An Opportunity for ChangeA Look at changing leadership opportunities foryoung women in Engineering. Angela Hili
Introduction Disparity in number of female Engineers in senior position Ingrained male culture“If you want to go fast, go alone; if you want to go far, go together”
Looking Back Australian legislation ◦ 1950 – basic female wage 75% of the basic male wage ◦ Until 1966 married women couldn’t be a permanent employee of the federal public service ◦ 1986 – Affirmative Action Act was passed ◦ 1996 – Federal Workplace Relations Act was passed
Looking Back Career Review of Engineering Women (CREW) survey – 2002 ◦ 36% women experienced discrimination ◦ 25% were sexually harassed ◦ Altogether 50% of the female respondents had experienced sexual harassment and/or discrimination
1943 TransportationMagazine1. Pick young married women2. When using older women, use ones that have previously worked outside the home3. Husky girls are more even tempered and efficient4. Give each girl a “special womens physical examination”5. Stress that a minute here or there adds up
1943 TransportationMagazine6. Give women a day long schedule of duties7. Let them change tasks8. Give girls an adequate number of rest periods to fix their hair and reapply lipstick9. Be tactful when issuing instructions or making criticism10. Be tactful about strong language11. Get enough size variety in uniforms
The Society of WomenEngineers (SWE) in the US Conducted profiles of women engineers between 1963 and 1981 “The beginner of today faces an exceptionally bright future, and we believe with certainty, that there is every reason to encourage her in the preparation for and pursuit of a career in engineering or the related sciences”
The Society of WomenEngineers (SWE) in the US Advice for encouraging young female Engineers: ◦ Never cease to challenge yourself to greater knowledge and competences. Join the pursuit of excellence! ◦ Most women engineers marry and raise happy active families ◦ The friendship of other professional women contemporaries are the most valuable
Engineers Australia MembershipStatistics 18% 16% 14% 12%% Female Engineers 10% Fellow (FIEAust) Member (MIEAust) 8% Graduate (GradIEAust) Student Engineers 6% 4% 2% 0% 1980 1990 2000 2009 Year
Women are different fromMenWoman: Honey, why don’t we stop and ask for directions?Man: I don’t need to ask for directions! I know exactly where I am going...
The Problems Discrimination and Harassment Equal pay for equal work Engineering is a “boys club” Women need to assimilate into the male culture to succeed Lack of opportunities for interesting work and promotion Losing women from the industry!
The Solutions Change organisational culture Flexible family friendly work arrangements Transparency and communication The 30% solution A woman in every pool Role Models
Recommendations Loyalty and trust Corporate environment Find qualified women Introduce “a woman in every pool” Flexible work conditions Maternity/Paternity Strategies Role Models, Mentors and Coaches
Conclusion“Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has.” Margeret Mead