Environmental preservation said to be bad for growth EHL in the NewsResearch shows economic activity, California Journal, a respected, politically oriented publica- tion widely read by elected officials statewide, featured theemployment increase close to parks Inland Empire in a series of articles in its June 2002 edition.and greenspace preservation areas This excellent review—titled, “The Middle of Somewhere”— covered transportation and growth issues in detail, and dis-by Phil Lohman cussed the importance of In the early days of the civil rights movement, there was a the Riverside Countyhuge supermarket in Redlands called Sage’s and I had a friend Integrated Project to thisnamed Stan. Stan was a big guy with a gravelly voice and the region-in-transition.courtly manner of a small-college dean. Sage’s didn’t have many EHL’s Coordinator,minority employees and seemed in no hurry to hire any, which Dan Silver was inter-concerned Stan, who was an activist in the black community. So, viewed, and identified asone day, Stan dropped in on the management at Sage’s, lowered “a frequent participant inhis 275 solid pounds into a chair and suggested that Sage’s re- Inland Empire growththink its hiring practices. Why? “Well, because it’s the right thing battles.” Reflectingto do, and”—here his voice deepened slightly—“it’s good for EHL’s commitment tobusiness.” The managers thought it over and within a week, compact, transit-orientedblack and Hispanic checkers started to appear at the registers. development as well asStan loved to tell the story. “It’s good for business,” he’d chuckle, to habitat conservation,“good for business.” As it turned out, it was. Silver was quoted as de- There are many good reasons to do the right thing scribing the City of Chino’s There are lots of reasons for doing the right thing. Some of planning efforts as “thethem may seem a little counterintuitive at first, or at least con- single most progressivetrary to received opinion. Environmental preservation, for ex- land use plan I’ve seen inample, is commonly thought to be contrary to economic growth: the Inland Empire.”“All that good land lying around idle, all locked up.” Nearbycommunities will suffer for it, they are warned by building andreal estate interests; any slowing of the development juggernautwill result in falling property values. This thinking, readily em-braced by city councils, planning commissions and chambers of California Development Limitations Lagging (continued from page 1)commerce, has left Southern California buried under a wrack ofcancerous sprawl. It’s wrong. Research has consistently shown that population,economic activity and employment tend to increase, rather than and weaknesses, and efficacy in achieving objectives has varied,shrink, close to wilderness areas, federal and state parks and it nevertheless took dedicated gubernatorial leadership to makeother areas set aside for greenspace preservation. Between 1960 any progress whatsoever.and 1990, for example, economic growth in rural areas close to Legislature now has a Smart Growth Caucusnational parks and wilderness areas was two to six times that for In California, the last major effort to tackle state growth man-other rural areas and two to three times that for metropolitan agement expired in the early years of the Wilson administration.areas. Another recent study by the University of Maine of north- After years of quiescence, however, the Legislature now has aern counties in Maine, New Hampshire, New York, Michigan, Smart Growth Caucus and several bills relating to growth haveWisconsin and Minnesota showed that employment increased been offered. Legislation, authored by Sen. Sheila Kuehl, recentlyin counties in proportion to the amount of public land in thecounty managed for conservation purposes. passed that requires assurance of water availability before large development projects are approved. Assemblyman Darrell Stein- When they can, people buy where there’s open space berg’s bill to create a pilot project for revenue sharing among On reflection, this doesn’t seem so odd. People tend to follow Sacramento-area jurisdictions—tackling the perverse fiscalamenities—open space, quiet, clean air—and employment in- incentives that drive local governments to approve “big box”creasingly tends to follow them. We’re rapidly moving from an Walmarts instead of revitalizing downtowns—is stalled due toindustrial economy, where huge populations are tied to concen- opposition from some cities. Governor Davis has advanced atrations of capital, to a services economy, where growing num- modest proposal to create model planning ordinances.bers of knowledge workers carry the capital in their heads andcan shop around for good places to live. And when they can, EHL is an affiliate of the California Futures Networkthey buy where there’s open space. In addition, there is an organization focused solely on state- Protecting greenspace doesn’t hurt local economies, it helps level growth management, the California Futures Network, orthem. It’s the right thing to do—and it’s good for business. CFN, of which EHL is an affiliate. For five years, CFN has been building a coalition of urban, social justice, business, agricultural, N ews from Around Our Southern California Ecoregion and environmental interests with a stake in improved land use planning, and it now drafting a comprehensive policy frame- work that could be the basis for legislation. The pace of population increase in California is staggering. Certainly a pattern of growth that is compact and oriented to transit, that spares scenic and productive open space, and thatSan Diego County invests in older communities, is in the interest of the State. This EHL and other stakeholders on the “Interest Group” advi- agenda can easily be co-opted, however, by development inter-sory committee to the County of San Diego’s “2020” General ests who want incentives for infill and redevelopment yet arePlan Update have completed a set of Goals and Policies. The unwilling to curb sprawl and “leapfrog” development into theenvironmental representatives were successful in obtaining countryside. The systemic fiscal problems facing local govern-strong policies for biodiversity, open space, and floodplains. ments, and community opposition to higher densities, complicateThese policies will be advanced to the Board of Supervisors an already difficult set of policy options.for their consideration. EHL is part of ongoing effort to find common ground The heart of the new General Plan will be the land use map, Recently, EHL participated in an effort coordinated by theshowing where development will occur and what will remain Urban Land Institute, a relatively progressive developmentrural. EHL organized a detailed study of draft maps for each industry body, to identify common ground among interests.community, and after long hours, we and our environmental We continue to actively participate in the California Futurespartners on the Interest Group identified many areas where Network. Thus, as it continues to work locally on land use,changes were indicated. These formed the basis for recommen- transportation, and habitat, EHL will also seek reform at thedations to the group as a whole. state level that synchronizes land use planning and environ- This story continues on page 4 mental protection.
News of the Southern California Ecoregion (continued from page 2) Trillium The precision of white brings to these green tangles a point of calm, a way of living within the selfRiverside County amid the wind and flurries of rain, dreaming The Riverside County Integrated Project’s new General Plan three petals and leaves; love, like green spadesbegan hearings at the Planning Commission. The Commission was with which the forest turns over the heart’s hour,not friendly to the higher density community centers that EHL sup- and under the dream, the knot-backed salamanderports as an alternative to sprawl. However, the “Certainty System,” slides, hiding the orange flame of his belly.originating with EHL, that disallows amendments to the plan thatwould convert rural lands to development for 5 years, was better The passage of the flower is no ordinary thing,received. EHL also distributed a letter to the Commission showing not the shatter of petals on a windy pavement,the excess of land designated for development compared with the but a withdrawal of substance into the will;actual need for such land and with the ability to pay for traffic an anthem of change that is without withering;improvements. an aging translucence that hums of a love The draft Multiple Species Habitat Conservation Plan has just that is not above being beautiful, the commabeen released for public review. While clearly deficient in some areas, which gives itself to the coming summer and seed.the benefits of 153, 000 acres of new land protection are immense. Aneffort by one Supervisor to delay the MSHCP pending identification Visible through the petal now, my fingersof new highway route to Orange County was held off, but attempts to have become strangers to their usual selves;insert this controversial and potentially damaging route into the plan a ghostly hand journeys the dank passagesin some form are ongoing. EHL will closely monitor the situation. which are a forest’s transmutation of time and rain; EHL was prepared to litigate the “Murrieta Springs” project due my touch senses that there has been a great travailto impacts to the endangered quino checkerspot butterfly and other to accomplish this simplicity, and through the petals‚species. However, it appears that an acceptable agreement to pur- still evident veins, the last lavender threads its way.chase most of the property has been reached. Similarly, we are en-couraged by negotiations underway regarding properties in the Jess Mortonhills east of Lake Elsinore that support California gnatcatchers.EHL filed extensive comments on all these projects.San Bernardino County excellent background information provided the group and EHL’s litigation against Lytle Creek North project remains active. the constructive nature of the discussions to date. On JulyThis project would impact rare floodplain habitat and preclude a 22, 2002, SCORE received input from state and federalviable multiple species plan for the area. There are rumors that a agencies about those areas needed to protect upland andconservation plan for the Delhi Sands flower loving fly and its dune aquatic natural resources through the Natural Communityhabitat is underway, but the track record of these jurisdictions does Conservation Plan and Special Area Management Plan, ornot encourage optimism. NCCP/SAMP, programs. At this time, it is unclear if this Regarding another threatened biologic community, EHL was sketchy information will be sufficient to allow SCORE topleased to endorse a plan prepared by an independent consultant that begin to site developed uses in limited areas that do notwould guide Dept. of Fish and Game purchases of vanishing alluvial compromise ecosystem function.fans, which are broad floodplains at the base of the mountains con- The Heart and Soul Coalition, dedicated to preservingtaining rare sage scrub plants and animals. Orange Countyıs quality of life through a “win-win” We have also been working with the City of Ontario to identify a solution on the Rancho Mission Viejo, ran a stunningland trust to manage the habitat mitigation fees resulting from the full-page newspaper ad in the July 9, 2002 Orange Countysettlement of our litigation, and expect a decision soon. Register. Reaching nearly one million people and showing broad community support, the ad called for “Keeping aOrange County Promise to Our Children” to preserve OC’s natural trea- sures. Radio spots aired the next week. The predictably On July 2, 2002, the Orange County Planning Commission re- anti-environmental Register followed up the ad with aceived a progress report on the SCORE South County Outreach and blatantly inaccurate “hit piece” attacking The Heart andReview Effort process instituted by Supervisor Tom Wilson to pro- Soul Coalition. EHL is a supporter of the Coalition, andvide public input into planning for the 23,000 acres that remain of the EHL members are urged to join as individuals, which ishistoric Rancho Mission Viejo. EHL, a SCORE participant, noted the free of cost (www.ocheartandsoul.org).Endangered Habitats League 8424-A Santa Monica Blvd., #592 Los Angeles, CA 90069-4267