture content, fat content and Free Fatty Acid (FFA) content). </li></ul><ul><li>4. The income of cocoa farmer </li></ul><ul><li> All data analysis of variance and means compared from condition before and after IPM Technology by t-Test . </li></ul>
  9. 9. Respondent Background No. Parameter Number of Farmers Percentage ( %) 1. Education Level : Elemnetary School Junior High school high school 11 15 9 32 43 25 2. Sex male female 28 7 80 20 3 Age < 20 21 s/d 40 41 s/d 60 >60 0 3 15 17 0 8,5 43 48,5 5. Number of Member Household 1 person 2 person 3 person 4 person 5 person 18 7 6 3 1 51 20 17 9 3
  10. 10. The Average Healthy Cacao Production Before and after IPM RESULT AND DISCUSSION PROGRAM APPLIED OF IPM TECHNOLOGIES Frequent Harvesting (kg) Pruning (kg) Sanitation (kg) Fertilizing ( kg) Pod Sleving (kg) Before IPM Technology 16.43 15.8 16 17.51 13.42 After IPM Technology 17.26 21.86 17.8 18.66 16.2
  11. 11. INTENSITY OF PEST ATTACK THE AVERAGE OF PEST ATTACK BASED ON IPM TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION Source: Field Survey, 2010 Program Pest Attack ( %) Before IPM Technology 89.31 After IPM Technology 83.62 Reduction ( %) 6.81
  12. 12. COCOA SEEDS PRODUCTION The Average Cocoa Seeds Production in IPM Technology Program Fresh Cocoa Seeds Production (kg) Dried Cocoa Seeds Production (kg) Before IPM Technology 79.27 19.818 After IPM Technology 134.61 33.652 Increase (%) 69.81 % 69.80 %
  13. 13. QUALITY OF COCOA SEEDS PRODUCTION The Quality of Cocoa Seeds Production in IPM Technology Program Moisture Content(%) Fat Content (%) FFA (Free Fatty Acid ) (%) Before IPM Technology 7.58415 2.9568 36.3978 After IPM Technology 8.7836 3.32805 30.7689 Difference (%) 15.81522 12.5558 15.4650
  14. 14. FARMER INCOME AVERAGE OF FARMER INCOME BASED ON IPM TECNOLOGY APPLICATION Program Income From Fresh Cocoa Production ( INA Rupiah) Income From Dried Cocoa Production ( INA Rupiah) Before IPM Technology 324,114 364,628 After IPM Technology 549,714 618,429 Increase (%) 69.60 69.60
  15. 15. Statistical Analysis : T-test FREQUENT HARVESTING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 1,230 0,227 After IPM
  16. 16. Statistical Analysis PRUNING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 3,748 0,001 After IPM
  17. 17. Statistical Analysis : Sanitation T- test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 2,248 0,031 After IPM
  18. 18. Statistical Analysis FERTILIZING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 1,546 0,131 After IPM
  19. 19. Statistical Analysis POD SL E EVING T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 3,010 0,005 After IPM
  20. 20. Pod sleeving applicators
  21. 21. Statistical Analysis : T-test FARMER INCOME T-test Sig ( Two Tail) Before IPM 7,342 0,000 After IPM
  22. 22. Conclusion <ul><li>Farmer Field School not only improved farmer’s knowledge on IPM, but also changed the farmer’s attitude in applying the new technology they received. </li></ul><ul><li>The continuous and consistent application of IPM will significantly increase their income potential. </li></ul><ul><li>To support the continuous and consistent application of IPM, the farmers will need assistance and monitoring from the extension field workers. </li></ul>
  23. 23. POLICY IMPLICATION <ul><li>Mentoring and Counselling for IPM Technology need to be done continuously either from the Department of Agriculture and Forestry Kulon Progo District, University, Private Institute, or other institutions that farmers can consciously apply the IPM willingly </li></ul><ul><li>Common perception regarding appropriate cocoa quality suitable to be sold need to be developed between the traders and institution facilitating IPM Technology to avoid the confusion on farmers and their willingness to adopt the technology </li></ul>
  24. 24. Acknowledgment <ul><li>This acknowledgement is submitted to Directorate General of Higher Education, Ministry of National Education that has funded this research. Research grant No: 0428/Kap V/ A.1/2010 </li></ul>
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR ATTENTION
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