Responding to Climate Change:use of PPGIS to understand preferences ofAdelaide park visitors         Dr Delene Weber, Univ...
The benefits of parks   Protects biodiversity   Promote healthy lifestyles   Increase real estate value   Temperature ...
Climate change will affect parks   It will affect the character of parks     Eg. Less rain, longer and more frequent dro...
Value of parks and how that isaffected by climate change
Responding to climate changerequires a trans-disciplinaryapproachYou mean the carbon        tax             Are you sugges...
Benefits of a CollaborativeApproach   Promotes improved understanding of different    perspectives   Necessary to solve ...
So what‟s the hold up??             Working             Together:             It won‟t             destroy us
You are kidding ..     Please not an        Let‟s be clear. Social scientists!!    economist!! I         What we areThey a...
Real Reason   It is hard and takes more time.   Requires open mind and respect of other    disciplines   Some problems ...
Can GIS help???
We hope so!!!Most variables have a spatialcomponentReadily available data layers   Can be constructed   Hydrology        ...
Are we ready yet??                     Merge the Data sets                     Create meaningful outcomes
Previous knowledge Over 17 PPGIS surveys
Visitor support for proposedchangesChanges                                      Means   Improve public transport         ...
PPGIS Website: Allowed spatial mapping of 47 possible park          experiences, values, and development preferences      ...
Hotspots of Aesthetic/scenic experiences
Snowy River National Park                                                  Alpine National Park                      Aesth...
In summary   Complex issues such as climate change    require a transdisciplinary approach.   PPGIS can provide us with ...
Thanks for listening!!Delene.weber@unisa.edu.auGreg.Brown@uq.edu.au
We need someone to             help with managing the                 footy club, Little              Athletics, and netba...
The Opportunity   Department for Environment and Natural    Resources interested in understanding how to    improve commu...
What we wanted….   A park with conflict within 4 hours drive    from Adelaide with a moderate population    size and a cl...
Lameroo-Pinnaroo RegionPark is over 270,000hectares of vegetatedsand dunes, mallee andheath.120 species of birds200km Nort...
Approach   Content analysis of local    papers and council    minutes   Focus group    representing    landowners, CFS, ...
Results             Residents are satisfied with the              region as a place to live             Most people beli...
Why??
Reasons   Most already volunteer       Figure dominated by women   Most volunteer for between 4 - 7 organisations.    ...
Reasons   Perception that Parks not in crisis and the need    was more urgent elsewhere.   They don‟t have strong attach...
Results             Table 1:   Statistically Significant Differences in Volunteerism Subgroups Variable                  M...
Conclusion   It is a resilient and optimistic community that has strong place    attacment to the region but not to the p...
Conclusion   Many people in the region volunteer   If the park agency wants more help – they need to first increase use ...
Thank you   Any Questions?Barb.Koth@unisa.edu.au Delene.Weber@unisa.edu.au
ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change:  Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visito...
ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change:  Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visito...
ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change:  Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visito...
ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change:  Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visito...
ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change:  Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visito...
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ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change: Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visitors. Presented by Dr Delene L Weber, Adelaide, AUST

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ICWES15 - Responding to Climate Change: Use of Public Participation GIS to Understand Preferences of Adelaide Park Visitors. Presented by Dr Delene L Weber, Adelaide, AUST

  1. 1. Responding to Climate Change:use of PPGIS to understand preferences ofAdelaide park visitors Dr Delene Weber, University of South Australia Assoc. Prof. Greg Brown, University of Queensland
  2. 2. The benefits of parks Protects biodiversity Promote healthy lifestyles Increase real estate value Temperature amelioration Storm water storage Can provide important pedestrian and cycling links Community gardens can assist in food security
  3. 3. Climate change will affect parks It will affect the character of parks  Eg. Less rain, longer and more frequent droughts, heat waves and strong winds will result in increased stress to plants and wildlife, loss of biodiversity, more dieback, loss of shade trees, more risk trees, greater fire risk It will affect visitation patterns  Eg. Rising sea levels and storm surges will increase beach erosion. “more beach weather, less beaches”  More crowding, more people visiting local parks  Longer shoulder season
  4. 4. Value of parks and how that isaffected by climate change
  5. 5. Responding to climate changerequires a trans-disciplinaryapproachYou mean the carbon tax Are you suggesting Doesn‟t just solve we have to do everything?? things differently?!!?
  6. 6. Benefits of a CollaborativeApproach Promotes improved understanding of different perspectives Necessary to solve complex problems in a meaningful way Replicates real world decision making that needs to consider biophysical, economic and social implications. Leads to better, more justifiable decisions
  7. 7. So what‟s the hold up?? Working Together: It won‟t destroy us
  8. 8. You are kidding .. Please not an Let‟s be clear. Social scientists!! economist!! I What we areThey are too airy- can‟t stand their doing is perfectlyfairy to work with!! reductionist correct. I (a) perspectives of don‟t understand the world what the heck they are talking about and (b) couldn‟t care less
  9. 9. Real Reason It is hard and takes more time. Requires open mind and respect of other disciplines Some problems lend themselves to that approach more readily than others Funding organisations often single disciplinary focus You need a method to pull the data sets together in a meaningful way
  10. 10. Can GIS help???
  11. 11. We hope so!!!Most variables have a spatialcomponentReadily available data layers Can be constructed Hydrology  Economic Biodiversity  Social  Vegetation, endangered species habitat, wilderness Soils Management  Infrastructure, management zones,
  12. 12. Are we ready yet?? Merge the Data sets Create meaningful outcomes
  13. 13. Previous knowledge Over 17 PPGIS surveys
  14. 14. Visitor support for proposedchangesChanges Means Improve public transport  6.18 Increase water sensitive grass use  6.16 Add urban forests  6.14 Increase connecting trails  6.02 Establish community gardens  5.45 Increase use of non-native plants  5.41 Add sustainable water features  5.06 Allow natural water features to dry up  4.09 Increase paved areas  3.67 Seasonal closures of some parks  3.14
  15. 15. PPGIS Website: Allowed spatial mapping of 47 possible park experiences, values, and development preferences Regional Zoom control toMarker Drag and study area enforce map scaledescriptions drop markers Map type Start survey questions http://www.landscapemap2.org/swparks3
  16. 16. Hotspots of Aesthetic/scenic experiences
  17. 17. Snowy River National Park Alpine National Park Aesthetic/scenic Aesthetic/scenic 20 Crowding/congestio 20 Crowding/congesti n on 15 15 10 Solitude/escape 10 Solitude/escape 5 5 0 Social interaction 0 Social interactionWildlife viewing Trail activity Wildlife viewing Trail activity Other physical Learning/discover Other physical Learning/discovery activity y activity Overnight Overnight Avon Wilderness Park Howqua Hills H.A Aesthetic/scenic Aesthetic/scenic 20 Crowding/congesti 20 Crowding/conges on tion 15 15 10 Solitude/escape 10 Solitude/escape 5 5 0 Social interaction 0 Social interaction Wildlife viewing Trail activity Wildlife viewing Trail activity Other physical Learning/discover Other physical Learning/discovery y activity activity Overnight Overnight
  18. 18. In summary Complex issues such as climate change require a transdisciplinary approach. PPGIS can provide us with a meaningful social layer which is often the “missing puzzle piece” in terms of GIS data Collecting data in the same format makes integrating data easier
  19. 19. Thanks for listening!!Delene.weber@unisa.edu.auGreg.Brown@uq.edu.au
  20. 20. We need someone to help with managing the footy club, Little Athletics, and netball We could do with some help at the school JOIN THE QUEUE The difficulty of engaging rural Communities in park based volunteerismDr. Barb Koth and Dr. Delene Weber, School ofNatural and Built Environments, University of SouthAustralia
  21. 21. The Opportunity Department for Environment and Natural Resources interested in understanding how to improve community relations with parks where there is conflict Wanted to engage community and increase volunteer base We do a lot of work with park visitors and less with the communities surrounding the park
  22. 22. What we wanted…. A park with conflict within 4 hours drive from Adelaide with a moderate population size and a clear demarcation of community
  23. 23. Lameroo-Pinnaroo RegionPark is over 270,000hectares of vegetatedsand dunes, mallee andheath.120 species of birds200km North East ofAdelaideMean Max temp. 22.9°CMean Min temp 8.7°CPopulation: 2,18991% Born in Australia36% of employment is inAgricultural
  24. 24. Approach Content analysis of local papers and council minutes Focus group representing landowners, CFS, feral animal control, 4x4 club, nature enthusiasts and teachers Survey at the Pinnaroo show Ongoing online resident feedback to encourage
  25. 25. Results  Residents are satisfied with the region as a place to live  Most people believe people like themselves can have „a lot‟ of influence in taking action to protect the environment  Majority think the management of the park has improved over the last 5 years  When asked to describe their current level of involvement with the management and planning of Ngarkat CP 79% report no involvement.  In terms of desired level of involvement 43% preferred no involvement.
  26. 26. Why??
  27. 27. Reasons Most already volunteer  Figure dominated by women Most volunteer for between 4 - 7 organisations.  Again greater number of organisations for women compared to men  Men tended to volunteer for Country Fire Service  Women tended to volunteer for various school, sporting and church related groups. Lots were simply “burnt out”
  28. 28. Reasons Perception that Parks not in crisis and the need was more urgent elsewhere. They don‟t have strong attachment to the park They didn‟t feel they had the technical skills to help  Particularly an issue with female respondents
  29. 29. Results Table 1: Statistically Significant Differences in Volunteerism Subgroups Variable Measure Uninvolved with Desired park park (n=58) engagement (n=60) Familiarity with Mean (5pt scale) 1.7 2.3 Ngarkat % „poor‟ 22.4 6.6 Volunteer in % „yes‟ 37.9 65.5 community Volunteer Mean (5pt scale) 4.4 4.2 burnout % strongly agree 54.2 43.9
  30. 30. Conclusion It is a resilient and optimistic community that has strong place attacment to the region but not to the park Ngarket is a “good place for a picnic” There is a trust in the park agency at a local level but not at the state level  “The girls know what they are doing. Doing a lot better with fire these days. Not a bunch of greenies. They know they benefit of burning off”
  31. 31. Conclusion Many people in the region volunteer If the park agency wants more help – they need to first increase use of the park and demonstrate their commitment to the community Be community minded – develop more creative volunteer opportunities Provide training to build capacity. Don‟t assume rural people know “the environment”.
  32. 32. Thank you Any Questions?Barb.Koth@unisa.edu.au Delene.Weber@unisa.edu.au

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