New romanticism emerged in the UK music scene in the early 80s as a direct backlash against the austerity of the punk movement.
At various times it became a catch-all term for quite disparate bands working within the pop world, and consequently works better as a description of a specific time rather than sound or style.
Where punk railed against life on England's council estates, the new romantics celebrated glamour; ostentatious clothes and hedonism.
Sixteen Candles (1984). Molly Ringwald, goddess of the teen flick, plays poor Samantha, who is practically stalked by the king of the high school geeks and is forced to entertain an exchange student named Long Duk Dong. (In retrospect, this was kind of racist, huh?)