Sanitation in animal shelters

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Sanitation in animal shelters

  1. 1. Sanitation in shelters’ environment: why simple measures can make such a big difference?
  2. 2. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: an at-risk environment The burden of all animal collectivities? INFECTIOUS DISEASES !!!
  3. 3. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: an at-risk environment Epidemiological risk: E=N2_ N Epidemiological risk = 2 Epidemiological risk = 12
  4. 4. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: an at-risk environment Epidemiological risk 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Number of individuals 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
  5. 5. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: a more at-risk environment? Is it different in shelters?  NO What can make it worse? Regular introduction of Daily risk of new animals ... of introducing unknown health status infectious diseases
  6. 6. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: a more at-risk environment? What your staff needs to know…
  7. 7. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: few words on these common diseases PARVOVIRUS :  Nude virus  EXTREMELY RESISTANT IN THE ENVIRONMENT  CPV2c variant affects both dogs and cats CALICIVIRUS :  Nude virus  Moderatly resistant (but days to months)  Multiple strains, chronic carriers, virulent systemic strain RINGWORM :  Fungi  EXTREMELY RESISTANT IN THE ENVIRONMENT  Asymptomatic carriers, zoonotic disease
  8. 8. Sanitation in shelters Shelters: few words on these common diseases How do we fight them in a shelter environment? Do you know this guy?
  9. 9. Do you know this guy? 1. 2. 3. 4. Leo di Caprio, the women’s motivator Asclepius, the germ killer Zeus, god of thunder and shelters Lebron James, the Chosen One 25% 1 25% 25% 2 3 25% 4 20 Countdown
  10. 10. Sanitation in shelters Medicine, health and prevention… Panacea, goddess of Universal remedy Hygea, goddess of health, cleanliness and sanitation. Asclepius is the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek religion
  11. 11. Hygiene = Prevention = Pro/phylaxis Sanitary prevention • Hygiene • Sectorization • Clean to dirty principle • Facilities Medical prevention • Vermifugation • Vaccination • Tests • ….
  12. 12. Hygiene: all about cleaning and disinfecting
  13. 13. Sanitation in shelters Hygiene: why it is something essential… Definitely time-consuming! ASV Recommendations: 9 minutes per animal per day for routine cleaning  The cornerstone of the shelter sanitary prophylaxis  Need to be aware of its importance…  Educating the shelter staff about this is a priority…
  14. 14. What would be the best product to clean and disinfect your shelter? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Bleach Wysiwash Clear water Flamethrower None of the above 20% 20% 20% 20% 20% 20 1 2 3 4 5 Countdown
  15. 15. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… CLEANING…
  16. 16. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… vs DISINFECTING… Not something obvious for many volunteers! 2 different steps = 2 different products?
  17. 17. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… BEST CLEANER EVER? … also the less expensive!
  18. 18. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… detergent GOOD CLEANER = GOOD DETERGENT
  19. 19. Water is wet but does not have enough wetting power Without detergent  Detergent With detergent increase wetting power
  20. 20. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… WHY SHOULD IT BE REMINDED?
  21. 21. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… « Disinfecting cleaner? Awesome, it will be twice faster !!! »
  22. 22. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… THE BIGGEST MISTAKE THAT CAN BE MADE? Disinfecting without cleaning…
  23. 23. Disinfection without preliminary cleaning
  24. 24. Only clean surfaces can be disinfected
  25. 25. Only clean surfaces can be disinfected
  26. 26. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… 6 main categories: SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE QUATERNARY AMMONIUMS PRACTICAL QUESTIONS: SODIUM DICHLOROISOCYANURATE 1/ DETERGENT ACTIVITY? ACCELERATED 2/ WHICH PATHOGENS ARE TARGETED? HYDROGEN PEROXIDE 3/ CONTACT TIME REQUIRED TO BE EFFECTIVE? POTASSIUM PEROXYMONOSULFATE CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE
  27. 27. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… About detergent activity: CATEGORY Sodium hypochlorite (aka bleach) Quaternary ammoniums Potassium Peroxymonosulfate (Virkon®, Trifectant®) Calcium Hypochlorite (Wysiwash®) Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (Bruclean®) Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide (Accel® TB) DETERGENT ACTIVITY?
  28. 28. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… About the target(s): CATEGORY Parvo Calici Ring worm Giardia Cocc. Sodium hypochlorite (aka bleach) Quaternary ammoniums Optimal concentration may vary Potassium Peroxymonosulfate depending on the pathogen targeted! (Virkon®, Trifectant®) Calcium Hypochlorite (Wysiwash®) Ex with bleach: Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (Bruclean®) Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide (Accel® TB) Parvo 1:32 while Ringworm 1:10
  29. 29. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… About the contact time: CATEGORY Contact time? Rinsing required? Sodium hypochlorite (aka bleach) At least 10 min YES Quaternary ammoniums At least 10 min YES Optimal contact time may vary Potassium depending on the pathogen targeted! Peroxymonosulfate At least 10 min NO (Virkon®, Trifectant®) Calcium Hypochlorite Ex (Wysiwash®) TB: with Accel Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (Bruclean®) Accelerated Hydrogen Peroxide (Accel® TB) At least 2 minutes NO Parvo 1min while Ringworm 10min At least 10 minutes YES From 1 to 5 minutes NO
  30. 30. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… So in the end… what should be used? Infectious diseases to focus on? Surfaces to clean and disinfect? Time/expense dedicated to cleaning and disinfecting? Is staff compliance and use a major concern?
  31. 31. The steps of hygiene Collection of waste Drying Cleaning Important to tell the staff physical) (chemical and this is a continuous effort! Rinsing Rinsing Have you ever heard of the Monday’s disease? contact duration Disinfection
  32. 32. Sanitation in shelters The Monday’s disease… Nb of germs UNCONTROLLABLE RISK CONTROLLABLE RISK Time
  33. 33. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning vs disinfecting… Important to do it in ALL different sectors of the shelter! Even the “mobile” ones!!!
  34. 34. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning and disinfecting… NEW CONCEPTS
  35. 35. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning and disinfecting: new concepts Spot cleaning = gentle cleaning of the cage during a cat’s stay and deep-cleaned and disinfected between occupants or when a cage is heavily soiled “ Clean dirt vs dirty dirt” concept
  36. 36. Sanitation in shelters Cleaning and disinfecting: new concepts Great tool but… Apply the “clean to dirty” principle Deep-cleaning must still be performed on community areas Measures must be taken to avoid fomite’ s transmission
  37. 37. Hygiene: measures to avoid fomite’s transmission
  38. 38. Sanitation in shelters Avoiding fomite’s transmission What are the risks here?  Increased risk of disease’s transmission
  39. 39. Sanitation in shelters Avoiding fomite’s transmission What can be done?
  40. 40. Sanitation in shelters About handwashing… Same concepts of cleaning/disinfecting… What about that? 60 to 90% ethanol alcohol Avoid Alcohol-free products Rub hands for at least 10 seconds … but not as effective as thorough cleaning
  41. 41. Sanitation in shelters About handwashing… STAFF EDUCATION: THE KEY!!! Sick animals Animals in quarantine Animals in isolation
  42. 42. Sanitation in shelters Avoiding fomite’ s transmission… What about the feet?  Also a risk for transmission of pathogens that are resistant in the environment (parvo, ringworm, etc.)  Solutions?
  43. 43. Sanitation in shelters Avoiding fomite’ s transmission… What about the rest? ?  Advise staff to change clothes after handling a sick animal…  … or before moving from one subpopulation to another
  44. 44. Shelters’ environment: all about sectorization
  45. 45. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… Which sectors are needed when housing animal communities? Nursery Is it the same in a shelter environments? Adults Isolation Maternity Quarantine
  46. 46. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… The quarantine concept… How long?  Incubation period
  47. 47. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization…
  48. 48. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… What would be the “best” alternative in shelter? What about social interactions? Still separate depending on physiological status “Pod” structure of the kennel? Single housing?
  49. 49. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… What would be the “best” alternative in shelter? Foster homes… Single-caged + spot cleaning… Avoid group housing? ?????
  50. 50. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… Avoid mixing species!!! But also:
  51. 51. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… Spatial sectorization ok… but what about staff sectorization? ???
  52. 52. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… “Clean vs dirty dirt” concept? Kitten Adoption area Quarantine Clean dirt Dirty dirt Adult Adoption area Isolation area Clean dirt Clean dirt
  53. 53. Sanitation in shelters About sectorization… Apply the “clean to dirty principle” Kitten Adoption area Clean dirt Adult Adoption area Clean dirt Isolation area Clean dirt Quarantine Clean dirt
  54. 54. Sanitation in shelters Conclusion My 3 Take away messages: Educate your staff/volunteers+++ on sanitation procedures!!! Define YOUR appropriate cleaning measures, don’t forget mobile units! Sectorize if possible, and rationalize foot traffic!
  55. 55. Last word: Slides of this presentation will be shared, stay connected to know where to find them! http://royalcaninshelterprogram.ning.com/ emmanuel.fontaine@royalcanin.com www.linkedin.com/in/emmanuelfontaine twitter.com/DrEFontaine www.facebook.com/emmanuel.fontaine.758
  56. 56. Merci de votre attention!!! Ok guys, halftime now!!! But come back after the break, Dr E. is going to talk about s……x!!!

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