Gretal Leibnitz, Ph.D. Assistant Director,  EXCELinSE Center [email_address]   The Sandwich Generation Scientist:  Implica...
<ul><li>This material is based upon work supported by the  National Science Foundation (NSF) ADVANCE grant No. 0810927.  A...
<ul><li>There are only four kinds of people in the world;  Those who have been caregivers Those who are currently caregive...
1) 2009 COACHE : FACULTY WORK/LIFE SATISFACTION
 
CAREGIVING CONTEXT:
CHILDCARE (CC) AND ELDERCARE (EC)  <ul><li>Primarily female caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Gendered nature of care </li></ul...
PAST VS FUTURE <ul><li>Life expectancy = 40 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1900 4%  >  65 </li></ul><ul><li>1960-1999:  20-64%  in w...
 
ELDER CAREGIVERS PROFILE <ul><li>Women outnumber men (2:1) </li></ul><ul><li>Most are middle-aged (35-64 years old—average...
2) FALL 2008 WSU ELDERCARE IMPACT SURVEY  RESULTS:  <ul><li>83.6% were women (n=313) </li></ul><ul><li>89% worked full-tim...
WSU SURVEY RESULTS (CONTINUED) <ul><li>37% care for  >  81 years </li></ul><ul><li>32% missed 1-3 days of work in the last...
IN-DEPTH FACULTY INTERVIEW FINDINGS <ul><li>Culture of silence </li></ul><ul><li>Increased STRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Negati...
3) 2010 BACK-UP CARE NEEDS ASSESSEMENT <ul><li>Pilot study (n =57); (79% Women) </li></ul><ul><li>64.7% childcare;  </li><...
 
HOW WOULD BACK-UP CARE HELP?
IN DEPTH INTERVIEWS <ul><li>(n = 13) </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent care caused them to be more efficient with time available...
BUSINESS CASE FOR BROADER AND MORE EXPANSIVE  DEPENDENT CARE SUPPORT <ul><li>Similar to childcare, support for elder care ...
BACK-UP CARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM ® ©2010, Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC September  2010/  Updated February 2011 Washi...
WHAT IS BACK-UP CARE? <ul><li>For Children of All Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Primary child care breakdowns </li></ul><ul><li>E...
 
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ICWES15 - Elder Care Impact on Higher Education. Presented by Dr Gretalyn M Leibnitz, Washington State University, United States

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Presentation from ICWES 15 Conference - July 2011, Australia

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  • Smith (2004) Given that eldercare is not inextricably linked to biology of pregnancy, birth and lactation, one would expect an equitable distribution of caregiving between men and women—NO, not true Irrespective of employment status women provide elder care (2/3rds work full-time); employed sons provide only 35% of the care; Unemployed sons provide 54% of the care Type of Elder care is gendered too: Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) occasional tasks such as making telephone calls, shopping transportation, managing finances, and yard work “ activities of daily life (ADLs”—meal preparation, eating, bathing, toileting and mobility (50% of 85&gt; need ADL assistance. Women provide IADLs and ADLs Men provide IADLs and rarely assist in intimate ADLs such as bathing. Proximity concerns (Smith 2004): Those elder caregivers who reside with elders are more likely to suffer negative consequences. 20% of elders reside in the homes of caregivers  depressing psychological effects; high levels of conflict and low levels of well-being and performance in work/family roles (not true for those providing child care) 30% of elder caregivers live 1 hr. or &gt; from their elders. (2004 MetLife study found that on average long-distance elder caregivers lived 450 miles away from recipient and spent an average of more than 7 hours traveling to care for the recipient Miss work due to travel Impacts the amount of care that can be provided (33% of long distance provides visit elderly at least once/week; although this frequency diminishes the longer the travel) Emotional drain—worry
  • Implications of the Babyboomer generation (1946-1964)—2011 first Babyboomers will hit retirement age of 65. By 2020; 40% of the workforce expects to care for an elderly relative. Predictions are that eldercare will equal/surpass childcare work/life concerns
  • 46-year-old woman caring for her widowed mother who does not live with her. Overall, female caregivers are providing more hours of care and higher level of care than their male counterparts American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) website Shaw (2006): Nearly all spouse caregivers are &gt; or older; 33% are 55-69 range 25% of daughter caregivers are &gt; 60; 33% are in their 50’s and 33% are in their 40’s
  • Other? Company supported elder-care day centers Subsidies to defray costs of elder-care
  • Thank you for inviting Bright horizons here to WSU to share with you the Back-Up care advantage Program that is serving more than 400 employers today. We hope you find this information helpful in your decision of what work/life programs to implement. If you have any questions throughout the presentation, please ask. It is my objective to be sure all of your questions are adressed before I leave here today. This presentation is a guideline for discussion, but we can certainly deviate from it as you feel necessary.
  • The Back-Up Care Advantage Program is available for your employees in the event of an emergency, but it is also important to note that the program is designed to handle scheduled absences as well. So for example, when you know school will be out of session on, say, Martin Luther King day, yet you need to work, you can call anytime up to 30 days in advance to secure back up care. Additionally, if an employee has an elder who is being cared for and the caregiver calls out sick, that very morning, the employee can call the call center and secure care for that day in the elders home. Another neat aspect of the program is travel care. Many of our clients have employees that have to travel for work. If they need to or prefer to travel with their child, they can secure care in their hotel or at a child care center at their destination. I am always surprised how many of my own colleague take advantage of this aspect of the program.
  • ICWES15 - Elder Care Impact on Higher Education. Presented by Dr Gretalyn M Leibnitz, Washington State University, United States

    1. 1. Gretal Leibnitz, Ph.D. Assistant Director, EXCELinSE Center [email_address] The Sandwich Generation Scientist: Implications of Multi-Generational Care for the Academy
    2. 2. <ul><li>This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) ADVANCE grant No. 0810927. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>There are only four kinds of people in the world; Those who have been caregivers Those who are currently caregivers Those who will be caregivers Those who will need caregivers. --Roslyn Carter, Helping Yourself Help Others </li></ul>
    4. 4. 1) 2009 COACHE : FACULTY WORK/LIFE SATISFACTION
    5. 6. CAREGIVING CONTEXT:
    6. 7. CHILDCARE (CC) AND ELDERCARE (EC) <ul><li>Primarily female caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Gendered nature of care </li></ul><ul><li>Personal, professional, emotional and financial implications </li></ul><ul><li>Care reversals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In/Dependence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maturity/Death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parent/Child role reversals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proximity concerns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In-home caregivers > negative consequences </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Timing and Planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EC precipitated by crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EC not eagerly awaited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not openly discussed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Similarities </li></ul><ul><li>Differences </li></ul>Note: EC = Elder Care
    7. 8. PAST VS FUTURE <ul><li>Life expectancy = 40 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1900 4% > 65 </li></ul><ul><li>1960-1999: 20-64% in women with children < 6 in the workforce ( childcare support demands) </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy = 77 </li></ul><ul><li>12% > 65 </li></ul><ul><li>1960-1994: >274% increase in old-old ( > 85)—expected to triple by 2040 </li></ul><ul><li>By 2020, 40% of the workforce predicted to care for an elderly relative </li></ul><ul><li>20 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Century </li></ul>
    8. 10. ELDER CAREGIVERS PROFILE <ul><li>Women outnumber men (2:1) </li></ul><ul><li>Most are middle-aged (35-64 years old—average age 46 years old.) </li></ul><ul><li>She is married & employed full-time </li></ul><ul><li>She spends an average of 21 hrs/wk providing care </li></ul><ul><li>20-40% are also caring for children </li></ul>
    9. 11. 2) FALL 2008 WSU ELDERCARE IMPACT SURVEY RESULTS: <ul><li>83.6% were women (n=313) </li></ul><ul><li>89% worked full-time </li></ul><ul><li>86% caregivers ages 36-65 </li></ul><ul><li>28% elder/child care concurrently </li></ul><ul><li>60% anticipate dealing with elder care in the next 5 years (41% current) </li></ul><ul><li>44% had their elder living with them or in a home nearby </li></ul><ul><li>14% > 30 hours/week eldercare </li></ul><ul><li>45% reported physical and/or emotional strain </li></ul>
    10. 12. WSU SURVEY RESULTS (CONTINUED) <ul><li>37% care for > 81 years </li></ul><ul><li>32% missed 1-3 days of work in the last 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>43% left work early 1-3 days in the last 3 months </li></ul><ul><li>47% indicated productivity loss </li></ul><ul><li>39% indicated mildly negative impact on family/friends relationships </li></ul><ul><li>15.3% considered seeking a different position at WSU </li></ul><ul><li>19.4% seriously considered leaving WSU </li></ul>
    11. 13. IN-DEPTH FACULTY INTERVIEW FINDINGS <ul><li>Culture of silence </li></ul><ul><li>Increased STRESS </li></ul><ul><li>Negative impact on relationships with family and friends </li></ul><ul><li>Females are primarily caregivers </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty members are unaware of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Financial concerns </li></ul><ul><li>Need for emotional/ informational support </li></ul>
    12. 14. 3) 2010 BACK-UP CARE NEEDS ASSESSEMENT <ul><li>Pilot study (n =57); (79% Women) </li></ul><ul><li>64.7% childcare; </li></ul><ul><li>23.5% eldercare </li></ul><ul><li>55% indicated a negative work/life balance </li></ul>
    13. 16. HOW WOULD BACK-UP CARE HELP?
    14. 17. IN DEPTH INTERVIEWS <ul><li>(n = 13) </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent care caused them to be more efficient with time available for work </li></ul><ul><li>Career advancement effected </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty report greater flexibility (e.g., work from home option) that can be helpful </li></ul><ul><li>No plans for unexpected situations </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty interviewed requested Dependent Back-up Care service </li></ul>
    15. 18. BUSINESS CASE FOR BROADER AND MORE EXPANSIVE DEPENDENT CARE SUPPORT <ul><li>Similar to childcare, support for elder care is good for the bottom line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of eldercare = 11 billion to 29 billion (1997)—(e.g., replacing employees) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voluntary Employer Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Information benefits (least costly, most common) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial benefits (e.g., Dependent Care spending accounts; Long-term health insurance) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility benefits (i.e., policies that offer greater workplace flexibility: flextime, compressed workweeks, job sharing, telecommuting) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other? </li></ul>
    16. 19. BACK-UP CARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM ® ©2010, Bright Horizons Family Solutions LLC September 2010/ Updated February 2011 Washington State University Program Overview and Proposal
    17. 20. WHAT IS BACK-UP CARE? <ul><li>For Children of All Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Primary child care breakdowns </li></ul><ul><li>Extended hours coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Weekend and holiday coverage </li></ul><ul><li>Caregiver vacations and sick days </li></ul><ul><li>Work schedule changes </li></ul><ul><li>Faculty/staff relocations </li></ul><ul><li>Business travel </li></ul><ul><li>Stay-at-home spouse appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Nanny turnover </li></ul><ul><li>School vacations, cancellations, and professional development days </li></ul><ul><li>Mildly-ill exclusions, when children cannot attend school or child care centers </li></ul><ul><li>For Adult Dependents (Elder Care) </li></ul><ul><li>Accident, injury, or health issue requiring temporary, non-medical support </li></ul><ul><li>Regular care breaks down </li></ul><ul><li>Family member or other care provider travels for business, attends meetings, goes on vacation, or has medical appointments </li></ul><ul><li>Primary caregiver is sick </li></ul><ul><li>Primary caregiver and/or family member takes a respite from caregiving </li></ul><ul><li>Post surgery non-medical support </li></ul>A network of centers and in-home caregivers that provides care when regular forms of care break down: for emergency care, as well as care for scheduled breakdowns.

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