ICWES15 - Challenges Facing Female Engineering Students in Africa - Our Experience. Presented by Miss Nana Yaa Oti-Boateng, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana

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Presentation from ICWES 15 Conference - July 2011, Australia

Presentation from ICWES 15 Conference - July 2011, Australia

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  • 1. CHALLENGES FACING FEMALE 8/15/2011 ENGINEERING STUDENTS IN AFRICA-OUR EXPERIENCE Challenges Facing FES ICWES15KNUST Nana Yaa Dufie Oti-Boateng1, Korkor Daah Agyente1, Peggy Oti-Boateng2 1Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kwame Nkrumah 1 University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana 2Technology Consultancy Centre, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Kumasi, Ghana
  • 2. BACKGROUND 8/15/2011 Engineering and science are the backbone to the industrial and socio-economic development Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 Even though women are about 50% of the population in Africa  In Ghana less than 30% university enrollments are female  Only 1.9% of the the total number of students are women pursuing degrees in engineering. Female engineers make up 11% of the total number of engineers in the USA and Australia China and Russia have the highest percentages of women engineers i.e. 40% and 58% respectively Unfortunately no African country can boast the same 2
  • 3. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES 8/15/2011o The aim of this study was to find out the reason for low participation of females in engineering by : Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 o conducting a baseline survey to ascertain the challenges of female engineering students in KNUST and o create awareness about them so as to advocate for change 3
  • 4. METHODOLOGY 8/15/2011 The study was conducted on the campus of KNUST, with a population of about 26,000 as at 2010 KNUST comprises of six colleges namely: Challenges Facing FES ICWES15  College of Engineering,  College of Health Sciences,  College of Science,  College of Agriculture and Institute of Renewable Natural Resources,  College of Architecture and Planning and  College of Art and Social Sciences. Pre-tested Questionnaires were administered to students (50FES, 50NFES and MES&MES) Statistics from colleges were analysed to determine trends with baseline study 4
  • 5. 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 5 RESULTS
  • 6. ENROLMENT AT KNUST 8/15/2011Males and females in Gender-based enrolmentcolleges 08/09 into CoE over 4 years Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 6
  • 7. DEMOGRAPHY 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15Percentage of students Percentage of FES living inliving in the 10 regions of 7 the various regionsGhana
  • 8. FEMALES IN VARIOUS ENGINEERINGDISCIPLINES AT KNUST 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 8
  • 9. ETHNICITY 70 8/15/2011 60 50 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 No. of students (%) 40 30 20 10 0Percentages of ethnic groups Percentages of Ethnic groupsstudents come from FES come from 9
  • 10. 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 10PERCEPTIONS OF FES
  • 11. OUTLOOK ON ENGINEERING 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15Percentages ofrecommendations Percentages of how much 11 FES enjoy engineering
  • 12. EXPERIENCES OF FES 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 12Best Experience of FES Worst experiences of FES
  • 13. ADVISORS OF FES TO PURSUEENGINEERING 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 13
  • 14. CONCLUSION 8/15/2011 Engineering curriculum needs revamping to make it more interesting, relevant, engendered, interactive Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 and more practical General education of the public on engineering and its importance with emphasis on female engineers and their contributions should be done Scholarships should also be instituted to cater for the needs of needy but brilliant girls whose dreams are to become engineers. 14
  • 15. 8/15/2011 Challenges Facing FES ICWES15 15 THANK YOU